Presentation on theme: "Eucharist Chapter 12. In the Mass, the entire Church, (on earth, in heaven, in purgatory) through the Spirit, unites itself with Jesus in offering its."— Presentation transcript:
Eucharist Chapter 12
In the Mass, the entire Church, (on earth, in heaven, in purgatory) through the Spirit, unites itself with Jesus in offering its sacrifice of praise and thanksgiving to the Father. Anonymously answer the following on a slip of paper: 1.On an average, how many times a month do you attend Sunday Mass? 2.How do your parents feel about your Mass attendance and why? 3.How do you feel about it and why?
Jewish Roots Modern Judaism has three groups: Reform, Conservative, Orthodox – Orthodox Jews still pray for the coming of the Messiah – Conservative and Reform Jews do not generally accept the idea of a personal Messiah. They Jewish messianism as the provider of religious vision that will lead all mankind into a truly “Golden Age.” – All three believe in the unity of God and a desire to witness to the Word given them at Mt Sinai. In biblical times, synagogue services were conducted by congregation members (Luke 4:16-17) or invited guests (Acts 13:13-16) Today, a rabbi, assisted by a cantor, leads the synagogue service In ancient times, the title “rabbi” was given to any learned person in the community. Today, the “rabbi” is reserved for those educated in rabbinical schools. Liturgy of the Word is like Synagogue Service (instruction) Liturgy of the Eucharist is like Temple Service (sacrifice) – Jews no longer have a Temple – there was only one temple, the one in Jerusalem. It help symbolize in a world of polytheism (many gods) that Jews worshiped only one God – had only one temple. The Temple was destroyed by Rome in 70 AD – and with its destruction, the Jewish priesthood was also destroyed. (Priests only served in the temple.)
Liturgy of the Word Mass is very Jewish Introductory Rite – Greeting – Penitential Rite – Gloria – (1500 yr old hymn) Reading Rite – First Reading – usually from OT except in Easter from Acts – Responsorial Psalm – prayerful mediation from Psalms The Book of Psalms is the hymnbook and prayer book of the Bible – Second Reading – from NT, usually a Pauline letter These letters deal with early Christian problems – which are often surprisingly similar to ours – Third Reading – most important – from a Gospel Introduced with an acclamation Stand for the reading Signing ourselves when it begins Read by priest or deacon Homily – Homilist stands to deliver – what was Jesus posture when he explained a reading? – Side note: The Latin word for the teacher’s chair was cathedra – and that is where we get the word cathedral for the church of a bishop Concluding Rite – Creed – Prayers of the Faithful
Liturgy of the Eucharist Skeeter Rayburn (pg 156) Introductory Rite – Gifts are brought to the altar, altar is prepared Eucharistic Prayer – Invocation of the Spirit The presider asks the Father to send the Holy Spirit to make present the Body and Blood of Jesus – Institution Narrative The presider recalls the Last Supper, a covenant meal – Memorial Acclimation we proclaim the “mystery of faith” – Memorial Prayer Jesus sacrificed himself on the cross once (not over and over at each Mass) the whole church is united in the offering of the Mass – Intercessions – Concluding Doxology a simple brief prayer of praise and/or thanksgiving to God Communion Rite – Lord’s Prayer – Sign of Peace – we not only extend peace but are peace – Communion Fast from food and drink one hour before receiving Communion (not before Mass) May receive a second time on same day if a different celebration Must celebrate Reconciliation before receiving if one has fallen into mortal sin Concluding Rite – We are commissioned to take the Mass into the world Historical Connection (pg 160)
Chapter Test Matching 1 – c 2 – f 3 – d 4 –e 5 – b 6 – a True/False 1 – T 2 – T 3 – F 4 – F 5 – T 6 – T Fill in the Blanks 1 a. Synagogue b. Instruction c. Jerusalem d. Temple e. sacrifice 2 a. Liturgy of the Word b. Procession c. Book (Lectionary) d. Liturgy of the Eucharist e. Procession f. Bread, wine 3 a. Sacrificial b. Covenant
Reconciliation Chapter 13
Call to Conversion St. Augustine’s story – Continence – self-restraint in general – Chastity – self-restraint from sexual activity Why do you think there are so many people today who struggle to admit they have sinned? – A loss of the sense of sin Pope Pius XII called this loss “the sin of our century” Bl John Paul II said, “The restoration of a sense of sin” is the first step in resolving the “spiritual crisis” our society is currently facing
Sacraments of Healing Reconciliation: – Restores/repairs divine life when it is weakened or lost through sin Anointing: – Strengthens divine life against vulnerabilities of illness and old age
Sacrament of Reconciliation We have all done things in our lives that we regret and want to erase. This is what the sacrament of Reconciliation is all about. Jesus forgave sinners – he had the power to do so Jesus shared his power to forgive sinners – “I will give you the keys… what yo prohit will be prohibited” Mat 16:18 – “Receive the Holy spirit. If you forgive people’s ins, they are forgiven” John 20:21-22 The Church forgives sins: Baptism, Reconciliation, (all sacrament) Current events: as the politic scene heats up the closer to the November elections we get, how should or does reconciliation or forgiveness figure into a candidates past mistakes and current credentials? Should it?
Liturgy of Reconciliation The Parable of the Prodigal Son – Invitation to do the four things the younger son does : Examined conscience, Repented sin, Confessed sin, Amended life Penitent’s Role – Examination of conscience – identify sin in one’s life Venial sins – partial reject of God Mortal sins – total reject of God; involves total self in total way – Contrition – being sorry for sins – Confession – confess sins – Satisfaction – penance – repair damage from sin – amend life Priest’s Role (represents Jesus) – Welcome us back (Hugged and kissed his son) – Forgive us (shod his son) – Restore us to full life (robed and ringed his son) – Rejoice with us (feasted his son)
Grace of Reconciliation Reconciliation with God and Church Remission of punishment due to sin Healing to better follow Jesus Serenity, peace of conscience Martin Luther (Protestant Reformer) went to confession everyday – even after his breach with Rome – and encouraged his followers to do the same Benefits of frequent confession: – Sharpens sensitivity – Combats laziness – Heals weakness – Deepens unity with God/community
Chapter Test Matching 1 – f 2 – d 3 – c 4 – a 5 – e 6 – b True/False 1 – T 2 – F 3 – T 4 – F 5 – T 6 – T 7 – F 8 – T Fill in the Blanks 1 a. Examination of Conscience b. Repent Sins c. Confess Sins d. Amend life 2 a. Grave matter b. Full knowledge c. Full consent of will 3 a. Welcomes back b. Forgives us c. Restores us d. Rejoices with us