Presentation on theme: "Conversation on the Common Core Conundrum SOCSD PTA January 22, 2014"— Presentation transcript:
1Conversation on the Common Core Conundrum SOCSD PTA January 22, 2014 South Orangetown Central School DistrictConversation on the Common Core Conundrum SOCSD PTA January 22, 2014Presenters: Ken Mitchell, Ed. D.Brian Culot, Ed.D.
2DiscussionWhat is the Common Core and the rationale for its implementation?What are the promises, concerns, and questions?
3DiscussionHow is the SOCSD managing the implementation of the Common Core standards?How are staff learning how to adapt curriculum and instruction to the Common Core?
4National Governor’s Association Council of School Chiefs Common Core?National Governor’s AssociationCouncil of School ChiefsNational Vs. State StandardsRTTT
5Building on the strength of current state standards, the Common Core State Standards are designed to be:Focused, coherent, clear and rigorousInternationally benchmarkedAnchored in college and career readiness.Evidence- and research-based
6What is the rationale for the Common Core? (and who is making it?)
7The National Reform Landscape Education “Reform”POLITICAL & IDEOLOGICAL AGENDASPRIVATIZATIONBUSINESSNEO-REFORMMOVEMENT
8The Players & Their Educations George W. BushChester FinnBarack ObamaArne DuncanMichele RheeBill GatesJeb BushCathie Black (former NYC Chancellor)Meryl TischDavid SteinerDavis Guggenheim (Waiting for Superman)
9The Players & Their Educations George W. Bush Phillips AndoverChester Finn Phillips ExeterBarack Obama Punahou SchoolArne Duncan Univ. of Chicago Lab SchoolMichele Rhee Maumee Valley Country DayBill Gates Lakeside SchoolJeb Bush Phillips AndoverCathie Black Aquinas DominicanMeryl Tisch Ramaz SchoolDavid Steiner Perse SchoolDavis Guggenheim Sidwell Friends
10“RATIONALE” FOR REFORM a system that is absolutely ineffective in its results.”-Newspaper Editorial 1912“A large majority of students showed they had virtually no knowledge of elementary aspects of American History. They could not identify, Lincoln, Jefferson or Roosevelt.”-New York Times survey of college freshmen 1943
17U.S. leads the world in… Patents for Innovation – 1st Gross Domestic Product – 1stGlobal Competiveness Index (2.4/142 for last 17 years.)Patents for Innovation – 1st
18U.S. Schools Are Still Ahead -- Way Ahead “The independence and social skills American children develop give them a huge advantage when they join the workforce. They learn to experiment, challenge norms, and take risks. They can think for themselves, and they can innovate. This is why America remains the world leader in innovation; why Chinese and Indians invest their life savings to send their children to expensive U.S. schools when they can. India and China are changing, and as the next generations of students become like American ones, they too are beginning to innovate. So far, their education systems have held them back.”Vivek Wadhwa Bloomberg Business Week January 2011
19Where the U.S. “leads” the world 25% of U.S. children under age 6 are below the poverty levelWhere the U.S. “leads” the world
20Where the U.S. “leads” the world 25% of U.S. children under age 6 are below the poverty levelWhere the U.S. “leads” the world45% of U.S. children under age 18 in a single parent home live below the poverty level.
21Where the U.S. “leads” the world 25% of U.S. children under age 6 are below the poverty levelU.S. life expectancy and infant mortality rates at bottom of top industrialized nations.Where the U.S. “leads” the world45% of U.S. children under age 18 in a single parent home live below the poverty level.
22Where the U.S. “leads” the world 25% of U.S. children under age 6 are below the poverty levelU.S. life expectancy and infant mortality rates at bottom of top industrialized nations.Where the U.S. “leads” the world45% of U.S. children under age 18 in a single parent home live below the poverty level.U.S. ranking on the GINI coefficient – the distribution of income between the richest and poorest citizens – has the U.S. in 94th place.(Sweden has the smallest gap. Finland is at #11. We are clustered with Cameroon, Iran, Bulgaria, Jamaica, and Cambodia. - CIA 2012)
23New York State… #1 in nation in Intel Semi-finalists; #2 in student participation and success on AP exams;#1 in 2011 CNBC Study of education systems that support business interests;#3 – overall education in “Quality Counts” report.
24U.S. Poverty Rates vs. Student Achievement STATE“Quality Counts” National RankChild Poverty %Maryland#113%Massachusetts#214%New York#322%Virginia#4New Jersey#6Pennsylvania#1312%Connecticut#15New Hampshire#3410%Arizona#4424%Mississippi#4533%Nevada#48D.C.#4930%
25What is the rationale for the Common Core? (and who is making it?)
