Presentation on theme: "Professional Practices in IT (CSC 110)"— Presentation transcript:
1Professional Practices in IT (CSC 110) Lecture 1By Dr. Saqib Iqbal
2Dr. Saqib Iqbal - Introduction EducationMSc in Computer Science (2003)Punjab University LahoreMSc in Software Engineering (2007)Queen Mary University of London, UKPhD in Software Engineering (2012)University of Huddersfield, UK
3Dr. Saqib Iqbal - Introduction ExperienceLecturer ( )COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, AttockSoftware Engineer ( )Askari Commercial Bank, IslamabadLecturer ( )Assistant Professor (Jan 2013 – present)
4Course Information Course Code: Course Name Course Objective: CSC 110 Professional Practices in ITCourse Objective:The objective of the course is to make students aware of their professional responsibilities when they will work in IT sector. The course will teach students about the historical, social, ethical, economical and professional issues related to IT profession.
6Course Outline Introduction to Information Technology (IT) Professionalism (in general and in the field of IT)Professional activities and their role in societyProfessional EthicsMisuse of IT and risksHacking, ethical hackingInformation Security and privacyIssues in Social Web (privacy, trust, influence, etc)plagiarismIntellectual property and software lawsSocial responsibilities of an IT professional
7IT & Your Life: The Future Now Definition: Information Technology (IT) describes any technology that helps to produce, manipulate, store, communicate, and/or disseminate informationPart 1: Computer TechnologyPart 2: Communication Technology
8How is IT being used in Education? 99% universities in Pakistan have internet accessMajority of university students own their own computer80% of students use the internet for 4 or more hours per week½ of professors in universities require students to use in their classesDistance Learning such as this is a prime example of usage of IT in education.
9Health: High Tech for Wellness Telemedicine: Medical care via telecommunications lets doctors treat patients from far away3D Computer models allow accurate tumor location inside a skullRobots permit precise microsurgeryHandheld computers allow patients to measure blood sugarMedical implants allow stroke patients to directly control computers to talk for themHealth websites provide medical information
10Money: Cashless Society? Definition: Virtual means something that is created, simulated, or carried on by means of a computer or a computer networkVirtual airline ticketsVirtual moneyOnline bill payingPayPalElectronic payroll depositMicropayments for online music
11Leisure: Infotech in Entertainment & the Arts VideogamesDownloadingMoviesMusicebooksMost movies use computer animationDigital editing
12Jobs & Careers Office careers: Budget, payroll, letter-writing, email Teaching: Automated grading systems, ing, distance teachingFashion: Sales/inventory control systems, ordering, personnelJob-hunting:Use word processor to create resumesPost resumes onlineOnline job searchesQuestion: Can anyone think of a career that does NOT require computer skills?
13The Telephone Grows Up 1973: First cellphone call 2006: Nokia estimates 2 billion mobile phone subscribersToday’s cellphones:Are mobileCan take and send picturesCan connect to the internetCan send and receive text messages
14Internet, World Wide Web, & Cyberspace The multimedia part of the internetAn interconnected system of servers that support specially formatted documents in multimedia formIncludes text, still images, moving images, soundResponsible for the growth and popularity of the internet
15Internet, World Wide Web, & Cyberspace Term coined by William Gibson in Neuromancer (1984)Described a futuristic computer network people “plugged” into directly with their brainsNow meansThe webChat roomsOnline diaries (blogs)The wired and wireless communications world
165 Computer Types Supercomputers Mainframe Computers Workstations Priced from $1 million to $350 millionHigh-capacity machines with thousands of processorsMulti-user systemsTo learn more about one, go toMainframe ComputersWorkstationsMicrocomputersMicrocontrollers
175 Computer Types Supercomputers Mainframe Computers Workstations Until late 1960’s, the only computer availableCost $5,000 - $5 millionMulti-user systems; accessed using a terminalTerminals only have a keyboard and monitor; can’t be used aloneTo see one, go toWorkstationsMicrocomputersMicrocontrollers
185 Computer Types Supercomputers Mainframe Computers Workstations Introduced in early 1980sExpensive, powerful personal computersUsed for scientific, mathematical, engineering, computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)A less-expensive alternative to mainframesTo see some examples with current pricing, go toMicrocomputersMicrocontrollers
195 Computer Types Supercomputers Mainframe Computers Workstations MicrocomputersPersonal computers that cost Rs. 20,000 to Rs. 200,000Used either stand-alone or in a networkTypes include: desktop, tower, notebooks, or Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs)Microcontrollers
205 Computer Types Supercomputers Mainframe Computers Workstations MicrocomputersMicrocontrollersAlso called embedded computersTiny, specialized microprocessors inside appliances and automobilesThey are in: microwaves, programmable ovens, blood-pressure monitors, air bag sensors, vibration sensors, MP3 players, digital cameras, e-pliances, keyboards, car engine controllers, etc.Question: Now, how many of you would say you have NOT used a computer today?
21Servers Are central computers May be any of the 4 larger computer types.“Server” describes a functionHold data (databases) and programsConnect to and supply services for clientsClients are other computers like PCs, workstations, other devices
22Convergence, Portability, & Personalization Convergence: the combination ofComputersConsumer electronicsEntertainmentMass mediaPortabilityCollaboration: software that allowsPeople to share anything instantlyPeople to enhance the information as they forward it
23Future of Information Technology 3 directions of Computer DevelopmentMiniaturizationSpeedAffordability3 directions of Communications DevelopmentConnectivityInteractivityMultimedia
24Summary What is IT Usage of IT in different walks of life Medium and technologies used in ITTypes of computersFuture of IT