2 Chapter 6 – Word-Processing Basics Chapter OutlineChapter 1 Overview Lesson 1–1 What Is a Computer? Lesson 1–2 What Is Computer Hardware? Lesson 1–3 What Is Computer Software? Chapter Review and Assessment
3 Chapter 6 Overview In 1968, IBM first used the term word processing. The term described machines that could be used to type a document, remember the typist’s keystrokes, and produce more than one copy. With this new tool, workers saved time.
4 Chapter 6 OverviewThat was just the beginning. Today’s word-processing programs do much more. Suppose you were writing something by hand and made a mistake or changed your mind about what you wanted to say. If you were using a pen, you would probably cross out the words you wanted to change or brush on correction fluid.
5 Chapter 6 OverviewDoing that leaves the page messy, though. With word-processing software, you can change the text and still create neat pages. You can even save what you typed and use it again a day, a week, or even a year later.
6 Definitions word-processing program a program that creates documents through writing, editing, formatting, and printing functionsprograma de procesamiento de textosprograma que elabora documentosmediante funciones de escritura, edición, asignación de formato e impresión
7 Definitions insertion point a mark that indicates where entered text will appear in a documentpunto de inserciónmarca que indica dónde aparecerá el texto introducido en un documento
8 Definitionsword wrapthe automatic starting of a new line when the previous line is fullsalto automático de líneainicio automático de un nuevo renglón cuando el anterior está completo
9 Definitions paginación Pagination the automatic division of a document into pagesdivisión automática de un documento en páginas
10 Definitions autocorrección AutoCorrect a feature that fixes common spelling mistakes as they are typedrecurso que corrige errores de ortografía comunes a medida que se escribe el texto
11 Definitions autoguardar Autosave a feature that automatically saves a document at set increments of timerecurso que guarda automáticamente un documento a intervalos fijos
12 Definitionsselect texta software feature that allows the user to highlight, or select, any amount of text in a document for editingseleccionar textorecurso de software que permite al usuario resaltar una cantidad cualquiera de texto de un documento para editarlo
13 DefinitionsCopyplaces a duplicate of the selected text or object on the Clipboardcopypone una copia del texto u objeto seleccionado en el ‘Clipboard’(sujetapapeles)
14 DefinitionsCutremoves the selected text or object from a document and places it on the Clipboardcutremueve el texto u objecto seleccionado y lo pone en el ‘Clipboard’(sujetapapeles)
15 DefinitionsPasteinserts into a document a duplicate of text or object from the Clipboardpasteinserta en el documento una copia del texto u objeto que esta en el ‘Clipboard’(sujetapapeles).
16 Definitions Undo removes the most recent edit from a document (deshacer) deshace la edicion mas reciente de un documento.
17 Definitions Redo removes the most recent edit from a document redo desace el efecto del comando ‘undo’(rehacer).
18 Definitions Default a preset option in a program opción automática opción preestablecida en un programa
19 DefinitionssecciónSectiona part of a document that contains specific format settingsparte de un documento que contiene parámetros de formato específicos
20 Definitions page format the arrangement of text on a page formato de páginadisposición del texto en una página
21 Workbook Questions 6-1What is the purpose of the insertion point in a word-processing program?Answer: The insertion point shows you where the text will appear.
22 Workbook Questions 6-1How do you use a mouse to scroll through a document? How do you use the keyboard?Answer: You can scroll up or down by using the mouse to click the scroll bar or drag the scroll box at the right of the document. You can also use the up and down arrow keys or the page up, page down, home, and end keys to move around in the document.
23 Workbook Questions 6-1Of the three standards of word-processing style, which do you think puts more demands on the person using the program? Why?Answer: The not automatic standard is more demanding because you must remember to make changes.
24 Workbook Questions 6-2Give two examples of the file name extensions that could be opened as a document by a word processer in Windows. Why could the program open them?Answer: Two file name extensions are .txt and .doc. You can use a word-processing program’s Open command.
25 Workbook Questions 6-2In a word-processing document, what are three actions you can perform on selected text?Answer: You can delete, move, and copy selected text.
26 Workbook Questions 6-3 What is a default format? Answer: Default format is a format that the program automatically applies.
27 Workbook Questions 6-3Why do you think you should save your work after making formatting changes?Answer: If you don’t save your work, it will be lost when you turn of the computer.
28 Workbook Questions 6-3Which kind of documents would you print in portrait orientation, and which kinds would you print in landscape orientation?Answer: Portrait orientation is used when you type a paper. Landscape orientation is used to print the text down the page’s short edge.
29 Chapter Assessment Questions Which of the following is not a function of a word-processing program?Answer: C. scanning
30 Chapter Assessment Questions Which type of software do people use most often?Answer: B. word-processor
31 Chapter Assessment Questions This means using the mouse or keyboard to move through a document.Answer: C. scrolling
32 Chapter Assessment Questions When you type a document in a word-processing program, how many blank space(s) should you insert between sentences?Answer: A. 1
33 Chapter Assessment Questions In this typing mode, as you type new characters, they replace any characters in front of them.Answer: B. overtype mode
34 Chapter Assessment Questions This stores cut or copied text while you work.Answer: D. Clipboard
35 Chapter Assessment Questions You can use this command to relocate items that are stored on the Clipboard.Answer: A. Paste
36 Chapter Assessment Questions A document’s appearance is called its _____.Answer: C. formatting
37 Chapter Assessment Questions In a word-processing program, you press Enter to create one of these.Answer: C. paragraph
38 Chapter Assessment Questions Although a document begins as one of these, you can divide it into multiple ones.Answer: A. page
39 Chapter Assessment Questions In word processing, the tasks of writing, editing, formatting, and printing must be done in that orderAnswer: False
40 Chapter Assessment Questions The term editing refers to revising or reorganizing the text in a document.Answer: True
41 Chapter Assessment Questions In addition to documents such as letters, word-processing programs can also be used to create documents such as calenders or address labels.Answer: True
42 Chapter Assessment Questions The AutoCorrect feature automatically corrects grammar errors in a document.Answer: False
43 Chapter Assessment Questions A Macintosh computer always displays file names with their extensions showing.Answer: False
44 Chapter Assessment Questions Many word-processing programs will automatically convert two dashes into a long (em) dash.Answer: True
45 Chapter Assessment Questions The select text feature lets you highlight anything from a word to a whole document.Answer: True
46 Chapter Assessment Questions The Copy command removes the selected text from a document and places it on the Clipboard.Answer: False
47 Chapter Assessment Questions You can move a sentence from one part of a document to another by selecting the sentence and dragging it.Answer: True
48 Chapter Assessment Questions You can create a technical instruction guide document using a database program.Answer: False