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Hatchet by Gary Paulsen A Story of Perseverance and Determination Created and Compiled by Sally C. Shoemaker.

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Presentation on theme: "Hatchet by Gary Paulsen A Story of Perseverance and Determination Created and Compiled by Sally C. Shoemaker."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hatchet by Gary Paulsen A Story of Perseverance and Determination Created and Compiled by Sally C. Shoemaker

2 E.Q.: What do I know about survival skills? Vocabulary List #1 1.horizon – 56. hummocks wince(ing) – 7 3.audible – 10 4.turbulence – 13 5.mock(ing) – 18

3 E.Q.: What do I know about survival skills? What ten (10) items would I include in a survival kit? Write this question in your journal. Make a list of items that you think are important for survival. Be sure to include an explanation for each item.

4 Setting: The Canadian Shield This plateau region of eastern and northern Canada and the Great Lakes area of North America mainly includes rough and rocky surfaces, and large areas of coniferous (evergreen) forests. In addition, the northern regions along the Arctic Circle are comprised of rocky frozen tundra. The highest elevation is estimated at 1,640 ft.

5 The Author: Gary Paulsen Born May 17, 1939, Gary Paulsen is one of America's most popular writers for young people. Although he was never a dedicated student, Paulsen developed a passion for reading at an early age. After a librarian gave him a book to read — along with his own library card — he was hooked. He began spending hours alone in the basement of his apartment building, reading one book after another.

6 The Author: Gary Paulsen - continued It is Paulsen's overwhelming belief in young people that drives him to write. His intense desire to tap deeply into the human spirit and to encourage readers to observe and care about the world around them has brought him both enormous popularity with young people and critical acclaim from the children's book community. Paulsen is a master storyteller who has written more than 175 books and some 200 articles and short stories for children and adults. He is one of the most important writers of young adult literature today and three of his novels — Hatchet, Dogsong, and The Winter Room — were Newbery Honor Books. His books frequently appear on the best books lists of the American Library Association.

7 Issues This novel discusses many issues that you may or may not deal with in your own lives. Survival Divorce Anger Hunger Pain Frustration Wanting to Give Up Thankfulness

8 When you are discouraged, what motivates you to keep trying? Think of a time when you really considered giving up, but didn’t. What made you keep going when you were tempted to quit? Write this response in your journal. Make sure to 1.explain the situation, 2.tell how you felt, 3.and what you did to keep going.

9 E.Q.: How does a writer’s use of foreshadowing impact the meaning of the story? What is foreshadowing? Write this question in your journal. Write a definition for this term in your journal. Be sure to include an example.

10 What is foreshadowing? Foreshadowing is a literary device in which a writer gives an advance hint of what is to come later in the story. Foreshadowing often appears at the beginning of a story or a chapter and makes the reader develop expectations about the coming events in a story. There are varieties of ways of foreshadowing. A writer may use dialogues of characters to hint at what may occur in future. Any event or action in the story may throw a hint at the readers about future events or action. Even a title of a work or a chapter title can act as a clue that suggests what is going to happen. Foreshadowing in fiction creates an atmosphere of suspense a story so that the readers are always interested to know more.

11 Reading Selections Chapters 1 and 2 Watch for Vocabulary Words. Look for Examples of Foreshadowing.

12 Foreshadowing: Guided Questions In your journal, respond to each of these questions: 1.How does foreshadowing and imagery help the reader better understand the events of a story? 2.How do you predict these events will become important in later chapters?

13 E.Q.: How does a writer use language devices for specific effects in his/her writing? Memorable Devices Think of a significant person in your life such as a parent, grandparent, or mentor. What is the one thing that you remember this person saying or communicating to you? Write this statement in your journal and explain why it is important to you.

14 E.Q.: How does a writer use language devices for specific effects in his/her writing? Language Devices Personification Simile Metaphor Repetition Imagery

15 E.Q.: How does a writer use language devices for specific effects in his/her writing? Reading Selections: Chapters 3 and 4 Flow Map – Use a flow map in your journal to “chart” the sequence of events in the two chapters we are reading today.

16 The Power of Positive Thinking What power does Brian find in positive thinking? Answer this question in your journal. Make sure to include evidence from the text.

17 E.Q.: How do authors develop characters? Vocabulary List #2 1.amphibious – flue diminish – eddy (ied) ruefully – dormant staff – comprised smoldered – persistent - 115

18 E.Q.: How do authors develop characters? Character Description: Write a description of Brian in your Journal. Make sure to include information about his physical description as well as his thoughts, words, actions, and feelings.

19 E.Q.: How do authors develop characters? Reading Selections: Chapters 5 & 6 Make sure to watch out for vocabulary words.

