2DefinitionsDynamic Equivalence: Convey the overall meaning of the original text (Latin)Formal Equivalence: A Word for Word translationMass: To be Dismissed (implies that we are on a mission)
3What’s up with the different translations? In the early 2000’s the Church decided to enact a more literal (formal equivalence) translationThis comes from the document Liturgiam Authenticum (2001)More scripture based liturgyMore poeticMore faithful to the Latin textUsing the styles of the Church Father (first 5 centuries of the church’s existence)More gestures added
4Jesus and the Last Supper This is the basis for the MassThis can be found in Matthew (26:26-28)To remember the life, death and resurrection of JesusGod gives himself to us in the EucharistThis is the highest form of prayer
5Why go to Mass?We are social beings who like people with common interestsWe get to know one another, pray and support each other and grow in faith togetherWe need spiritual and psychological nourishment
6A history of the Church’s worship The early Christians were mostly Jewish and as such worshiped in the TempleIn the Acts of the Apostles, is says, “Everyday they devoted themselves to meeting in the temple area and to breaking bread in their homes” (Acts 2:46) and “Peter and John were going up to the temple area for the three o’clock hour of prayer” (Acts 3:1)
7A history of the Church’s worship (cont.) As the community grew the life of the Church consisted of:“devoting themselves to the teaching of the apostles” (Acts 2:42)Living the “communal life” (Acts 2:42)“To the breaking of the bread” (Acts 2:42)“To the prayers” (Acts 2:42)
8A history of the Church’s worship Because of persecution from enemies of the faith, the Church commonly met in households, but also had to defend their worship to Roman authorities
9A history of the Church’s worship (cont.) And on the day called Sunday, there is a meeting in one place of those who live in cities or the countries, and the memoirs of the apostles or the writings of the prophets are read, as long as time permits. When the reader has finished, the president in a discourse, urges and invites us to the imitation of these noble things. Then we all stand up together and offer prayers. And, as said before, when we have finished the prayers, bread is brought, and wine and water, and the president similarly sends up prayers and thanksgiving to the best of his abilities, and the congregation assents, saying the Amen; the distribution and reception of the consecrated elements by each one, takes place and they are sent to the absent by the deacons. And they who are well to do, and willing, give what each thinks fit; and what is collected is deposited with the president, who succours the orphans and widows and those who, through sickness or any other cause, are in want, and those who are in bonds and the strangers sojourning among us, and in a word takes care of all who are in need.
10A history of the Church’s worship (cont.) The Order of the Mass:GatheringReading the writings of the prophets (Old Testament)Singing a Bible verse (Psalm)Reading the memoirs of the apostles (New Testament and Gospel)The President urges the imitation of these noble things (Homily)All stand and offer prayers (Creed and General Intercessions)All who are well to do and willing give what each thinks fit (the Offertory)Bread, water and wine are brought up and the president sends up prayers and thanksgivings (Eucharistic prayers)The distribution and reception of the consecrated elements (communion)Dismissal
11A history of the Church’s worship In the first 4 centuries6th to the 15th centuriesFollowing the tradition and decision from the region the presider would follow the format described by Justin Martyr, but could create his own prayers andSelect his own Biblical readingsRemember that at this time the Church was persecutedThere was no uniformity on how to celebrate MassThere was use of local traditions and languagesBut churches did have a “sacramentary” with various prayersOne or 2 books with scriptural readingsAnd multiple books for antiphons and chants
12A history of the Church’s worship (cont.) The Council of TrentThe Second Vatican CouncilAfter 1570 (after the Protestant reformation) the Church standardized worshipLatin became the official church languageWith the document, Quo Primum the use of one standard missal was to be used (unless the prayers used could be found to be in use in the first 2 centuries)Second Vatican Council ( ) called by Pope John XXIIIThe Liturgy would be reformed and local tongue (vernacular) would be used instead of LatinThe International Commission on English in the Liturgy (ICEL) established to help with translation from Latin to English
13A history of the Church’s worship (cont.) The translations were approved by the Vatican in 1970ICEL used dynamic equivalence instead of formal equivalenceBy 1987 bishops were asking for fuller retranslationVatican instructs that all translations are to use formal equivalence (more faithful to the Latin text)
14A history of the Church’s worship (cont.) The translation will be full introduced on the first Sunday of Advent (November 26/27)
