Presentation on theme: "(1) Ha Long Bay, VIETNAM Ha Long Bay features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various sizes and shapes."— Presentation transcript:
(1) Ha Long Bay, VIETNAM Ha Long Bay features thousands of limestone karsts and isles in various sizes and shapes.
Mount Everest is the highest mountain on Earth, with the summit 8,848 meters above sea level. (2) The Ganges River, BANGLADESH/INDIA The 2,510 km long Ganges is a major river in the Indian subcontinent. (4) Mount Everest, NEPAL
The South American Amazon is the largest river in the world by volume, with a total flow greater than the top ten rivers worldwide combined. (3) Amazon River, BOLIVIA/ BRAZIL/ COLOMBIA/ ECUADOR/ PERU/ VENEZUELA Cocos Island, located off the shore of Costa Rica, measures 23,85 square km and is a national park. Many hammerhead sharks, rays and dolphins live in the deep waters with counter-currents that surround it. (5) Cocos Island, COSTA RICA
Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776 meters, and has an exceptionally symmetrical cone. Atitlan is a large lake in the Guatemalan Highlands. Estimates of its maximum depth range up to 340 meters. (9) Lake Atitlan, GUATEMALA (6) Mount Fuji, JAPAN
(7) Angel Falls -VENEZUELA is the highest waterfall in the world, at 1,002 m, and is located in the Canaima National Park in Bolivar State, along Venezuela’s border with Brazil. It is more than 19 times higher than Niagara Falls. (10) Lake Titicaca –BOLIVIA/PERU sits 3,812 m above sea level making it the highest commercially navigable lake in the world. (8) The Chocolate Hills - PHILIPPINES is composed of around 1,268 perfectly cone-shaped hills, all about the same size, spread over an area of more than 50 sq km The hills are covered in green grass that turns brown during the dry season, giving them the name "Chocolate Hills."
The (13) Victoria Falls is a waterfall situated in southern Africa between the countries of Zambia and Zimbabwe. The falls are, by some measures, the largest waterfall in the world. While not exceptionally high, the (11) Niagara Falls, CANADA/USA are very wide. The falls were formed when glaciers receded at the end of the last ice age, and water from the then newly-formed Great Lakes carved a path through the Niagara Escarpment on its way to the Atlantic Ocean. The ( 12) Grand Canyon, USA created by the Colorado River over a period of 6 million years, is 446 km long, ranges in width from 6 to 29 km and attains a depth of more than 1.6 km.
(14) Iguazu Falls, ARGENTINA/BRAZIL are waterfalls of the Iguazu River located on the border of the Brazilian state of Paraná and the Argentine province of Misiones. (15) The Platano Forest, HONDURAS is located on the Río Plátano on the Caribbean coast of Honduras. The tropical rainforest is full of diverse wildlife and plant life. (16) Galapagos Islands, ECUADOR is an Archipelago of volvanic islands
(18) K2, CHINA/PAKISTAN is the second- highest mountain on Earth. K2 is notable for its local relief as well as its total height. It stands over 3,000 m above much of the glacial valley bottoms at its base. (17) Khao Yai National Park, THAILAND covers an area of 2,168 square kilometers, including evergreen forests and grasslands. Its altitude mostly ranges from 400 to 1000 m above sea level. The park is home to some 3,000 species of plants, 320 species of birds and 67 species of mammals. The (19) Bora Bora island, FRENCH POLYNESIA covers an area of approximately 39 square km, is located about 230 km northwest of Papeete and is surrounded by a lagoon and a barrier reef. In the center of the island are the remnants of an extinct volvano rising to two peaks.
(20) Great Barrier Reef, AUSTRALIA is the planet’s largest coral reef system, with some 3,000 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for 2,600 km over an area of approximately 344,400 square km. It is the biggest single structure made by living creatures and can be seen from outer space. ( 21) Chitwan National Park, NEPAL Chitwan National Park, covering an area of 932 km², was established in 1973. The park is rich in flora and fauna, which include one of the last populations of single-horned Indian Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) and the Bengal tiger (22) Los Roques Archipelago, VENEZUELA The Los Roques islands are a federal dependency of Venezuela, consisting of about 50 islands, cays or islets. The archipelago is an atoll located some 145 km directly north of the port of La Guaira, close to Caracas. Being almost an untouched coral reef, it attracts many visitors, especially from Europe, some of which come in their own yachts and anchor in the inner, protected shallow waters.
