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VIII Roman Catholic Burial Customs

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1 VIII Roman Catholic Burial Customs

2 Roman Catholic Terminology
Acolyte-An Alter attendant Alter-An elevated place or structure on which sacrifices are offered or at which religious rites are performed a table upon which the Eucharist or Holy Communion is offered Archbishop-The head of an archdiocese Archdiocese-A territory under the jurisdiction of an archbishop Bishop-Head of the diocese Cardinal-Dignity conferred upon Bishops or Priests making them princes of the Church (True spiritual leaders of the Church)

3 Roman Catholic Terminology
Celebrant-One who celebrates or leads the mass Christian Burial Certificate aka Christian Burial Permit aka Priestly Lines aka Priest Letter A letter or form from a priest stating the eligibility of the deceased for funeral rites according to the laws of the Roman Catholic Church Christian Wake-The prayer service for the Christian wake is a service now often used instead of the Rosary and/or Funeral Mass May be held in a location other than the church Cross-an emblem of the church consisting of 2 plain bars and right angles to each other Crucifix-A cross with a Corpus Christi

4 Roman Catholic Terminology
Crucifer-A person who carries a crucifix or cross in the Roman Catholic Church Deacon-A member of the clerical order (clergy) just below a priest Diocese-A geographical grouping of parishes under the jurisdiction of a Bishop Eucharist-The consecrated elements of Holy Communion Final Commendation aka Libera-The ending portion of the Funeral Mass; i.e. “May the Angels of Heaven lead you to paradise”

5 Roman Catholic Terminology
Funeral Mass aka Mass of Christian Burial-The name of the Funeral Service in the Roman Catholic Church Funeral Mass for a Child-The term for a Catholic Child’s Funeral Genuflect-The act of bending the knee as an indication of reverence or as an act of humility Holy Water-Water blessed by a priest for use in anointing the baptismal ceremonies IHS-The first 3 letters in the Greek word for Jesus INRI-An abbreviation for the Latin term meaning “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews”

6 Roman Catholic Terminology
Mass-The liturgical celebration of the Eucharist in the Roman Catholic Church Mass Card-A card on which a person requests the priest to say a mass for the soul of the departed. (Put with Money in an envelope; now it is called a Spiritual Bouquet envelope) Monsignor-An honorary title conferred upon a priest Nun or Sister-A woman who is a member of a religious order, especially one bound by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience Pall-A symbolic covering placed over the casket during the funeral mass ; called putting on of Christ; means establishing equality before God Parish-A geographical area over which a priest has jurisdiction

7 Roman Catholic Terminology
Parishoners-People who belong to the Catholic Church and belong to a particular Parish Paschal Candle aka Sheperd’s Candle-A candle placed near the casket during the funeral mass that signifies the everlasting light of Christ; typically white with symbols on it Pope-The head of the Roman Catholic Church; Bishop of Rome Prie Dieu (Pra Du) aka Kneeler aka Prayer Rail-A kneeling rail Priest-A title conferred by ordination

8 Roman Catholic Terminology
Requiem Candles- The 3 candles which are placed to the sides of the casket during the visitation and Rosary services (Nor used by Funeral Homes very often; now they only use the Paschal Candle) The Paschal Candle should replace the requiem candles Ritual of Anointing aka Sacrament of the Sick aka Sacrament of Extreme Unition aka Last Anointing aka Last Rites aka Last Sacrament-A ritual performed for those members of the Roman Catholic Church who are near death or have just died Rosary Beads-Beads and a crucifix used as an aid in the recitation of prayers

9 Roman Catholic Terminology
Rosary Prayers-Prayers recited in order at a rosary or vigil service Rosary Service aka Vigil Service-A prayer service in the Roman Catholic faith usually held in the funeral home some time prior to the Funeral Mass. Sacred Heart-A religious picture, usually of Jesus Christ Scapular-A piece of cloth or a medal having religious significance usually worn around the neck Sign of the Cross-A symbolic sign of the cross made with the hand