34PromisesFocus on EducationFocus on Thinking Skills
35Promises Focus on Education Skills & Curricular Integration Focus on Thinking Skills
36Promises Focus on Education Skills & Curricular Integration Focus on Thinking SkillsProfessional Collaboration& Learning
37Promises Focus on Education Skills & Curricular Integration Focus on Thinking SkillsAssessment Literacy & CollaborationProfessional Collaboration& Learning
38Rebecca Mieliwocki – 2012 National Teacher of the Year “Common Core is the marlin that’s been out to sea and we’ve been reeling it in and it’s almost here. It’s just beside the boat – it’s huge, it’s beautiful and it has a lot of power. But how we bring it on board, how we handle it, that will require incredible skill, patience, vision, and expertise. Because if we get that wrong, and the fish starts flopping around, it has the power to destroy everything.”
40How were the CCLS evaluated for cognitive complexity to ensure that each one is developmentally appropriate?
41“The proposed standards conflict with compelling new research in cognitive science, neuroscience, child development…”Joint Statement of Early Childhood and Education Professionals on the Common Core Standards Initiative (2012)
45“It is developmentally dangerous and professionally reckless to require all students to master standards that lie outside of normal human cognitive development…”Tienken & OrlichThe School Reform Landscape (2013)
46What was the research methodology used to “internationally benchmark” the CCLS?
47“Despite making regular requests for evidence of international benchmarking, I received no material on the academic expectations of other leading nations in math or language and literature.”Sandra StotskyCommon Core Validation Committee Member
49How is the CCLS focus on higher-order thinking aligned with the current assessments?
50“The exams will remain predominantly multiple choice “The exams will remain predominantly multiple choice. Heavy reliance on such items continues to promote rote teaching and learning”Strauss (2013)
51What are concerns of leading literacy experts or groups ?
52“Changes this significant are not likely to occur successfully without equally significant investments in the knowledge and skills of educators with necessary material supports.” International Reading Association (2012)
53“…an important hypothesis…” “On the whole, the image of the curriculum implicit in CCSS (and explicit especially in the new documents attempting to spell out implications for instruction) is not visibly research based; it is not based on large-scale reforms that have demonstrated a method for bringing high-needs students to the levels of the Common Core. If that were the case, then the nation would be invited to observe otherwise typical high-needs schools where most of the graduates are flourishing at their colleges. The CCSS represent an important hypothesis, but the problems are far better researched than the pathway forward.”Lucy Calkins, Mary Ehrenworth, and Christopher Lehman (2012) write, “The CCSS claim to be research based, but the vast majority of the research cited supports the fact that all is not well in America’s schools.”
54What educators developed the Common Core Learning Standards?
57How were the standards validated and what is the projected return on investment?
58American Association of School Administrators “The standards have not been validated empirically and no metric has been set to monitor the intended or unintended consequences they will have on the education system and children.”(Tienken, 2012)
59Brookings Institute (Loveless, 2012) “Despite all the money and effort devoted to developing the Common Core State Standards – not to mention the simmering controversy over their adoption in several states – the study foresees little to no impact on student learning.”(Loveless, 2012)
60Bill Gates…“If states and school districts feel pressured to rush out new systems, those systems could evaluate teachers unfairly and fail to help teachers improve. That would be a disaster.A flawed execution of a good idea could convince people it is a bad idea – and that could kill this push for reform.”
61How were the standards aligned with local curriculum before being used to evaluate students and teachers?
64Campbell’s Law -“The more any quantitative social indicator is used for social decision-making, the more subject it will be to corruption pressures and the more apt it will be to distort and corrupt the social processes it is intended to measure.”
66TEST PREP &NARROWING OF THE CURRICULUM“Five years after NCLB 60% of districts reported increased instructional time for math and ELA and a 44% decrease in all other subjects.”(Center for Ed Policy 2007)
69MYTHS ABOUT TESTINGMYTHSSED “REALITY”FIELD REALITY“COMMON CORE ASSESSMENTS REQUIRE TEACHING TO THE TEST.”“The Department has advised districts against rote test prep practices. Rote test prep is a disservice to students and a waste of taxpayer funds. The best preparation for state assessments is a great teacher providing great instruction.”Source: EngageNY October 2013Evidence has shown that in high-stakes test environments, teachers are often pressured to ensure that students achieve on state assessments.The new APPR has added to those pressures.Campbell’s Law
70MYTHS ABOUT TESTINGMYTHSSED “REALITY”FIELD REALITY“COMMON CORE ASSESSMENTS ARE INTENDED TO BE OVERWHELMING AND NEEDLESSLY STRESSFUL TO STUDENTS.”“When given proper messages and supports from adults, students can find learning challenges to be rewarding and engaging. In contrast, those who leave school and cannot find a good job struggle without support for the rest of their lives. State tests should be a brief moment for students to demonstrate what they know and can do as one of multiple measures that help educators improve instruction and better support their students.”Source: EngageNY October 2013Common Core assessments are in their infancy yet they are being used to assess students and hold teachers accountable.Common Core assessments were used before there was adequate time to adapt to the new standards, modify local curriculum, and adapt instruction to the major shifts.