20 E.Q.: How do authors develop characters? Obstacles: Complete this written response in your journal. Brian faces different types of obstacles or problems. Name one (1) obstacles that he has faced and explain what advice you would give him to deal with or overcome that problem.

21 E.Q.: How does hope create change in a character? Hope: What are you hoping for in 2015? Write this question and a complete response in your journal.

22 E.Q.: How does hope create change in a character? Reading Selections: Chapters 7 & 8 Draw a Multi Flow Map in your Journal. Illustrate how Brian’s feelings about his situation have changed and the reasons that brought these changes.

23 E.Q.: How can we determine the types of conflict in a story? Conflict: What conflicts is Brian dealing with in the wilderness? Write this question and your response in your journal. Remember, there are four different kinds of conflict. Character Against Character Character Against Self Character Against Nature Character Against Society

24 E.Q.: How can we determine the types of conflict in a story? Reading Selections: Chapters 9 & 10 Clip from Castaway – Chuck “discovers” fire.

25 E.Q.: How can we determine the types of conflict in a story? Compare and Contrast: Draw a Double Bubble Map in your journal. Complete a comparison of Chuck from Castaway and Brian from Hatchet.

26 E.Q.: How are conflict and change related? Coming of Age How will you know that you are not a child anymore? Write this question and a complete response in your journal.

27 E.Q.: How are conflict and change related? Reading Selections: Chapters 11 & 12 A Boy Called Slow In this book, Sitting Bull performs a deed so courageous and significant that it earns him a new and more respected name.

28 E.Q.: How are conflict and change related? Leaving Childhood Behind: What event or act will prove you worthy of leaving childhood behind? What will give you new respect for yourself as you become an adolescent? Write these questions and your responses in your journal.

29 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? “There were these things to do.” In describing Brian’s activities in the wilderness, Gary Paulsen repeatedly uses this phrase. Why does he use this phrase and how does it reflect Brian’s frame of mind? Write these questions and your responses in your journal.

30 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? Reading Selections: Chapters 13 & 14

31 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? In Class Essay: In the story Hatchet, Brian comes to terms with his situation and is realizing that he must get motivated to make the best of his situation. Motivation is what will help Brian survive. He remembers the advice of a teacher who always told him that motivation was very important. Everyone needs motivation to help them in difficult times. Think about the positive things in your life that motivate you. Are these things intrinsic or extrinsic? Could negative experiences motivate you as well? Convey an experience when you had to motivate yourself to do something you did not think you could do.

32 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? Vocabulary List #3 1.stabilize – sheath – incessant – coil (s) – propel – precise – fuselage – drone – numb – furor – 194

33 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? In Class Essay: Continued In the story Hatchet, Brian comes to terms with his situation and is realizing that he must get motivated to make the best of his situation. Motivation is what will help Brian survive. He remembers the advice of a teacher who always told him that motivation was very important. Everyone needs motivation to help them in difficult times. Think about the positive things in your life that motivate you. Are these things intrinsic or extrinsic? Could negative experiences motivate you as well? Convey an experience when you had to motivate yourself to do something you did not think you could do.

34 E.Q.: How can a flashback provide the reader with important information? How does Gary Paulsen incorporate the past into the present? Write this question in your journal. Define “flashback.” Give three different examples from the book.

35 E.Q.: How can a flashback provide the reader with important information? Reading Selections: Chapters 15 & 16 While we are reading, think with an “eye” on the future and make predictions.

36 E.Q.: How can a flashback provide the reader with important information? Making Predictions Think about what we have learned. Write three (3) predictions about what you think will happen next.

37 E.Q.: How can the author’s writing style effect your understanding of the text? A Question of Style How would you describe Paulsen’s writing style? Write this question in your journal. Give a complete explanation and examples from the text.

38 E.Q.: How can the author’s writing style effect your understanding of the text? Reading Selections Chapters 17 & 18 Look for elements of style as we read today.

39 E.Q.: How can the author’s writing style effect your understanding of the text? What is your style? How would you describe your style of writing. Give examples to show what “kind” of writer you are.

40 E.Q.: How does an author use irony to “make a point”? What is irony? Write this question in your journal. Write a definition in your own words. The use of words or events to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal or expected meaning: the irony of her reply, “How nice!” when I said I had to work all weekend.

41 E.Q.: How does an author use irony to “make a point”? What would you want to find in the survival pack? Write this question in your journal. Make a list of items you would like to find in the survival pack. Be prepared to explain the reason or purpose for each item.

42 E.Q.: How does an author use irony to “make a point”? Reading Selections: Chapter 19 and the Epilogue Open Book Test!

43 E.Q.: How does an author use irony to “make a point”? Brian’s Reaction: In your journal, respond to the following – 1.How do you feel about Brian’s reaction to the contents of the survival pack? 2.If you could replace one item in the pack with another item, what would you want to eliminate and what would you like to add to the pack?

