Presentation on theme: "Advisor Training Module HAZING. This Hazing Education module is a University of Texas system-wide program created to assist student organization advisors."— Presentation transcript:
Advisor Training Module HAZING
This Hazing Education module is a University of Texas system-wide program created to assist student organization advisors with addressing hazing. This online training module will provide you with a information about hazing, including examples of hazing, why hazing occurs, and your role as an advisor. About this Module
Texas law defines hazing as any intentional, knowing or reckless act, occurring on or off the campus of an educational institution, by one person alone or acting with others, directed against a student, that endangers the mental or physical health or safety of a student for the purpose of pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, holding office in or maintaining membership in any organization whose members are or include students at an educational institution. What is Hazing?
Hazing also: Involves repetition Is a process Maintains a hierarchy within a group Intends to create closeness in a group Involves psychological and physical stress Source: Lipkins, S. (2006). Preventing Hazing: How Parents, Teachers and Coaches Can Stop the Violence, Harassment and Humiliation. Jossey-Bass. Hazing Also:
Source: Adopted from StopHazing.org Type of HazingDescription SubtleParticipant endures ridicule, embarrassment, and must complete humiliating tasks in order to feel like part of the group. Activities include but are not limited to: Assigning demerits Name calling Line-ups and Drills/Tests Expecting certain items to be in one’s possession HarassmentParticipant endures frustration, confusion, stress, and physical discomfort in order to feel like part of the group. Activities include but are not limited to: Verbal abuse Degrading, crude or humiliating acts Sleep deprivation Perform personal service to initiated members ViolentParticipant endures physical, emotional, and/or psychological harm in order to feel like part of the group. Activities include but are not limited to: Forced or coerced alcohol/drug/water consumption Beating, paddling or other forms of assault Forced or coerced ingestion of vile substances or concoctions Bondage/Abductions/kidnaps Types of Hazing:
Facts on Hazing:
Participate in a drinking game Sing or chant by self or with select others in public in a situation that is not a related event, game or practice Associate with specific people and not others Drink large amounts of alcohol to the point of getting sick or passing out Deprive yourself of sleep Be screamed at, yelled or cursed at by other members Drink large amounts of non-alcoholic beverage Be awakened during the night by other members Attend a skit or roast where other members are humiliated Endure harsh weather conditions without appropriate clothing Perform sex acts with opposite gender Wear clothing that is embarrassing and not part of a uniform Source: Allan, E.J. and Madden, M. (2008). Hazing in View: College Students at Risk. National Study of Student Hazing. Most Frequently Reported Hazing Behaviors:
The notion that Hazing: Brings the group closer together Weeds out people who don’t want to take the process seriously Humbles new members Keeps traditions in tact Helps the group members learn about each other Cultivates shared pride Promotes discipline within group Why Groups Haze
Shows loyalty to the organization Feel the need to belong Rationalize that hazing is a “rite of passage” and not serious View organization leaders with respect and as authority figures who have their best interests in mind Why do member participate in hazing?
Myth #1: Hazing is primarily a problem for fraternities and sororities. Fact: Hazing is a societal problem. Hazing incidents have been frequently documented in the military, athletic teams, marching bands, religious cults, professional schools, and other types of clubs, and/or organizations. Myth #2: Hazing is no more than foolish pranks that sometimes go awry. Fact: Hazing is an act of power and control over others—it is victimization. Hazing is pre-meditated and NOT accidental. Hazing is abusive, degrading and often life-threatening. Myth #3: As long as there’s no malicious intent, a little hazing should be OK. Fact: Even if there’s no malicious “intent” safety may still be a factor in traditional hazing activities that are considered to be “all in good fun.” For example, serious accidents have occurred during scavenger hunts and kidnapping trips. Besides, what purpose do such activities serve in promoting the growth and development of group team members? Myths About Hazing
Myth #4: Hazing is an effective way to teach respect and develop discipline. Fact: Respect must be earned, not imposed. Victims of hazing rarely report having respect for those who have hazed them. Just like other forms of victimization, hazing breeds mistrust, apathy, and alienation. Myth #5: If someone agrees to participate in an activity, it can’t be considered hazing. Fact: In Texas, consent of the victim can’t be used as a defense in a civil suit. This is because even if someone agrees to participate in a potentially hazardous action it may not be true consent when considering the peer pressure and desire to belong to the group. In Texas, the fact that a person conceited to or acquiesced in a hazing activity is not a defense to prosecution for hazing under the law. Myth #6: It’s difficult to determine whether or not a certain activity is hazing—it’s such a gray area sometimes. Fact: It’s not difficult to decide if an activity is hazing if you use common sense. The following can be used as a “good rule of thumb.” Myths About Hazing
Is it HAZING or TEAM BUILDING?