71MYTHS ABOUT CURRICULUM SED “Reality”Field Reality“THE STATE’S COMMON CORE CURRICULUM MODULES ARE REQUIRED.”“Implementation of standards through curriculum and instructions has always been a local district responsibility. The State’s curriculum modules are not required; rather, they are optional and supplemental and may be adopted or adapted by local school districts. If school districts elect to develop or purchase their own materials, the Tri-state rubric can be used to assist this process.”Source: EngageNY October 2013The rushed implementation and limited resources drove many districts to rely on materials provided by the state.Some districts believed that using state materials would better align with state assessments.The state argued that they would be providing such support and have done so, albeit through a delayed delivery schedule, via work from Expeditionary Learning.
72MYTHS ABOUT CURRICULUM SED “Reality”Field Reality“THE STATE’S COMMON CORE CURRICULUMMODULES REQUIRE OR ENCOURAGE SCRIPTED LESSONS.”“The curriculum modules are optional resources, and there is no intention that educators use these modules as a “script” for delivering instruction. Rather, the modules are tools that may be integrated into an educator’s professional practice. Whether or not educators use the state’s curriculum modules, rote and scripted lessons are a disservice to students. Students need great teachers to provide great instruction.”Source: EngageNY October 2013While they may not “require” scripted lessons, they certainly “encourage” them, especially in light of the “risk averse” culture that has been created.
73DiscussionHow is the SOCSD managing the implementation of the Common Core standards?How are staff learning how to adapt curriculum and instruction to the Common Core?
74Protecting the Instructional Core: Our Four District and School Goals I. Providing Students with 21st Century SkillsII. Enhancing Student LiteracyIII. Addressing the Diverse Needs of LearnersIV. Fostering a Respectful Learning EnvironmentGoals guide our workWork is aligned with our goals
75Curriculum Work in SOCSD Common Core StandardsCurriculum Work in SOCSDMore than 100 teachers participated in summer 2013 workTeachers incorporated components from the ELA & math modules, including assessments and resources into unit plansELA and math units have been aligned and updated with resources, sample lessons, and student work.This work has been ongoing for several years. We worked with teachers to do cross walks with the new standards, to map curriculum, and this summer was really about building in formative assessments that are aligned with the common core to help our students succeed in this new education climate.
76A Snapshot of our Common Core Aligned Professional Development ELAMathScienceSocial StudiesA Snapshot of our Common Core Aligned Professional DevelopmentELAOur ELA Leadership Team met and reviewed the Teacher’s College Reading and Writing Project learning progressions in narrative, informational, and persuasive/argumentative writing.MathOur Math Leadership Team met to work together on balancing and maximizing the various resources we are using to provide students with instruction that is aligned with the Common Core Math Standards.Social StudiesWe studied the social studies framework has been developed called, “New York State Common Core K-8 or 9-12 Social Studies Framework. The major components are:History of the United States and New York, World History, Geography, Economics, and Civics. We are using this framework to assess our program and make decisions about materials and resources to support our students in meeting the Common Core standards. ScienceIn anticipation of the New York State Board of Regents adopting the new Next Generation Science Standards. Our K-12 science leadership team has been evaluating the National K-12 Framework that was published two years ago. Recently, our science leadership team met to review the next generation standards and we began discussions about which units will need to move to different grades. Teacher teams went back to their schools to review resources and materials in preparation for the adoption of these new standards.
