Presentation on theme: " Oh no. I ordered a cup of coffee and it was really hot! I spilled it on myself and got a pretty serious burn on my hand. Is there anything I can."— Presentation transcript:
Oh no. I ordered a cup of coffee and it was really hot! I spilled it on myself and got a pretty serious burn on my hand. Is there anything I can do to make sure that this doesn’t happen again?
The government vs. a citizen. The citizen is accused of breaking a law. When a person loses a criminal case, he usually goes to jail.
W HAT ’ S C IVIL L AW ? Civil law is when one citizen or business sues another citizen or business. Civil law involves money instead of jail time.
W HO ’ S I NVOLVED ? Plaintiff: is the person or business that is suing. (plaintiff = complaint) Defendant: the person or business that is being sued. (defendant = defender)
W HAT ’ S THE P ROCESS ? A lawsuit occurs when one group feels that they’ve been wronged by another group. This is totally your fault. I’m totally suing you.
W HAT ’ S THE P ROCESS ? The lawsuit can be argued in front of a judge or a jury, at the request of the plaintiff. I know all of the technical bits of the law. We feel your pain. We’re sorry.
Both sides argue their evidence in court in front of a judge or jury Nah-uh! I was totally wearing them first! And then the defendant stole my idea to wear plaid shirts with forearm tattoos.
W HAT ’ S THE P ROCESS ? The case is decided by who has the preponderance of evidence. This basically means who has the “majority” of evidence on their side. This is a lower standard of proof than in Criminal Court
1. O UT - OF -C OURT S ETTLEMENTS The person being sued agrees to pay the plaintiff a certain amount of money in exchange for them dropping the lawsuit. H OW ’ S IT E ND ? There are two ways for a Civil lawsuit to end… 2. J UDGMENT OF L IABLE If the case goes to court, the defendant could be found “liable” (responsible). This means they have to pay the plaintiff.
E XAMPLES OF C IVIL L AW C ASES Example: Jade sues Rakeem for breaking a contract to roof her house. Example: Kanye West sues the National Enquirer for writing false statements about him that damage his reputation. Example Example: Maurice sues Antonio for breaking his nose in a fight at the bowling alley.
T AKE A L OOK AT C IVIL L AW IN A CTION 1.Who is the plaintiff? What is she complaining about? 2.Who was the defendant and what is she claiming?
2006, Question 54 Which of these is a violation of civil law? A. taking a souvenir shirt without paying for it B. driving through a red light on the highway C. breaking a legal contract D. refusing to report for jury duty