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1 SP_ToBI Coordinator: Eva Estebas-Vilaplana. Participants: Lluïsa Astruc, Valeria Arana, Bettiana Blazquez, Mercedes Cabrera, Alejandra Dabrowski, Ana.

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Presentation on theme: "1 SP_ToBI Coordinator: Eva Estebas-Vilaplana. Participants: Lluïsa Astruc, Valeria Arana, Bettiana Blazquez, Mercedes Cabrera, Alejandra Dabrowski, Ana."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1 SP_ToBI Coordinator: Eva Estebas-Vilaplana. Participants: Lluïsa Astruc, Valeria Arana, Bettiana Blazquez, Mercedes Cabrera, Alejandra Dabrowski, Ana Estrella, Leopoldo Labastía, Pilar Prieto, M. Dolores Ramírez Verdugo, Francisco Vizcaíno Ortega.

3 2 Aims 1) Present some of the latest findings in the transcription of Sp_ToBI in the following varities: -Castilian -Canarian -Argentinian -Ecuadorian -AMPER project-Madrid

4 3 2) Analyse the tone shapes associated to stressed syllables and phrase edges in the following contours: Declaratives Contrast Yes-no questions Disjunctives Wh-questions Reiteratives Commands (exhortation/request) The contours were recorded in an interview which elicits semi-spontaneous sentences

5 4 Castilian Spanish (Eva Estebas-Vilaplana, UNED, Pilar Prieto, ICREA-UAB) Two levels of prosodic structure:  The intonation phrase: H%, !H%, L%  The intermediate phrase: H-, !H-, L- (as in Nibert, 2000 and Hualde 2002) Pitch accents:  Nuclear position: L+H* (L+!H*), H+L*, L*  Prenuclear position: L*+H, L+H*, L+>H* (as in Face and Prieto, 2007)

6 5 Declaratives Bebe una limonada (He drinks a lemonade) L+>H* L+!H* L-L%

7 6 Declaratives (long subject) La niña morena come mandarinas L+>H* L+>H* H- L+>H* L+!H* L-L% (The girl with brown hair is eating mandarines)

8 7 Why L+>H*?  Three-way contrast of rising accents (Face and Prieto, 2007) L*+H L+H*L+>H* (late-rising)(non-delayed peak)(delayed peak) Why L+!H* (vs. H+L*)?  Phonetic reason: sometimes slight F0 peak.  Phonological reason: one pitch accent declaratives are analysed as L+H*L-L%.

9 8 Contrast No, de LIMONES (No, of LEMONS) L+H* H-!H% L+H* L-L%

10 9 Yes-no questions ¿Tiene mermelada? (Have you got marmalade?) L*+H L* H-H%

11 10 Disjunctive ¿Queréis melón o helado? L+H* L+H*H- L+H* L-L% (Would you like melon or icecream?)

12 11 Wh-questions (1) ¿Qué hora es? (What time is it?) H+L* L-L%

13 12 Wh-questions (2) ¿De qué pueblo has salido? L+>H* H+L* L-L% (From which village have you left?)

14 13 Reiteratives ¿Que no vendrás? (Aren’t you coming?) L+>H* (L+)H* H-H%

15 14 Commands Ven aquí ahora mismo (Come here at once) L+>H* H+L* L-L%

16 15 Commands (exhortation/request) Va, vente al cine (Come on, come to the cinema) L*H-L% L*+H L+H*L-L%

17 16 Combinations of tones in Castilian Spanish Prenuclear NuclearEdge tones Declaratives L+>H* (H-)L+!H* L-L% ContrastL+H*L-L% Yes-no questionsL*+HL*H-H% Wh-questionsL+>H* H+L*L-L% Commands (neutral)L+>H* H+L*L-L% DisjunctivesL+H*(H-)L+H*L-L% ReiterativesL+>H* L+H*H-H% Commands (request) L*+HL+H*L-L% Other combinations ExhortationL*H-L% Sustained contourL+H*H-!H%