(23) Mekong River, CAMBODIA/ CHINA/ LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC/ MYANMAR/ THAILAND/ VIET NAM The Mekong is considered one of the world’s major rivers. It is the 11th-longest river in the world, and the 12th-largest by volume. Its estimated length is 4,880 km. (24) Gran Sabana Valley, VENEZUELA The Gran Sabana is one of the major natural attractions in Venezuela and is located in the approximately 1,400 km from Caracas. The area has a tropical and humid climate. The Gran Sabana is dotted with huge table-top mountains called tepuis, which rise dramatically from the surrounding plains. (25) Komodo National Park, INDONESIA Indonesia’s Komodo National Park includes the three larger islands Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as numerous smaller ones, for a total area of 1,817 square kilometers (603 square kilometers of it land). The national park was founded in 1980 to protect the Komodo dragon. Later, it was also dedicated to protecting other species, including marine animals.
(27) Davolja Varos Rock Formation, SERBIA Davolja Varos (the name means "devil's town") is a group of earth pyramids in the Radan Mountains in the southern region of Serbia. (26) Yakushima Island, JAPAN Yakushima is an island of about 500km² and roughly 15 000 islanders to the south of Kyūshū in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. The highest point on the island is Miyanoura-dake at 1,935 meters (6,360 feet). It is covered in dense forest noted especially for old growth Cryptomeria trees known as Sugi in Japan and magnificent Rhododendrons. (28) Auyantepui Mountain, VENEZUELA Auyantepui, or "Devil's Mountain," is an impressive, heart-shaped table-top mountain almost 3,000 m high in the Guiana Highlands, in Venezuela’s Bolivar State. Auyantepui encompasses 650 square km
(29) Canaima National Park, VENEZUELA Canaima National Park is a 30,000 square km park in south-eastern Venezuela. The park, which is the size of Belgium, is characterized by the many tepuis or table-top mountains. The most famous tepuis in the park are Mt. Roraima, the tallest and easiest to climb, and Auyantepui, from which fall the Angel Falls, the highest waterfall in the world. (30) Maldives Archipelago, MALDIVES The Maldive Islands make up an island nation consisting of 26 atolls in the Indian Ocean. They are located south of India’s Lakshadweep islands, about 700 kilometers south-west of Sri Lanka. The Maldives encompass 1,192 small islands, roughly two hundred of which are inhabited. (31) Kali Gandaki River, NEPAL The Gandaki River in Nepal and the Gandak in India, is a tributary of the Ganga or Ganges River. It is one of the major rivers of Nepal and India is notable for the deep gorge through which it flows. It has a total catchment area of 46,300 km².
(32) Dead Sea, ISRAEL/ JORDAN/ PALESTINIAN TERRITORY, OCCUPIED The Dead Sea is a salt lake between the West Bank and Israel to the west, and Jordan to the east. At 420 metres below sea level, its shores are the lowest point on Earth that are on dry land. With 30 percent salinity, it is 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. (33) Mount Kilimanjaro, UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawensi, and Shira, is an inactive strato-volcano in north-eastern Tanzania. It is the tallest free-standing mountain in the world, rising 4,600 m from its base, and includes the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters. (34) Jeju Island, REPUBLIC OF KOREA Jejudo is a volcanic island, 130 km from the southern coast of Korea and has a surface area of 1,846 km2. A central feature of Jeju is Hallasan, the tallest mountain in South Korea and a dormant volcano, which rises 1,950 m above sea level. 360 satellite volcanoes are around the main volcano.
