Presentation on theme: "Adolescence Psychology Chapter 11 Review. Physical Maturation Males Boys experience growth spurts about 2 years later than girls. Females Physical differences."— Presentation transcript:
Physical Maturation Males Boys experience growth spurts about 2 years later than girls. Females Physical differences between boys and girls is greatest during early adolescence.
Eating Disorders Bulimia nervosa: binge and purge – Psychological problem – Physical problem – Affects more females than males Anorexia nervosa: starvation
Groups Gang: a rebellious, antisocial group Crowds: they have strict rules concerning how their members dress Conformity: the need to conform to the group is physical appearance and activities is strongest during early adolescence
Identity Sense of Identity: most important psychological issue facing adolescents Marcia’s state of identity achievement – An understanding of fidelity. – Working toward reaching your goals. – Security within yourself.
Moral Reasoning Postconventional level: concepts of justice and honor
Parent-Teen Relations Poor communication between parent and adolescent contributes to juvenile delinquency Bickering and arguing between parents and adolescents is worst during early adolescence
Cultural Differences Rite of passage: change of status from adolescent to adulthood Before they are allowed to marry, boys of the Hamar tribe in Ethiopia have to be whipped by men of the tribe and then run across the backs of four castrated bulls that are lined side by side, and voila…he’s a man.
CHAPTER 11 REVIEW Textbook-end of chapter P. 345
Adolescence Early (2 & 3) Highest level of arguing with parents Females much more mature than males Middle (4 & 5) Don’t care about what others wear Less fighting, more harmony between adolescents and parents Late (1 & 6) A 15-year-old Females slightly more mature than males
True/False (7, 8, and 11=false) 9. An early maturing boy generally has a higher self-concept than an early maturing girl. 10. Both the clique and the gang have strict rules for how to behave.
Matching 17. c – has no identity and has stopped trying to find one 18. a – makes decisions about identity too soon 19. d – trial-and-error period 20. b –has a well-defined self concept a. foreclosure b. Identity achievement c. diffusion d. moratorium