15What can and can’t be changed in liturgy Essence cannot be changed: The celebration of the Lord’s supper. The real presence of the Lord in Bread and WineAccidentals can be changed: The way the liturgy is celebrated (as we just outlined in the history of the Mass)
16The parts of the Mass There are 4 major parts of the Mass: Introductory RitesThe Liturgy of the WordThe Liturgy of the EucharistThe Concluding Rites
17Before Mass begins It’s important to come to the Church early We can prepare ourselves by prayingWe can read the readings and reflect on themWe can be good examples to our younger ChristiansReady your voice for some praising the Lord by song!Welcome your brothers and sisters in the Lord who sit near youTry to make it a point to come 10 minutes early
18The Introductory Rites The EntranceThe GreetingThe Penitential RiteThe KyrieThe GloriaThe Collect (The Opening Prayer)The Purpose of the Introductory Rites is to ensure that the faithful establish communion with one anotherWe are also called to be open to listen to God’s word and celebrate the Eucharist worthily
19The EntranceAt the Entrance the hymn (chant or antiphon) is started to open the celebration and to foster the unity of all the faithfulIntroduces the mystery of the liturgical season or festivalProcession of the ministers, along with priest and deaconBowing, incensing and kissing the altar are all signs of reverence
20The Greeting*The Sign of the Cross is meant to make manifest the presence of the Lord to the communityBy the greeting and the people’s response the mystery of the Church gathered together is shown“Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the holy Spirit” (Mt 28:19)
21New Translation: And with your spirit Old TranslationNew TranslationPriest: The Lord be with youPeople: And also with youUsing formal equivalence, the text from which it is translated to isPriest: Dominus VobiscumPeople: Et cum spiritu tuoThus, it has been translated to this:Priest: The Lord be with you*People: And with your spirit*“Soon, along came Boaz from Bethlehem and said to the harvesters, ‘The LORD be with you,’ and they replied, “The LORD bless you’” (Ruth 2:4)“The Lord be with your spirit” (2 Tim 4:22).
22What’s the significance of this change? The use of the word “Spirit” has rich theological and biblical rootsIn this particular greeting the community and the priest are asking the holy Spirit to establish a deeper communion among usBecause of the priest’s role in the community, the People of God are also blessing the priest’s role as the person of Christ as well as praying for his ministry
23The Penitential RiteThis Rite is an opportunity for us to ask our merciful Lord for forgiveness for times we have not followedWe are preparing ourselves to worthily receive the Eucharist and are admitting that we need God’s grace and are totally reliant on him
24New Translation: The Confiteor (meaning, “I confess”) Form A Old TranslationNew TranslationI confess to Almighty God, and to you my brothers and sisters, that I have sinned through my own fault in my thoughts and in my words, in what I have done and in what I have failed to do; and I ask the Blessed Virgin Mary, all the angels and saints and to you my brothers and sisters, to pray for me to the Lord, our GodI confess to Almighty God, and to you my brothers and sisters, that I have greatly sinned*; in my thoughts and in my words, in what I have done and what I have failed to do; through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault therefore I ask the Blessed Mary every-Virgin, all the Angels and Saints, and you, my brothers and sisters, to pray for me to the Lord our God“Then David said to God, “I have sinned greatly in doing this thing’” (1 Chr. 21:8)
25New Translation: Penitential Rite, Form B Old TranslationNew TranslationPriest: Lord, we have sinned against you: Lord have mercyPeople: Lord have mercyPriest: Lord, show us your mercy and lovePeople: And grant us your salvationPriest: Have mercy on us, O LordPeople: For we have sinned against you*Priest: Show us, O Lord, your mercyPeople: And grant us your salvation*“…have mercy on us, who have sinned against you” (Bar 3:2)“Let us see, O LORD, your mercy, and grant us your salvation.” (Ps 85:8)“…Have mercy on us, who have sinned against you” (Bar 3:2)“Let us see, O LORD, your mercy, and grant us your salvation.” (Ps 85:8)
26New Translation: Penitential Rite, Form C Old TranslationNew translationPriest: You were sent to heal the contrite, Kyrie, eleisonPeople: Kyrie, eleisonPriest: You came to call sinners, Christe, eleisonPeople: Christe, eleisonPriest: You plead for us at the right hand of the Father, Kyrie, eleisonPriest: You were sent to heal the contrite of heart*, Kyrie, eleisonPeople: Kyrie, eleisonPriest: You came to call sinners*, Christe, eleisonPeople: Christe, eleisonPriest: You are seated at the right of the Father to intercede for us*, Kyrie, eleison