(36) Loch Ness, Scotland, UNITED KINGDOM Loch Ness is a large, deep freshwater lake in the Scottish Highlands extending for approximately 37 km southwest of Inverness. Its surface is 15.8 meters above sea level. Loch Ness is best known for the alleged sightings of the legendary Loch Ness Monster, also known as "Nessie". (37) Belize Barrier Reef, BELIZE Belize Barrier Reef is a series of coral reels off the coast of Belize. Home to a one of the most important ecosystems in the world, the reef system has 70 hard coral species, 36 soft coral species, 500 species of fish and hundreds of invertebrate species. It extends for some 300 km, making it the second only to Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. (35) Cueva del Guacharo, VENEZUELA The Cueva del Guácharo National Park has as its centerpiece a large cave, which is the home of thousands of oilbirds or guacharos in Spanish. The cave is a limestone cavern over 10 km long, with a number of large chambers and spectacular rock formations.
(38) Flaming Cliffs, MONGOLIA The Flaming Cliffs site is a region of the Gobi Desert in Mongolia, in which important fossil finds have been made. The area is most famous for yielding the first discovery of dinosaur eggs. Other finds in the area include specimens of Velociraptor. (40) One Hundred Trees Oasis, CHINA One Hundred Trees is the name of a small oasis on the northern edge of the Gobi desert. It provides food and drinking water for herders and their livestock. (39) Wulingyuan Rock Formation, CHINA Wulingyuan is a scenic and historic interest area in Hunan Province, China, famous for its approximately 3,100 tall quartzite sandstone pillars, some over 200 meters in height, and are a kind of karst formation..
(41) Great Blue Hole, BELIZE The Great Blue Hole is a large underwater sinkhole off of the coast of Belize. It lies near the center of Lighthouse Reef, a small atoll 60 miles from the mainland and Belize City. The hole is almost perfectly circular, over 1,000 feet across and 400 feet deep. It was formed as a limestone cave system during the last ice age when sea levels were much lower. As the ocean began to rise again the caves flooded, and the roof collapsed. (43) Laguna Colorada, BOLIVIA Laguna Colorada is a shallow salt lake in the southwest of the altiplano of Bolivia and close to the border with Chile. The lake contains borax islands, whose white color contrasts nicely with the reddish color of its waters, which is caused by red sediments and pigmentation of some algae. (42) The Twelve Apostles, AUSTRALIA The Twelve Apostles are huge pillars of limestone rock in the ocean offshore from the Port Campbell National Park, along the south-east coast of Australia. Formed by the sea eroding the cliffs, the stacks are of varying heights and thicknesses. There are now eight pillars, with the most recent collapse being that of a 50-m tall column which fell apart on July 3, 2005.
(45) Baikal Lake, RUSSIAN FEDERATION The name Baikal comes from Baigal which means nature in the Mongolaian language. At 1,637 meters (5,371 ft) it is the deepest lake in the world and is the largest freshwater lake by volume (23,000 km³), containing approximately twenty percent of the world's total surface fresh water.Baikal is home to more than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world (46) Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, SINGAPORE The Bukit Timah Nature Reserve is a small nature reserve, measuring only 1.64 sq. km, near the geographic center of the city-state of Singapore. It is on the slopes of Bukit Timah Hill and parts of the surrounding area. Despite its small size, it is considered one of the most "productive" pieces of nature - together with the neighbouring Central Catchment Nature Reserve, it houses over 840 species of flowering plants and over 500 species of fauna. (44) Wadi Rum Desert, JORDAN Wadi Rum is a desert valley cut into the sandstone and granite rock in southwest Jordan, full of large and imposing rock formations, all tinted slightly pink. It is the largest valley in Jordan. In the West, Wadi Rum may be best known for its connection with British officer T. E. Lawrence, or Lawrence of Arabia, who based his operations in Wadi Rum during the Arab Revolt of 1917–18. One of the more impressive rock formations in Wadi Rum was named The Seven Pillars of Wisdom by Lawrence.
