Presentation on theme: "Presented by Selen Onat Sıla Alemdar Denise Nart"— Presentation transcript:
1Presented by Selen Onat Sıla Alemdar Denise Nart The Bluest EyePresented bySelen Onat Sıla Alemdar Denise Nart
2Outline Thesis Statement Great Migration Time and Coming of Age Morrison’s StyleStorytelling & Structure
3Thesis StatementIn the novel ‘The Bluest Eye’ Morrison demonstrates through the character Pecola and her coming of age experiences, the power and cruelty of white American populations definition of beauty, by using structure as an aid for telling the story and building her story up on historical events.
4The Great Migration 1910-mid 1970's Migration of 4 million Southern African Americans to NorthA great shift in population diversity“Searching for a better life”Retrieved 8 May from
6SouthNorthBlacks had few rightsThey hoped to have more rightsSharecroppers, tenant farmers,day laborersIndustrial occupationsLower levels of educational attainmentMore literateStronger family-tiesLonelinessFarm mechanizationSearch for cheap laborDo you see any similarities between the migrations in Turkey and the Great Migration?How did the Great Migration affect the characters of the novel?
7“It was to hard to get to know folks up here, and I missed my people “It was to hard to get to know folks up here, and I missed my people. I weren't used to so much white folks. The ones I seed before was something hateful,but they didn't come arund too much.”“Northern colored folk was different too. Dicty-like. No better than whites for meanness.”
8Time and coming of agenovel is divided into four parts: changing seasonsPecola’s entrance into womanhood:incestuous rape, unwanted pregnancy, social rejection
9Connotation of seasons Connotation vs.Events in the bookAutumnleaves falling things dying things coming to an endSpringsignifying rebirth and reproductionbeginning -> pecola starts menstruating, which signifieds the possibilities of reproductionshe gets raped by her dad and also, the seeds she plans shrivel up and die
10Time and coming of age Autumn Pecola starts menstruatingmoves out of childhood quickly with no comfort from her own motherAbsence of loveRetrieved 8 May 2010 from
11Time and coming of age Winter Pecola's friendship with Claudia and Frieda developsWalking home with Maureen Peal and the other girls, Pecola is part of a communityDoes not last longMaureen's rejection of Pecola represents: continual rejection Pecola receives from everyoneRetrieved, 08 May, 2010 from
12Time and coming of age Spring Pecola is raped by her fatherThe event ruptures Pecola's adolescence,tearing away from childhoodinto an adult sexuality she is not ready forAfter the rape Pecola is disconnected from the process of coming of ageRetrieved 08 May, 2010 from,
13Time and coming of age Summer a pregnant Pecola turns to Soaphead Church, asking God to answer the prayer he has ignored: to give her blue eyesbaby dies before it is bornPecola takes refuge in a world of her own creationPecola:lost to the worldtrapped between childhood and adulthoodbroken
14What do this 2 quotes from Claudia make obvious? “We had fun in those few days Pecola was with us. Frieda and I stopped fighting each other and concentrated on our guest, trying hard to keep her from feeling outdoors”“I did not want to have anything to own, or to possess any object. I wanted rather to feel something on Christmas day”What do this 2 quotes from Claudia make obvious?
15To what extent is the process of growing up more productive for Claudia in contrast to Pecola? Refer to their familyClaudiaPecolaWhen Mr. Henry, the family's boarder, fondles Frieda -> Mr. MacTeer kicks him out of the houseFamily able to cope with lovenot only does Cholly Breedlove not protect Pecola, but he is the very one who violates herHer family is full of negative emotions, aggressionsbecome solid adults because of the love &stability of their familytraumatized by the hardships of growing up
17Storytelling & Structure Morrison employs “structure” as an aid for telling the storyMorrison makes use of an unusual structure:Novel not written in a straightforward narrativeUse of 4 structural devices
18Structural DevicesUse of an American first grade reading book - The story of “Dick and Jane”Use of different narrators to tell the story- Claudia Macteer (as a grown up)- Claudia Macteer (as a nine year old)- Morrison herself (as an all–knowing narrator)- First person narration (Pecola & her mother)
19Structural DevicesDivison of the novel into 4 seasons (4 time sequences) – Autumn, Winter, Spring SummerFurther divison of the 4 seasons / chapters into several subsections, headed by unpunctuated lines from the”Dick and Jane” story
20(1) The story of “Dick and Jane” Excerpt from an American first - grade reading bookDescribes picture - perfect, American white family:- strong and nice father- warm and loving mother- clean–cut son Dick- pretty blue–eyed daugther Jane
21The story of “Dick and Jane” The passage describing the family is repeated 3 times2nd time without any punctuations: “Here is the house it is green and white it has a red door.” (p.3)3rd time without any spaces between the words: “Hereisthehouseitisgreenandwhiteithasaredd oor”(p.4)
22The story of “Dick and Jane” Why does Morrison begin her novel with the fictional “Dick and Jane” story?Discuss why Morrison repeats the first paragraph, leaving out punctuation and spacing.