10 Roman Catholic Terminology
Spiritual Bouquet Cards-Documents similar to mass cards, which indicate that the individual sill say special prayers for the repose of the souls of the deceased or a request that such prayer be said by a priest or missionary Superior -A position held by the women in charge of the convent or order of nuns. (Mother Superior) Vestments-Ritual garments worm by the clergy White is the preferable color for Funeral Mass Vigil Candles-A set of 2 candles, one placed at the head and one placed at the foot of the casket during visitation

11 Roman Catholic Terminology
Wake-An all night vigil That period from death to the time of the funeral mass Wake Service-A prayer or scripture service usually held at the funeral home the evening before the funeral mass

12 Roman Catholic Paraphernalia
Holy Water Crucifix Candles-Paschal or Vigil Prie Dieu Tray for Mass & Spiritual Bouquet Cards

13 Roman Catholic Hierarchy
Pope Cardinal Arch Bishop Bishop Verbal Title-Bishop Written Title-The Most Reverend Monsignor Verbal Title-Monsignor Written Title-The Reverend Monsignor Priest Verbal Title-Father Written Title-The Reverend

14 Roman Catholic Customs
Notification of Clergy Not required by the church currently In the past, notification was required to administer the sacrament of anointing the sick Removal of Remains No restrictions upon the removal of the deceased layperson Restrictions may be enforced for Priests or Nuns Preparation of Remains No restrictions for laymen Restrictions may be enforced for clergy and nuns For Nuns; Breasts and Genitalia must be covered up; same for Priests

15 Roman Catholic Customs
Dressing and Casketing Layperson is dressed in clothing selected by the family A Priest or a nun will be dressed in vestments of the station in the church Rosary beads are placed in the hands of the deceased Crucifix may be placed on the outside of the foot of the casket and/or on the inside of the head panel Sacred heart may be placed in the inside head panel

16 Roman Catholic Pre Service Considerations
Wake service is usually held at the funeral home the night before the funeral mass Rosary prayers may be offered Priest usually officiates Flowers may be displayed in the visitation Casket is usually open during visitation Candles are placed near the casket Paschal, Vigil or Requium Candles Prie Dieu is placed in from of the casket Crucifix is placed behind the casket Place tray for mass cards

17 Catholic Funeral Mass Catholics celebrate a Funeral Mass because it is a glorious occasion to enter Heaven NOT held on Sundays or on certain Holy Days Family may meet at the Funeral Home for a final prayer service prior to the Funeral Mass Casket is covered with a Funeral Pall In the event a US Flag is on the casket, it should be removed prior to placing the pall on the casket Very few flowers are placed in the Catholic Church On certain Holy Days, no flowers are allowed in the Church Family is usually seated on the right side facing the alter

18 Catholic Funeral Mass Funeral Director and Casketbearers carry the casket into the Narthex (Entrance Way) Be certain to bring the church truck with you Priest will meet the casket in the Narthex to give a blessing over the casket Pall is placed on the casket at this point by the priest, may require the assistance of the Funeral Director of Casketbearer Friends may be seated in the church prior to the arrival of the Cortege Service is usually structured but may be altered by the priest

19 Catholic Funeral Mass Processional into the Church
Crucifix Other Acolytes Priest aka Celebrant May include more than 1 Priest Funeral Director Casket and Casketbearers Family Friends Funeral Directors “push and pull”

20 Catholic Funeral Mass As the procession enter the church, each Catholic will dip fingers into the Holy Water and make the sign of the cross As the family reaches the pew, each member will genuflect while facing the crucifix in the front The act of placing the right knee on the ground in humility Casket of the layperson, sister or brother who has not yet been ordained will be processed into church feet first Casket of priest or clergy will be processed in head first as if they were facing their congregation All caskets should be placed perpendicular to the alter

21 Catholic Funeral Mass At the conclusion of the mass, the Priest recites the Final Commendation (Prayers, Sprinkle of Water, and Incense) Final Commendation is the Funeral Director’s cue that the mass is nearly over, the Funeral Director should be in place at this point in the Funeral. Final Commendation is a blessing of the casket which includes incense and sprinkling of Holy Water Casket should be turned to move feet first (head first if Pope, Cardinal, or Bishop) The recessional out of the church is in the same order as the processional with all exiting feet first When the recessional reaches the Narthex, the pall is removed by the priest, Funeral Director, or Casketbearers

