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Mrs Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 1. Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent.

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Presentation on theme: "Mrs Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 1. Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Mrs Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 1. Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement, was founded in 1607. Jamestown

3 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 2.The Declaration of Independence was signed July 4, 1776 (Written by Thomas Jefferson). Declaration of Independence

4 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 3. The Constitution of the United States was written in 1787- James Madison is the “Father” Constitution

5 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 4. President Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803. Louisiana Territory Sold! To the United States for $15 million!

6 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 5. The Civil War was fought from 1861-1865.Civil War Confederates Union

7 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 6. The ___House of Burgesses was the first representative assembly in the new world. VA Are you reading COMIC BOOKS ?!?

8 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 7. The first battle of the American Revolution was at Lexington and Concord in April 1775. Lexington and Concord That’s good stuff! Hey Ralph! I bet they hear this shot ‘round the world!

9 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 8. The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of the American Revolution (French entered the war). Saratoga

10 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 9. The British defeat in 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia by George Washington’s troops signaled the end of the American Revolution. http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-yorktown.htm Yorktown

11 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 10. Mercantilism is an economic system in which the mother country controls the trade of its colonies. Mercantilism

12 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 11. A tariff is a tax on goods brought into a country (designed to protect home industries). Foreign Merchant tariff

13 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 12. Republicanism is a system of representative government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them. Republicanism

14 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 13. The Three Branches of Government are the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches. Legislative, Executive and Judicial

15 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 14. Checks and Balances is a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches. Checks and Balances

16 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 15. Federalism is the sharing of power between the states and the national government. Federalism

17 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 16. The Legislative Branch makes the laws. The Executive Branch enforces the laws. The Judicial Branch interprets the meaning of the laws. My name is Bill Lawmaker. I veto you You are SO guilty!!! Legislative Executive Judicial

18 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” Magna Carta, 1215 “No freeman shall be seized … except by the lawful judgment of his peers (equals), or by the law of the land.” 17. The Magna Carta, signed in 1215 by King John, was the first document that limited power of the ruler. Magna Carta

19 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 18. The - an agreement signed in 1620 by the Pilgrims in Plymouth. It is the 1 st representative government in America. Mayflower Compact

20 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 19. The Proclamation of 1763 limited the colonies from expanding west of the Appalachian Mountains Do not walk this way, by order of the British Proclamation

21 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 20. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War. The debt from the war led to increased British taxation of the colonies. Your Coercive Acts are Intolerable! ‘Ere’s your tea, MATE! Treaty of Paris of 1763

22 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 21. The English Bill of Rights of 1689 protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights. “That it is the right of the subjects to petition the king” William & Mary King James II English Bill of Rights

23 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” Sugar 1764 Stamp 1765 Townshend 1767 Intolerable or Coercive 1774 Tea 1773 Quebec 1774 22. These acts following the French & Indian War ticked off the Colonies and eventually led to the Revolution! Quartering Act 1765

24 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 23. Common Sense - a pamphlet by Thomas Paine that convinced many colonists to support independence from Great Britain. It is “Paine-ful” to not use Common Sense. Get it? Ha ha! Common Sense

25 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 24. Thomas Paine wrote pamphlets like Common Sense and The Crisis to encourage American independence and resolve. Common Sense The Crisis These are the times that try men’s souls Thomas Paine

26 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 25. Ben Franklin wrote the Albany Plan of Union – “Join or Die!” He also signed the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest. Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. Energy and persistence conquer all things. He that falls in love with himself will have no rivals. He that is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else. Never leave that till tomorrow which you can do today. I am in the prime of senility. Well done is better than well said. Creditors have better memories than debtors. Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety. Albany Plan of Union

27 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 26. Sam Adams, a member of the Sons of Liberty and leader of the Boston Tea Party, stirred public support for American independence. Sons of Liberty

28 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” “Give me liberty or give me death!” 27. The fiery orator, patriot and Anti-Federalist Patrick Henry called for American independence and later opposed the Constitution because it did not protect individual liberties. Patrick Henry

29 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 28. George Washington was the leader of the Continental Army who later became the first President of the United States. George Washington

30 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 29. A patriot is someone who supported American independence during the Revolution. patriot I’m a Patriot, too! TOUCHDOWN!

