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The Schism of 1054 Global History: Spiconardi. Origins  Iconoclasm  Pope Gregory speaks out against Byzantine Empire’s iconoclast movement  Western.

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Presentation on theme: "The Schism of 1054 Global History: Spiconardi. Origins  Iconoclasm  Pope Gregory speaks out against Byzantine Empire’s iconoclast movement  Western."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Schism of 1054 Global History: Spiconardi

2 Origins  Iconoclasm  Pope Gregory speaks out against Byzantine Empire’s iconoclast movement  Western culture was evolving  Influence from Germanic tribes  Eastern culture retained its Hellenistic and Greco-Roman culture

3 Origins  Papacy vs. Secularism  Secularism  belief that religion should not enter into the functions of the state  The East believed the pope claimed to have too much jurisdiction  West took issue with Caesaropapism  subordination of the church to secular rulers

4 Origins  The Filoque  Churches debated on the origin of the Holy Spirit

5 The Issues Roman Catholic Eastern Orthodox  Mass said in Latin  Pope has authority over all bishops & secular leaders  Priests may not marry  Divorce is not permitted  Mass said in Greek or vernacular  Patriarchs and other bishops head the church as a group  The emperor has authority over the patriarchs and bishops  Priests may marry  Divorce permitted under certain conditions

6 The Issues Unleavened or leavened bread? Western Rite Communion Wafers Eastern Rite Communion Bread

7 The Schism of 1054 (The Great Schism)  In 1054 Pope Leo IX and the Patriarch (head bishop) of Constantinople excommunicated one another after emissaries could not reconcile during meetings  Excommunication  depriving a member of the church the benefits and privileges of membership Pope Leo IX

8 The Schism of 1054 (The Great Schism)  The excommunications were void  Pope Leo IX died before he officially served the excommunication  Patriarch Michael Cerularius had no authority to excommunicate

9 The Schism of 1054 (The Great Schism)  Christendom splits into the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church  Catholic  “universal”  Orthodox  “right belief”  Today the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Church are meeting in hopes of one day unifying the Church


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