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Synchronized Swimming: Injury & Illnesses Dr. Margo Mountjoy Chair FINA Sports Medicine National Team Physician Synchro Canada
Athletic Attributes of Synchronized Swimming
Training Principles Strength training Flexibility Acrobatics
Training Principles Cardiovascular training Synchro-specific skill training Dance/Theatre
Injuries in Synchronized Swimming Traumatic Overuse
Case History National Team training camp Dry land training Lift/Stunt practice Mats and spotters Bilateral calcaneal fractures
Strains Sprains Fractures Contusions Abrasions Muscle tears Traumatic Injuries
Etiology of impingement in synchro Freestyle Overhead arm movements Support skull: thrusts Propeller
Other Back Injuries in Synchro Acute muscle tears Acute disc protrusion Sacro-iliac dysfunction Facet syndrome Whiplash
Spondylolysis X-ray CT scan
CASE HISTORY National Team Athlete During training session Sudden onset of pain New tingling & numbness Loss of bowel control Loss of bladder control Sudden onset of paralysis
GENERAL PRINCIPLES Injury Prevention & Injury Management
INJURY PREVENTION Balanced training program Provision for recovery Sport specific training Individual planning for specific needs Nutritional & psychological support
INJURY MANAGEMENT Early detection Injury-specific intervention based on scientific proof of efficacy Training modification Controlled reintegration Re-evaluation
Medical Issues in Synchronized Swimming
Overtraining Decreased performance Poor periodization Inadequate rest Mood changes / irritability Recurrent illnesses/injuries
Decreased energy intake Amenorrhea Decreased bone density Female Athlete Triad
Eating Disorders: Anorexia Bulemia Eating Disorder – NOS Disordered Eating
Hypoxia Video clip of solo?
Physician’s Role in Synchro 1. Reactive: treat problems as they occur 2. Proactive: prevention, policies 3. Screening: overtraining, triad, ED, InjuryED, injury 4. Research
Pre-Season Evaluations Medical examination Strength Flexibility Nutritional analysis Balanced program planning Psychological review
Athlete Doctor Physio- therapist Sports Psych Nutrition Medical Performance Enhancement Team
Regular Evaluations throughout the training year!!!!
...future -Synchro -Sports Medicine
Performance Medicine: Cirque / Dance
Triad related Scientific Advances
Scientific Research: Prevalence Prevention Training Regimens
Thank you for your attention !
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