Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

20 th Century Review. SUMMARY – Modernism emphasis on materials or expression instead of illusion a notion of progress & evolution poet Ezra Pound: “Make.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "20 th Century Review. SUMMARY – Modernism emphasis on materials or expression instead of illusion a notion of progress & evolution poet Ezra Pound: “Make."— Presentation transcript:

1 20 th Century Review

2 SUMMARY – Modernism emphasis on materials or expression instead of illusion a notion of progress & evolution poet Ezra Pound: “Make it new."  results in lots of “isms”

3 TRENDS ABSTRACTION FLATTENING OF PICTORIAL SPACE PRIMITIVISM EXPRESSIONISM CUBISM SURREALISM KANDINSKY PICASSO NOLDE DUCHAMP

4 definition Abstract art –– art which is either completely non-representational, or which converts forms observed in reality into patterns which are read by the spectator primarily as independent relationships, rather than with reference to the original source. Thames & Hudson Dictionary of Art Terms

5 KANDINSKY textbook example p. 396 Improvisation 28 (second version) 1912 Oil on canvas, 43 7/8 x 63 7/8 inches ABSTRACTION

6 Picasso Les Demoiselle d’Avignon 1907 CUBISM PRIMITIVISM p. 389 REMEMBER THE TITLE IN FRENCH

7 Nolde, Dance Around the Golden Calf, 1910 PRIMITIVISMPRIMITIVISM p. 396 EXPRESSIONISMEXPRESSIONISM

8 Duchamp, La Boite en Valide (L.H.O.O.Q.), 1919 DADA “appropriation”

9 Gropius – Bauhaus 1926

10 Mies van der Rohe Seagram Building 1957

11 listening example - DEBUSSY Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun (Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune) (1894) -- exoticism, mythical pastoral -- ambiguous (vague?) harmony -- very little, if any, recognizable conventional or traditional form -- very well received at its premiere by the public; it baffled the musical establishment -- emphasis on sonority (timbre & colorful harmony) -- called Impressionist, although Debussy hated the term

12 Stravinsky The Rite of Spring (Le Sacre du printemps) (1913; for very large orchestra) -- a ballet with a story line written in part by an anthropologist -- interested in primitive or exotic materials; what is behind the mask of civilization? TEXTBOOK CD

13 Stravinsky The Rite of Spring -- radically new: non-tonal, harsh unresolved dissonance, percussive, brilliant orchestral effects, extreme ranges, rhythmically and metrically very irregular and quite innovative -- a riot (somewhat staged) at its premiere; much publicity ensues TEXTBOOK CD

14 Schoenberg Listening example: Etwas Rasch (somewhat fast) from Six Little Piano Pieces, Op. 19 (1911) TEXTBOOK CD Blue self-portrait, 1910

15 TRENDS DISSONANCE “LIBERATED” “PRIMITIVISM” – MORE GENERALLY: FOLK MUSIC, AN ALTERNATIVE TO STANDARD PATTERNS & FORMULAS CHAOTIC SURFACES, CONSISTENT INNER WORKINGS EXPRESSIONISM CHAOS v. ORDER

16 SUMMARY – after WW2 MODERNISM CONTINUES – PROGRESS & MATERIALS; EACH WORK OF ART DICTATES ITS OWN TERMS [POLLOCK, abstract expressionism] CONCEPTUAL ART – ULTIMATE CHALLENGE TO THE VERY IDEA OF ART, THE ULTIMATE CONCLUSION OF MODERNISM? [SMITHSON Spiral Jetty] POST-MODERNISM – QUESTION NARRATIVE! [CHICAGO The Dinner Party]

17 Jackson Pollock, Lavendar Mist No. 1, 1950 compare p. 420

18 Robert Smithson Spiral Jetty, 1970 textbook p. 436

19 Frank Gehry p. 444

20 POMO CHARACTERISTICS OF POST-MODERNISM: QUOTATION, PASTISHE, COLLAGE CHALLENGES AUTHORITY OF “MASTER” NARRATIVE FOCUSES ON THE “CONSTRUCTED-NESS” OF NARRATIVE, AUTHORITY, REALITY (“deconstruction” is not just analysis) see p. 431

21 Judy Chicago p. 440

22 Gentileschi, Judith Slaying Holofernes, 1620 FAMOUS FEMALE ARTIST; A CARAVAGGISTI

23 Hildegard of Bingen Hildegard of Bingen Abbess, scholar, visionary, poet, musician, healer, spiritual leader One of the earliest “named” composers in the European tradition

24 Listening example by Hildegard of Bingen, c.1150 large intervals large or wide range (large ambitus) this is chant, but NOT Gregorian chant

25 music summary ORDER & CHAOS SURFACE CHAOS/INNER ORDER: Rite of Spring; serialism SURFACE ORDER/INNER ORDER: minimalism (Reich, Music for 18) SURFACE CHAOS/INNER CHAOS: chance methods (John Cage)

26 CAGE listening example John Cage ( ), Sonata II from Sonatas and Interludes for Prepared Piano (19 pieces composed ) -- influenced by gamelan and other non-Western music

27 Formed his own ensemble to play pieces like Drumming and Music for 18 Musicians STEVE REICH Preferred the term “process music”

28 definition Abstract –– considered apart from concrete existence; the genre of painting whose intellectual and affective content depends solely on intrinsic form (Amer Heritage Dict.) Roots of the term: removed from (concrete reality); to pull away from

29 Mondrian – 1940s p. 394 BROADWAY BOOGIE WOOGIE, X 50 in. ABSTRACTION

30 JOHN ADAMS LISTENING EXAMPLE NIXON IN CHINA an opera about... Nixon in China CD EXAMPLE The Chairman Dances


Download ppt "20 th Century Review. SUMMARY – Modernism emphasis on materials or expression instead of illusion a notion of progress & evolution poet Ezra Pound: “Make."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google