Presentation on theme: "Unit One Personality Personality refers to all the personal characteristics that determine the way a person thinks, feels and acts in his or her social."— Presentation transcript:
Unit One Personality
Personality refers to all the personal characteristics that determine the way a person thinks, feels and acts in his or her social and personal relations. These traits include a vast variety of attitudes and attributes such as shyness, generosity, patience, flexibility, sadness, humor, cheerfulness, selfishness, independence and aggressiveness.
Oral Practice I Personality and Job Work in pairs to list different kinds of jobs and discuss with your partner and decide the personality traits for these jobs. You must think of at least three words for each job, and the more the better.
teache r p a t i e n t t o l e r a n t t a l k a t i v e l o v i n g h u m o r o u s u n s e l f i s h b o s s y
host or hostess emotional quick-minded humorous expressive exaggerrated
police officer brave alert strong calm
reporter c u r i o u s o p e n - m i n d e d a d v e n t u r o u s e x t r o v e r t e d
spokesperso n intelligent diplomatic cautious talkative
doctor patient calm careful sympathetic
Oral Practice II Group Discussion According to some westerners, your individuality and personality are designated by the Star Signs. That is to say, the positions of the stars and planets at the moment of your birth reveal the general direction of your life and the potential for creativity. In addition, the relationship between the planets and the houses they are in, all have a bearing upon your life and fortunes.
Star signs and personality What are star signs? The star sign or sun sign represents the sign of the Zodiac that the Sun was in at the time of your birth. The Sun rules will power the individuality and personality. It is the core of your potential and sets the direction you want to take in life.
What are the star sign dates? Aries: March 21 st -April 20 th 白羊座 Taurus: April 21 st -May 21 st 金牛座 Gemini: May 22 nd -June 21 st 双子座 Cancer: June 22 nd -July 23 rd 巨蟹座 Leo: July 24 th -Aug. 23 rd 狮子座 Virgo: Aug. 24 th - Sept. 23 rd 处女座 Libra: Sept. 24 th - Oct. 23 rd 天秤座 Scorpio: Oct.24 th – Nov.22 nd 天蝎座 Sagittarius: Nov. 23 rd -Dec. 22 nd 射手座 Capricorn: Dec. 23 rd – Jan. 20 th 摩羯座 Aquarius: Jan. 21 st - Feb. 19 th 水平座 Pisces: Feb. 19 th - March 20 th 双鱼座
Aries Ruling Planet: Mars Element: Fire Short Summary Aries are reckless and determined. Nothing will stand in their way if they can help it, including people. They've got heaps of physical energy and are very competitive. They have to come first in everything. If they don't, they'll let you know what a bad loser they are. Never tell an Aries they're wrong either. They become dangerous. They make fantastic mates, great leaders and good politicians. They like to supervise and organize more than actually working. Never ignore this sign as their ego will be severely deflated and that's not a pretty sight. It's not all bad - they're friendly, kind and generous and certainly cute to a Sagittarian!
Taurus Ruling Planet: Venus Element: Earth Short summary Taurus are practical and persevering. They are solid and reliable, regular in habits, sometimes a bit wet behind the ears and stubborn as mules. Their love of money and the comfort it can bring may make them very materialistic in outlook. They are most suited to a practical career that brings with it a few surprises and plenty of money.
Gemini Ruling Planet: Mercury Element: Air Short Summary Gemini's have amazing brains. They store data like you wouldn't believe. Lots of people think they talk garbage but this is because their minds move faster than their mouth. Gemini's are generous, affectionate and impulsive and hate hanging around. Boredom and relaxing frightens them. If they're not on the move they go mad. They are great with kids because they never grow up themselves. If you have a Gemini friend, life will never be dull. They love to be respected; this is pretty hard because they're so changeable. In fact, they are often prone to losing their train of thought mid sentence. They're practical jokers too, but can get aggravated if someone turns the trick on them.
Cancer Ruling Planet: Moon Element: Water Short Summary Cancers are cute. They pretend to be tough but it's all an act. They have great memories and lots of them are good at history. They love anything old, like museums, antiques and your grandmother. They are fairly secretive and hide things - food in their drawers and cupboards for instance. They stay pretty close to home, are extremely psychic, have a great sense of humour and are the world's best cooks. They collect things. Other people call this garbage but to them it's gold...you'd never find a Cancerian throwing a garage sale.
