Presentation on theme: "Prehistory. The first human beings 1. He stood up and walked on two feet. 2. His skull became bigger and he developed intelligence. 3. The jaw and the."— Presentation transcript:
The first human beings 1. He stood up and walked on two feet. 2. His skull became bigger and he developed intelligence. 3. The jaw and the teeth became smaller.
This happened 2.5 million years ago. They arrived at the Iberian Peninsula 1 million years ago
It is the oldest period. It means “ancient stone age”. Human beings made simple tools up of STONE and WOOL. Different groups of men and women appeared and they became more and more intelligent and capable.
They hunted bisons, mammoths, horses, deers… They gathered fruit and roots. They fish. They lived in groups (bands or tribes).
They were NOMADS, so they did not have a permanent place to live. When food was finished they changed and looked for another place. They lived outdoors or in caves.
They made up clothes from animal SKIN. They discovered FIRE and used it to: COOK FOOD, HEAT, FRIGHTEN ANIMALS or GET LIGHT.
They used STONE to make TOOLS.
They paint in the ceilings or walls of the caves they live in. They painted animals they hunt and also hunting scenes. They used natural paint using coal, blood, clay…
ALTAMIRA caves are very famous in Spain for its cave paintings.
They buried the dead and gave them a special treatment keeping their bodies with food, flowers and tools. They sculpt the stones to represent animals and humans.
It is the most recent period. It means “Cave age”.
They discovered AGRICULTURE and started CULTIVATING cereal, peas and lentils in the countryside. They also discovered FARMING and learned how to DOMESTICATE animals (dogs, sheep, goats, pigs…)
They became SEDENTARY (lived in the same place). They did not go from one place to another in search of food. They built the first SETTLEMENTS near rivers and surrounded by walls to protect themselves from animals and other human beings.
They built the huts with adobe (dried mud and straw)
HOES to dig. Stone SICKLES to cut wheat. GRINDING STONES to grind seeds and make flour. They discovered POTTERY and made pots, plates and bowls to cook.
Another important discovery was FABRIC. They started making clothes up of wool or linen.
MENHIR: a huge and high stone. DOLMEN: several stones in the form of a table.
It is divided in three periods: The COPPER AGE: it is the oldest period of the age of metals. The mainly used metal in this period was copper. The BRONZE AGE: The mainly used metal in this period was BRONZE. The IRON AGE: it is the most recent period of the age of metals. The mainly used metal in this period was IRON.
They discovered metals. They got the metals from undergroud mines.
They learnt how to melt and make different objets (tools, jewels and weapons). First they used BRONZE and later they used IRON.
They started building the first cities. They developed TRADE and EXCHANGED products.
Jobs appeared for the very first time. 1. People who made metalworking. 2. Potters. 3. Jewellers were people who made jewels. 4.Weavers were people who made cloths, fabrics… 2 3 4
They invented the WHEEL, SAIL and PLOUGH. WRITING began to appear.