Presentation on theme: "Forming the Young to Celebrate the Paschal Mystery"— Presentation transcript:
1Forming the Young to Celebrate the Paschal Mystery Liturgical Preparation and Planning for Schools & Religious Education ProgramsReverend Joshua R. Brommer, STLDiocese of Harrisburg
2Who plans the Liturgies in your school and parish? The answer for everyone: THE CHURCH!
3What does the Church Provide All the words and the actions for the prayers of the MassThe Words: “Euchology”The Actions: “Rubrics”General Instruction of the Roman Missal (GIRM)The Prayers (“Words”) include the chants for the Mass“Common”“Proper”The Scriptural readings for the Mass
4Where do I look to find this information? The Roman MissalThe LectionaryThe “Ordo” (The Order of Prayer in the Liturgy of the Hours and the Celebration of the Eucharist)Lays out the liturgical plan for every day of the yearPublished each year for each diocese or groups of diocesesAvailable in the sacristy or from the pastor
5Why is this important?When we prepare the celebration of the Holy Eucharist for our communities, we look to connect to the life of the Universal ChurchLiturgical SeasonsSolemnities, Feasts, Memorials (Optional & Obligatory)Special days (i.e. days of prayer and penance)When we prepare the celebration of the Holy Eucharist with the mind and the heart of the Church, we allow the Holy Spirit to work through the Liturgy, without getting in the wayThe Sacred Liturgy is the “Opus Dei” = the work of God
6The Sacred Liturgy is a Teacher! As the “source” and “summit” of the Christian Life, the Sacred Liturgy imparts the grace we need to live out our Christian livesThe Sacred Liturgy teaches us about the Triune God while bringing us into communion with the Triune GodThe Sacred Liturgy teaches us how to pray by giving us the words and the actions that are the foundation of Christian spiritualityThe Sacred Liturgy teaches us how to live as the community of believers in the world by providing us an opportunity to experience the Kingdom of God
7How can we translate this to the Young? Before all us, we must be students (disciples!) of Christ and of the Sacred LiturgyWe must hold ourselves accountable to the mind of the Church by being disciplined (good students!)Look to the Church to begin the preparation of the LiturgyBe objective and follow the regulations of the ChurchWe need to take the opportunity to teach and explain what is happening at Mass in general and at particular MassSymbols need to be explained in order to be understoodThis is the work of “mystagogy”
8Music at Mass“Do not sing at the Liturgy. Sing the Liturgy!”
9What should be sung at Mass? The Roman Rite is a sung rite.Music is essential to the celebration of Mass1967 document: Musicam Sacram1st Degree: dialogues & presidential prayers, Preface, Sanctus, greetings, Lord’s Prayer, Sign of Peace, dismissal2nd Degree: Kyrie, Gloria, Agnus Dei, Creed, Prayer of the Faithful3rd Degree: Entrance & Communion chants, Alleluia, Offertory chant, readingsWhat does this teach us? Singing the words of the Mass are more important than any other “songs” or “hymns” we may add to the Liturgy.
10Principle of Progressive Solemnity Mass Sunday/Solemnity Feast Memorial/ FeriaEntrance chant sung sung [sung]Greeting sung sungKyrie sungGloria sung sungCollect sung sungResponsorial Psalm sung sung [sung response]Gospel Acclamation sung sung [sung]Creed [sung]Prayer of the Faithful [sung]Offertory chant sung/instrumental sung/instrumentalPrayer over Offerings sung sungEucharistic Prayer sung sung [sung]Lord’s Prayer sung sungRite of Peace sungFraction Rite sung sung [sung]Communion chant sung sung [sung]Hymn of Praise sungPrayer after Communion sung sungBlessing & Dismissal sung sungMusic after Mass sung/instrumental sung/instrumental
11What about a normal weekday school Mass? At every school Mass, these parts should always be sung:Entrance ChantResponsorial PsalmGospel AcclamationSanctusMemorial AcclamationGreat AmenLamb of GodCommunion ChantWhenever there is a feast or Solemnity?The Gloria is sung.
12How do I make the choices for music? The Parish Music program should help us guide our choices, even when several parishes feed into one schoolWe are forming young people to participate in the Sunday Liturgy of their parishes, not just the school LiturgiesChoices for the Ordinary of the Mass (i.e. “Mass Setting”) should be done in conversation with the music ministers of the local parish(es)The Roman Missal propers should guide our choices for the Entrance and Communion chants before the LectionaryGo to the Missal before the Lectionary
13How do I make the choices for music? Take account of the Seasons of the Church Year that may influence choicesAdvent & Christmas have distinct characters, don’t sing carols during AdventLent forbids the singing of the “Alleluia”, while Easter sings “Alleluia” every chance it getsStay away from anything that smacks of “theme” MassesThe only theme for every Mass is the Paschal Mystery – the death and resurrection of Jesus ChristMasses don’t belong to any one group of people or any particular “class” or “grade” in a school
14How do I make the choices for music? Be careful of the texts you choose for hymns and chantsUnfortunately, not every hymnal has the best resourcesUnfortunately, not every publisher is giving you quality musicUnfortunately, some of the hymns are hereticalChoose “texts” before you choose a style or song that you likeMass is not about entertainment, it is the worship of GodEngaging young people is not the same as entertainmentReverence and a sense of the Sacred should not be discountedJust because it’s new, doesn’t make it betterDon’t forget to draw from the riches of the Church’s treasury
15Liturgical Formation means Christian Formation Teaching young people how to pray and participate at Mass is one of the central obligations we have as catechistsLearning how to participate in Mass at a young age prepare children for their lifelong commitment to Christ and to the ChurchSince participation in Mass is meant to be a foretaste of heaven, you are preparing them for eternity!
16Further Resources General Instruction of the Roman Missal (GIRM) Sing to the Lord: Music in Divine Worship (STL)Musicam Sacram (MS)G. Dennis Gill, Music in Catholic Liturgy: A Pastoral and Theological Companion to Sing to the Lord. Chicago: Hillenbrand Books, 2009.International Commission on English in the Liturgy (ICEL) Mass Chants:Corpus Christi Watershed Liturgical Music (free!)Oregon Catholic Press (for two Diocesan Mass settings)Kevin Keil, Mass of Saint Frances CabriniLuke Mayernik, Mass of Saint Gregory the Great