Presentation on theme: "Official Prayer of the Church"— Presentation transcript:
1Official Prayer of the Church The LiturgyOfficial Prayer of theChurch
2Answer these ?s in you notebook. What is the Paschal Mystery?What is the Church?Why do we study the Liturgy after our study of the Paschal Mystery and the Church?Why does our study of the sacraments begin with a study of the Liturgy?
3Answers. What is the Paschal Mystery? What is the Church? The work of salvation accomplished by Jesus mainly through his life, Passion, death, Resurrection and AscensionWhat is the Church?The whole membership of the baptized who work in union with each other to participate in God’s work.Why do we study the Liturgy after our study of the Paschal Mystery and the Church?Our understanding of the paschal mystery and the Church is necessary to our understanding of the importance of the liturgyWhy does our study of the sacraments begin with a study of the Liturgy?The sacraments are one part of the liturgy. We must understand the whole idea of the liturgy to then understand any liturgy that is part of the wholeRead article 1, pages 9-14
5Introduction to the Liturgy What is Liturgy?What is the connection between the Holy Trinity & Liturgy?What is the Liturgical calendar?What is the importance of Liturgical rites and Traditions?How do we celebrate the Liturgy?
6The Liturgy What is the Liturgy? The official, public, communal prayer of the ChurchGod’s work of salvation in which we are called to participateRitual, repeated, meaningful symbols and actionsDecreed by Jesus “Do this in Memory of Me”
7What is the Liturgy?The Church’s official, public, communal prayer. It is God’s work in which the People of God, the Church, participate. The most important Liturgy is the Eucharist or the Sacrifice of the Mass.Eucharist carries out Jesus command to “Do this in Memory of Me”Comes from the Latin, leitourgia, meaning the peoples’ workThe Liturgy is the general term for all liturgies. We can participate in a LiturgyMassSacramentsLiturgy of the HoursCatholic funerals
8Liturgical Books Roman Missal Lectionary for Mass Book of Gospels Used by the priest at Mass, contains all the prayers of the MassLectionary for MassContains the readings for Mass, first, second, responsorial psalm and gospel acclamationsBook of GospelsContains only the GospelsRite of Baptism for childrenContains the rituals necessary for baptism. Each sacrament and other blessings and consecrations has a separate bookLiturgy of the HoursReadings, hymns and prayers for the seven “hours” of the day. There is a book for each “season” of the year
9Work of God As a community we are the “Body of Christ”. We are adopted children of God through Jesus and the Holy SpiritWe were wounded by Original Sin therefore needed God’s help to restore the original state of perfect communion with Him.God promises salvation to the first humans and then begins his work with Abraham, Moses, the judges, David, and the prophets.Through Jesus, God intervenes and restores our relationship through the Paschal Mystery. Our redemption is accomplished.Through Jesus we receive a new law that fulfills the old law.Through the Holy Spirit we share the grace of God that helps us to live the new law.When we gather for liturgy we celebrate the Paschal mystery and receive the grace of the SpiritWe are called to gather together and participate in liturgy that in turn encourages us to go out and bring the good news to others
10CreationCreated in Original JusticeOriginal Sin breaks our relationshipGod promises to help restore our relationshipSalvationHistoryGod begins to work for our salvation by setting his plan in motion with AbrahamHis plan continues through Moses and the Law, David and prophetsRedemptionThrough His life, passion, death, resurrection and ascension (Paschal mystery) Jesus restores our relationship with GodThe Church with the help of the Holy Spirit continues the work of salvation.LiturgyThe Liturgy is the way we participate in God’s work of salvation
11Liturgy, Scripture & Tradition Where does our Liturgy come from?Christ is its originScripture and Tradition give us the essential elements of LiturgyTransmit the Word of GodForm a single deposit of faithThe beliefs handed down from the time of the Apostles that makes clear the truths that cannot be laid aside since they are part of God’s revelation.The Magisterium, with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, is responsible for interpreting the deposit of faithThe traditions that have influenced the Liturgy are customs, things we do because they are part of our history and cultureWashing handsEssential elements are kept where traditional elements may be kept, modified or eliminated with the guidance of the Magisterium
12Origin in ChristTradition comes from the word traditio that means to “hand on or give over”.Our liturgy has been handed on to us by Jesus“took bread, said the blessing, broke it and giving it to the Apostles said “take and eat, this is my body”“I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus, on the night he was arrested, took bread….Our liturgy has been handed on as the richest inheritance of the ChurchRead article 2, pages 14-18
13The Holy Trinity & The Liturgy Liturgy is TrinitarianThe Trinity is at work in the Church’s Liturgy- Father, Son, & Holy SpiritTrinity is the central mystery of the Christian faithBegins with “In the name of the Father…”Ends with a blessing of the Holy TrinityEach person is involved in the Church’s LiturgyFather is the source of all blessings of creation and salvationJesus who became incarnate to redeem us is central in the LiturgyChrist’s gift of himself is made present to us by the power of the Holy Spirit
14The Rublev Icon Andrei Rublev, 1425 Icon image or representation used for prayer in Eastern worship
15Trinitarian LiturgyIn every liturgy, especially the Seven Sacraments, the Church encounters God, Father, Son, and Holy SpiritSacrament is something that makes Christ present to usLiturgy is sacramentalChurch is sacramentalThrough sacraments we receive God’s grace, a sharing in his life and love; we are drawn into communion with the TrinityWe are justified, made righteous and holyWe are prepared for life in perfect communion with God in heavenLiturgy is the prayer of the Church, in heaven, on Earth and in PurgatoryWe are connected to all of those outside of time and space, Mary, angels, saints, etc.