77TZE Student Resource Site blogs.socsd.org/tzelearn
79ELA CCLS “Shifts” BALANCING INFORMATIONAL AND LITERARY TEXT BUILDING DISCIPLINARY KNOWLEDGESTAIRCASE OF COMPLEXITYTEXT-BASED ANSWERSWRITING FROM SOURCESACADEMIC VOCABULARYELA CCLS “Shifts”Balancing Informational & LiteraryKnowledge in the Disciplines Students build knowledge about the world (domains/ contentareas) through TEXT rather than the teacher or activitiesStaircase of Complexity - Students read the central, grade appropriate text around which instruction is centered.More space and support in the curriculum for close reading. (F&P)Students engage in rich and rigorous evidence based conversations about text. (Accountable Talk – Student Centered – Group WorkReading Text Closely: Makes reading text(s) closely, examining textual evidence, and discerning deep meaning a central focus of instruction.Text‐Based Evidence: Facilitates rich and rigorous evidence‐based discussions andwriting about common texts (Guided Reading)Writing from Sources: Routinely expects that students draw evidence from textsto produce clear and coherent writing that informs, explains, or makes anargument in various written forms (notes, summaries, short responses, or formalessays).Academic Vocabulary: Focuses on building students’ academic vocabulary incontext throughout instruction.Marzano’s Vocabulary for the Common CoreRefer to math article (Why
80ELA Shifts Text-Self Text-based Analysis Text- World Text-Text Common Core StandardsBest PracticeText-based AnalysisText-SelfText- WorldText-Text
81ELA Shifts Common Core Standards Best Practice Independent Reading Fountas & Pinnell AssessmentLeveled Literacy InterventionWilson Reading and Just WordsReading complex texts
82Example of Grade-Level Progression in Reading CCR Reading Standard 3: Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.Reading Standards for LiteratureReading Standards for Informational TextGrade 3: Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events.Grade 3: Describe the relationships between a series of historical events, scientific ideas of concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.Grade 7: Analyze how particular elements of a story or drama interact (e.g., how setting shapes the characters or plot)Grade 7: Analyze the interactions between individuals, events, and ideas in a text (e.g., how ideas influence individuals or events, or how individuals influence ideas or events).Grades 11-12: Analyze the impact of the author’s choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama (e.g., where a story is set, how the action is ordered, how the characters are introduced and developed).Grades 11-12: Analyze a complex set of ideas or sequence of events and explain how specific individuals, ideas, or events interact and develop over the course of the text.
83Math CCLS “Shifts”FOCUS NARROW & DEEPERCOHERENCESKILL & FLUENCYAPPLICATIONCONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDINGBALANCE PRACTICE & UNDERSTANDINGFocus - Teachers significantly narrow and deepen the scope of how time and energy isspent in the math classroom. They do so in order to focus deeply on only theconcepts that are prioritized in the standards. Yet, the modules call for 65 minute lessons, they take longer, and they have a disclaimer that says, “ The time required to complete a curriculum module will depend on the scope and difficulty of the mathematical content that is the focus of the module.”Coherence – Educators carefully connect the learning within and across grades sothat students can build new understanding onto foundations built in previous years.Fluency - Students are expected to have speed and accuracy with simple calculations;teachers structure class time and/or homework time for students to memorize,through repetition, core functions. Sprints from modules helpfulConceptual Understanding - Students deeply understand and can operate easily within a math concept beforemoving on. They learn more than the trick to get the answer right. They learn theMathApplication - Students are expected to use math and choose the appropriate concept forapplication even when they are not prompted to do so.Balancing practice and understanding - There is more than a balance between these two things in the classroom – both are occurring with intensity
84EngageNY.org The Release of the Modules The modules were created by Expeditionary Learning (ELA) and Common Core Inc. (Math)The average length of each grade level module is 400 to 500 pagesNYSED is working on new modules for science and social studiesSOME of the modules were released last summer
85EngageNY Math Modules The focus areas of Grade 1 modules address: Operations and Algebraic ThinkingRepresent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction.Understand and apply properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction.Add and subtract within 20.Work with addition and subtraction equations.Number and Operations in Base TenExtend the counting sequence.Understand place value.Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtractMeasurement and DataMeasure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units.
86Learning GapsTopics from Geometry justifying algebraic steps and mappings using real number properties Topics from Trig/Trig H sequences – recursive, and in particular, arithmetic and geometric sequences re-writing a quadratic equation in vertex form determining the roots of a quadratic by completing the square determining the roots of a quadratic using the quadratic formula transformations of parent graphs, in particular, quadratic, cubic, absolute value Topics from Pre-Calculus describing a function's end-behavior – using the concept of a limit to determine how a function will behave at +/- infinity; determining the interval(s) over which a function is increasing or decreasing; constructing graphs of piecewise functions; determining critical values (maximums and minimums of functions) Topics from AP Statistics skewed data versus symmetrical data and the which measure of central tendency and variability should be used with the data set; once a least-squares regression line is calculated, students will calculate residuals and construct a residual plot to determine if a linear model is the best fit
87Common Core Standards Meet our New Accountability System Testing and AccountabilityKey Instructional ShiftsInterdisciplinary LearningReal World ApplicationNew Common Core AssessmentsNew Teacher Evaluation SystemChanging Cut Points for Scale ScoresAccountability systems were designed to fast-track the implementation of the Common Core Standards
88Testing and Accountability Common Core StandardsTesting and AccountabilityThe listening component has been eliminated from state 3-8 ELA assessmentsEmphasis on speaking and listening skillsAccountability systems were designed to fast-track the implementation of the Common Core Standards
89Testing and Accountability Common Core StandardsTesting and AccountabilityThe majority of students passed the NYS regents in 2013.The majority of students did not pass the Common Core aligned state 3-8 assessments in 2013.College and Career ReadinessAccountability systems were designed to fast-track the implementation of the Common Core StandardsDoes this mean that the majority our students are not college and career ready?