23The story of “Dick and Jane” The Dick and Jane story represents the ideal american white familyVery simple sentences are used to teach the children and the readers about the images of white perfection.Use of repeating paragraphs, full of fractured and chaotic sentences:- Prepare the reader for Pecola's chaotic life about to be told- foreshadow the chaos of the black girl's life.
24(2) Use of different narrators The narrations in the novel do not come from one source, they come from severalNarrator 1: Claudia (as a grown up)Narrator 2: omnipresent, all knowing narratorOther narrators: Claudia (as a nine year old), Pecola & Pecola's mother (First person narration)“Quite as it's kept, there were no marigolds in the fall of We thought, at that time, that it was because Pecola was having her father's baby, that the marigolds did not grow.” (Fragment of Claudia's memory set in italics, p.5)“When Cholly was four days old his mother wrapped him two blankets and one newspaper and placed on a junk heap by the railroad (...) Aunt Jimmy raced Cholly herself.” (Spring, p. 132)“We had fun in those few days Pecola was with us. Frieda and I stopped fighting each other and concentrated on our guest.” (Autumn, p. 18)
25Use of different narrators What is the purpose of using different narrative perspectives instead of just one narrator? How does it affect the reader?
26Use of different narrators Pecola = victim = unreliable narrator- Narration would be subjective and one sidedClaudia, able to see how Pecola idolizes the ideal beauty of the white.The omnipresent narrator gives background stories and important information about the charactersReader is able to see every perspective of the story
27(3) Autumn, Winter, Spring, Summer 4 chapter --> 4 seasons --> 4 seperate time sequences4 Seasons = cycleEvents have occured before and will occure againAutumnSummerWinterSpring
28Autumn, Winter, Spring, Summer “Quite as it kept, there were no marigolds in the fall of (...) For years I thought my sister was right: it was my fault. I had planted them too far down the earth. It never occured to either of us that the earth itself was unyielding” (p.5)“I talk about how I did not plant the seeds too deeply, how it was the fault of the earth, the land, of our town. I even think that the land of the entire country was hostile to marigolds that year.” (p.206)
29(4) SubsectionsThe seasons are further divided into several other sections.Subsections are introduced by unpunctuated lines from the “Dick and Jane” story.Relation between the excerpt of Dick and Jane & the section that follows.Example: SEEMOTHERMOTHERISVERYNICEMOTHERWILLYOUPLAY WITHJANEMOTHERLAUGHSLAUGHMOTHERLAUGH“Her general feeling of seperatness and unworthyness she blamed on her foot. (p.110) (...) Into her daugher she beat a fear of growing up, fear of other people, fear of life.” (p.128)
30SubsectionsWhy are the seasons divided by the chaotic line-up of words of the “Dick and Jane” story?
31Subsections The excerpts from “Dick and Jane” Show how prevalent and important the images of white perfection are in Pecola's lifeHiglights the differences between the world of the ‘perfect’ white and black
32ReferencesOhiohistorycentral, Great Migration Retrieved, May , fromSparkNotes Editors. (2002). SparkNote on The Bluest Eye. Retrieved , May , fromSteppenwolf Arts Exchange (n.d.). Study Guide: Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye. Retrieved May7, 2010, from guide.pdfTolnay, S.E. (2003), Sociology-Ohio. The African American “Great Migration” state.edu/classes/soc367/payne/African%20American%20Migrati on.pdf