16“Through Christ Our Lord” We are united with the Trinity because God the Father saves us through the actions of God, the Son, and we are able to live as Christ with the help of God, the Holy Spirit.Christ is present in all liturgyIn the ordained minister who acts in the person of Jesus.In the assembly of people, as the “Body of Christ”In the Scripture, the “Word of God” that is an essential element of every liturgyIn the Eucharist, in a special way, Jesus is truly present in Body and Blood
17“In the Unity of the Holy Spirit” Prepares us to encounter JesusHelps the assembly to see Jesus Presence within itself, in the Scripture and in the sacramental actionsDuring the epiclesis, he transforms the bread and wine into the Body and Blood, the real presence, of Jesus, making Christ’s saving work present and active, here and now.The Holy Spirit helps us to take the message of God’s love to all whom we meet.
18Trinitarian DoxologyThrough Him, with Him, in Him, In the unity of the Holy Spirit all glory and honor is yours almighty Father forever and ever. Amen.
19Liturgical Calendar Celebrates God’s Time Celebrates the whole of the Paschal Mystery, from the Incarnation to PentecostAnticipates the end of timePurple Waiting, penanceWhite/Gold JoyGreen Hope
20Advent: Christmas: Ordinary Time: Begins the Liturgical year a time of preparation, 4 weeks before ChristmasTo celebrate the birth of God made fleshTo celebrate Jesus coming into our own heartsTo prepare for the final coming of JesusChristmas:Begins on Dec. 25th ends with the Solemnity of the Baptism of Jesus (3rd Sunday after Christmas)Includes Epiphany on the 12th day of Christmas (revelation to the Gentiles)Ordinary Time:Numbered with ordinal numbers.Two sections in the year,1st from Christmas to Lent,2nd from Pentecost to Advent.
21Lent: Easter Triduum Easter Season: Begins on Ash Wednesday Encouraged to fast, pray and give almsFocus on what Jesus did for usEaster TriduumThree Days when we remember in the most intense way the suffering and death of JesusBegins the evening of Thursday and ends Sunday evening (in the Jewish tradition)Holy Thursday: Mass of the Lord’s SupperGood Friday: Reflect on Passion narrative, venerate the CrossEaster Sunday: Easter Vigil on Saturday evening- great celebration with candles, fire, water and the welcoming of new membersEaster Season:Begins on Easter Sunday and continues to Pentecost Sunday, 50 days later.Coincides with spring (goddess Estre, goddess of Spring)Liturgy speaks of new lifeCenters on the hope of our new life, an everlasting life.Ends with Pentecost, the Church is revealed and we like the apostles are sent forth to carry out Jesus’ mission to the world
22Liturgical Rites & Traditions Roman Catholic Church (1)Eastern Catholic Churches (21)Latin RitesRoman Rite***Ambrosian RiteMozarabic RiteBragan RiteDominican RiteCarmelite RiteCarthusian RiteEastern RiteAntiochene RiteChaldean RiteByzantine RiteAlexandrian( Coptic, Ethiopian) RiteArmenian RiteFollows its own ancient traditions, has its own Bishops and different liturgical language and liturgical customsUnited under the leadership of the Bishop of Rome, the PopeThey either chose to remain united with the Roman church at the time of the Schism (1054AD) or reunited with it later.
23Celebrating the Liturgy All Liturgical celebrations are the same because Jesus is present in the same way whether a large or small group, a renown celebrant or a local priest, music or silent.Tips for celebrating the LiturgyBe there, physically, mentally and spirituallyAsk the Holy Spirit for help to fully participateListen and participate in the prayersListen to the readings and let them affect youFervently pray during the Prayer of the FaithfulIf there is singing, join in, singing hymns is like praying twice according to St. AugustineRespond during the liturgy with your heart as well as your mouthUse your whole body in prayerReceive Communion with reverence, you are holding the real body of ChristWhen you leave Mass, obey the command to “Go forth” and bring the good news out to the world with you.
24Structure of Liturgy Introductory Rites Liturgy of the Word GreetingOpening prayerLiturgy of the WordReadingsCelebration of SacramentEssential elementsLiturgy of the EucharistConsecration and reception of EucharistConcluding RitesBlessingDismissal
25Read Do 2 Samuel 7:1-5, 8-11, 16 Luke 1: 26-38 Follow these steps Identify a challenge that is presented in each reading.Describe the response to the challenge.What is the result of the response?Identify how the challenges are similar in the two readingsHow does this challenge relate to challenges in your own life?How does participating in the Liturgy help you to connect your life to the Paschal Mystery?
28Tanner, Henry Ossawa, “The Annunciation”, 1898 Michelangelo's Pieta
29Yet you do not blink. In the intimacy of a bedchamber Your soul is awakened from sleep, Fragile flesh before angelic brilliance. Your rumpled night sheets tossed aside, You listen in peace with your whole self To the question that will define history. Holding its breath for your answer, All heaven pauses. LET IT BE DONE TO ME Here it begins. In such utter simplicity, In quiet strength, at the appointed hour, With the rippled rungs of time at your feet, And the broad lines of history at your back. At the balance of His grace in your will, Eve reborn, humanity to be redeemed Through a child, from a virgin Whose name is Mary.J. Michael SparoughTanner, Henry Ossawa, “The Annunciation, 1898