31 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 30. A loyalist is someone who supported maintaining British rule over the colonies during the Revolution. loyalist

32 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 31. King George III of England: He offended the colonies with his taxes and abuses of our rights as Englishman. King George III – Statue being pulled down King George III

33 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 32. The Declaration of Independence - a list of grievances against King George III - was written by Thomas Jefferson-July 4, 1776. It declared the colonies independent from England. Dear Georgie, You stink. Love, Tom Declaration of Independence

34 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” Grrrrr… My Rights are God- given, natural rights and you can’t take them from me!! Woof! Arf! I am the King of this kennel, and I will take them If I want! Bark!! 33. Unalienable rights are rights that cannot be given up, taken away or transferred. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, are some of those rights. Unalienable Rights

35 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 34. The Articles of Confederation – Our 1st National government with one branch (legislative). The states have most of the power. It would be replaced by the Constitution in 1787. Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation No executive branch No levying of taxes No judicial branch No regulation of trade Articles of Confederation

36 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 35. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established the procedures for the expansion of the United States and explains that new states are admitted to the Union equal to existing states. Congress appoints governor To rule territory With 5,000 free adult males, elect a territorial legislature 60,000 total free population, write a constitution Congressional approval of Constitution means statehood ILINOH MI WI Northwest Ordinance MN

37 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 36. The Treaty of Paris of 1783 ended the American Revolution and forced Britain to recognize the United States as an independent nation. Treaty of Paris of 1783

38 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 37. Shays’ Rebellion highlighted the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation & convinced many Founders of the need for a stronger national government. Shays’ Rebellion

39 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 38. Alexander Hamilton: a leader of the Federalists, first Treasurer of the United States, and creator of the Bank of the U.S. - killed in a duel by the V. P. of the U. S. Alexander Hamilton

40 39. The Great Compromise created a bi-cameral (2 House) Legislature we call Congress. Representation in the House of Representatives: population; the Senate: each state gets 2. Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” Senate -2 for each state House of Representatives (435) Great Compromise

41 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 40. The Constitution (our written plan of government) - Created: Philadelphia, 1787. Provides a strong national government with power balanced between the 3 branches. Legislative Executive Judicial P o w e r Power P o w e r Constitution

42 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 41. James Madison is considered to be the “Father of the Constitution”. I should win “Father of the Year” for this. Baby Constitution #1 Dad! Madison

43 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 42. Separation of Powers: system in which each branch of government has its own powers. Legislative Executive Judicial Makes Laws Executes Laws Interprets Laws Separation of Powers

44 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 43. Ratify means to approve by vote. Great. Now that we have all signed the Constitution, will the states vote for it? YES! Sweet! Now the Constitution is RATIFIED!

45 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 44. Amend means to change. As in amend the Constitution so it works better. Amendment = change to the Constitution I can amend the Amendments ! 2/3 Amend amend Amendment 3/4

46 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 45. The Bill of Rights - 1st ten amendments to the Constitution -- designed to protect our individual liberties. Bill of Rights

47 46. The First Amendment Protects the freedom of… Religion Assembly Press Petition Speech Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!”

48 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 47. The 2nd Amen – “A well regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” 2 nd Amendment

49 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 47. The 2nd Amendment – “A well regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” 2 nd Amendment

50 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 48. The 3rd Amendment - "No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law." This place looks great!! I think I’ll move in. 3 rd Amendment

51 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 8th Amendment - “ Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.” 49. Due process – how laws are enforced fairly… For example… 4th Amendment - no illegal search or seizure. 5th Amendment - no self-incrimination, no double jeopardy, and no loss of life, liberty, or property without due process of law. 6th Amendment - the right to a speedy trial, a lawyer, to cross examine witnesses, and the right to force witnesses at a trial to testify. 7th Amendment - the right to a jury trial in civil suits. Due process

52 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 50. The 9th Amendment - “The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.” WOW!! You mean I get even more rights than what is in the Bill of Rights?!?!? That Rocks!! 9 th Amendment:

53 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 51. The 10th Amendment – “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” Meaning… 10 th Amendment

54 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 52. 13 th Amendment “Slavery …shall (not) exist within the United States..” 13 th Amendment

55 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 53. The 14 th Amendment – Defined the right of citizenship & ended the 3/5 compromise. Section 1. “All persons…are citizens of the United States... No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens… nor… deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny… the equal protection of the laws.” Section 2. “Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed…” 14 th Amendment

56 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 54. The 15th Amendment – “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged … on account of race” I’m free, I have the rights of all citizens (14 th amend), and I get to vote? YAY!! Sadly, many southern states would find ways to prevent African- Americans from voting. 15 th Amendment

