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United States Coast Guard History & Mission WO Brian Kobleur, NSCC AURORA Division.

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Presentation on theme: "United States Coast Guard History & Mission WO Brian Kobleur, NSCC AURORA Division."— Presentation transcript:

1 United States Coast Guard History & Mission WO Brian Kobleur, NSCC AURORA Division

2 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: What is the Coast Guard? “Sir, the Coast Guard is that hard nucleus about which the Navy forms in time of war!” Acceptable Swab definition at the Coast Guard Academy The United States Coast Guard is a uniformed military service charged with saving life at sea, maritime law enforcement, and maintaining both aids to maritime navigation and safe passage. USCG has a long and proud tradition of service, and has served with distinction in every conflict in our nation’s history.

3 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Motto “ Semper Paratus” – “Always Ready” Official Motto of the United States Coast Guard “You have to go out but you don’t have to come back.” Unofficial motto of the United States Coast Guard

4 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Creed of the United States Coast Guardsman I am proud to be a United States Coast Guardsman. I revere that long line of expert seamen who by their devotion to duty and sacrifice of self have made it possible for me to be a member of a service honored and respected, in peace and in war, throughout the world. I never, by work or deed, will bring reproach upon the fair name of my service, nor permit others to do so unchallenged. I will cheerfully and willingly obey all lawful orders. I will always be on time to relieve, and shall endeavor to do more, rather than less, than my share. I will always be at my station, alert and attending to my duties. I shall, so far as I am able, bring to my seniors solutions, not problems. I shall live joyously, but always with due regard for the rights and privileges of others. I shall endeavor to be a model citizen in the community in which I live. I shall sell life dearly to an enemy of my country, but give it freely to rescue those in peril. With God’s help, I shall endeavor to be one of His noblest Works..

5 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Creed of the United States Coast Guardsman I am proud to be a United States Coast Guardsman. I revere that long line of expert seamen who by their devotion to duty and sacrifice of self have made it possible for me to be a member of a service honored and respected, in peace and in war, throughout the world. I never, by work or deed, will bring reproach upon the fair name of my service, nor permit others to do so unchallenged. I will cheerfully and willingly obey all lawful orders. I will always be on time to relieve, and shall endeavor to do more, rather than less, than my share. I will always be at my station, alert and attending to my duties. I shall, so far as I am able, bring to my seniors solutions, not problems. I shall live joyously, but always with due regard for the rights and privileges of others. I shall endeavor to be a model citizen in the community in which I live. I shall sell life dearly to an enemy of my country, but give it freely to rescue those in peril. With God’s help, I shall endeavor to be one of His noblest Works..

6 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Early History One of the oldest organizations of the federal government Formed on 4 August, 1790 by Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of Treasury Known originally as the “Revenue Marine” or the “Revenue Cutter Service” Consisted of 10 ships whose original mission was: Trade and tariff law enforcement Prevention of smuggling Protect collection of federal revenue (taxes)

7 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Add’l History As nation grew, additional responsibilities added Aiding mariners in distress Enforcement of anti-slavery, anti-piracy laws Explore & police Alaska Chart coastlines In 1915, Revenue Cutter Service merged with Life-Saving Service under act of Congress Single maritime service responsible for saving life at sea and enforcing maritime law In 1939, Lighthouse Service transferred to Coast Guard Began maintaining aids to navigation In 1946, Bureau of Marine Inspection & Navigation transferred to CG

8 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Add’l History The USCG has served with distinction in every conflict in our nation’s history Signalman 1/c Douglas Munro died 27SEP42 on Guadalcanal successfully leading 5 landing craft to rescue wounded Marines Actions that day earned him a posthumous Medal of Honor, the only one ever awarded to a Coast Guardsman

9 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Current Mission ADM Thomas Collins, USCG, Commandant Its [USCG’s] mission is to protect the public, the environment, and U.S. economic interests – in the nation’s ports and waterways, along the coast, on international waters, or in any maritime region as required to support national security. USCG has only 38,000 active duty members, 8000 reservists, and 35,000 CG Auxiliarists

10 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: What Is A Typical Day? Conduct 109 Search and Rescue Cases Save 15 lives Assist 117 people in distress Protect $2.8M in property Launch 396 small boat missions Launch 164 aircraft missions, logging 324 hours Board and inspect 122 vessels Seize $21M worth of illegal drugs Intercept 30 illegal migrants at sea Board 100 large vessels for port safety checks Respond to 20 oil or hazardous chemical spills totaling 2,800 gallons Service 135 aids to navigation

11 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: What Assets Does the USCG Have? CuttersAircraftBoats

12 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Cutters Greater than 65’ in length w/crew berthing accommodations Less than 180’ under control of District Commands Greater than 180’ under control of Area Commands

13 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Aircraft 211 aircraft currently in inventory Major missions include SAR, Law Enforcement, Ice Operations, Air Interdiction, & Environmental Response

14 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Boats Approximately 1400 in inventory Sized from 64’ down to 12’ Usually operate near shore and inland waterways

15 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: To Learn More… The Coast Guardsman’ Manual

16 U. S. Naval Sea Cadet CorpsCOMPASS :: Questions Questions?


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