Presentation on theme: "The Rite of Spring Arthur Miller"— Presentation transcript:
1The Rite of Spring Arthur Miller 此页是标题页，完全由供稿者根据本课的内容自行设计。页面包括背景图，标题和作者姓名。
2The Rite of Spring W arming up B ackground T ext Analysis Unit 3W arming upB ackgroundT ext AnalysisR einforcement
3Questions / Activities The Rite of SpringUnit 3Questions / ActivitiesCheck-on PreviewWarming up此页是一级标题页（1）。正文区内是二级标题及其链接。右下角是与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接按钮。W=Warm up B=Background T=Text analysis R=Reinforcement放大的圆圈表示目前正在操作的部分。Objectives
4Questions / Activities Warming upQuestions / ActivitiesWill you be a good gardener? A quick quiz!1. Where is the best location to plant tall or climbing plants?A. North side of the garden B. East side of the garden C. South side of the garden D. West side of the garden2. Tomato plants that are “determinate” are more bushy plants, and tomatoplants that are 'indeterminate' are more viny plants True False3. Potatoes are in what family? A. Carrot Family (Umbelliferae) B. Tomato Family (Solanaceae) C. Pea Family (Leguminosae) D. Morning Glory Family (Convolvulaceae)4. What is the best level of soil ph for MOST plants?A. B C. D. 此页是讲授内容页。页头左侧的白字是一级标题，中间黑字是二级标题。
5Questions / Activities Warming upQuestions / ActivitiesWill you be a good gardener? A quick quiz!5. Pine needle mulch lowers the ph level of soil while peat mossraises the ph level.True False6. When a plant has beautiful lush foliage, but almost no fruit, theplant has an overdose of: (Ans: One 8-letter word)7. Tomato leaves that are purple and thin is a pretty good sign thatthey are lacking Potassium.8. Potato plants want lots of organic matter in the soil for thepotatoes to grow better. True False此页是讲授内容页。页头左侧的白字是一级标题，中间黑字是二级标题。
6Questions / Activities Warming upQuestions / ActivitiesNow Check Your Answer!1. North side of the garden. When the tall plants are planted on the north side, they don't block the sunfrom other smaller plants and also keep down the north winds.2. True. If you don't want to stake, you will want determinate. If not, go withindeterminate. 3. Tomato Family (Solanaceae). Eggplant, Tomato, Tomatillo, Potato, and Pepper are all in the tomato family. Most plants require ph levels of 6-7, but a few can tolerate 5.5 like corn,carrots, and potatoes. Others can grow well in soil ph of 7.5 like cabbage andcauliflower.此页是讲授内容页。页头左侧的白字是一级标题，中间黑字是二级标题。
7Questions / Activities Warming upQuestions / ActivitiesNow Check Your Answer!5. False. Pine needle mulch and peat moss are good for alkaline soils because theylower the ph level. 6. Nitrogen. Nitrogen will help produce lush foliage, but too much will make the plantconcentrate on the leaves instead of the fruit. 7. False. They lack phosphorus when the plants look like that.8. False. Too much organic matter will cause scabbing on the potatoes.此页是讲授内容页。页头左侧的白字是一级标题，中间黑字是二级标题。
8Warming upCheck-on PreviewSee the Preview Quiz on P67-70.