27Biblical Sources for Penitential Rite, Form C “[The LORD] heals the brokenhearted; he binds up all their wounds,” (Ps 147:3)“Go and learn the meaning of the words, ‘I desire mercy, not sacrifice.’ I did not come to call the righteous but sinners” (Mt 9:13)“It is Christ (Jesus) who died, rather, was raised, who also is at the right hand of God, who indeed intercedes for us” (Rom 8:34)
28The GloriaThis is one of the most ancient and beautiful ways in which the Church gives thanks to GodUnder the inspiration of the Spirit, we ask for the Father and the Son’s forgiveness and blessings now and always
29New Translation: The Gloria (to the Father) Old TranslationNew TranslationGlory to God in the Highest and peace to his people on earth.Lord God, heavenly King, Almighty God and Father, we worship you we give you thanks, we praise you for your GloryGlory to God in the highest, and on earth peace to people of good will*. We praise you, we bless you, we adore you, we glorify you, we give you thanks for your great glory, Lord God, heavenly King, O God, almighty Father.“Glory to God in the highest and on earth peace to those on whom his favor rests” (Lk. 2:14)
30New Translation: The Gloria (to the Son) Old TranslationNew TranslationLord Jesus Christ, only Son of the Father, Lord God, Lamb of God, you take away the sin of the world: have mercy on us; you are seated at the right hand of the Father: receive our prayer.Lord Jesus Christ, Only Begotten Son, Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father, you take away the sins of the world, have mercy on us; you take away the sins of the world*, receive our prayer; you are seated at the right hand of the Father, have mercy on us.“Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world” (Jn. 1:29)
31The Gloria (to the Trinity) For you alone are the Holy One*, you alone are the Lord*, you alone are the Most High*, Jesus Christ, with the Holy Spirit, in the glory of God the Father. Amen.What is Begotten?Begotten is a term which means that the Son of God comes from the Father, but is no less than the Father, in fact he is equalIt does NOT mean he is created or less than God“For you alone are holy” (Rev. 15:4)“Let them know that you alone, you whose name is the LORD, are the Most High over all the earth.” (Ps 83:19)
32The CollectDuring the Collect, the people, along with the priest, are invited to prayWe are to observe a moment of silence to be conscious of God’s presence and to raise up our prayersSo don’t just stare at me waiting for me to start the opening prayer, but take a moment and give all that is in your heart and mind over to GodThe Collect (opening prayer) expresses the character of the celebration
33The Liturgy of the Word The First reading The Responsorial Psalm The Second readingThe Gospel AcclamationThe GospelThe HomilyThe Nicene or Apostles CreedThe Prayer of the FaithfulThe readings serve as a way for God to speak to his people, opening them up to the mystery of; redemption and salvation and offering spiritual nourishmentChrist is present with the people with the WordWith Silence and Singing the people make the Word of God their own
34The First and Second Reading The First reading generally comes from the Old Testament (The Hebrew Scriptures)After Easter until Pentecost, the readings come from the Acts of the ApostlesThe Second reading comes from one of the Pauline Letters, the Catholic Letters (Peter, James, John, Hebrews, Jude, Revelation)It generally gives practical advise on the Christian life and how to live it out
35The Responsorial Psalm The Responsorial Psalm fosters mediation on the Word of GodGenerally the Psalm is in line with messages of the first and second reading
36The Gospel Acclamation and the Gospel The Alleluia is used to welcome and greet the Lord who is about to speak to them in the Gospel and professes our faith by means of chantThe Alleluia is not sung during the Lenten season due to the penitential character of the seasonIt means, “Praise God”As stated before, the Gospel is the Lord Jesus speaking to us in a very direct wayIn essence the deacon or priest are not proclaiming the Gospel, but the Lord Jesus Christ"Alleluia! Salvation, glory and might belong to our God..." (Rev. 19:1)
37What are the little crosses we make before the Gospel? This comes from the Jewish custom to honor the scripturesIt goes:May the Word of the Lord be in my mind, on my lips and in my heart
38New Translation: The Greeting of the Gospel Old TranslationNew TranslationDeacon/Priest: The Lord be with youPeople: And also with youDeacon/Priest: A reading from the holy Gospel according to N.People: Glory to you, LordDeacon/Priest: The Lord be with youPeople: And with your spiritDeacon/Priest: A reading from the Holy Gospel according to N.People: Glory to you, O Lord
39The Homily This is necessary to nurture the Christian life It is meant to show some aspect of the readings from the Sacred Scriptures or the proper of the Mass (what is being celebratedIt should take into account the mystery being celebrated and the needs of the community
