2ObjectivesAfter completing this chapter, the student should be able to:identify and describe the hand tools the plumber commonly uses.use hand tools in a safe and appropriate manner.
3Plumbing Tools Plumbing tools fall under one of two categories: Hand toolsPower tools
4Hand Tools Manually operated. Not as expensive as power tools. Equally important in completing a task or project.Most employers expect a plumber to have basic hand tools when being considered for employment.
6New Residential Plumbers Tool List (Varies Based on Employer) QuantityDescription1Mini-hacksawFlexible tubing cutterInside PVC pipe cutterUtility blade knife2Straight cut type aviation snips or set of threePencilMagic markerCarpenter’s speed squareBasket strainer tool or internal wrenchQuantityDescription1Torpedo type level24” levelTorch regulator assemblyTorch striker1/2” Flexible pipe crimping tool3/4” Flexible pipe crimping toolPlumb bobChalk boxAdjustable angle jaw pliersSmooth jaw adjustable wrenchPipe wrenches (18” or 24”)
7LevelsA level is one of the most important tools in a plumber’s toolbox.A level has tubes partially filled with colored liquid leaving a trapped air bubble.Some levels have a dimensional feature that can be used for measuring distances.
19Pipe WrenchesPipe wrenches have grooved jaws designed to provide grip for working with metal piping systems.The two most common sizes are 18” and 24”.All pipe wrenches have an adjustment range for various pipe or fitting sizes.
23Plastic Pipe Saw Can be used to cut both ABS and PVC pipe. Available in short and long blade styles.Their cutting teeth are closer together than a wood-cutting saw and farther apart than a metal-cutting saw.
29Wallboard SawsTwo types commonly used are the compass saw and the wallboard saw.A compass saw is designed to cut circular holes, but is capable of making square cutsThe wallboard saw is shorter and more rigid than the compass saw
31Aviation SnipsThe most common are offered in three different styles that cut in three different directions – straight, left, and right.Their cushioned grip handles are color-coded, indicating their direction of cut.
39Basket Strainer ToolsStrainer forks are used for strainers and tub drains.An internal wrench is a multi-purpose tool that allows an installer to tighten or remove parts to a plumbing fixture.The internal wrench has a range from 1” to 2” internal use.
41Copper Pipe Cutters (Tubing Cutters) Copper cutters use metal rollers and a cutting wheel to rotate around the pipe as a manual handle is turned clockwise to advance the cutting wheel through the pipe.
47Torch Regulator Assembly A typical torch assembly consists of:A regulator that controls the amount of flammable gas to be ignitedA torch-tip with an orifice specifically designed for the type of gas and the specific torch assembly
49Flexible Pipe Crimping Tool Offered in several sizes.Most commonly used are for 1/2” and 3/4” pipe.A dual-size tool and a compact version for 1/2” and 3/4” pipe sizes available.Requires calibration to ensure an adequate crimp is achieved.A crimp gauge is sold with each tool.
57Personal Safety Equipment Recommended personal protection equipment:Eye protectionFace protectionHand protectionKnee protectionFoot protectionInhalation protectionFirst aid kitHead protection
58SummaryHand tools are required to install various aspects of a plumbing system.A plumber may be responsible for purchasing hand tools.Specialty hand tools are required more for repair than for new installation work.Everyone on a job site is responsible for safety.
59SummaryPersonal protection equipment (PPE) is usually provided by an employer.Material safety data sheet (MSDS) lists all safety hazards and medical attention requirements for a specific product.MSDS must be available for all products and kept on file on the jobsite.