Presentation on theme: "Becoming the Archetype"— Presentation transcript:
1Becoming the Archetype Archetypes In American Literature
2What the heck is an Archetype? The word archetype comes form the Greek root words arche – meaning original, and typos – meaning form or model.Soooo…an archetype is the first real example or of prototype of something.In literature, archetypes are repeated patterns or elements that recur across literature and life.
3Examples of archetypes… CharactersHeroThe main character goes on a journey and performs deeds that will bring honor to his people.
4Examples of archetypes… Mother FigureComforts and directs child, especially when he or she is confused and needs guidance. Represents powers that can be called on for help when it is needed. Helps young person to solve own problems .Earth MotherStepmother
5Examples of archetypes… The Great Teacher/MentorWise old man/woman—protects or helps main character when he or she faces challenges.
6Examples of archetypes… The InnocentChild/YouthInexperienced adult
7Examples of archetypes… The UnderdogSomeone that is expected to lose a contest or struggle
8Examples of archetypes… The DoubleSplit personality—the other side of an individual
9Example of archetypes… Helping AnimalsAnimals who help another character, usually the hero.
10Examples of archetypes… The Sacrificial RedeemerThe protagonist is willing to die for his or her beliefs; the main character maintains a strong sense of morality.
11Examples of archetypes… The VillainThe principal opponent of the main character or hero.
12Examples of archetypes… The TricksterA mischievous or roguish figure, often an animal, who typically makes up for physical weakness with cunning and subversive humor.
13Examples of archetypes… The Evil FigureA wicked or evil person; a scoundrel.
14Examples of archetypes… SettingsGardenCultivated and carefully planned. Restricted to certain vegetation.
15Examples of archetypes… The ForestHabitat of the Great Mother (Mother Nature), the lunar force. Fertility. The vegetation and animals flourish in this “green world” because of the sustaining power of the Great Mother.
16Examples of archetypes… TreeRepresents life and knowledge
17Examples of archetypes… MountainsPlaces to gain great insight.
18Examples of archetypes… The RiverMay represent human life or time passing as we follow the river from its source to its mouth.
19Examples of archetypes… The SeaVast, alien, dangerous, chaos. Waves may symbolize measures of time and represent eternity or infinity.
20Examples of archetypes… The FountainStands for purification; the sprinkling of water (baptism) washes away sin. Water of fountain gives new life.
21Examples of archetypes… Actions and EventsThe JourneyThe protagonist takes a journey, usually physical but sometimes emotional, during which he or she learns something about himself or herself or finds meaning in his or her life as well as acceptance in a community.
22Examples of archetypes… Coming of AgeThe protagonist undergoes adventures and/or inner turmoil in his/her growth and development as a human being.
23Examples of archetypes… Test or TrialIn the transition from one stage of life to another, the main character experiences a rite of passage through growth and change; he or she experiences a transformation.
24Examples of archetypes… Birth/Death and RebirthThrough pain and suffering the character overcomes feelings of despair, and through a process of self-realization is reborn.
25Examples of archetypes… The FallThe main character is expelled because of an unacceptable action on his or her part.
26Examples of archetypes… Annihilation/Absurdity/Total OblivionIn order to exist in an intolerable world, the main character accepts that life is absurd, ridiculous, and ironic.