(47) Sinharaja Forest, SRI LANKA The densely forested reserve, home to an incredible number of different trees and animal species, including amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals and insects, is 21 kilometers from east to west and 7 kilometers from north to south. The hilly virgin rainforest was saved from the worst of commercial logging by its inaccessibility. (48) Huangshan Mountain, CHINA The area is very famous for its scenic beauty, which lies in the peculiar shapes of the granite peaks, in the weather-shaped Huangshan Pine trees, and in views of the clouds from above. The area also has hot springs and natural pools. The mountain range comprises many peaks, 77 of which exceed 1,000 m in altitude. (49) Black Forest, GERMANY Black Forest (Schwarzwald) is a wooded mountain range in southwestern It is bordered by the Rhine valley to the west and south. The highest peak is the mountain Feldberg with an elevation of 1,493 meters. The region is almost rectangular with a length of 200 km and breadth of 60 km.
(51) Ayers Rock (Uluru), AUSTRALIA Uluru is one of Australia's most recognisable natural icons. The world-renowned sandstone formation stands 348 m high above sea level with most of its bulk below the ground, and measures 9.4 km in circumference. Uluru appears to change color as the different light strikes it at different times of the day and year. (50) Ko Phi Phi Island, THAILAND The Phi Phi Islands are a small group of Islands between the large island of Phuket and the western Andaman Sea coast off the mainland of Thailand. (52) Colca Canyon, PERU Colca Canyon is in the Andes mountain range, southern Peru. It is more than twice as deep as the Grand Canyon in the United States, but is not as steep. The local people still maintain ancestral traditions and continue to cultivate the pre-Inca stepped terraces.
(53) Phang Nga Bay, THAILAND Phang Nga Bay is a 400 square kilometer bay in the Andaman Sea between the island of Phuket and the mainland of the Malay peninsula of southern Thailand. The most famous of the many islands in the bay is what is referred to as the James Bond Island, a needle-shaped limestone rock jutting out of the sea, seen in The Man with the Golden Gun. (54) Blue Grotto, ITALY Blue Grotto is a sea cave on the coast of the island of Capri in Italy.It has a partially submerged opening into the sea, as do other grottoes into the island.Roman emperors with villas on Capri reportedly used the Blue Grotto as a private bath. In modern times, it has become a popular tourist attraction with visitors touring it by boat. (55) Al-hasa Oasis, SAUDI ARABIA The Al-Hasa oasis is the largest oasis in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.In ancient times, Al-Hasa was at the center of the trade routes which traders followed between the east of the Arabian peninsula and India, Persia and the Far East.The Oasis has a dry, tropical climate, with a five-month summer and a relatively cold winter.
(57) Ulla Ulla National Reserve, BOLIVIA The Ulla Ulla National Reserve is on the high Andean plain northwest of the city of La Paz, with an average altitude of over 4000 meters about sea level. The park is about 2,000 km² in size, is populated by about 12,000 people, most of them of Aymara origin, and is also the home of the Andean Condor, the largest flying bird in the world. (56) Salar de Uyuni Lake, BOLIVIA Salar de Uyuni is the world's largest salt flat at 10,582 km². It is located in the southwest of Bolivia, near the crest of the Andes, 3,650 meters high. The major minerals found in the salar are halite and gypsum. (58) Cappadocia Rock Formation, TURKEY The Cappadocia region is largely underlain by sedimentary rocks formed in lakes and streams, and ignimbrite deposits erupted from ancient volcanoes approximately 9 to 3 million years ago (late Miocene to Pliocene epochs). The rocks of Cappadocia near Göreme eroded into hundreds of spectacular pillars and minaret- like forms. The volcanic deposits are soft rocks that the people of the villages at the heart of the Cappadocia Region carved out to form houses, churches, monasteries.
(59) Rara Lake, NEPAL Rara Lake, the largest lake in Nepal, is five kilometers long and two kilometers wide and its water reaches a depth of 170 meters. It is in Western Nepal, part of the Rara National Park. The lake lies at an altitude of 2,900 meters above sea level and spans an area of 10 square kilometers. The clear waters, which reflect the snow-capped Himalayas, is surrounded by blue pine, black juniper forest and Himalayan cypress (61) Kalahari Desert, NAMIBIA The Kalahari Desert is a large arid to semi-arid sandy area in southern Kgalagadi Africa extending 900,000 km². The Kalahari supports some animals and plants because most of it is not real desert. There are small amounts of rainfall and the summer temperature is very high. The riverbeds are mostly grazing spots, though leopard or cheetah can still be found. (60) Charles’ Brewer Cave, VENEZUELA This cave is in the Canaima National Park, in south- eastern Venezuela, and has an underground river system, waterfalls, rock slides, and diverse speleothems. It is today considered the largest quartzite cave in the world.
