Presentation on theme: "A New Industrial Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1 A New Industrial Revolution What conditions spurred the growth of industry?
2 Factors Leading to the Industrial Boom Westward ExpansionGovernmental PoliciesRailroads
3 Factors Leading to the Industrial Boom Westward ExpansionProvided access to vast deposits of coal, iron, lead, and cooper.Pacific Northwest furnished lumber for building.Governmental PoliciesCongress gave land grants and subsidies to railroads and other businesses.To stop any competition, tariffs or taxes on foreign goods were kept high so people would buy American products.RailroadsTrains carried people and goods to the West and raw materials East to make finished products.
4 Inventions that helped industry, transportation, and businesses grow *FYI: Patents were government documents that gave an inventor the right to make and sell an invention.
5 Bessemer Process Allowed people to make stronger steel at a lower cost Steel replaced iron as the basic building material of industry.
6 Oil Refining MethodsCrude oil refined into lubricants for machines and later gasoline for fuel powered engines and automobiles.
7 Electrical Power Plant New York City opened the first one in 1882 supplying electricity for lights, street cars, and safer electric engines.Thomas Edison
8 TelegraphHelped businesses and families communicate.
9 Underwater TelegraphSped up communications with Europe.
10 Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. Helped businesses communicate, buy, and sell.Alex GrahamBell
11 TypewriterMade office work faster and cheaper than handwriting.
12 Automobile Americans relied less on railroads for transportation. The Model T