While all hazing does not involve alcohol, alcohol consumption is the most frequently cited hazing related behavior. A common defense is “we didn’t force them to drink”, but the psychological pressure to drink or “ritualized drinking,” can be as real as being physically forcing new members to participate. Alcohol impairs everyone’s judgment and can turn an act of hazing into a seriously dangerous situation. 82% of Hazing deaths involve alcohol Alcohol and Hazing
Rapid consumption of alcohol can kill individuals by suppressing brain functions. Alcohol consumption can also lead to injuries and other negative consequences, such as sexual assault. Organization members who haze with alcohol risk serious harm to others and also risk sanctions to themselves and the organization. Alcohol and Hazing
Any student who, acting singly or in concert with others, engages in hazing is subject to discipline. Hazing in State educational institutions is prohibited by State law (Texas Education Code Section 51.936 and Sections 37.151- 37.157). Hazing with or without the consent of the student whether on or off campus is prohibited, and a violation of that prohibition renders both the person inflicting the hazing and the person submitting to the hazing subject to discipline. Knowingly failing to report hazing can subject one to discipline. Initiations or activities of organizations may include not feature that is dangerous, harmful, or degrading to the student, and a violation of this prohibition renders both the organization and participating individuals subject to discipline. (also subject to civil and criminal prosecution) Source: Model Policy, Student Conduct and Discipline. Office of General Counsel, UT System. May 8, 2012. Consequences
“I didn’t want to get my organization in trouble.” “I was afraid of the consequences to me as an individual from other group members.” “I did not know where to report it.” “It was no big deal, no one was harmed (minimization of hazing).” “I had a choice to participate or not.” “It’s a tradition and rite of passage.” Source: Adapted from Hazing in View: College Students at Risk. National Study of Student Hazing. Reasons why members don’t report hazing:
Individuals who report hazing may be granted immunity from the institutional disciplinary if they report the incident and cooperate in good faith with the institution. The Texas Education Code Section 37.155 and Section 37.157 grants immunity from criminal and civil liability to individuals who report hazing in good faith. Did you know…?
What can you do as an advisor?
Is alcohol involved? Will active/current members of the group refuse to participate with the new members and do exactly what they’re being asked to do?Does the activity risk emotional or physical abuse? Is there risk of injury or a question of safety? Do you have any reservation describing the activity to family members, to a professor, or university official? Would you object to the activity being photographed for the school newspaper or filmed by the local TV news crew? If the answer to any of these questions is “yes,” the activity is probably hazing. Adapted from: StopHazing.org, Educating to Eliminate Hazing. Copyright StopHazing.org 1998–2005. www.stophazing.org www.stophazing.org Is it hazing?
Helping your organization develop positive traditions that contribute to team building. Reporting it. Organizational membership and leadership can change from year to year. As the advisor, you provide consistency to the organization. Take the opportunity to reinforce the “no hazing message” at new member processes functions, meetings and events periodically throughout the entire year.
Resources View the UT-System wide website for Each Specific UT Institution’s student organization policies Each Specific UT Institution’s Hazing Policy Each Specific UT Institution’s method to report Hazing Additional resources on hazing and alcohol Advisor tools