9Objectives Know something about the author Warming upObjectivesKnow something about the authorUnderstand the genre of essayLearn how to interpret and appreciate literary essay
10The Rite of Spring Author Genre Background Unit 3 此页是一级标题页（2）。 正文区内是二级标题及其链接。右下角是与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接按钮。W=Warm up B=Background T=Text analysis R=Reinforcement放大的圆圈表示目前正在操作的部分。Genre
11His Life Arthur Miller 1915-2005 Background A Harlem-born Polish-JewishboyMajored in journalism atUniversity of MichiganWrote first play in 1936Received BA in English in1938
12His Career Background First successful play: All My Sons, 1946 Huge success: Death of a Salesman, 1949The Crucible, 1953About Salem Witchhunt in 1692HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee), anti-communist McCarthyismAttended a HUAC hearing in 1956, refusing to give names;sentenced to a $500 fine or thirty days in prison, blacklisted,and disallowed a US passportConviction overturned in 1958Return to theatrical success: The Price, 1968Experimental drama in 1970s, unsuccessfulKept writing until 2004
13His Influence Background One of the greatest dramatists of the twentieth centuryPolitically engaged, commerciallysuccessful, social playsNumourous awards and honors:Three Tony Awards, Pulitzer Prize forDeath of the Salesman in 19491965, Elected the first Americanpresident of International Pen1993, awarded the National Medal ofArts 2001, selected for the Jefferson Lecture,the U.S government's highest honorfor achievement in the humanities
14BackgroundHis WorksDeath of a Salesman 1949; 1984 movie starring Dustin Hoffman)The Crucible, 1953, 1996 movie starring Daniel Day-Lewis
15His Marriage Background Mary Slattery, college sweetheart, 1940 Marilyn Monroe, 1956Brief affair in 1951Accompanied Miller to his 1956 trialMade The Misfits with Miller as the scriptwriterDivorced in 1961Inge Morath, 1962Son Daniel born with Down Syndrome; institutionalized at Miller’s insistenceSon-in-law, English actor Daniel Day-Lewis
16Genre Essay Background A short piece of prose often written from the author’s personal point of viewVague definition, great variety: literary, political, academic, journalistic, argumentative, expository, etc.Aldous Huxley: a literary device for saying almost everything about almost anythingPersonal and the autobiographical: these use "fragments of reflective autobiography" to "look at the world through the keyhole of anecdote and description ".Objective and factual: in these essays, the authors "do not speak directly of themselves, but turn their attention outward to some literary or scientific or political theme".Abstract-universal: these essays "make the best ... of all the threeworlds in which it is possible for the essay to exist".
17Genre Literary Essay Background Structure: rather loose, shapeless Types of essayFormal & Informal, Impersonal & FamiliarPost-Montaigne, the essay split into two distinct modalities: one remained informal, personal, intimate, relaxed, conversational, and often humorous; the other dogmatic, impersonal, systematic, and expositoryStructure: rather loose, shapelessSamuel Johnson: "an irregular, indigested piece, not a regular and orderly performance."Voice: usually “I”Reader’s role:The reader generally believes what the essayist says is true; he has been called on to join in the making of meaning
18Genre Literary Essay Background Famous essayistMichel de Montaigne, first to use the term in Essais, 1580Francis Bacon , “Of Studies”William HazlittCharles LambRalph Waldo Emerson
19Theme Text Analysis “The Rite of Spring” rite: a solemn ceremony or act; a set of fixed words or actsThe Rite of Spring by Stranvinsky: a sacred pagan ritual where the wise elders are seated in a circle and are observing the dance before death of the girl whom they are offering as a sacrifice to the god of Spring in order to gain his benevolenceWhat does “The Rite of spring” refer to in this text?How is gardening a rite? Does gardening carry any symbolic meaning?Is gardening a celebration of spring?
20The Rite of Spring Text Analysis Detailed Analysis Unit 3 Structure ThemeText AnalysisStructureDetailedAnalysis此页是一级标题页（3）。正文区内是二级标题及其链接。右下角是与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接按钮。W=Warm up B=Background T=Text analysis R=Reinforcement放大的圆圈表示目前正在操作的部分。
21ThemeText AnalysisHow do you understand the title “The Rite of Spring”?What about the timing of writing? Does it carry any significance?Does the author enjoy gardening? Find textual evidence.What does the author say about gardening?What is the author’s attitude towards gardening?