44 E.Q.: Why do directors of films often change the original text? Vocabulary List #4 1.critical – mcw 6. theme – mcw 2.deleted – mcw 7. dependent – p 3.genre – mcw 8. self-reliant – p 4.portray – mcw 9. acquire – p 5.accurate – mcw 10. paraphrasing – p mcw – movie comparison worksheetp - prompt

45 E.Q.: Why do directors of films often change the original text? “A Cry in the Wild” Movie Comparison Worksheet

46 E.Q.: Why do directors of films often change the original text? Interview Questions: If you could interview Brian, what five (5) questions would you ask him? Record a list of these questions in your journal.

47 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? Writing Assessment #1: Informative/Explanatory After reading Hatchet, write a multi-paragraph essay that answers all of the following questions: What events in the story led to Brian going from a dependent “city boy” who knew very little about how to take care of himself, to a self-reliant, strong young man who knew how to survive alone in the wilderness? What character traits did Brian acquire while surviving for 54 days? Use evidence from the story that shows how Brian changed. Provide support for your ideas by paraphrasing sentences from the book that support your understanding.

48 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? Writing Assessment #1 Writing Tasks: Prewriting Begin Drafting

49 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? Writing Assessment #1 Writing Tasks: Complete Drafting Begin Revising & Editing

50 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? Writing Assessment #1 Writing Tasks: Complete Revising & Editing Peer Review

51 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? Writing Assessment #1 Writing Tasks: Last Chance at Revising & Editing Final Drafts

52 E.Q.: How do we use textual evidence to support our ideas in writing? Writing Assessment #1 Writing Tasks: Final Drafts Proofreading

53 E.Q.: How can we determine the author’s purpose for writing? Vocabulary List #5 1.furrow – 2 6. comprehension – 5 2.pullets – 2 7. dignified – 5 3.dainty – 2 8. obstinate – 5 4.ravine – 2 9. vain – Guest 5.ceremonial – futile – Guest 1-8 – “A Worn Path” by Eudora Welty9-10 – “See it Through” by Edgar Guest

54 E.Q.: How can we determine the author’s purpose for writing? The Great Depression What do you know about The Great Depression? Write this question in your journal. Think back to what we have learned in our earlier units. Answer this question. Make sure to include examples.

55 E.Q.: How can we determine the author’s purpose for writing? Race Relations What do you think race relations were like during The Great Depression? Eudora Welty “A Worn Path” As we read, look for the different obstacles that Phoenix faced along her journey.

56 E.Q.: How can we determine the author’s purpose for writing? Obstacle Tree Map Create a Tree Map to record the obstacles that Phoenix encountered. There are three types: Physical Interpersonal Social

57 Tree Map

58 E.Q.: How do authors develop characters? Modern Day Obstacles What obstacles do you think Phoenix would face if she were here today? Write this question in your journal. Think back to the obstacles you recorded yesterday. Write an answer to this question in your journal. Make sure to include modern day examples.

59 E.Q.: How do authors develop characters? Class Tree Map Who is Phoenix? We are going to create a class tree map that gives a complete description of this character. Remember, a character is more than their outward appearance. You will work in groups to create posters for presentations.

60 Tree Map

61 E.Q.: How does knowing the historical context of literary works help us comprehend texts better? Incorporating World Events How would you incorporate a world event into a fictional story? Write this question in your journal. Think about world events that you know something about. Write a summary of a story that you could write using a well known world event.

62 E.Q.: How does knowing the historical context of literary works help us comprehend texts better? “See it Through” by Edgar Guest As we read today, think about how this story compares to elements that we saw while reading Hatchet. Draw a Double Bubble Map and Compare these two literary works?

63 E.Q.: How does knowing the historical context of literary works help us comprehend texts better? Tone Words Tone words are used in both of these selections to create an emotional response. Go back and look at this poem and notice these elements: Word Choice Tone Emotion

64 E.Q.: How does knowing the historical context of literary works help us comprehend texts better? How are tone words used in poetry? “If” by Rudyard Kipling What does this poem say to you? Answer this question in your journal.

65 E.Q.: How can summarizing and paraphrasing help us better understand texts? Summarizing and Paraphrasing How are these two things alike? How are they different? Write these questions in your journal. Answer each question. Use examples to explain your thinking.

66 E.Q.: How can summarizing and paraphrasing help us better understand texts? Summarizing and Paraphrasing As I read each summary try to guess the name of the book. Write these in your journal.

