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OBJECTIVES  We will apply health knowledge and skills to the development and analysis of personal goals to achieve and maintain long-term health and wellness.

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Presentation on theme: "OBJECTIVES  We will apply health knowledge and skills to the development and analysis of personal goals to achieve and maintain long-term health and wellness."— Presentation transcript:

1 OBJECTIVES  We will apply health knowledge and skills to the development and analysis of personal goals to achieve and maintain long-term health and wellness.  I will be able to demonstrate the 5 steps to providing care for a skull fracture.  I will be able to demonstrate my knowledge of chapters 7-9.

2 JOURNAL #2 12/11/2014 You and your friend are climbing a tree in your back yard. Your friend loses his or her grip on the branch and falls 13 feet to the ground. You climb down to find an open gash on their right forearm. Blood is oozing from the wound not spirting. What do you do? Please be detailed with the response. Write at least 5 sentences.

3 SHOCK {Shock Clip}

4 Recognizing Shock Altered mental status Pale, cold, and clammy skin Nausea and vomiting Rapid breathing Unresponsive in late stages Weak Rapid Pulse

5 Care for Shock Position victim on his or her back. Keep warm. Call

6 Anaphylaxis Type of shock Powerful reaction to substances that enter the body Causes Medications Foods Insect stings Plants Breathing difficulty Skin reaction Swelling of tongue, mouth, or throat Sneezing, coughing Tightness in chest Blueness around lips and mouth Dizziness Nausea and vomiting Recognizing Anaphylaxis

7 Care for Anaphylaxis Call If victim has his or her own EpiPen auto-injector, help with its use.

8 Using an EpiPen Auto Injector Remove safety cap. Hold leg still. Push firmly and hold for 10 seconds.

9 BURNS {Burn Clip}

10 Types of Burns Thermal (heat) burns Chemical burns Electrical burns © Scott Camazine/Photo Researchers, Inc.

11 Depth of Burns Depth (degree) First-degree (superficial) Second-degree (partial thickness) Third-degree (full thickness)

12 First-Degree Burns (Superficial) Redness Mild swelling Tenderness Pain © Amy Walters/ShutterStock, Inc.

13 Second-Degree Burns (Partial Thickness) Blisters Swelling Weeping fluids Intense pain © E. M. Singletary, M.D. Used with permission.

14 Third-Degree Burns (Full Thickness) Dead nerve endings Leathery, waxy skin Pearly gray or charred skin

15 Extent of Burns Rule of the hand Victim’s hand equals 1% of body surface area.

16 Care for First-Degree Burns Cool burn until pain free. Apply moisturizer such as aloe vera gel. Administer OTC pain reliever as needed (eg, ibuprofen).

17 Care for Small Second- Degree Burns Cool burn until pain free. Apply antibiotic ointment. Cover burn with dry, nonstick, sterile dressing. Administer OTC pain reliever as needed (eg, ibuprofen). Seek medical care. Care for Large Second-Degree and Third-Degree Burns Remove jewelry and clothing not stuck to burn. Cover burn with dry, nonstick, sterile dressing. Care for shock. Call

18 Israel del Toro https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sY-ykaDeHow

19 Chemical Burns Results from caustic or corrosive substance Acids, alkalis, and organic compounds Chemicals continue to burn as long as they are in contact with the skin; remove quickly.

20 Care for Chemical Burns Brush/flush skin to remove chemical. Remove contaminated clothing. Cover burn with dressing. Seek medical care.

21 Electrical Burns Make the scene safe. Unplug, disconnect, and turn off electricity. Check responsiveness and breathing. Provide CPR if needed. Care for shock. Call Care for Electrical Burns:

22 Chapters 7-9 Pop Quiz

23 Chapters 7-9 Pop Quiz Answers 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. C 5. A 6. D

24 Head and Spinal Injuries {Head & Spinal Injuries Clip} FILL OUT WORKSHEET

25 Head Injuries Scalp wounds Skull fracture Brain injuries

26 Scalp Wounds Care for scalp wounds Control bleeding. Keep head and shoulders slightly elevated if spinal injury is not suspected. Seek medical care. Recognizing a skull fracture Pain at point of injury Break or deformity Loss of consciousness Drainage from ears and nose Heavy scalp bleeding

27 Care for Skull Fracture Check responsiveness and breathing. Apply sterile dressing. Apply pressure around edges of the wound. Stabilize head and neck. Call

28 PETER THE PUMPKIN

29 OBJECTIVES  We will apply health knowledge and skills to the development and analysis of personal goals to achieve and maintain long-term health and wellness.  I will be able to demonstrate the 5 steps to providing care for a skull fracture.  I will be able to demonstrate my knowledge of chapters 7-9.


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