Presentation on theme: "Understanding the Church"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding the Church Who’s RIGHT? Whose RITE?
2 The Direction of Intention Prayer My God, give me the grace to perform this action with you and through love for you. In advance, I offer to you all the good that I will do and accept all the difficulty I may meet therein. St. Ann, Pray for us.St. Francis de Sales, Pray for us
3 What’s the Difference?CHURCH: is an assembly of the faithful, hierarchically ordered, both in the entire world – the Latin Church – The Orthodox Church, or in a certain territory – a particular Church – Church of Venice.RITE: A particular body or group within a CHURCH that has its own unique set of procedures, laws, liturgical practices, that although distinctly unique, still hold to the doctrinal precepts of the Church. The Coptic Rite is part of the Latin ChurchThe Latin Church is comprised of 5 Major RITESRoman, Alexandrian, Antiochean, Byzantine and ChaldeanAnd 22 Sister RitesEX. Ruthenian Catholics, Coptic Catholics, Malabar Catholics
4 What’s the Difference between a RITE and a DENOMINATION? RITES are Churches that are in communion with the Roman Catholic Church. To be in communion with the Roman Catholic Church one must accept Roman Catholic doctrine.DENOMINATIONSTerm used for Protestant Churchesunited under a common faith and name and organized under a single administrative and legal hierarchy.Denominations are not in Communion with the Catholic Church
7 The Apostolic Churches Jerusalem: St. JamesAntioch: St. PeterRome: St. PeterAlexandria: St. Mark – Disciple of St. PeterConstantinople: St. AndrewOther Churches linked to Apostolic ChurchesJohn – Greece – PatmosPhilip – TurkeySt. Bartholomew and St. Jude – Armenia, northern Iraq, PersiaThomas, southern IndiaMatthew – Ethiopia
9 A Church DividedThe East-West Schismof 1054The First Split
10 West v. EastThe Church split along doctrinal, linguistic political and geographic linesResult: The Christian Church divides into the Western (Roman Catholic or Latin) Church and the Eastern (Orthodox) Church.
11 West v. East Doctrinal Differences Western ChurchPetrine Authority - supremacy of Bishop of RomeThe CreedFilioque – The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the SonMary – conceived without sinDoctrinal DevelopmentClerical CelibacyOrthodox ChurchAll Patriarchs hold equal authorityThe CreedThe Holy Spirit proceeds from the FatherMary – Capable of sin but did notImmutable DoctrineClerical Celibacy
12 The Latin Church – Roman Catholic Church Comprises about 87% of all Catholics – Christians in the WorldHeadquarters: RomeLeader: PopeLanguage: Latin (national languages used in Liturgies)Bishops appointed by PopeOther Associated Rites:Ambrosian – Milan, ItalyMozarabic – Christians of Islamic descentVariety of Eastern Rites
13 The Orthodox Church The term “Orthodox” translates from the Greek to mean “correctly believing” Comprises about 15% Christians in the WorldHeadquarters: Varies Istanbul, MoscowLeader(s): PatriarchLanguage: Greek (national languages used in Liturgies)Bishops elected by peers or by patriarchOther Associated Rites:Greek OrthodoxRussian orthodoxVariety of smaller Rites
14 Practical Questions Baptism Communion Marriage Ordination Both Churches recognize the sacramental validity of triune baptism formulaI baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy SpiritCommunionWhile both churches recognize the sacramental validity of the Eucharist – Real Presence – True Communion does not existCatholics could receive Communion in an Orthodox ChurchOrthodox Christians can not receive communion in a Catholic ChurchOrthodox Church objects to Roman Catholic receiving Communion in Orthodox churchMarriageRecognize the sacramental validity of MarriageOrdinationRecognize the sacramental validity of each others ordinations
15 The Protestant Reformation 1517 The Second Split
16 Before the Reformation The Avignon Papacy – – 1377Pope leave Rome – move to Avignon, FranceThe Great Western Schism – 1378 – 1415Were there really three Popes at once?A Political Mess: Europe DividedChurch weakenedPapal Palace, Avignon, France
17 Before The Reformation Social and Political FactorsWeaknesses in Catholic ChurchProliferation of Questionable Religious Rituals and PracticesCorruption and Abuses of Power in Church
18 Martin Luther Ninety-Five Theses contained an attack on papal abuses and the sale of indulgences by church officials.Saw the Reformation as something far more important than a revolt against the ChurchHe believed it was a fight for the gospel
19 The Rest of the Reformation Other Reform MovementsJohn Calvin, Henry VIII, John KnoxOnce church authority is abandoned Reformation splinters into many branchesDENOMINATIONS
20 Western Europe following the Protestant Reformation
21 The Protestant Denominations Conservative or Main LineBaptistEvangelicalsLutheranReformed- PresbyterianEpiscopalianMethodistsPresbyteriansAmishLiberalSame as first groups but with less structure and set styles of worshipCultsMormons. The Church of Jesus Christ of the of Latter-day SaintsJehovah's WitnessesUnitarianism... Universalism.Church of Scientology
23 Roman Catholics in the United States There are 70,259,769 Catholics in theUnited States (24.3% of the U.S. pop.),1,121,315,000 Catholics worldwide.New Church MembersInfant Baptisms: 985,141Adult Baptisms: 76,829Received into Full Communion: 75,429
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