40The Nicene and Apostles Creed The Apostles CreedNicene CreedA tradition states that the Apostles Creed was composed after Pentecost by the ApostlesIt believed that it came to it’s more complete form in 390 A.D. but further additions were added much laterIn the year 325 A.D., at the Council of Nicaea (hence its name) it was written as a statement of Christian belief against the Arians (who taught that Jesus was not equal to the Father)It was completed in 381 A.D. during the Council of Constantinople to reiterate the belief that Jesus was equal to the Father
41New Translation: The Nicene Creed (Addressing the Father) Old TranslationNew TranslationWe believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is seen and unseenThis section is too reiterate that Catholic-Christians believe in one God, against the accusations of the Arians that we worshiped 2 separate gods or worse 3I believe in one God, the Father almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all things visible and invisible*. The change to “I” gives us an opportunity to reiterate our belief and faithVisible and invisible is used to make a clear distinction between this world and the next world"For in him all things were created all things in heaven and earth, the visible and the invisible" (Col. 1:16)
42New Translation: The Nicene Creed (Addressing the Son) Old TranslationNew TranslationWe believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, one in Being with the Father. Through him all things were madeI believe in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Only Begotten Son of God, born of the Father before all ages. God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, consubstantial with the Father; through him all things were made.
43Definitions and Explanations Begotten: the Son of God comes from the Father, but is no less than the Father, in fact he is equalBorn: Not in the human sense that a child is created, but in a theological sense the Son is sent to carry on the Father’s mission, but remains GodConsubstantial: Same substance, thus Jesus is of the same substance, meaning that he equally shares divinity with the Trinity
44New Translation: The Nicene Creed (Addressing Jesus) Old TranslationNew TranslationFor us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven: by the power of the Holy Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became man. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered, died, and was buried. On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven, and by the Holy Spirit was incarnate of the Virgin Mary, and became man. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate, he suffered death and was buried, and rose again on the third day in accordance with the Scriptures. He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.
45The Historical JesusThe term incarnate means “infleshed” or became flesh.Jesus did not become human at the moment of his birth, but became incarnate at the moment of conceptionFrom Mary’s yes, he became a human beingThe importance of this section was to combat arguments that Jesus was simply made upIn it was see actually historical persons, such as Mary, Pontius Pilate and events that took place for our salvation
46The Nicene Creed (The Return of Jesus) He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead and his kingdom will have no end.Jesus has promised to returnThe title, “Son of Man” means judge, thus Jesus will judge all people’s at the end of timeHis Kingdom is not this world, but the Kingdom of heaven
47New Translation: The Nicene Creed (the Holy Spirit) Old TranslationNew TranslationWe believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son. With the Father and the Son he is worshiped and glorified. He has spoken through the ProphetsI believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord*, the giver of life*, who proceeds from the Father* and the Son, who with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified, who has spoken through the prophets*"Now the Lord is the Spirit" (2 Cor. 3:17)“…but the Spirit gives life” (2 Cor. 3:6)“the Spirit of truth that proceeds from the Father” (Jn. 15:26)“…but rather human beings moved by the holy Spirit spoke under the influence of God” (2 Pt 1:21)
48New Translation: The Nicene Creed (The Church) Old TranslationNew TranslationWe believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen.I believe in one, holy, catholic and apostolic Church. I confess one baptism for the forgiveness of sins and I look forward to the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen.Looking forward conveys a sense of excitement and anticipation
49New Translation: The Apostles Creed Old TranslationNew TranslationI believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord. He was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended to the dead. On the third day he rose again.and in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died and was buried; he descended into hell; on the third day he rose again from the dead;
50New Translation: The Apostles Creed Old TranslationNew TranslationHe ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again to judge the living and the dead.he ascended into heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty; from there he will come to judge the living and the dead.
