Presentation on theme: "Aboriginal Art and Rituals. Aboriginal Art Aboriginal art is a main method for preserving and maintaining the stories. They show a respect for the."— Presentation transcript:
Aboriginal Art and Rituals
Aboriginal Art Aboriginal art is a main method for preserving and maintaining the stories. They show a respect for the earth and the spirits that inhabit everything on earth (look again at your definition for animism) Watch the video and list the different ways that Aboriginal people might preserve their heritage.
What does Aboriginal art include?
Rituals Spiritual practices of Aboriginal peoples have: a strong relationship to the physical environment an underlying belief that all life is interconnected. Some rituals are done daily, others mark special events in a person’s life or seasonal or community events.
Prayer is important: God is the Creator; praying recognizes God’s greatness and expresses thanks for the Creator’s gifts Prayers come in a variety of sung and spoken forms, usually spontaneously from the heart; some involve offering a gift or sacrifice Prayer is done before and after actions such as waking, sleeping, hunting, planting, and harvesting
Small group work In your small group, read pages 79 and 80 and define all terms (summarize in your notes in point form). Include a heading summarizing the caption “Aboriginal Peoples and the Church” on page 80.
Smudging This is a holy act that is a part of many rituals. Sacred herbs (e.g. sage) are burned in a shell or earthen bowl, and the smoke is brushed over the participants. It is used to purify people and places, such as before a wedding or powwow.
Sacred Pipe Ceremony This is one of the most powerful and sacred spiritual rituals. The pipe symbolizes unity and harmony of the world. – The bowl of the pipe represents truth, and the stem represents the way we are to live in harmony and balance with all of creation. Smoking the pipe stresses the unity of everything.
The Sweat Lodge Sweat lodge ceremonies purify the body, mind, spirit, and heart and restore right relationships with self, others, and the Creator. The sweat lodge is a sacred space. It is a closed structure with a pit where heated rocks are placed. The sweat leader pours water on the hot rocks to create steam. Participants sing, pray, talk, or meditate as they sit.
Life-Cycle rituals Read pages and summarize : Birth and naming rituals Puberty (coming-of-age) – also read Catholic Connection Hair Death
Birth and Naming Rituals Most Aboriginal people go to great lengths to give the right name to each child. The name-giver (child’s grandparent or an elder) fasts, meditates, prays, or dreams, and the name is revealed by the Spirit. The name is given to the child in a ceremony with family, relatives, and friends. This name can change as the person matures.
Puberty Young people go on a vision quest—an intense, solitary spiritual experience for those seeking direction in life. They must undertake the vision quest to be accepted as adults in the community. **Catholic Connection** - after his baptism, Jesus went into the wilderness, ate nothing and was tempted by the devil. It was a spiritual experience that prepared him for his coming ministry Hair Some Aboriginal peoples consider long, uncut hair, to be sacred. Hair is sometimes braided; the three strands signify body, mind, and spirit. Cut hair can be a sign of mourning.
Death Death rituals vary among Aboriginal peoples. In some traditions, a Death Feast is held for the spirit of the person who died. E.g. Ojibwa celebrate the Feast of Death each autumn to remember all who died the previous year. E.g. The Cree have a wake or a round dance. Cree believe spirits have the power to communicate with humans in dreams or visions. The wake is a ceremony for returning the body to Mother Earth. The round dance is a ceremony to commune with spirits who have passed to the spirit world and is an important part of the Cree grief and healing process. The round dance lets family and friends allow the spirit of the deceased to fly free and dance with the other spirits in the northern lights.
Seasonal and Community Rituals Read pages 84 and 85. Summarize: Harvest Feast PowWow Sun Dance Giveaways and the Potlatch (summarize why the potlatch was banned – from the Fast Fact)
Harvest Feast Aboriginal peoples celebrate the harvest from the field and forest. It recognizes the spirits that acted on their behalf to give them food. It renews the earth with prayers, chants, and dances. It was adopted by non-Aboriginal peoples as Thanksgiving.
The Powwow It is a dance of renewal for restoration of right relationships and healing of all creation. A community celebration of singing and dancing It takes place in a circle, which is blessed by a spiritual leader so the space within the circle is holy. Dancers and singers enter the circle from the east, where the sun rises, and move clockwise in same direction as the sun. Drumbeat is symbolic of the rhythm of creation (heartbeat of Mother Earth and rhythm of the mother’s heartbeat heard in the womb).
Sun Dance Celebrated by peoples of the Prairies in June or July, during the full moon Tradition says it began when a warrior’s vision quest showed him a new way to pray to the Great Spirit. Its purpose is renewal of dedication to the Great Spirit. Four days before the ceremony, dancers purify themselves, and they fast during the four days of the sun dance. Final stage of the rite involves piercing the body and tearing away from the piercing to symbolize a renewal of the quest for the spirit
Giveaways and the Potlatch This festival celebrates a special event such as a birth or wedding, or commemorates a death. – Involves giving gifts of blankets, beadwork, or crafts to family, friends, or visitors – Involves ceremonial dancing and singing The potlatch increases the host’s standing in the community and highlights the host’s generosity, wealth, and power. Banned by the Canadian government in an effort to control poverty.