22 Roman Catholic Customs
Funeral Cortege Escort (Lead Car) Priest and Acolytes Honorary Casketbearers Active Casketbearers Casket Coach The Priest may choose to ride in the casket coach or in the lead car Family Friends

23 Roman Catholic Customs
Committal Service The Priest will usually lead and may be flanked by acolytes with crucifix, incense and/or Holy Water Priest should stand at the head of the casket with the casketbearers at the foot Priest lines are required for burial in a Catholic Cemetery Cremation is allowed if the intention is not to deny the resurrection of the body

24 IX. Church Architectures
Protestants: Methodists, Presbyterians, Episcopalians and Lutherans Two Types: Liturgical Non Liturgical

25 Liturgical Architecture

26 Liturgical Architecture
Traditional architecture is in the shape of a cross Contains center aisle Focal point is a cross or crucifix located on or near the alter Communion rail Contains Pulpit Lectern Gospel Side Epistle Side Transepts

27 Parts of the Liturgical Church
Gospel Side-Left side of the Church as you face the alter Epistle Side-Right side of the Church as you face the alter Transepts-The wings of the main part of the church, which may serve as small chapels for baptisms, weddings, and even small funeral services Narthex aka Lobby aka Vestibule aka Foyer-The entry way into a church or Funeral Home Sanctuary-The part of the church about the alter inside the chancel Chancel-Place about the alter of the church, usually enclosing the clergy and other officials Nave-The main body of the church where seating is provided

28 Non Liturgical Architecture

29 Non Liturgical Architecture
Contains center seating with side aisles Contains 1 center pulpit instead of a pulpit and a lectern Contains communion table instead of a rail Usually contains choir loft and/or Baptistery No prescribed focal point in the church Nave Narthex i.e. Baptist

30 X. Protestant Funeral Rites
Broken into Liturgical and Non Liturgical

31 General Protestant Funeral Rites
Considerations Look at seating before you arrive Know Custodial arrangements Will church allow viewing of remains? Where do we place flowers? Recession-do they file by or does casket and family leave first Honorariums Check with clergy Who do people make checks out to? Sometimes depends upon whether they’re church members Denominations-Will have own customs Denominations-An organized group of congregation with similar religious beliefs

32 Protestant Funeral Cortege
Escort car aka Lead car Funeral Director and/or Clergy Honorary Casketbearer Active Casketbearer Casket Coach Family Nothing should be between family & casket coach Friends

33 Protestant Funeral Rites
Liturgical Protestant Funeral Services aka Eucharist Centered Worship-A prescribed order or form of worship specific to a particular denomination which will include Eucharist or Holy Communication as its central element Uses rubrics-stated directions in prayer book for order of service Methodist, Lutheran, Episcopal Non Liturgical Protestant Funeral Services aka Scripture Centered Worship- A form or order of worship which uses scriptures as its central element Baptist

34 Liturgical Funeral Rites

35 Liturgical Funeral Rites
Lutheran-Synod-Branches of the Lutheran Church Episcopal Bishop is the Chief Pastor Confers Holy Orders Priest aka Rector-Ministers to the People (Where the word Rectory comes from) Deacon assists the Priest Methodist Lutheran Liturgical in Architecture Non Liturgical in Architecture Non Lit. in Service Lit. in Service

36 Liturgical Funeral Rites
Notification of Clergy Required for Episcopal funerals in the past, check with Episcopal Priest Not required for Lutheran or other Liturgical Churches Removal of Remains There are no religious restrictions Preparation of Remains

37 Liturgical Funeral Rites
Dressing and Casketing Layperson-Family chooses clothing Ecclesiastical aka Clergy-Use vestments and cleric collars Pre Service Considerations Visitation is usually held the night before the funeral at funeral home If visitation is held at the church prior to the service the same day, the casket should lay in state in the Narthex until the processional Check with clergy regarding the use and placement of flowers in the church Episcopal church usually prohibits flowers in the church

