Presentation on theme: "Abbie, Emily, Amber & Shelby. Born in Paris in 1905- Died on April 15 th, 1980 Studied at Superieure from 1924 to 1939 Professor of philosophy at."— Presentation transcript:
Born in Paris in 1905- Died on April 15 th, 1980 Studied at Superieure from 1924 to 1939 Professor of philosophy at Le Havre in 1931 Philosophical writer Best known philosopher of the twentieth century has theoretical writings, as well as novels and plays that constitute one of the main inspirational sources of modern literature
Following a period of conscripted military service he taught philosophy at various lycées (A secondary school in France that is funded by the government) from 1931. These teaching duties were interrupted in 1933 by his spending a year in Berlin studying an emergent philosophy – phenomenology: “the properties and essence" of things. Sartre's novel La Nausée (Nausea) was published in 1938.
“Those who hide their complete freedom from themselves out of a spirit of seriousness or by means of deterministic excuses, I shall call cowards; those who try to show that their existence was necessary, when it is the very contingency of man’s appearance on earth, I shall call stinkers” (October 1945 public lecture)
Key Ideas I. Existence precedes essence—we are thrown into the world into situations not of our making; so we have to remake them according to the existential deed that affirms our humanity. II. Man is a useless passion—man’s desires are ever voiding themselves in a desperate search to structure meaning into the world. III. Man exercises a will to be God—man wills to be a first cause of his contingency to ground it in his deeds. This statement exhibits a personal sovereignty in defiance of a resistant world. IV. "Hell is other people" (from the novel No Exit). He believed that the master/slave relationship defined the human condition in every dimension.
The main idea of Jean-Paul Sartre is that we are, as humans, "condemned to be free.“ Theory states: there is no creator Lives are formed using the example of the paper-cutter paper-cutter Sartre says that if one considered a paper- cutter, one would assume that the creator would have had a plan for it: an essence.
He is commonly considered the father of Existentialist philosophy Existentialism is a catch-all term for those philosophers who consider the nature of the human condition as a key philosophical problem and who share the view that this problem is best addressed through ontology (the nature of existence or being as such). Existentialism is the major introduction to philosophy for the general public