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Understanding the Church

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Presentation on theme: "Understanding the Church"— Presentation transcript:

1 Understanding the Church
Who’s RIGHT? Whose RITE?

2 The Direction of Intention Prayer
My God, give me the grace to perform this action with you and through love for you. In advance, I offer to you all the good that I will do and accept all the difficulty I may meet therein. St. Ann, Pray for us. St. Francis de Sales, Pray for us

3 What’s the Difference? CHURCH: is an assembly of the faithful, hierarchically ordered, both in the entire world –  the Latin Church – The Orthodox Church, or in a certain  territory – a particular Church – Church of Venice. RITE: A particular body or group within a CHURCH that has its own unique set of procedures, laws, liturgical practices, that although distinctly unique, still hold to the doctrinal precepts of the Church. The Coptic Rite is part of the Latin Church The Latin Church is comprised of 5 Major RITES Roman, Alexandrian, Antiochean, Byzantine and Chaldean And 22 Sister Rites EX. Ruthenian Catholics, Coptic Catholics, Malabar Catholics

4 What’s the Difference between a RITE and a DENOMINATION?
RITES are Churches that are in communion with the Roman Catholic Church. To be in communion with the Roman Catholic Church one must accept Roman Catholic doctrine. DENOMINATIONS Term used for Protestant Churches united under a common faith and name and organized under a single administrative and legal hierarchy. Denominations are not in Communion with the Catholic Church


6 Why so many RITES?

7 The Apostolic Churches
Jerusalem: St. James Antioch: St. Peter Rome: St. Peter Alexandria: St. Mark – Disciple of St. Peter Constantinople: St. Andrew Other Churches linked to Apostolic Churches John – Greece – Patmos Philip – Turkey St. Bartholomew and St. Jude – Armenia, northern Iraq, Persia Thomas, southern India Matthew – Ethiopia


9 A Church Divided The East-West Schism of 1054 The First Split

10 West v. East The Church split along doctrinal, linguistic political and geographic lines Result: The Christian Church divides into the Western (Roman Catholic or Latin) Church and the Eastern (Orthodox) Church.

11 West v. East Doctrinal Differences
Western Church Petrine Authority - supremacy of Bishop of Rome The Creed Filioque – The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father and the Son Mary – conceived without sin Doctrinal Development Clerical Celibacy Orthodox Church All Patriarchs hold equal authority The Creed The Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father Mary – Capable of sin but did not Immutable Doctrine Clerical Celibacy

12 The Latin Church – Roman Catholic Church
Comprises about 87% of all Catholics – Christians in the World Headquarters: Rome Leader: Pope Language: Latin (national languages used in Liturgies) Bishops appointed by Pope Other Associated Rites: Ambrosian – Milan, Italy Mozarabic – Christians of Islamic descent Variety of Eastern Rites

13 The Orthodox Church The term “Orthodox” translates from the Greek to mean “correctly believing”
Comprises about 15% Christians in the World Headquarters: Varies Istanbul, Moscow Leader(s): Patriarch Language: Greek (national languages used in Liturgies) Bishops elected by peers or by patriarch Other Associated Rites: Greek Orthodox Russian orthodox Variety of smaller Rites

14 Practical Questions Baptism Communion Marriage Ordination
Both Churches recognize the sacramental validity of triune baptism formula I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit Communion While both churches recognize the sacramental validity of the Eucharist – Real Presence – True Communion does not exist Catholics could receive Communion in an Orthodox Church Orthodox Christians can not receive communion in a Catholic Church Orthodox Church objects to Roman Catholic receiving Communion in Orthodox church Marriage Recognize the sacramental validity of Marriage Ordination Recognize the sacramental validity of each others ordinations

15 The Protestant Reformation 1517
The Second Split

16 Before the Reformation
The Avignon Papacy – – 1377 Pope leave Rome – move to Avignon, France The Great Western Schism – 1378 – 1415 Were there really three Popes at once? A Political Mess: Europe Divided Church weakened Papal Palace, Avignon, France

17 Before The Reformation
Social and Political Factors Weaknesses in Catholic Church Proliferation of Questionable Religious Rituals and Practices Corruption and Abuses of Power in Church

18 Martin Luther Ninety-Five Theses
contained an attack on papal abuses and the sale of indulgences by church officials. Saw the Reformation as something far more important than a revolt against the Church He believed it was a fight for the gospel

19 The Rest of the Reformation
Other Reform Movements John Calvin, Henry VIII, John Knox Once church authority is abandoned Reformation splinters into many branches DENOMINATIONS

20 Western Europe following the Protestant Reformation

21 The Protestant Denominations
Conservative or Main Line Baptist Evangelicals Lutheran Reformed- Presbyterian Episcopalian Methodists Presbyterians Amish Liberal Same as first groups but with less structure and set styles of worship Cults Mormons. The Church of Jesus Christ of the of Latter-day Saints Jehovah's Witnesses Unitarianism... Universalism. Church of Scientology

22 The Newest Catholic Rite

23 Roman Catholics in the United States
There are 70,259,769 Catholics in the United States (24.3% of the U.S. pop.), 1,121,315,000 Catholics worldwide. New Church Members Infant Baptisms: 985,141 Adult Baptisms: 76,829 Received into Full Communion: 75,429

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