38 Liturgical Funeral Rites
Funeral Service Casket is usually closed and covered with a pall Casket is moved feet first Priest meets the casket as it enter the church The Casket is placed parallel to the alter Candelabrum may be used A candle holder designed to hold multiple candles

39 Liturgical Funeral Rites
Processional Crucifer or Crossbearer Officiant usually wears Vestments Funeral Director Casket with Casketbearer flanking casket Family

40 Liturgical Funeral Rites
Order of Service Scripture and prayer form the lectern or the alter Musical selection from the lectern (Person sings from the lectern) Eulogy or obituary from the pulpit Eulogy-An oration praising an individual after their death Funeral Sermon from the pulpit Musical selection form the lectern Benediction from the lectern Optional: Communion Follow the Rubrics

41 Liturgical Funeral Rites
Committal Service Commendation of the body to earth Priest sprinkles sand, earth of flower petals over casket in the shape of a cross The Lord’s prayer Final prayer by the Priest Conclusion: Blessing from the Priest

42 Non Liturgical Funeral Rites

43 Non Liturgical Funeral Rites
Order of Service No set order Consult Clergy or Clergy preference form May include a recitation of the “Affirmation of Faith” (Methodist or Presbyterian) Committal Service Brief Service with Scripture and Prayer (23 Psalm) May include auxiliary service (Masonic Eastern Star) Architecture Casket is Parallel in Church

44 Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites

45 Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites
Eastern Orthodox aka Greek Orthodox Cantor-Singer which assists the priest in the Greek Orthodox Funeral Rites Priest is the officiant of the Greek Orthodox Church Incense and Chanting are usually part fo the service Icon-Holy picture usually mosaic or painted wood Iconostasis-Partition that extends across the front of the church separating the sanctuary from the Solea Solea-Open area before the alter

46 Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites
Trisagion-3 short services or blessings that are part of the Funeral Rite First service is the night before the funeral Second service is the day of the funeral before going to the church Third is the committal service No religious restrictions for the following: Notification Removal Preparation Dressing & Casketing

47 Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites
Pre Service Considerations Visitation-Priest will be present during the first viewing Candles may flank each side of the casket Icon may be placed near the casket Orthodox cross may be placed near casket No funerals on Sunday or certain religious holidays Casket piece may be the only floral in the church Casket placed in the Solea with feet toward the alter Candles may be placed at each end of the casket

48 Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites
Last portion of funeral service is the Eulogy Following Eulogy, casket is turned so that is is parallel to the Iconostasis Following the funeral, family and friends pass by the casket and kiss the Icon Priests make the sign of the cross on the chest of the deceased with olive oil and sand After the priest makes the cross on th deceased, the casket is closed never to be opened again Priest leads the recessional from church to the casket coach

49 Eastern Orthodox (Traditional) Burial Rites
Procession is the normal cortege Committal Service (Brief) Readings Short Prayers Suicide gets normal funeral service Cremation is forbidden since it is the deliberate destruction of the body

50 Church of Jesus Christ of Later Day Saints

51 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter day Saints aka Mormons Started by Joseph Smith in 1830 Moved to Salt Lake City by Brigham Young in 1874 There are no religious restrictions for the following: Notification of the death Transfer of the remains Preparation of deceased

52 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Casket is the choice of the family with no restrictions Dressing is the choice of the family if the deceased had not gone through Temple Ordinances If the deceased had gone through Temple Ordinances, the deceased will wear clothing provided by the church Pre Service Considerations Members of the Mormon Church will not use tobacco, coffee, tea or caffeinated soft drinks during visitation Service room should be plain with no religious objects

53 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Mormon Burial Clothing Male Female White Robe -White Slip White Shirt -White Hose White Tie -White Moccasins White Socks -White Robe White Moccasins -White Sash White Cap -White Veil External Green Apron -External Green Apron

