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Abbie, Emily, Amber & Shelby.  Born in Paris in 1905- Died on April 15 th, 1980  Studied at Superieure from 1924 to 1939  Professor of philosophy at.

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Presentation on theme: "Abbie, Emily, Amber & Shelby.  Born in Paris in 1905- Died on April 15 th, 1980  Studied at Superieure from 1924 to 1939  Professor of philosophy at."— Presentation transcript:

1 Abbie, Emily, Amber & Shelby

2  Born in Paris in Died on April 15 th, 1980  Studied at Superieure from 1924 to 1939  Professor of philosophy at Le Havre in 1931  Philosophical writer  Best known philosopher of the twentieth century  has theoretical writings, as well as novels and plays that constitute one of the main inspirational sources of modern literature

3  Following a period of conscripted military service he taught philosophy at various lycées (A secondary school in France that is funded by the government) from  These teaching duties were interrupted in 1933 by his spending a year in Berlin studying an emergent philosophy – phenomenology: “the properties and essence" of things.  Sartre's novel La Nausée (Nausea) was published in 1938.

4  “Those who hide their complete freedom from themselves out of a spirit of seriousness or by means of deterministic excuses, I shall call cowards; those who try to show that their existence was necessary, when it is the very contingency of man’s appearance on earth, I shall call stinkers” (October 1945 public lecture)

5  Key Ideas  I. Existence precedes essence—we are thrown into the world into situations not of our making; so we have to remake them according to the existential deed that affirms our humanity.  II. Man is a useless passion—man’s desires are ever voiding themselves in a desperate search to structure meaning into the world.  III. Man exercises a will to be God—man wills to be a first cause of his contingency to ground it in his deeds. This statement exhibits a personal sovereignty in defiance of a resistant world.  IV. "Hell is other people" (from the novel No Exit). He believed that the master/slave relationship defined the human condition in every dimension.

6  The main idea of Jean-Paul Sartre is that we are, as humans, "condemned to be free.“  Theory states: there is no creator  Lives are formed using the example of the paper-cutter paper-cutter  Sartre says that if one considered a paper- cutter, one would assume that the creator would have had a plan for it: an essence.

7  He is commonly considered the father of Existentialist philosophy  Existentialism is a catch-all term for those philosophers who consider the nature of the human condition as a key philosophical problem and who share the view that this problem is best addressed through ontology (the nature of existence or being as such).  Existentialism is the major introduction to philosophy for the general public

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9  A. Madrid  B. Paris  C. Africa  D. America B

10  A. Discipline  B. Paper- Eater  C. Paper- Cutter  D. Paper- Trim C

11  A. Essence  B. Existence  C. Manipulation  D. Being A

12  True  False TRUE

13  A. Philosophy  B. Consciousness  C. Existentialism philosophy  D. Naturism C

14  True  False FALSE, He believes that man is a useless passion

15  What is the name of Sartre’s novel???? La Nausée


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