Leo Ruling Planet: Sun Element: Fire Short Summary Leo's are larger than life - or so they think. Everything is "me first" and if they don't win, watch out. They have to have all the ideas. If it's a good one it's his or hers, if it's a rotten one, it's someone else's. They're very generous and extremely helpful. If you're feeling a bit low, go to a Leo for some TLC. They love expensive presents and would expect you to leave the price tag on so they can see how much you've spent. They love people and you'll rarely see a Leo by themselves. They hardly ever get moody; in fact they're pretty good tempered for a lion.
Virgo Ruling Planet: Mercury Element: Earth Short Summary Virgo's are one of the most misunderstood signs of the zodiac. People think they're fussy, critical bad tempered and picky but that's only because they want everything to be perfect. This is the sign of cleanliness, although lots of Virgo's have the grottiest bedrooms and hang their clothes on the floor. They're extremely inquisitive and have a dreadful time trying to relax. Virgo's make fantastic friends. If a minor crises pops up you can be sure the Virgo will have everything under control in 30 seconds. They are always on the move because they like to learn as much as they can before they take off again. They excel at work so they probably get all the boring jobs (the ones Leo wouldn't be seen dead doing).
Libra Ruling Planet: Venus Element: Air Short Summary Librans are emotionally impulsive and just love being in love. In fact they can get quite depressed if they feel unwanted. They're also known as 'Lazy Libran' because they don't like to make decisions. They're just happy to go with the flow. They're fantastically beautiful. People will do anything for them. They're affectionate and sympathetic and intensely interested in people. They love entertaining and lots of good food, which means they're forever dieting. They're also the world's biggest spenders.
Scorpio Ruling Planet: Pluto Element: Water Short Summary Scorpios make everyone go weak at the knees they are so utterly gorgeous. They have a brain sharper than a computer and no challenge is too difficult. They are very interesting, friendly and helpful. If you don't do something mean to a Scorpio they will be your friend for life. They have total control of everything and everyone. They are extremely jealous and will plan for weeks how to get their revenge. They make the best detectives, doctors and lawyers as nothing escapes their notice.
Sagittarius Ruling Planet: Jupiter Element: Fire Short Summary Sagittarians are fun loving, generous and extremely friendly. They very rarely tell lies, in fact they're so open about everything, the whole world knows what they're up to. They have marvelous intuitions that they should take notice of. They're pretty clever because they're so interested in everything. They can be a bit rude but that's only because they're very honest and will say exactly what they think. They love travel, fast cars and horse riding. They also love spending money, so a credit card should be avoided.
Capricorn Ruling Planet: Saturn Element: Earth Short Summary Capricorns are lucky. They are the ones who look younger as they get older. They are very attractive and neat and once they get over their shyness they are quite aggressive. They can be trusted to keep a secret and are really great in emergencies. Sometimes they are a little bit impulsive but as their intuition is pretty strong, they usually make the right decisions. They're creative, sensitive and patient. On a bad day they can be jealous, selfish and moody. They are very close to their family and are usually the last ones to leave home.
Aquarius Ruling Planet: Saturn Element: Air Short Summary Firstly, you can't tell an Aquarian anything - they already know! In fact, they are the know-alls of the zodiac. They are original, inventive and very smart. They are very peculiar in the way they dress. Wearing footy(football) socks with a suit could be quite normal! They are nearly always late arriving anywhere because time means nothing. The telephone is their lifeline so they would rather ring their next-door neighbor than fraternize over the fence. They are so friendly even the dog down the street will find its way to the Aquarian house...and stay.
Pisces Ruling Planet: Neptune Element: Water Short Summary Pisceans are extremely psychic and can amaze people with their uncanny ability to predict things. They are usually gifted in anything creative from designing to music. They are also very clever when they want to be. They have the most stunning eyes and that's the first thing that attracts the opposite sex. They are probably the first ones to start a rumour and could find it a bit tough to keep a secret. They are everyone's friend so can be a touch easily led because fish have no backbones. In other words they can't say 'no'. Pisceans like quiet places and beautiful surroundings and probably wouldn't thank you for giving them a surprise party.
