SINGULAR Dog’s bone Student’s desk Man’s locker PLURAL Dogs’ bones Students’ desks Men’s lockers DO NOT USE POSESSIVE FORMS TO MAKE WORDS PLURAL! INCORRECT: My two dog’s are named Axel and Scarlett. CORRECT: My two dogs are named Axel and Scarlett.
TYPES OF PRONOUNS Interrogative - Personal - Possessive - Indefinite - Object - Subject -
Know how to use them Know how to apply them to the literature Short Stories Fahrenheit 451 Antigone
Play, novel or other work of Literature, depicting serious & important events, the main character comes to an unhappy end
Aristole’s Defintion of a HERO Comes from nobility Tragic flaw – the serious character weakness leading to the downfall of the character Undergoes a reversal of fortune Recognizes his mistakes (in a catharsis or purgation of pity and fear) The tragic hero’s actions should arouse feelings of both pity and fear in the audience.
Catharsis – purging of one’s soul Hubris- overconfidence, pride
Prologue: beginning of the play, before the action occurs Parodos: song that marks the entry of the chorus Scene: where the majority of the action of the play takes place Ode: song that is chanted by the chorus, often is a commentary on the action from the scene. Sometimes the comparison to the actions of the gods or historical figures Paean: hymn sung by the chorus, appealing to the gods for assistance Exodos: last episode in the play. It is followed by a final speech addressed directly to the audience by the chorus KNOW THE PARTS IN ORDER!
Religious rite to Dionysus Festivals CATHARSIS Spiritual purging Cleansed the soul of the participants Helped their health
His stubbornness & excessive pride His arrogance Tragic Flaw Acting King of Thebes Comes From Nobility Loss of family – Haimon & Wife Loss of the Throne & Control Reversal of Fortune You don’t want to end up like him Feelings of Pity & Fear Realization comes too late for him after deaths of Antigone & Haimon Recognizes Mistakes
“Harrison Bergeron” “The Lottery” “Theseus”
RESEARCH, ESSAYS & MLA STYLE
FOR A BOOK Collins, Suzanne. The Hunger Games. New York: Harper Collins, Print. CITATION FORMAT “Of course, the odds have not been very dependable of late,” (Collins 33)
Longer, about the same length as original passages IN YOUR OWN WORDS PARAPHRASES Short, key points of longer passages IN YOUR OWN WORDS SUMMARIES Exact same words as author IN QUOTATION MARKS DIRECT QUOTATIONS
Should not have “I think” written in the statement Should preview the examples/content of paper Should be avoid being vague Should not be a question