90Testing and Accountability Student background knowledge not emphasized Common Core StandardsStudent background knowledge not emphasizedClose readingAccountability systems were designed to fast-track the implementation of the Common Core StandardsAre text-to-self connections not important for developing fluency and comprehension skills?
91Changes in State Assessments 2008 – 2009School Year(McGraw Hill)(Scale Score of 650 or higher exceeds proficiency on all grade levels)New Cut Scores established after tests were administeredTest Changed(Pearson)Common Core Aligned Assessments)Cut score set at NAEP proficiency achievement level2013 passing percentage drops drastically across the stateA or A-This level represents solid academic performance for each grade assessed. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter, including subject-matter knowledge, application of such knowledge to real world situations, and analytical skills appropriate to the subject matter.
923rd Grade Sample Multiple Choice State Test Question The number of objects described in which situation can be represented by 24 ÷ 4?A) There are 24 boxes with 4 pencils in each box.B) There are 24 people on a bus, and 4 people get off the bus.C) There are 24 marbles that need to be sorted into 4 equalgroups.D) There are 24 books on a shelf, and 4 more books are put onthe shelf.
934th Grade Sample Multiple Choice State Test Question Bradley saw 3 dinosaur skeletons at the museum. To measure the length of each skeleton, he counted the number of his shoe lengths from the head to the tail, as shown in the picture below.Bradley’s shoe length is 17 cm long. Which list shows the dinosaur skeletons that were more than 320 centimeters long?a) Dinosaur X and Dinosaur Yb) Dinosaur X and Dinosaur Zc) Dinosaur Y and Dinosaur Zd) Dinosaur X, Dinosaur Y, and Dinosaur Z
943rd Grade Sample Extended Response State Test Question Part A The diagram shows the size of 5 different rectangles.Which 2 figures have the same area?Show your work or explain how you got your answer.Answer __________ and __________
955th Grade Sample Extended Response State Test Question Sophia asked the students in her class to name their favorite sport. She made this list to display the results.1 of the students named basketball31 of the students named soccer85 of the students named football12The rest of the students in the class named baseball.What fraction of the students in the class named baseball as their favorite sport?Show your work.Answer______________________
96What’s Next? Continued Professional Development Develop and Refine Interdisciplinary Units of StudyCurriculum MappingProfessional Learning CommunitiesIdentify Best Resources Aligned to the CCSSContinue to Study Common Core Standards
99IMPLEMENT COMMON CORE BY: REVIEWING EACH STANDARD TO ENSURE THAT IT IS DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE;PROVIDING ADEQUATE TIME, RESOURCES, AND TRAINING TO ENABLE TEACHERS TO LEARN AND ADAPT INSTRUCTION AND CURRICULUM;STOPPING THE USE OF HIGH-STAKES COMMON CORE ASSESSMENTS BEFORE THE STANDARDS HAVE BEEN SUCCESSFULLY IMPLEMENTED INTO THE SYSTEM.
100REFORM THE K-12 TESTING SYSTEM BY: USING A STAGGERED EXTERNAL TESTING SCHEDULE THAT ASSESSES STUDENTS AT THE ELEMENTARY, MIDDLE, AND HIGH SCHOOL LEVELS;USING MULTIPLE SOURCES OF DATA TO DIAGNOSE, MAKE DECISIONS ABOUT SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT, AND INFLUENCE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
101STOP USING STUDENT ASSESSMENT DATA FOR ACCOUNTABILITY UNTIL THERE IS AN INDEPENDENT REVIEW OF THE FOLLOWING:USE OF STUDENT DATA FOR HIGH STAKES DECISION- MAKING;DISTRICT FISCAL AND LOGISTICAL ABILITIES TO EQUITABLY FUND ALL OF THE REFORMS: CCLS, APPR, AND PARCC;LEGAL IMPLICATIONS AND COSTS;ASSURANCES THAT STUDENT DATA ARE PROTECTED