18 17 Canarian Spanish (Can-SP) Mercedes Cabrera Abreu Francisco Vizcaíno Ortega Departamento de Filología Moderna. Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

19 18 1. Can-Spanish One level of prosodic structure:  The intonation phrase: H%, !H%, L% Pitch accents:  Nuclear position: L+H*, L+!H*, H+L*, H*, H+H*  Prenuclear position: L+>H*, L+H*, H*

20 19 2. Declaratives Bebe una limonada (He drinks a lemonade) L+>H* L+!H* L%

21 20 3. Declaratives (long subject) La niña morena come mandarinas L+>H* L+>H* L+>H* L+!H* L% (The girl with brown hair is eating mandarines)

22 21 4. Contrast No, de limones (No, of LEMONS) L+H* L% L+H* L%

23 22 5. Yes-no questions ¿Tiene mermelada? (Have you got marmalade?) L+H* H+H* L%

24 23 6. Disjunctive ¿Quieren melón o helado? H* L+H* H% H+L* L% (Would you like melon or icecream?)

25 24 7. Wh-questions (1) ¿Qué hora es? (What time is it?) L+>H* H+H* L%

26 25 8. Wh-questions (2) ¿De qué pueblo has salido? (From which village have you left?) L+H* H+H* L%

27 26 9. Reiteratives ¿Que no vendrás? (Aren’t you coming?) L+>H* H+H* L%

28 Commands Ven aquí ahora mismo (Come here at once) H* L+H* !H%

29 Exhortation Anda, vente al cine (Come on, come to the cinema) L+H* L% L+>H* H* L%

30 29 Combinations of tones in Canarian Spanish Prenuclear NuclearEdge tones Declaratives L+>H* L+H*, L+!H* L% ContrastL+H*L% Yes-no questionsL+H*H+H*L% Wh-questionsL+>H*, L+H*H+H*L% Commands H* L+H*!H% Disjunctives2IPs1: H*L+H*H% 2:H+L*L% ReiterativesL+>H* H+H*L% Exhortation L+>H*H*L% Other data: DeclarativesL+H*, H*H+L*, L*L%

31 30 Argentinian (Buenos Aires) Spanish Valeria Arana Bettiana Blázquez Alejandra Dabrowski Leopoldo Labastía Universidad Nacional del Comahue Patagonia - Argentina

32 31 Buenos Aires Spanish Two levels of prosodic structure  The intonation phrase Está bebiendo una limonada %L H* L* L-L%  The intermediate phrase One intonational phrase, two intermediate phrases Está tomando el líquido que corresponde a este vaso %L L+H* H- H* L-L% Two intonational phrases, the second made up of two intermediate phrases La mujer toma limonada %L L*+H H-H% L*+H H- L* L-L%

33 32 Combination of tones in declarative sentences Pre-nuclear tones Nuclear tonesEdge tones H*+L H* L*+H H*+H L* H* L-L% Typical configuration: %L H*+L !H*+L L* L-L%

34 33 Declaratives Está tomando un vaso de… limonada H*+L !H*+L H* L-L% (He’s drinking a glass of lemonade)

35 34 Declaratives (long subject) Una nenita comiendo un gajo de mandarina H*H- H* L* L-L% (A little girl eating a mandarin segment)

36 35 Contrast Pre-nuclear tones Nuclear tonesEdge tones H* H*+L (L-) (L-L%) L+H*L-L% Typical configuration: %L L+H* L-L%

37 36 Contrast De limones. (Lemons.) L+H* L-L%

38 37 Combination of tones in yes-no questions Pre-nuclear tones Nuclear tonesEdge tones L*+H H*+H H*+L L+H*H- L% Typical configuration: L+H* H- L%

39 38 Yes-no questions ¿Tenés mermelada? (Have you got marmalade?) L*+H L+H* H-L%

40 39 Disjunctive Pre-nuclear tones Nuclear tonesEdge tones L*+H ( H- ) L* L- L% H-H% Typical configuration: %L L*+H H- L* L-L%

41 40 Disjunctive ¿Qué quieren comer ahora? ¿Torta o helado? L*+H H- L* L-L% (What would you like to eat now? Cake or ice-cream?)

