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Part 1. As we have seen, animation has been used in early days of film In some cases clay has been used because of its malleability which makes transformation.

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Presentation on theme: "Part 1. As we have seen, animation has been used in early days of film In some cases clay has been used because of its malleability which makes transformation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Part 1

2 As we have seen, animation has been used in early days of film In some cases clay has been used because of its malleability which makes transformation and metamorphosis easier to achieve Examples Fun in a Bakery 1902 by Edwin S. Porter. The Dough was actually clay. Fun in a Bakery Gumby Show 1957 created by Art Clokey Gumby Show

3 Clay has been replaced by Plasticine as synthetic compound that is non- dryingPlasticine Plasticine is made up of: Calcium Salts Petroleum Jelly Aliphatic Acids

4 CLAY FIGURE CONSTRUCTION Armature used to hold clay together ( wire, ball and socket skeletons) Feet large to help keep figure grounded and standing upright Take up inner space with tin foil or resin Make some features larger ( eyes and hands) to help with manipulating them easier Keep lights cool to not soften the clay

5 SCREENINGS How to stuff a wild bikini (opening for a film), Art Clokey, Basic claymation used for a beach party movie opening in One of the original TV animators (known for Gumby, Pokey, Davey and Goliath)

6 SCREENINGS CONT. Will Vinton - Will Vinton coined the term “Claymation” Setup Will Vinton studios Closed Mondays, Will Vinton & Bob Gardiner, More elaborate flexible armature under clay sculptures - Gave greater control of the figure and flexibility of facial animation - Oscar winner - Skull under the clay used for close-up shots The Great Cognito, Will Vinton, Known for “singing raisins” for California Raisin Council - PJs (1999) TV show and “Gary & Mike” (2001) The Adventures of Mark Twain, Will Vinton, 1985 The first full feature length claymation film

7 SCREENINGS CONT. Aardman Studios, Bristol, England Started by Peter Lord and David Sproxton in 1972 Nick Park Joined the Company in collaborated with Peter Gabriel and Stephen Johnson on Sledgehammer video Utilized a variety of animation techniques Won a variety of awards Creature Comfort, Nick Parks, Plasticine animation lip-synched to unscripted dialog, Oscar winner Wallace & Gromit, Curse of Were Rabbit (2005) (Features – Day in Life of Aardmann) Won Oscar for best Animated feature - Behind the scenes look at claymation, stop-motion production studio Wallace & Gromit, Curse of Were Rabbit (Features – How to make a bunny) Very good demonstration of clay figure creation - plasticine with simple structural support Chicken Run, Nick Parks and Peter Lord, 2000 All clay blockbuster

8 SCREENINGS CONT. Adam Elliot Independent Animator from Australia Creates “Mock-Documations” about people he has known “outcasts” Makes films the “old fashioned way”: Believes that “Audiences like to see fingerprints on the clay- It proves that what they are seeing is tangible” Brother (1999) Harvie Krumpet, 2003, 23 min film Won Oscar against Pixar, Disney, 20th Century Fox


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