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Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter.

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Presentation on theme: "Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter."— Presentation transcript:

1 Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter 5 Axial Skeletal Intro and Skull pgs 119, , etc

2 Skeleton= 206 total bones Axial= 80 bones “axis” Axial= 80 bones “axis” skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage, hyoid, middle ear bones skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage, hyoid, middle ear bones Appendicular= 126 bones “hangs off” Appendicular= 126 bones “hangs off” pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower limbs pectoral girdle, upper limbs, pelvic girdle, lower limbs Slide 5.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

3 Axial Skeleton (in green) Slide 5.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.6 Figure 5.12

4 Slide 5.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.6 Fontanel Soft spot between bones, where ossification has not been completed Suture Interlocking line of union between bones fontanel suture

5 Slide 5.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.6 Paranasal sinus for passage of blood vessels and nerves

6 Slide 5.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.6 (articulates with another bone)

7 Slide 5.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.6 for muscle attachment

8 Slide 5.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.6 for muscle attachment and articulates with another bone

9 Slide 5.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.6 for muscle attachment

10 Slide 5.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.6 articulates with another bone

11 Skull bones= cranial + facial bones Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

12 8 cranial bones and their markings

13 1 Frontal bone, anterior view Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.11

14 1 Frontal bone, superior view Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings posterior anterior

15 1 Frontal bone, 2 frontal (paranasal) sinuses Slide 5.25a Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.10

16 1 Occipital bone, lateral view Slide 5.21b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.7

17 1 Occipital bone, superior view Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings posterior anterior 1 Occipital bone, posterior view occipital bone

18 1 Occipital bone, superior view of skull’s base Slide 5.23 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.8

19 1 Occipital bone, inferior view Slide 5.24 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.9

20 2 Temporal bones, lateral view Slide 5.21b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.7

21 2 Temporal bones, inferior view Slide 5.24 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.9

22 1 Ethmoid bone Slide 5.23 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

23 1 Ethmoid bone, superior view of skull’s base Slide 5.23 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.8 Ethmoid bone

24 1 Ethmoid bone, anterior view Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.11

25 1 Ethmoid bone, 2 ethmoid (paranasal) sinuses Slide 5.25a Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.10

26 1 Sphenoid bone, superior view of skull’s base Slide 5.23 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.8 (Turk’s saddle)

27 1 Sphenoid bone, anterior view Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.11 Supraorbital foramen

28 1 Sphenoid bone, 2 sphenoid (paranasal) sinuses 1 Sphenoid bone, 2 sphenoid (paranasal) sinuses Slide 5.25a Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.10

29 2 Parietal bones, lateral view Slide 5.21b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.7

30 2 Parietal bones, superior view Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings posterior anterior 2 Parietal bones, inferior view

31 Bones of the Skull 14 Facial bones and their markings Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.11

32 Maxillary bones, anterior view Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.11 Supraorbital foramen Infraorbital foramen

33 Maxillary bones, inferior view Slide 5.24 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.9

34 2 Maxillary bones, 2 maxillary (paranasal) sinuses Slide 5.25a Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.10

35 1 Mandible, anterior view Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.11 Supraorbital foramen

36 1 Mandible, lateral view Slide 5.25a Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.10 Coronoid process Mandibular condyle(condylar process) Mandible “moveable”

37 2 Zygomatic bones, anterior view Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.11 Supraorbital foramen

38 2 Palatine bones, Inferior View Slide 5.24 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.9

39 Other facial bones Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.11 Supraorbital foramen

40 Other axial and skull topics Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings

41 Sutures of the skull Slide 5.21b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.7

42 Sutures of the skull Slide 5.22 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings posterior anterior Coronal suture Sagittal suture Lambdoidal suture

43 Fontanels of the fetal skull Slide 5.27a Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.13

44 4 Paranasal Sinuses Slide 5.25a Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.10

45 The Hyoid Bone Slide 5.26 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 5.12 Ear Bones Doesn’t articulate with other bones

46 Homeostatic Imbalances Slide 5.26 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Deviated septumCleft palate TMJSinusitis sinusitis


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