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Bone Terminology. Process –A prominent projection –Example: coronoid processExample: coronoid process –Example: zygomatic processExample: zygomatic process.

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Presentation on theme: "Bone Terminology. Process –A prominent projection –Example: coronoid processExample: coronoid process –Example: zygomatic processExample: zygomatic process."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bone Terminology

2 Process –A prominent projection –Example: coronoid processExample: coronoid process –Example: zygomatic processExample: zygomatic process –Example: styloid processExample: styloid process –Example: mastoid processExample: mastoid process Condyle –A rounded process which articulates with another bone –Example: occipital condyleExample: occipital condyle –Example: femurExample: femur Crest –Narrow, ridge-like projection –Example: iliac crestExample: iliac crest Epicondyle –Projection located above a condyle –Example: humerousExample: humerous –Example: femurExample: femur More Bone Terminology

3 Skull (lateral) coronoid process RETURN

4 Skull (lateral) zygomatic process of temporal bone RETURN

5 Skull (lateral) styloid process

6 Skull (inferior) styloid process styloid process

7 Skull (sagittal) styloid process RETURN

8 Skull (lateral) mastoid process

9 Skull (inferior) mastoid process mastoid process RETURN

10 Skull (inferior) occipital condyle occipital condyle RETURN

11 Right Femur Anterior Posterior medial condyle lateral condyle RETURN

12 Pelvis iliac crest RETURN

13 Humerus (left) lateral epicondyle medial epicondyle RETURN

14 Right Femur Anterior Posterior lateral epicondyle medial epicondyle RETURN

15 Bone Terminology Facet –Small flat surface –Example: vertebral columnExample: vertebral column Fontanel –Soft spot in immature skull –Examples: infant skullExamples: infant skull Foramen –An opening through a bone –Example: foramen magnumExample: foramen magnum –Example: vertebral and transverse foraminaExample: vertebral and transverse foramina Fossa –Deep depression –Example: humerousExample: humerous More Bone Terminology

16 Vertebral Column facet RETURN

17 Infant Skull (lateral) anterior fontanel sphenoid fontanel posterior fontanel

18 Infant Skull (superior) anterior fontanel RETURN

19 Skull (inferior) foramen magnum RETURN

20 Vertebral Column transverse foramen vertebral foramen RETURN

21 Humerus (left) olecranon fossa coronoid fossa RETURN

22 Bone Terminology Fovea –Shallow depression –Example: femurExample: femur Head –Enlargement at end of bone –Example: humerusExample: humerus –Example: femurExample: femur –Example: radius/ulnaExample: radius/ulna Meatus –A tube through a bone –Example: external auditory meatusExample: external auditory meatus Sinus –Hollow cavity through a bone –Example: skullExample: skull More Bone Terminology

23 Right Femur AnteriorPosterior fovea capitis RETURN

24 Humerus (left) head RETURN

25 Right Femur AnteriorPosterior head RETURN

26 Radius and Ulna head of radius RETURN

27 Skull (lateral) external auditory meatus RETURN

28 Skull (sagittal) frontal sinus sphenoidal sinus RETURN

29 Bone Terminology Spine –Thorn-like projection –Example: scapulaExample: scapula Suture –Union line between bones –Example: skullExample: skull Trochanter –Large process –Example: femurExample: femur Tubercle –Knob-like process –Example: humerusExample: humerus Tuberosity –Large tubercle –Example: humerusExample: humerus –Example: radius/ulnaExample: radius/ulna REVIEW

30 Scapula (right posterior) spine RETURN

31 Skull (lateral) coronal suture lambdoidal Suture squamosal suture

32 Skull (inferior) lambdoidal suture lambdoidal suture

33 Skull (sagittal) squamosal suture lambdoidal suture

34 Infant Skull (lateral) coronal suture

35 Infant Skull (superior) sagittal suture frontal suture RETURN

36 Right Femur AnteriorPosterior greater trocanter lesser trochanter RETURN

37 Humerus (left) greater tubercle lesser tubercle RETURN

38 Humerus (left) deltoid tuberosity RETURN

39 Radius and Ulna radial tuberosity radius ulna RETURN

40 Review

41 Skull (lateral) coronal suture coronoid process zygomatic process of temporal bone mandibular condyle styloid process mastoid process external auditory meatus lambdoidal suture squamosal suture

42 Skull (inferior) styloid process mastoid process occipital condyle lambdoidal suture styloid process mastoid process occipital condyle lambdoidal suture foramen magnum

43 Skull (sagittal) frontal sinus squamosal suture lambdoidal suture styloid process sphenoidal sinus

44 Infant Skull (lateral) anterior fontanel coronal suture sphenoid fontanel posterior fontanel

45 Infant Skull (superior) sagittal suture anterior fontanel frontal suture

46 Vertebral Column facet transverse foramen transverse process vertebral foramen facet spinous process transverse process

47 Scapula (right posterior) spine

48 Humerus (left) head greater tubercle lesser tubercle deltoid tuberosity olecranon fossa lateral epicondyle medial epicondyle coronoid fossa

49 Radius and Ulna head of radius radial tuberosity radius ulna styloid process

50 Right Femur AnteriorPosterior greater trocanter fovea capitis head lesser trochanter lateral epicondyle medial epicondyle medial condyle lateral condyle

51 Credits Vitruvian Man: Lateral skull: Inferior skull: Sagittal skull: Pelvis: Infant skull lateral: Infant skull superior: tm tm Vertebral Column: Scapula: Humerus: Tibia:


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