57 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 55. the practice of having the authority to make decisions for oneself. Popular Sovereignty

58 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 56. Federalists were supporters of the Constitution who favored a strong national government. This rocks! Now we have a strong national government! Federalists

59 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 57. The Federalist Papers - a series of essays written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton defending the Constitution and the principles on which the government of the United States was founded. Federalist

60 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 58. Anti-federalists were people opposed to the Constitution, preferring more power be given to the state governments than to the national government. Anti-Federalists

61 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 59. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, became the 3rd President of the United States and purchased the Louisiana territory, doubling the size of the United States. Thomas Jefferson

62 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 60. George Washington’s Farewell Address advised the United States to stay “neutral in its relations with other nations” and to avoid “entangling alliances”. The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible.... It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.... - George Washington’s Farewell Address George Washington

63 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 61. Free Enterprise is an economic system where citizens are free to choose how to make a living. So thirsty… What to choose? Free Enterprise

64 Mrs. Klos’s 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 62. was the 1803 Court decision that gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review - the right to determine whether a law violates the Constitution. Yo, dawg! You can’t stop me from becoming a judge! I guess we will decide this on the court! Marbury v. Madison

65 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 63. Industrial Revolution: industry changed from the production of goods at home (cottage industry) to factory production using powered machinery. Boott Mill, Lowell Mass. Industrial Revolution

66 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 64. Robert Fulton’s steamboat improved transportation of goods and people during the Industrial Revolution. 5 miles an hour! Wooooooooooooo- hooooooooooooo!!!! We’re flyin’ now boys!! Robert Fulton

67 65. Textile Mills Thief : Samuel Slater Importance : Led to large-scale factory production of cloth through the use of power looms. Provided new job opportunities for young women. Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!”

68 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 66. Interchangeable Parts Inventor : Eli Whitney Importance : Allowed factories to make products faster & cheaper. Parts could be replaced easily if broken.

69 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 67. Cotton Gin - 1793 Inventor : Eli Whitney Importance : Allowed for fast separation of cotton from seeds, greatly increasing profitability of cotton. This made the use of slavery on plantations essential to cotton farmers in the South.

70 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 68. James Monroe: 5 th President & author of the Monroe Doctrine, which shut down the western hemisphere to European expansion or interference. John Quincy Adams Sec. of State James Monroe:

71 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” Insult my beloved Rachel and I’ll thump your skull. I will hold the Union together, so hush & pay the tariff SC! Your Bank bill stinks Congress! Now you must get vetoed and thumped by Old Hickory! 69. Andrew Jackson was a self- made man & founder of the modern Democratic Party. He was responsible for the Trail of Tears and he supported the Union during the Nullification Crisis Andrew Jackson

72 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 70. Trail of Tears forced the Indians in the southeastern U.S. to move west of the Mississippi River. Chickasaw ChoctawCherokee Creek The United States Trail of Tears:

73 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 71. Nullification is the idea of a state declaring a federal law unconstitutional or not in force in that state. Webster: Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable. Jackson: Our Federal Union—it must be preserved. Calhoun: The Union, next to our liberty, most dear. Nullification

74 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 72. Daniel Webster - a Massachusetts Congressman and Senator who spoke for the North and the preservation of the Union. “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable.” Look into my eyes and repeat after me… Union, Union Daniel Webster

75 Mrs. Klos’s100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 74. John C. Calhoun was a South Carolina Congressman and Senator who spoke for the South before and during the Civil War. “The Union, next to our liberty, most dear” John C. Calhoun

76 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 74. Henry Clay was a powerful Kentucky Congressman and Senator who proposed the American System and the Compromise of 1850. Known as the Great Compromiser States – Or I will get you! Can’t we all just get along? Henry Clay Union …

77 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 75. Manifest Destiny is the belief that the United States should own all of the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.  ".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent … It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air.”  John O Sullivan 1845  ".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent … It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air.”  John O Sullivan 1845 “American Progress” by John Gast, 1872 Manifest Destiny

78 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 76. Westward Expansion - Draw an outline map of the US. Label the Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, Mormon Trail, and California Trail. See page 506 of textbook.