51New Translation: The Apostles Creed Old TranslationNew TranslationI believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and life everlasting. Amen.There is no “the” as in the old translation in life everlasting
52The Prayer of the Faithful or “General Intercession” The People of God, in exercising their “baptismal priesthood” offer prayers to God for the salvation of allThe prayers express the prayer of the entire communityThese should always be included:For the needs of the ChurchFor Public authorities and for the salvation of the worldFor those burdened by any kind of difficultyFor the local communityAdditional prayers, depending on the type of celebration
53The Liturgy of the Eucarist The Preparation of the GiftsThe Prayer over the OfferingsThe Eucharistic PrayerThe Communion RiteThe Lord’s PrayerThe Rite of PeaceThe FractionCommunionPrayer after CommunionThis has been instituted by Christ at the Passover (Last) SupperThus, his sacrifice is made present as the Priest plays the role of Jesus and the community plays the role of the DisciplesWe follow the commandment of Jesus, “Do this in memory of me”
54The Preparation of the Gifts This comes from the Acts of the Apostles, in which the faithful brought gifts and the proceeds from selling their homes (in some cases) to the feet of the ApostlesIn the same manner, the people of God offer the bread and wine, as well as their monetary gifts for the needs of the Church and the poor“There was not needy person among them, for those who owned property or houses would sell them, bring the proceeds of the sale, and put them at the feet of the apostles, and they were distributed to each according to need” (Acts 4:34-35)
55New Translation: The Invitation to Prayer Old TranslationNew TranslationPray, brethren, that our sacrifice may be acceptable to God, the almighty Father.Pray, brethren (brothers and sisters), that my sacrifice and yours may be acceptable to God, the almighty Father. As priest and community, we are BOTH asking God to accept our sacrifice, thus we too should offer ourselves up fully
56New Translation: The Invitation to Prayer Old TranslationNew TranslationMay the Lord accept the sacrifice at your hands for the praise and glory of his name, for our good, and the good of all his Church.May the Lord accept the sacrifice at your hands for the praise and glory of his name, for our good and the good of all his holy ChurchThe word “holy” reminds us that the Church is founded upon Jesus and is founded on his grace
57The Eucharistic Prayer The Eucharistic Prayer is divided into 8 distinct parts:ThanksgivingAcclamationEpiclesisInstitution narrative and consecrationAnamnesisOfferingIntercessionsFinal Doxology
58ThanksgivingDuring the Preface the Priest, on behalf of the entire community, gives praise and thanks to God for salvation and something that relates to the celebration of the day
59New Translation: Thanksgiving (The Preface) Old TranslationNew TranslationPriest: The Lord be with you. People: And also with you. Priest: Lift up your hearts. People: We lift them up to the Lord. Priest: Let us give thanks to the Lord our God. People: It is right to give him thanks and praise.Priest: The Lord be with you. People: And with your spirit. Priest: Lift up your hearts. People: We lift them up to the Lord. Priest: Let us give thanks to the Lord our God. People: It is right and just.
60ThanksgivingAt this moment, the priest, with the Spirit given to him at ordination and acting in the person of Christ (in persona Christi) is about to consecrate the bread and wine to transform into the EucharistThe phrase “it is right and just” means that it is fitting, appropriate and fair (just) to give thanks to the Lord our God because he is our Lord and Redeemer
61The Acclamation (The Sanctus) The whole congregation joins with all the heavenly voices to give thanksgiving (Eucharist) to God for his goodness to us
62New Translation: The Acclamation (The Sanctus) Old TranslationNew TranslationHoly, holy, holy Lord, God of power and might. Heaven and earth are full of your glory. Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest.Holy, Holy, Holy Lord God of hosts*. Heaven and earth are full of your glory. Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest*.“One cried out to the other: „Holy, holy, holy is the LORD of hosts! All the earth is filled with his glory!‟” (Is 6:3)“The crowds preceding him and those following kept crying out and saying: „Hosanna to the Son of David; blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord; hosanna in the highest‟” (Mt 21:9).
63The AcclamtionThe term “hosts” refers to a large gathering or multitude or in this case speaks of God’s command over the heavenly host of angelic armiesWe believe that the heavenly host are present during this time, worshipping with us, before God
64The EpiclesisHere the Church implores the Spirit to consecrate these gifts (the bread and wine) to become the body and blood of Jesus so that all who partake of it may be savedYou are indeed Holy, O Lord, the fount of all holiness. Make holy, therefore, these gifts, we pray, by sending down your Spirit upon them like the dewfall, so that they may become for us the Body and Blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.
