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AUTOPSY It means to see for oneself. (Auto = Self Opis = View) -Clinical autopsy. -Medico-legal autopsy. -Medico-legal autopsy.

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Presentation on theme: "AUTOPSY It means to see for oneself. (Auto = Self Opis = View) -Clinical autopsy. -Medico-legal autopsy. -Medico-legal autopsy."— Presentation transcript:

1 AUTOPSY It means to see for oneself. (Auto = Self Opis = View) -Clinical autopsy. -Medico-legal autopsy. -Medico-legal autopsy.

2 Medico-legal autopsy or post mortem examination is a special type of scientific examination of dead body carried out under the laws of the state for the protection of its citizens and to assist the identification and prosecution of the guilty.

3 OBJECTS\ AIMS Cause of death. Manner of death. Time since death. To establish identity, To retain relevant organs and tissue as evidence. Infants-Live birth and viability.

4 Rules for Medico-Legal Autopsy Rules for Medico-Legal AutopsyAuthorization.Identification. Visit of scene of crime. History of the case. Verification of the injuries noted by the police. Examination.Notes. Preservation of viscera and other tissue. List of artifacts.

5 Contents of the Autopsy report Contents of the Autopsy report The preamble -Authority. -Authority. -Time of arrival of body. -Date and place of examination. -Time of arrival of body. -Date and place of examination. -Name,Age and Sex. -Name,Age and Sex. - Body identified by. - Body identified by.

6 The body of the report - External and internal examination. - External and internal examination. - Wounds\Injuries- nature,direction,situation and sizes. - Wounds\Injuries- nature,direction,situation and sizes. - Conclusions. - Conclusions.

7 External examination External examination Condition of the body Marks of identification. Eyes. State of natural orifices,ears,nostrils,mouth,anus, urethra and vagina. Injuries-nature,position and measurements. State of limbs. Genitals and breasts.

8 Thorax Thorax Walls, ribs and cartilages. Pleura and diaphragm Larynx,trachea and bronchi. Lungs with weight.pericardium. Heart,cavities,valves and coronary vessels. Large vessels(Aorta)

9 Poisoning cases Poisoning cases Smell of the body and viscera. Postmortem staining and its colour. If froth present,its nature. Colour of sclera, lips and nails. Mouth and surroundings. Injuries. Details of G.I tract examination. Description of stomach and contents.

10 Viscera to be collected for Chemical Examination Viscera to be collected for Chemical Examination Stomach with contents. Stomach with contents. Upper part of small intestine. Upper part of small intestine. - 30cms with contents. - 30cms with contents. 500gms of liver and half of each kidney. 500gms of liver and half of each kidney. 5-10ml of blood.30ml of urine. 5-10ml of blood.30ml of urine.

11 Hanging\Ligature strangulation cases Hanging\Ligature strangulation cases Description of ligature material. Description of the ligatures mark. Marks of salivary dribble. Condition of eyes and pupils. Colour of lips and nails.position of tongue. Distribution of postmortem staining. Presence of injuries on the body.

12 Examination of neck sutures. Injury to cervical spine and cord. Examination of internal organs. Preservation of viscera in cases of suspicion of poisoning.

13 Burns cases Burns cases Smell from the body,kerosene other inflammable agents. Nature of burns. - Antemortem - Antemortem - Postmortem. - Postmortem. Extent and degree of burns. Age of burns. Injuries other than burns.

14 Colour of postmortem staining. Examination of air passages for the presence of soot particles. Evidence of -Poisoning. -Poisoning. - Pregnancy,abortion,sexual assaults. - Pregnancy,abortion,sexual assaults.

15 Negative Autopsy When gross and microscopic examination and other investigations fail to reveal a cause of death,the autopsy is considered to be negative. - Men. - Men. - Material. - Material. -Method. -Method.

16 Men Men Lack of experience. Lack of training. Material Material Inadequate microscopic examination. Insufficient laboratory examination. Lack of toxicological analysis.

17 Method Method Inadequate history. Lapses in external examination. Inadequate or improper internal examination.

18 Obscure Autopsy Obscure Autopsy Which do not reveal the cause for death in which there are trivial,equivocal or obscure findings or no positive findings. Causes Causes Natural diseases. -Death by emotion or work stress. -Death by emotion or work stress. -Death due to functional failure- epilepsy,paroxysmal fibrillation. -Death due to functional failure- epilepsy,paroxysmal fibrillation.

19 Biochemical disturbances Biochemical disturbances Uraemia,diabetes,potassium deficiency. Anoxic anaemia. Endocrine dysfunction Endocrine dysfunction Adrenal insufficiency. Thyrotoxicosis or Myxoedema. Concealed trauma Concealed traumaConcussion. Blunt injury to heart. Reflex vagal inhibition.

20 Poisoning Poisoning Narcotic poisoning. Anesthetic over dosage. Neurotoxic or Cytotoxic poisons. Plant poisoning. Miscellaneous MiscellaneousAllergy. Drug idiosyncrasy.

21 Artifacts Artifacts May be defined as a change in the natural state of the body that is likely to be misinterpreted at autopsy. -Before death. -Before death. -At the moment of death. -At the moment of death. -After death. -After death. -During autopsy. -During autopsy.

22 Before death Before death Therapeutic artifacts. Surgical artifacts. At the moment of death At the moment of death Agonal artifacts. Resuscitation artifacts

23 After death After death Artifacts due to the handling of the body. Artifacts related to rigor mortis. Artifacts related to postmortem lividity. Artifacts due to animal bite. Artifacts due to chemicals. Artifacts due to refrigeration. Embalming artifacts.

24 Artifacts during autopsy Artifacts during autopsy Air in blood vessels. Skull fractures. Visceral damage. Extravasation of blood. Fracture of hyoid bone.


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