79 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 77. Reform movements like : Public education promotes knowledge and skills that open the doors to opportunity. “Education, then, beyond all other devices of human origin, is the great equalizer of the conditions of men…” Horace Mann, 1848 (#41, 2004 TAKS) Public Education

80 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 78. Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized the Seneca Falls Convention, creating the Women’s Rights Movement in the United States. Women join the abolitionist Movement. Women are prevented from Speaking publicly at Abolitionist meetings. ? Ain’t I a woman? Sojourner Truth Women’s Rights Movement Women’s Rights Movement

81 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 79. The Temperance Movement was a campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol. Temperance Movement

82 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 80. An abolitionist was a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States. Abolish - to get rid of. Harriet Tubman helped over 300 slaves to freedom in the North through the Underground Railroad. William Lloyd Garrison Outspoken white abolitionist Founded The Liberator, an anti-slavery magazine, in 1831. abolitionist

83 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 81. The Compromise of 1850 would try to solve the divisions between free and slave states or territories. The Fugitive Slave Act would upset Northerners. The Compromise of 1850

84 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 82. Sectionalism is a strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of to the whole country. Sectionalism

85 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 83. Frederick Douglass was a former slave who became a well-known abolitionist in the country. “The blessings in which you, this day, rejoice, are not enjoyed in common….This Fourth of July is yours not mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn.” - Frederick Douglass, speaking at a 4th of July celebration in 1852 Frederick Douglass

86 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 84. Uncle Tom’s Cabin, an Anti-slavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, created widespread abolitionist support among Northerners. I’m the little lady who started the great big war! Tee-hee! Uncle Tom’s Cabin

87 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 85. Dred Scott v. Sanford -1857 was the Supreme Court decision that said slaves were property and not citizens and thus can’t sue in court. It would find the Missouri Compromise of 1820 to be unconstitutional and aggravate sectional tensions between North and South. Taney & the Supreme Court are mean! I have been wronged! Dred Scott v. Sanford

88 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 87. In 1859 John Brown, An abolitionist who believed armed resistance to slavery was necessary, seized a federal arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, in an attempt to begin a slave rebellion. He was captured and later executed. Grab a gun and free yourself!!! I’ll be a hero to abolitionists everywhere!! (#16, 2000 TAAS) John Brown – Villain or Hero? abolitionist

89 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 87. Jefferson Davis was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Jefferson Davis

90 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 88. Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States (Union); served during the Civil War Has anyone seen my stovepipe hat? Abraham Lincoln Thanks.

91 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 89. Ulysses S. Grant was the General of the Union Army and accepted Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House, ending the Civil War. Ulysses S Grant “No other terms than unconditional and immediate surrender. I propose to move immediately upon your works.”

92 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 90. Robert E. Lee was the General of the Confederate Army. His defeat at Gettysburg would be a turning point in the Civil War Never do a wrong thing to make a friend or keep one. Robert E. Lee

93 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 91. The first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter - Charleston, South Carolina. Edmund Ruffin Pierre Teutante Beauregard Robert Anderson Fort Sumter

94 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 93. The Battle of Gettysburg, July1-3,1863, was the turning point in the Civil War where Lee’s army is defeated. Battle of Gettysburg

95 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 92. The Gettysburg Address - speech given by Lincoln dedicating a cemetery for soldiers who died at the Battle of Gettysburg. It is considered to be a profound statement of American ideals.

96 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 93. The Gettysburg Address - speech given by Lincoln dedicating a cemetery for soldiers who died at the Battle of Gettysburg. It is considered to be a profound statement of American ideals. 3 Confed. prisoners at Gettysburg

97 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 94. The capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi by the North in 1863, was important because it gave the Union Army control of the Mississippi River. Vicksburg

98 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 95. Appomattox Court House, Virginia is where Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate Army to Ulysses S. Grant, ending the Civil War. Appomattox Court House UnionConfederacy

99 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 96. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, setting all slaves in the Confederate states free. Emancipation Proclamation

100 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 97. Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address stated that, “no state…can lawfully get out of the Union”, but pledged there would be no war unless the South started it. “no State upon its own mere motion can lawfully get out of the Union; that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void… I therefore consider that in view of the Constitution and the laws the Union is unbroken”Constitution

101 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 98. Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address was meant to help heal and restore the country after four years of Civil War. It stated the South should be treated fairly. With malice [hatred] toward none, with charity for all,…let us strive on to…bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and…to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves…

102 Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!” 99. Primary Sources are the original records of an event. They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts. Secondary Sources are the later writings and interpretations of historians and writers. Often secondary sources, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources.

103 100. History Rocks!!!


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