Presentation on theme: "A New Industrial Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1A New Industrial Revolution What conditions spurred the growth of industry?
2Factors Leading to the Industrial Boom Westward ExpansionGovernmental PoliciesRailroads
3Factors Leading to the Industrial Boom Westward ExpansionProvided access to vast deposits of coal, iron, lead, and cooper.Pacific Northwest furnished lumber for building.Governmental PoliciesCongress gave land grants and subsidies to railroads and other businesses.To stop any competition, tariffs or taxes on foreign goods were kept high so people would buy American products.RailroadsTrains carried people and goods to the West and raw materials East to make finished products.
4Inventions that helped industry, transportation, and businesses grow *FYI: Patents were government documents that gave an inventor the right to make and sell an invention.
5Bessemer Process Allowed people to make stronger steel at a lower cost Steel replaced iron as the basic building material of industry.
6Oil Refining MethodsCrude oil refined into lubricants for machines and later gasoline for fuel powered engines and automobiles.
7Electrical Power Plant New York City opened the first one in 1882 supplying electricity for lights, street cars, and safer electric engines.Thomas Edison
8TelegraphHelped businesses and families communicate.
9Underwater TelegraphSped up communications with Europe.
10Telephone Invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. Helped businesses communicate, buy, and sell.Alex GrahamBell
11TypewriterMade office work faster and cheaper than handwriting.
12Automobile Americans relied less on railroads for transportation. The Model T