65The Institution narrative and Consecration By the words and actions of the priest, on behalf of Jesus, the bread and wine are consecrated and become the Body and Blood of ChristWe follow his commandment to continue this mystery in memory of himAt the time he was betrayed and entered willingly into his Passion, he took bread and, giving thanks, broke it,and gave it to his disciples, saying: TAKE THIS, ALL OF YOU, AND EAT OF IT,FOR THIS IS MY BODY,WHICH WILL BE GIVEN UP FOR YOU.
66The Institution narrative and Consecration The priest continues:In a similar way, when supper was ended, he took the chaliceand, once more giving thanks,he gave it to his disciples, saying:TAKE THIS, ALL OF YOU, AND DRINK FROM IT,FOR THIS IS THE CHALICE OF MY BLOOD,THE BLOOD OF THE NEW AND ETERNAL COVENANT,WHICH WILL BE POURED OUT FOR YOU AND FOR MANYFOR THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS.DO THIS IN MEMORY OF ME.
67The Anamnesis or The Mystery of Faith The Church reminds us of the mystery that Christ handed over to us and we recall his Passion, Resurrection and Ascension into heavenThe point of the acclamation is too recognize that Jesus is present in the Eucharist and our relationship with himBecause the Lord is present this is a moment of “profound amazement” and “gratitude”
68New Translation: The Mystery of Faith (A) Old TranslationNew TranslationPriest: Let us proclaim the mystery of faithPeople: Dying you destroyed our death, rising you restored our life. Lord Jesus, come in glory.Priest: The Mystery of FaithPeople: We proclaim your death, O Lord, and profess your Resurrection until you come again.
69New Translation: The Mystery of Faith (B) Old TranslationNew TranslationWhen we eat this bread and drink this cup, we proclaim your death, Lord Jesus, until you come in glory.When we eat this Bread and drink this Cup, we proclaim your death, O Lord, until you come again.
70New Translation: The Mystery of Faith (C) Old TranslationNew TranslationLord, by your cross and resurrection, you have set us free. You are the Savior of the World.Save us, Savior of the world, for by your Cross and Resurrection, you have set us free.
71The OfferingAt this point the Church, especially those gathered, offers in the Holy Spirit, the spotless Lamb, but also they offer themselves day by day to achieve perfect unity with God and with each other, so that God will be seen in each of us
72The text of “The Offering” Therefore, as we celebrate the memorial of his Death and Resurrection, we offer you, Lord, the Bread of life* and the Chalice of salvation*, giving thanks that you have held us worthy to be in your presence and minister to you. Humbly we pray that, partaking of the Body and Blood of Christ, we may be gathered into one by the Holy Spirit.“I am the bread of life” (Jn. 6:35, 48)“The cup of salvation I will raise” (Ps 116:13).
73IntercessionsThe intercessions are included in order to remind us that the Eucharist is celebrated throughout the world in common as well as in heaven and that these intercessions are intended for all members, both living and dead, who have been called and participated in God’s salvific power, through the Body and Blood of Jesus
74The text of the intercessions Remember, Lord, your Church, spread throughout the world, and bring her to the fullness of charity*, together with N. our Pope and N. our Bishop and all the clergy. Remember also our brothers and sisters who have fallen asleep in the hope of the resurrection, and all who have died in your mercy: welcome them into the light of your face*. Have mercy on us all, we pray, that with the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God, with the blessed Apostles, and all the Saints who have pleased you throughout the ages, we may merit to be coheirs to eternal life, and may praise and glorify you through your Son, Jesus Christ.“and so one who fears is not yet perfect in love” (1 Jn. 4:18)“How blessed the people… who walk, O LORD, in the light of your face” (Ps 89:16).