54 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Funeral may be held at funeral home, cemetery or ward (small, side chapel) Funeral not held in Temple Order of Service Prelude Invocation Eulogy/Obituary Musical Selection Speaker Benediction Postlude

55 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Procession is normal cortege Committal Service (Brief) Prefer Earth Burial Permit Entombment Prohibit Cremation Scripture then Prayer

56 Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Ward-Local church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints under the guidance & direction of the Bishops and 3 counselors Stake-Geographic groupings of wards of the church Mission-Geographic grouping of staff’s of the church Bishop of the Ward is the officiant for the funeral rite At no time should the Bishop be offered an honorarium

57 Church of the Christian Scientist

58 Church of the Christian Scientist Burial Rites
Started by Mary Baker Eddy in 1866 Bible or Holy Scriptures: “Science & Health with Keys to the Scriptures” Church does not use ordained ministers instead laypersons are used Reader-One authorized to read the lesson and scriptures in the Church of Christ Scientist faith Prefer the Phrase “passed on” to died or death Notification of Death Since they do not use physicians, medical examiner must be notified to sign the death certificate

59 Church of the Christian Scientist Burial Rites
No religious restrictions for the following: Removal Preparation of the body Dressing and Casketing Pre Service Considerations Procession Funeral is not held at church and usually closed casket

60 Church of the Christian Scientist Burial Rites
Order of Service: Prayer Music Scripture Readings Eulogy Closing Prayer Committal Service Lead by the Reader

61 Fraternal Burial Rites
Fraternal-Belonging to Brotherhood Masonic Rites aka Free and Accepted Masons Master of the Lodge Deceased should have a lambskin apron Sprig of Evergreen-Everlasting Life Order of Eastern Star Most Worthy Matron Female relatives of masons who are master degree mason or higher 5 Carnations placed in Casket Red, Green, Blue, Yellow and White

62 US Burial Flag Uses

63 US Burial Flag Uses Cover casket with the Flag
Field of Blue should be over the heart of the deceased (Over left shoulder) Flag may have tri-fold over foot panel of casket Field of blue to the rear of the casket Fold into triangle and place on the corner of casket or in the head panel Held waist high during committal service Never lowered into the grave Never touch the ground

64 US Burial Flag Uses Never cover anything for an unveiling
Should be privately destroyed by burning Ideal flag fold is 5 stars on one side and 6 on the other Each branch has their own details Protocol officer will usually be involved to ensure no breach of protocol

65 Military Burial Rites

66 Military Burial Rites Military Procession Military Band Escort
Firing Squad and Commander of the Firing Squad Bugler Colors and Color Guards US Flag & the Flag of the Branch of Service of the deceased Clergy Caisson (Military Wagon) with casketed remains on top Casketbearers flank casket (Caisson) Honorary Casketbearers Family Chaplain of Clergy 21 Gun Salute-May be 3 of 21 volleys Taps

67 Military Burial Rites Folding and Presenting of the US Flag to the family Optional rites for high ranking officials Fly over in missing man formation Riderless horse with boots turned backward in stirrups

68 American Legion Funeral Rites

69 American Legion Funeral Rite
Requires 21 people for the Full Funeral Rite Chaplain-Clerical Person 1 Bugler (Sometimes 2, one is an echo) 2 Color Bearers (Flag Bearers) 2 Color Guards Flags are called colors, 2 Flags: US and Am. Leg. Post 1 Post Commander 7 Honor Guard Firing Squad 1 Commander of Firing Squad 6 Pall Bearers or Casket Bearers

70 American Legion Funeral Rites
Procession 1. Colors with Guards and Bearers 2. Chaplain, Commander of Post, Bugler-if in Procession 3. Casket Bearers 4. Firing Squad with Commander 5. Family 6. Post Members 7. Friends

71 American Legion Funeral Rites
Order (Following the words by the Chaplain) Firing Squad (Either 21 gun salute of 3 volleys by 7 gunmen) Taps Presentation of the Flag Taps words: Day is Done Gone the Sun From the Lakes From the Hills From the Sky All is well Safely rest God is nigh

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