(63) Madidi National Park, BOLIVIA Madidi is a national park in the upper Amazon river basin in Bolivia. Established in 1995,it has an area of 18,958 square kilometres, and along with nearby protected (though not necessarily contiguous) areas Manuripi-Heath, Apolobamba, and (across the border in Peru) the Manu Biosphere Reserve, Madidi is part of one of the largest protected areas in the world. (62) Pinnacles Desert, Namburg National Park AUSTRALIA The Pinnacles Desert, with its striking limestone pillars, is in Namburg National Park, in Western Australia. The Pinnacles are limestone formations. Emus and kangaroos are frequently seen here. (64) Frank Josef Glacier, NEW ZEALAND From its origins high in the Southern Alps, the Franz Josef Glacier descends deep into the green and lush rainforest of Westland’s National Park on the West Coast of New Zealand’s South Island. Plunging from a height of 2700m above sea level to only 240m in 11 km, it is one of the world’s steepest and fastest-flowing glaciers.
(65) Azul Waterfall, MEXICO The Cataratas de Agua Azul ("Waterfalls of Blue Water") consists of many cataracts following one after another. The water flow descends in two streams, with small islands in the middle. The water has a high mineral content. Where it falls on rocks or fallen trees it encases them in a thick shell-like coating of limestone. (66) McKenzie Falls, AUSTRALIA MacKenzie Falls is one of the largest and most spectacular waterfalls in Australia, one of four falls in the MacKenzie River Gorge. It flows all year round, and the water cascades over huge cliffs into a deep pool, sending mist high into the air. (67) Milford Sound Fjord, NEW ZEALAND Milford Sound, located in the southwest of New Zealand’s South Island, is located within the Fiordland National Park.. Among its most striking features are Mitre Peak, rising 1,692 m above the sound, the Elephant at 1,517 m and resembling an elephant’s's head, and Lion Mountain, 1,302 m, in the shape of a crouching lion. Lush rain forests cling precariously to these cliffs, while seals, penguins and dolphins populate the water.
(69) Vesuvius Volcano, ITALY Mount Vesuvius It is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years, although it is not currently erupting. Vesuvius is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. It has erupted many times since and is today regarded as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world. (68) Tierra del Fuego Archipelago, ARGENTINA/ CHILE Tierra del Fuego National Park is located on the Argentine part of the island of Tierra del Fuego. Its 630 square kilometres include parts of the Fagnano and Roca lakes. The park has dramatic scenery, with waterfalls, forests, mountains and glaciers. (70) Alpamayo Mountain Peak, PERU Alpamayo is one of the most impressive peaks in the Cordillera Blanca of Peru, measuring 5,947 m. In 1966, the Alpamayo mountain was declared "the most beautiful mountain in the world" by UNESCO.
(71) The Blue Nile River, ETHIOPIA/ SUDAN The Blue Nile is a river originating at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. It joins the White Nile at Khartoum, Sudan and, as the Nile, flows through Egypt to the Mediterranean Sea. The distance from its source to its confluence is variously reported as 1460 and 1600 km. The uncertainty over its length might partially result from the fact that it flows through virtually impenetrable gorges cut in the Ethiopian highlands to a depth of some 1500 m. (72) Mont Blanc (Alps), FRACE/ITALY Mont Blanc also known as "La Dame Blanche" (French for "the white lady") is a mountain in the Alps. With its 4,808 m summit, it is the highest mountain in the Alps and Western Europe. (73) Guilin Mountains, CHINA The Chinese area of Guilin, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on the west bank of the Lijiang River, has long been renowned for its unique scenery. Guilin's spectacular misty mountains and lush landscaping have been an inspiration to Chinese poets and artists throughout the centuries. Along every twist and turn of the Li River, mist- shrouded limestone mountains, in all shapes and sizes, rise out of the water to form dramatic settings.