Listening Exercise I What Do You Think of Yourself
1.conscientious 认真负责的 2.reflection 影像 3.coherent 前后一贯的 4.dignified 有尊严的 5.fanatic 狂热者 6.boarding school 寄宿学校 What Do You Think of Yourself
Exercise WomanMan1Man2 Profession —————— used to be an _________ \ Strengths ___________, conscientious and _______ keeping himself __________, dignified and ______; a _____ chap, _______ his wife and family _________ Weaknesse s _______ in her private life a bit of a fanatic about __________ and discipline ___ and _______ when he was young army officer hard-working efficient respectable helpful good fond of independent different organization shy unhappy secretary Directions: Listen to the conversation and complete the table with the information you get from the recording.
Tapescript -1 Man 1= the first man, Man 2 = the second man Interviewer: In this week’s edition of “Up with People” we went out into the streets and asked a number of people a question they just didn’t expect. We asked them to be self-critical… to ask themselves exactly what they thought they lacked or—the other side of the coin—what virtues they had. Here is what we heard. Woman: Well… I… I don’t know really… it’s not the sort of question you ask yourself directly. I know I’m good at my job… at least my boss calls me hard-working, conscientious, efficient. I’m a secretary by the way. As for when I look at myself in a mirror as you sometimes do in the privacy of your own bedroom… or at your reflection in the shop windows as you walk up the street… Well… then I see someone a bit different. Yes… I’m different in my private life. And that’s probably my main fault I should say… I suppose I’m not coherent in my behavior. My office is always in order… but my flat! Well… you’d have to see it to believe it.
Tapescript -2 Man 1: Well… I’m retired you know. Used to be an army officer. And… I think I’ve kept myself respectable—that’s the word I’d use—respectable and dignified the whole of my life. I’ve tried to help those who depended on me. I’ve done my best. Perhaps you might consider me a bit of fanatic about organization and discipline—self-discipline comes first—and all that sort of thing. But basically I’m a good chap, fond of my wife and family… That’s me. Man 2: Well… when I was young I was very shy. At times I… I was very unhappy… especially when I was sent to boarding- school at seven. I didn’t make close friends till… till quite late in life… till I was about… what… fifteen. Then I became quite good at being by myself. I had no one to rely on… and no one to ask for advice. That made me independent. My wife and I have two sons. We… we didn’t want an only child because I felt… well I felt I’d missed a lot of things. (386 words)
Listening Exercise II Passage: Be Happy
Listen to a passage and fill in the blanks: “The days that make us happy make us wise.”----John Masefield when I first read this line by England’s Poet Laureate, it ___me. What did Masefield mean? Without thinking about it much, I had always ___ that the opposite was true. But his sober assurance was arresting. I could not forget it. Finally, I seemed to ___ his meaning and realized that here was a profound observation. The wisdom that happiness makes possible lies in clear perception, not fogged by ___ nor dimmed by despair and boredom, and without the blind spots caused by fear.
Active happiness---not mere ___ or contentment ---often comes suddenly, like an April shower or the unfolding of a bud. Then you discover what kind of wisdom has ___ it. The grass is greener; bird songs are ___ ; the shortcomings of your friends are more understandable and more forgivable. Happiness is like a pair of eyeglasses correcting your spiritual ___. Nor are the insights of happiness limited to what is near around you. Unhappy, with your thoughts turned in upon your ___ woes, your vision is cut short as though by a wall. Happy, the wall crumbles. The long vista is there for the seeing. The ground at your feet, the world about you----people, thoughts, emotions, pressures---are now fitted into the larger scene. Everything assumes a fairer proportion. _______________. tapescript
Unit One Word Study
Fill in the blanks with the words you have learned in unit one. I only have a nodding ________ with local history. Eventually you will _______ in large groups with skill and self-assurance. His black skin is in sharp _____ to his white teeth. Don’t _____ on the past- try to be more positive. She checked her composition carefully to ________ all spelling mistakes. No _____ products should be allowed to pass.
1.I only have a nodding acquaintance with local history. 2.Eventually you will circulate in large groups with skill and self-assurance. 3.His black skin is in sharp contrast to his white teeth. 4.Don’t dwell on the past-try to be more positive. 5.She checked her composition carefully to eliminate all spelling mistakes. 6.No inferior products should be allowed to pass.