42 41 Wh- questions (1) Pre-nuclear tones Nuclear tonesEdge tones %H H* %H L+H* !H*H- !H% Typical configuration: %H H* !H* H-!H%

43 42 Wh- questions (1) ¿Qué hora es? (What time is it?) %H H* !H* H-!H%

44 43 Wh- questions (2) Pre-nuclear tones Nuclear tonesEdge tones L+H* H* H*+H L*L-L% Typical configuration: %L L+H* L* L-L%

45 44 Wh- questions (2) Che, ¿vos de dónde saliste? (Hey, Where have you left from?) %L L+H* L* L-L%

46 45 Reiteratives Pre-nuclear tones Nuclear tonesEdge tones H* H*+H H*+L L+H*H-H% Typical configuration: %L H* L+H* H-H%

47 46 Reiteratives ¿No podés venir?. (Aren’t you coming?) H* L+H* H-H%

48 47 Commands Pre-nuclear tones Nuclear tonesEdge tones H* H*+L L+H* L*+H (!) H* H*+L L-L% H-!H% Typical configuration: %L H* L-L%

49 48 Commands ¡María! ¡Vení para acá! (Mary! Come here!) H* L-L% L+H* !H* L-L%

50 49 Exhortation Pre-nuclear tones Nuclear tonesEdge tones H* H*+L L*+H H*+L L-L% Typical configuration: %L L*+H L-L%

51 50 Commands (exhortation) ¡Dale! ¡Acompañame! (Come on! Come with me!) L*+H L-L%

52 51 Typical combinations of tones in Buenos Aires Spanish SENTENCE TYPEPRE-NUCLEARNUCLEAREDGE TONES Declaratives H*+ LL*L- L% Contrast H*L+ H*L- L% Yes-no questions L*+ HL+ H*H- L% Disjunctive L*+ H H-L*L- L% Wh-questions (1) %H H*!H*H- !H% Wh-questions (2) L+ H*L*L- L% Reiteratives H*L+ H*H- H% Commands H*L- L% Exhortations L*+ HL- L%

53 52 SP_ToBI (Ecuadorian) Participant: Ana Estrella-Santos

54 53 Ecuadorian ToBI (Ecu ToBI) Ecuadorian ToBI (Ecu ToBI) (Ana Estrella-Santos, UAB) - Two levels of prosodic structure - NUCLEARPRENUCLEAR L+H* L*+H L+!H* L+H* H+L* L+>H* L*

55 54 Declaratives Bebe una limonada (He drinks a lemonade) L+>H* L+!H* L-L%

56 55 Declaratives (long subject) La niña morena come mandarinas L+>H* L+>H* H- L+>H* L+!H* L-L% (The girl with brown hair is eating mandarines)

57 56 Contrast No, de LIMONES (No, of LEMONS) L+H* L-L%

58 57 Yes-no questions ¿Tiene mermelada? (Have you got mermalade?) L*+H L+¡H* H-H%

59 58 Disjunctive ¿Qué quieren de postre… pastel o helado? L+H* L* L-L% L+H* H-H% L* L-L% (What would you have for dessert… cake or ice cream?) L-L%

60 59 Wh-questions (1) ¿Qué hora es? (What time is it?) H+L* L+H* H-H%

61 60 Wh-questions (2) ¿De dónde vienes? L+>H* H+L* L-L% (Where do you come from?)  