75Final DoxologyThe final doxology is where the greatest glorification of God is expressed and is confirmed and is concluded by the people’s acclamation (response), Amen!Priest: Through him, and with him, and in him, O God, almighty Father, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, all glory and honor is yours, for ever and ever.People: Amen (usually chanted or sung)
76The Communion RiteThe consecrated bread and wine have become the Body and Blood of the Lord Jesus, thus, for those who are disposed to received worthily, are invited to Paschal Banquet and receive “Spiritual food”Included are:The Lord’s PrayerThe Rite of PeaceThe FractionCommunion
77The Lord’s PrayerThe faithful are petitioning for their daily food, which for us means the EucharistWe are also asking for purification for sin, so what is holy, we may receive in holinessThe priest invites the entire community to pray togetherThe final part of the Lord’s prayer is called the embolism (an addition, insertion, interpretation) and petitions the Lord for deliverance against evil for the entire community
78The embolism and doxology The doxologyDeliver us, Lord, we pray, from every evil, graciously grant peace in our days, that, by the help of your mercy, we may be always free from sin and safe from all distress, as we await the blessed hope and the coming of our Savior, Jesus Christ*For the kingdom, the power and the glory are yours now and for ever.“as we await the blessed hope, the appearance of the glory of the great God and of our savior Jesus Christ” (Tit 2:13)
79Concluding the Lord’s Prayer Priest: Lord Jesus Christ, who said to your Apostles: Peace I leave you, my peace I give you*; look not on our sins, but on the faith of your Church, and graciously grant her peace and unity in accordance with your will. Who live and reign for ever and ever.People: Amen.“Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you” (Jn. 14:27)
80New Translation: The Rite of Peace Old TranslationNew TranslationPriest: The peace of the Lord be with you always.People: And also with you.Deacon/Priest: Let us offer each other the sign of peacePriest: The peace of the Lord be with you always.People: And with your spirit.Deacon/Priest: Let us offer each other the sign of peace
81The FractionWhat is the significance of breaking the consecrated host and placing a piece of it inside the chalice?The significance of breaking the host is to show that while we are many, we form one body (1 Cor. 10:17) who receive communion from the one bread of Life, the Lord.The placing of a small piece of the hosts show the unity of the body and blood of Christ in salvation
82The Lamb of God (Agnus Dei) Lamb of God, you take away the sins of the world, have mercy on us.Lamb of God, you take away the sins of the world, grant us peace.This comes from the Gospel of John when John the Baptist sees Jesus approaching“The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world‟” (Jn. 1:29)
83New Translation: Invitation to Communion Old TranslationNew TranslationPriest: This is the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world. Happy are those who are called to his supper.All: Lord, I am not worthy to receive you, but only say the word and I shall be healed.Priest: Behold the Lamb of God, behold him who takes away the sins of the world. Blessed are those called to the supper of the Lamb*.All: Lord, I am not worthy that you should enter under my roof*, but only say the word and my soul shall be healed.“Then the angel said to me, ‘Write this: Blessed are those who have been called to the wedding feast of the Lamb‟” (Rev 19:9)“…’Lord, do not trouble yourself, for I am not worthy to have you enter under my roof. Therefore, I did not consider myself worthy to come to you; but say the word and let my servant be healed‟” (Lk. 7:7)
84The reasons for the changes The term “Behold” to remind us of Pilate’s presentation of Jesus when he says, “Behold, the man!”(Jn. 19:5), since the Eucharist is a re-presentation of the same sacrificial victim and us partaking in the heavenly banquet of the Lamb (Rev. 19:9)Returning to the more Biblical, “Lord, I am unworthy to have you enter under my roof…”shows our humility and reliance on God because of our sinfulness.It also reminds us that our bodies are spiritual homes in which we house Jesus, not only though the Eucharist, but through our soul
85The Prayer after Communion The Prayer after Communion ends the communion rite and brings to completion the prayer of the people of GodThe prayer is to pray for the fruits that we have received from receiving the Lord
86The Concluding RitesHere, we see the origins of the word Mass. In the phrase, “Ite, missa est.” which means, “It is the dismissal” or “it is sent”.This emphasizes our role as Christian missionariesThe response of the people, “Thanks be to God” gives praise to God for granting us this great undertaking and giving us what is necessary to continue our journey.
87New Translation: The Concluding Rites Old TranslationNew TranslationPriest: The Lord be with you. People: And also with you.Priest: The Lord be with you. People: And with your spirit.Priest: May Almighty God Bless you, in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy SpiritPeople: AmenDeacon/Priest: Go forth, the Mass is endedPeople: Thanks be to God
88After Supper Etiquette It’s rude to eat and runAs the Lord has given himself to us, let us remain to give ourselves to him in gratitudeLet us receive God’s blessing to carry out his missionGet to know your brothers and sisters in the Lord