(74) Machu Picchu Ecological Reserve, PERU The Historical Sanctuary of Machu Picchu not only preserves geological formations and archaeological remains but also the unique flora and fauna and spectacular landscape of the surrounding woods. (75) Ein Gedi), ISRAEL It is known for its caves, springs, and its rich diversity of flora and fauna.
(76) The White Nile, EGYPT/SUDAN/UGANDA The White Nile is an African river and one of the two main tributaries of the Nile. In wider sense, “White Nile” refers to the approximately 3700 km river draining from Lake Victoria into the Nile proper. (77) Pico Bolivar Mountain, VENEZUELA The Pico Bolívar is the highest mountain in Venezuela, at 4,981 meters. Its top is permanently covered with snow and three small glaciers.
(2)Phong Nha - Ke Bang, VIETNAM is a national park in Quang Binh province with several hundred caves and grottoes. The plateau is probably one of the finest and most distinctive examples of a complex karst landform in Southeast Asia. (3) Fansipan Mountain, VIETNAM is tthe highest mountain in Indochina, at 3 143 m, with about 2,024 floral varieties and 327 faunal species. The above nature sites are among the top Official Nominees for consideration by the New7Wonders of Nature Panel of Experts for inclusion in the group of 21 finalist candidates. Ranking fluctuates, subject to votes by the public. Dropped from List / Unranked
The (5) Sundarbans Forest, BANGLADESH/INDIA is the largest mangrove forest in the world, The area is known for its wide range of fauna, with the Royal Bengal tiger being the most famous, but also including many birds, spotted deer, crocodiles and snakes. (4) Cox's Bazar, Beach BANGLADESH Cox's Bazar is one of the world's longest natural sandy sea beaches (120 km) including mud flats. (35) Mayon Volcano, PHILIPPINES Mayon Volcano is an active volcano on the Filipino island of Luzo, 15 km northwest of Legazpi City.It is classified by volcanologists as a stratovolcano (composite volcano). Its symmetric cone was formed through alternate pyroclastic and lava flows. Mayon is the most active volcano in the country, having erupted over 47 times in the past 400 years, and is a part of what is called the Pacific Ring of Fire.
(16) Pacaya, GUATEMALA is an active complex volcano which first erupted approximately 23,000 years ago, (15) Tubbataha Reef, PHILIPPINES is composed of two atolls, North and South Reefs. Over one thousand species, including many that are endangered, can be found at on the reef. These include manta rays, lionfish, tortoises, clownfish and sharks. (27) Kaziranga National Park, INDIA is a national park in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam, India. Located on the edge of the Eastern Himalaya biodiversity hotspot, the park combines high-species diversity and visibility. Kaziranga has the highest density of tigers among protected areas in the world and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006. It is also recognised as an Important Bird Area by Birdlife International for conservation of avifaunal species.
Pamukkale, Turkey Pamukkale (Hierapolis) translates to Cotton Castle. The great attraction is the white immensity of the cliff with sculptured basins full of water and congealed waterfalls; they seem done of snow, cloud, cotton. The scientific explanation is the hot thermal places that lie under the mount provoke the calcium carbonate spill, that makes the forms as solid as Travertino marble
KaikTiyo Pagoda, BURMA Mushroom Rock, Kansas USA Rockall (controversy about ownership) Piedra del Penol, Antioquia COLUMBIA
Diamond-Head, Oahu HAWAII USA More than 3,500 feet in diameter with a 760-foot summit, Diamond Head in Waikiki is perhaps the world’s most recognized volcanic crater. It is a lasting remnant of a volcanic explosion that occurred about 500,000 years ago. Ancient Hawaiians called it Laeahi, which translates to "brow of the tuna." The name "Diamond Head" can be traced to the 1800s, when British sailors mistakenly thought there were diamonds lodged in the crater’s soil. The "diamonds" turned out to be calcite crystals embedded in the lava rock.Waikiki
Head to Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, HI USA which encompasses nearly 218,000 acres from sea to summit and beyond. It includes Mauna Loa (the world’s largest volcano) and Kilauea, which has been continuously erupting since January 1983. This eruption phase has added over 500 acres to the Big Island.