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RPDP Secondary Literacy     Southern Nevada Regional Professional Development Program

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Presentation on theme: "RPDP Secondary Literacy     Southern Nevada Regional Professional Development Program"— Presentation transcript:

1 RPDP Secondary Literacy     Southern Nevada Regional Professional Development Program

2 RPDP Secondary Literacy Ready, Set, Read Activating Prior Knowledge Created and Developed by Jill M. Leone Reading Specialist © 2007

3 RPDP Secondary Literacy We will discuss – Reasons for accessing your own prior knowledge when you readReasons for accessing your own prior knowledge when you read Strategies to activate prior knowledgeStrategies to activate prior knowledge Importance of making connectionsImportance of making connections

4 RPDP Secondary Literacy Have you ever read a story that reminded you of something that happened in your own life? Or maybe you read about a character who reminded you of someone you knew?

5 RPDP Secondary Literacy Finding similarities between what you’re reading and your own experiences in life is called activating prior knowledge. Prior means before, so prior knowledge is what you already knew before you started reading the story. Using this knowledge helps you understand what you read.

6 RPDP Secondary Literacy Prior knowledge is a combination of your - preexisting attitudes and beliefs life experiences and activities knowledge and strategies motivation for reading present mood personality memories

7 RPDP Secondary Literacy You bring your own personality, mood, memories, etc. to everything you read. What you, as a reader, bring to a page affects your ability to understand the writer’s words and ideas. This makes your experience while reading almost as unique as a fingerprint.

8 RPDP Secondary Literacy Your teacher may use different words when referring to prior knowledge: Background knowledge Previous knowledge Personal knowledge Frame of reference

9 RPDP Secondary Literacy Good readers activate relevant prior knowledge before, during and after reading. They use this knowledge as a framework for learning new information. They also decide if they need more information for understanding.

10 RPDP Secondary Literacy By finding connections between your life and the lives of the people you’re reading about, you can better understand what those people do and why.

11 RPDP Secondary Literacy Add to or change their thinking as they discover new ideas and information.

12 RPDP Secondary Literacy Confirm their hypotheses or theories. They say: “That’s what I expected,” or “That’s really surprising.”

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14 TEXT to SELF: How does this text connect to my past experiences, or prior knowledge? 3 types of connections: TEXT to TEXT: How does this text connect to another piece of writing? TEXT TO WORLD: How does this text connect to what I know about the world?

15 RPDP Secondary Literacy Good readers ask questions: before reading during reading after reading

16 RPDP Secondary Literacy What knowledge will help you understand the information in this selection? Which details connect to your own life experiences? What background knowledge would help a reader understand this? Would you recommend this to other readers? Why? Why not?

17 RPDP Secondary Literacy What connections did you make with the information in this selection? What other selections did this article remind you of? What did you learn about the world from this article?

18 RPDP Secondary Literacy Where would you find more information for the topic of this article? Based on the topic, what information did you expect to read in this selection? What details did you add to your own knowledge based on this article?

19 RPDP Secondary Literacy How are the events described in this article related to your life? Are there similarities? Are there differences? How are the events similar or different to the lives of people you know?

20 RPDP Secondary Literacy Memory often plays tricks on us. Much of what we already know lies hidden in our brains. Successful readers learn how to reawaken this information.

21 RPDP Secondary Literacy Many things you need to figure out on your own. Good readers learn how to use what they read and connect it to what they already know. They come to conclusions after studying the facts.

22 RPDP Secondary Literacy Prior knowledge helps you make inferences. When reading about a football game, imagine: the cheering fans the half time band the score board the smell of hot dogs the victory for the winning team

23 RPDP Secondary Literacy Always preview the text content and structure. Read the title. Titles provide clues about the main idea. Try to predict what the passage will be about. Continue to make predictions. Modify them as you get deeper into the passage.

24 RPDP Secondary Literacy Really read the title. Don’t just glance at it and move on. Think about it.

25 RPDP Secondary Literacy Connect what you read to what you already know. The more connections you make, the easier job you’ll have with comprehension. Remember to ask yourself questions. Then try to answer them.

26 RPDP Secondary Literacy Read the questions before you read the passages. This helps activate your memory and prior information. Have a purpose for reading. This will focus your attention. Reread information that seems important or difficult to understand.

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28 It’s important to visualize what you read. “Visualization is one of our strongest memory techniques.” It will help you to focus and connect. Saralyn Lasley, Clark County School District

29 RPDP Secondary Literacy If I can’t picture it, I can’t understand it. -Albert Einstein

30 RPDP Secondary Literacy What I KnowWhat I Want to Know What I’ve Learned

31 RPDP Secondary Literacy What the passage is about What it reminds me of Dinosaurs are extinct. After the dinosaurs died out, 65 million years passed before people appeared on Earth. I saw a dinosaur exhibit with my 6 th grade class. I just saw the movie Jurassic Park.

32 RPDP Secondary Literacy Your teacher asks you to complete an anticipation guide Your teacher asks you to complete an anticipation guide.

33 RPDP Secondary Literacy Directions: Read each statement. If you believe that a statement is true, check the Agree column. If you believe the statement is false, check the Disagree column. Be ready to explain your choices. Agree Disagree _____ _____ 1. The average worker in the USA spends more than 2 hours a day using computers in the workplace.

34 RPDP Secondary Literacy Try to identify important information in a text Read the parts that present “news” more carefully Process that important information differently:  reread it  underline it  paraphrase it  connect it

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36 RPDP Secondary Literacy The only thing you can remember is the name Pancho Villa. is the name Pancho Villa.

37 RPDP Secondary Literacy You know that Pancho Villa was a rebel general in the Mexican Army. You also know that he was a great hero to the poor. Thinking about what you already know prepares your brain to learn more.

38 RPDP Secondary Literacy You will probably have an easier time understanding a passage about the Mexican Revolution than a reader who does not bring such background knowledge to the reading.

39 RPDP Secondary Literacy Brainstorm with classmates whenever possible. This will allow you to share your knowledge and experiences with others and create interest in the topic.

40 RPDP Secondary Literacy The best advice your teachers can give you is to always read and think. Reading will help you build more background knowledge.

41 RPDP Secondary Literacy And remember to always connect what you’re reading to what you already know.

42 RPDP Secondary Literacy Today we discussed: Importance of prior knowledge Accessing prior knowledge Connecting prior knowledge

43 RPDP Secondary Literacy Copyright Notice Permission is granted to copy (unmodified) all or part of this PowerPoint for educational, personal, non-commercial use off-line as long as the copyright message (Copyright © 2007 by Jill Leone) is maintained on the title page. This material may not be sold, duplicated on other websites, incorporated in commercial documents or products, or used for promotional purposes. Copyright © 2007 by Jill M. Leone

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