67 E.Q.: How can summarizing and paraphrasing help us better understand texts? The Narrative Text - Notes Purpose – To tell a story or give an account of a sequence of events. Elements of a Narrative Text: Character Theme Dialogue Setting Conflict – Internal, External Plot – Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Resolution/Denouement

68 E.Q.: How can summarizing and paraphrasing help us better understand texts? Narrative Frame Questions: 1.Who are the main characters, and what distinguishes them from others? 2.When and where did the story take place? What were the circumstances? 3.What prompted the action in the story? 4.How did the characters express their feelings? 5.What did the main characters decide to do? Did they set a goal, and, if so, what was it? 6.How did the main characters try to accomplish their goal(s)? 7.What were the consequences?

69 E.Q.: How can summarizing and paraphrasing help us better understand texts? Writing a Summary Choose either Hatchet or “A Worn Path.” Using the framework questions as a guide, write a summary of your chosen text.

70 E.Q.: How does background knowledge help in comprehending the text? Vocabulary List #6 1.mettle contrition marauding chivalry specter supplication arrogant inquisitive accolade vacuum – “Brothers are the Same” by Beryl Markham 6-10 – “Through the Tunnel” by Doris Lessing

71 E.Q.: How does background knowledge help in comprehending the text? “The greatest thing in the world is to know how to belong to ourselves.” Michel Montaigne What does this quote mean? What character traits must you have to “belong to yourself.” Write these questions in your journal. Answer them using examples from our reading.

72 E.Q.: How does background knowledge help in comprehending the text? “Brothers are the Same” by Beryl Markham The Masai: Life on the Serengeti Rites of Passage

73 E.Q.: How do writers develop theme in a short story? What “rite of passage” are you looking forward to and why? Write the question and your answer in your journal.

74 E.Q.: How do writers develop theme in a short story? What is theme? (Most of you got this wrong on your Movie Comparison Worksheet and on the Vocabulary Homework!) Write the question and your answer in your journal.

75 E.Q.: How do writers develop theme in a short story? Coastal Landscapes of England “Through the Tunnel” by Doris Lessing Double Bubble – Compare and Contrast the Geographic Settings of these two selections.

76 E.Q.: How do writers develop theme in a short story? Symbolism – Answer these questions in your journal. “Through the Tunnel” is also a rite of passage story, but the expectations for the character are not so clear. What symbols do you see in this selection that illustrate the passage from childhood to adulthood? What symbols do you see in our culture that represent the rite of passage?

77 E.Q.: How does Point of View (POV) affect the meaning of a story? What is POINT OF VIEW (POV)? Write this questions and your answer in your journal.

78 E.Q.: How does Point of View (POV) affect the meaning of a story? “Why, darling, would you rather not come with me?” (pg. 1) Why do you think Jerry doesn’t want to hurt his mother’s feelings? Write the question and your answer in your journal.

79 E.Q.: How does Point of View (POV) affect the meaning of a story? Comparison Chart – Cause & Effect Partner Charts – How were the main characters’ relationships with others affected? Presentations

80 E.Q.: How does a writer develop character? What character traits do you think you need to handle life’s problems? List five traits that you believe are essential for YOUR life.

81 E.Q.: How does a writer develop character? Character Traits Tree Maps Create a tree map using the five essential traits you have listed. Explain how they were demonstrated in at least one of our reading selections from this unit. Find evidence that conveys the character traits that each main character acquired to successfully deal with their internal conflict.

82 E.Q.: How do I effectively present my ideas in a writing assignment? Vocabulary List #7 1.conveyed – p 6. guidance – s 2.traits – p 7. revising – s 3.protagonist – p 8. editing – s 4.achieve – p 9. task – s 5.coherent – s 10. style – s p = PromptS = Standard

83 E.Q.: How do I effectively present my ideas in a writing assignment? How can I use words to express myself? Write this question in your journal. Make a list of all the ways you use writing to express yourself.

84 E.Q.: How do I effectively present my ideas in a writing assignment? Writing Assessment #2 – Informative/Explanatory Michel Montaigne wrote that, “The greatest thing in the world is to know how to belong to ourselves.” After reading the short stories, “Through the Tunnel” and “Brothers are the Same,” examine the texts to determine how both authors conveyed the similar theme. Discuss how the theme is approached differently by each author. What character traits did each protagonist need to develop in order to achieve their own identity? You must include evidence from both texts in your essay.

85 E.Q.: How do I effectively present my ideas in a writing assignment? Prewriting – You already DID this! Look at your journal and tree map! Drafting – Follow the procedures!

86 E.Q.: How do I effectively present my ideas in a writing assignment? Writing Assessment #2 Drafting – Finish Up! Revising & Editing

87 E.Q.: How do I effectively present my ideas in a writing assignment? Writing Assessment #2 Revising & Editing Final Drafts Proofreading – Read it through one LAST time!


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