62 61 Reiteratives ¿Tú dijiste que no venías? (Did you say that you weren’t coming?) L+>H* L+>H* L+H* H-L%

63 62 Commands Ven para acá, ahora mismo (Come here at once) L+>H* L* L-L%

64 63 Commands (exhortation) Vente, anda, anda, vente (Come, come on, come on, come) H+L* H-L% L*+H L+H*L-L%  

65 64 Combinations of tones in Ecuadorian Spanish Prenuclear NuclearEdge tones Declaratives L+>H* H-L+!H* L-L% ContrastL+H*L-L% Yes-no questionsL+H*L+¡H*H-H% Wh-questionsH+L*L+H* H-H% L+>H*H+L* L-L% Commands L+>H* L* L-L% Disjunctives3IPs1: L+H*L* L-L% 2:L+H* H-H% 3: L*L-L% ReiterativesL+>H* L+H*H-L% Exhortation 2IPs1: H+L*H-L% 2:L*+HL+H*L-L%

66 65 SP_ToBI AMPER-Madrid Participants: Lluisa Astruc, M. Dolores Ramírez Verdugo.

67 66 Introduction Language variety: Peninsular Spanish, Madrid variety Spontaneous data: elicited with a Map Task and with a directed interview 2 speakers: 1 male and 1 female Contours: Wh-questions Yes-no questions  Information-seeking  Confirmation-seeking Polite requests and commands

68 67 Map-task

69 68 Wh-questions (1) (= read data) L+>H* H+L* H+L* L-L% ¿Cómo se encuentra ahora? L+>H* H+L* H+L* L-L% (How are you feeling today?)

70 69 Wh-questions (2) ¿Cómo se encuentra usted hoy? L+>H* H+L* L+H* L-L% ¿How are you feeling today?

71 70 tie n e s Prenuclear accents L+>H*L*+H gui t a rr a Yes-no questions

72 71 Information-seeking questions (query questions) Pre-nuclear accent L+>H* !H* L* H-H% ¿La guitarra española se toca con paciencia? L+>H* !H* L* H-H% (Do you play Spanish guitar with patience?) (Read data)

73 72 Confirmation-seeking questions (checks) pue de L*+H L+>H* L+>H* H-H% ¿Puede ser, eh, mas abajo de las rocas? (Can it be, below the rocks?)

74 73 Check questions (1) – Map Task ¿Tú, que tienes ese río? * L+H* H-!H (You, do you have this river?)

75 74 Check questions (2) – Map Task ¿Tú me puedes decir algo? L+H* L-L% (Can you tell me something?)

76 75 Request-question (polite) ¿Eh, me podía pasar el pan, por favor? * L+>H* H+L* L-L% 2 2 (Uh, can you pass me the bread, please?)

77 76 Exclamatives (1) !Hoy va a llover! L+>H* L+H* H-!H% Today is going to rain! L+>H* L+H* H-!H%

78 77 Polite commands (=exclamatives) !Llévese un paraguas! L+H* L+H* H-!H% (Take an umbrella!)

79 78 Exclamatives (2) !Jolín! !Buenos días! !Qué madrugadores somos, eh? Golly! Good morning! We are early birds, aren’t we? H+L* L-L% L+H* L+H* -L L+H*-L L+>H* H-H%

80 79 Combinations of tones in Castilian Spanish Prenuclear Nuclear Edge tones Declaratives L+>H* (H-)L+!H* L-L% ContrastL+H*L-L% Yes-no questions L*+HL*H-H% L+>H* L+>H* with sustained contour L+H* L-L% L+H* H-!H% DisjunctivesL+H*(H-)L+H*L-L% Wh-questionsL+>H* H+L*L-L% L+H* ReiterativesL+>H* L+H*H-H% CommandsL+>H* H+L*L-L% Polite commands Exclamatives Other combinations ExhortationL*H-L% *Stylized contourL+H*!H-!H% L+>H* L+H* H-!H%

81 80 Open questions: Pitch accents 1. The modelling of the final pitch accent in declaratives with and without prenuclear accents. 2. Is the 3-way contrast in prenuclear rising accents phonologically relevant? Edge tones 1. The role of the phrase accent in Sp-ToBI. 2. The formal representation of final mid pitch. 3. Complex boundary pitch movements.

82 81 ¡Gracias! See you in the Canaries!

83 82 Declaratives Si, tengo las cinco y media (Yes, it’s half past five) L+>H* -L L+>H* L+!H* L+!H* L-L% L+H* -L L+>H* L+!H* L+!H* L-L%


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