22Structure Text Analysis Gardening involves conflict and choice-making. I. Gardening as a celebration of the coming spring (1-2).II. Why gardening? (3-10)Gardening involves conflict and choice-making.Gardening teaches you about nature.Gardening is neurotic and moral.Gardening helps character building.III. Gardening enables people to stay hopeful for the future. (11-12)
23Detailed Analysis Part I: Main Idea Text Analysis What do you know about the facts of the author’s gardening?Why did they keep the garden?What do you make of the comparison between root crops and hot dogs?Why can’t he resist the temptation to plant despite the seeming unwillingness? Why “inevitably”?What do you think is the tone of para. 1?What do you think of the last few descriptive sentences in para. 2?正文区的首行是三级标题。右下角是退回细分目录页的返还按钮。这一层次的页面未设与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接是避免过多的层次显示。
24Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis There is a human instinct at work here, a kind of back-breaking make-believe that has no reality. (para.1)Back-breaking: physically hard and tiringMake-believe: believing in things that you want to believe because they are easy or exciting, but are not realAt work: (lit.) to be having an effect, usually an obvious or bad effectParaphrasing: Perhaps gardening is human nature. We like to exert ourselves year after year working in the garden, believing this year’s harvest will be better, just like we can always revive hope after repeated failures..
25Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis As it is, though, I cannot deny that when April comes I find myself going out to lean on the fence and look at that miserable plot of land, resolving with all my rational powers not to plant it again. (para.2)Analyze the grammatical structure of the sentence.
26Detailed Analysis Part I: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis And the sun means business…(para.2)Mean business: (infml) to want very much to achieve something, even if other people disagree with you; be serious about sth. you have to doParaphrasing: The sun shines more brightly and it’s getting warmer.
27Detailed Analysis Part I: Words & Expressions Text Analysis Words patch/plot; relatively; back-breaking; make-believe; waft; wormPhrasesa bunch of; tell apart (from); at work; mean business; as it is/ thoughSentence PatternGrammar
28Detailed Analysis Part I: Exercise Text Analysis 1. A bunch of ______/______/_____/_____/… 2. ______/______/_____/_____ … one’s way 3. 尽管意识形态上仍有不同，近年来两国间的合作不断加强。 4. 他这次似乎是认真的，还制定了一个详细的五年计划。 5. 一个难民小心地、慢慢地从铁丝网的下面钻了过去。
29Detailed Analysis Part I: Keys to Exercise Text Analysis 1. A bunch of people/flowers/vegetables/fruits/keys, etc. 2. work/make/shoulder/inch/bow/beg, etc. one’s way 3. 尽管意识形态上仍有不同，近年来两国间的合作不断加强。 Despite the ideological differences at work, the two countries have strengthened their cooperation in recent years. 4. 他这次似乎是认真的，还制定了一个详细的五年计划。 He seems to mean business this time; he has even made a detailed five-year plan. 5. 一个难民小心地、慢慢地从铁丝网的下面钻了过去。 A refugee carefully wormed his/her way through under the wire fence.
30Detailed Analysis Part II: Main Idea Text Analysis What does the author mean by saying that “conflict” sends him back to garden?What’s the difference between black plastic and hay mulch? Why does such difference matter? What does this say about gardening?Why does the author use fertilizers sparingly? Why does he say “I’m not sure”?How do you understand his claim that gardening is “neurotic” and “moral”? Do you agree?What do you make of the parent-children metaphor in para. 6?What do you think of the mother-in-law story? Why such a story?正文区的首行是三级标题。右下角是退回细分目录页的返还按钮。这一层次的页面未设与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接是避免过多的层次显示。
31Detailed Analysis Part II: Main Idea Text Analysis Why does the author say “I garden because I must”?How do you understand “A garden is an extension of oneself”?Where did gardening get Adam? What does this indicate?What is the general tone in this part? Does Arthur Miller love gardening or not?正文区的首行是三级标题。右下角是退回细分目录页的返还按钮。这一层次的页面未设与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接是避免过多的层次显示。
32Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis I’m not sure why I do this beyond the saving in fertilizer and my unwillingness to aid the weeds. (para.5)Beyond: except (in negative sentences)Eg. He has no idea of the current situation beyond what little he is told.Paraphrase: I don’t know why I only use very little fertilizer; maybe I don’t want to spend too much on fertilizer, or maybe I don’t want the weeds to thrive on fertilizer. But certainly there are more reasons.
33Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis She is an outspoken, truthful woman, or she was until she learned better. (para.8)Learn better: learn that it is not wise or moral to do sth.Cf. know better (than to do sth.): to be wise or moral enough not to do sth.Paraphrasing: She used to be a woman who spoke her mind and who was always straightforward in her speech, but now she has learned from experiences that it is not wise to do so..
34Part II: Sentence Paraphrase Text AnalysisDetailed AnalysisPart II: Sentence ParaphraseIn some pocket of the mind there might even be the tendency to change this vision into a personal assurance that all this healthy growth, this orderliness and thrusting life must somehow reflect movements in one’s own spirit. (para.9)Paraphrasing: In some small corner of the mind, I am even inclined to believe that such beautiful view of the garden can be transformed into a spiritual certainty; I feel certain that just like this well-organized and arranged garden and the life and vitality of everything growing in it, my spirit is equally active as well as in order.
35Detailed Analysis Part II: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis A garden in an extension of oneself – or selves – and so it has to be an arena where striving does not cease, but continues by other means. (para. 10)Paraphrasing: A garden is like your second self, or a projection of yourself in nature; whatever you do in real life continues in your garden. So a garden must be a state where your effort for achievements never stops, but carries on in different ways..
36Detailed Analysis Part II: Words & Expressions Text Analysis Words weed-free; broadcast; beyond; neurotic; thin (v.; unthinned); pocket; glisten/glitter; shade/colorPhrasesgo for; come into play; turn upon; cast aside/away; as it were; learn better; stand on one’s dignitySentence PatternGrammar.
37Detailed Analysis Part II: Exercise Text Analysis All that ________ is not gold.The grass _________ in the early morning dew.Shakespeare’s literary legacy is ________ compare.She dyed her hair a very unusual ________ of red.任何适用于本地学生的校规也适用于留学生。在朝鲜发射导弹问题上有多方力量参与。他们是最好的朋友，却在利益面前像死敌一样互相攻击。
38Detailed Analysis Part II: Exercise Text Analysis All that glitters is not gold.The grass glistened in the early morning dew.Shakespeare’s literary legacy is beyond compare.She dyed her hair a very unusual shade of red.All school rules for local students also go for overseas students.Many forces came into play on the issue of North Korea’s missile launch.They were best friends, but turned upon each other like deadly foes for profit.
39Detailed Analysis Part III: Main Idea Text Analysis According to the author, why is gardener a proper occupation for the father of mankind? What do you think?Do you agree that mankind is a creature of self-delusion? Why do you think Arthur Miller say this? What does “self-delusion” actually mean here?正文区的首行是三级标题。右下角是退回细分目录页的返还按钮。这一层次的页面未设与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接是避免过多的层次显示。
40Detailed Analysis Part III: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis Only the gardener is capable of reviving so much hope that this year, regardless of drought, flood, typhoon, or his own stupidity, this year he is going to do it right! (para.11)Paraphrasing: Only the gardener can become hopeful after repeated failures and believe that this year he is going to have a good harvest, even though there might be disasters like drought, flood, typhoon, and even though he himself is foolish.
41Detailed Analysis Part III: Sentence Paraphrase Text Analysis Leave it to God to have picked the proper occupation for the only creature capable of such self-delusion. (para. 11)Leave it to sb. to do sth.: to allow someone to make a choice or decision about something, or to make someone responsible for somethingParaphrasing: God has done His job properly and chosen the right occupation for mankind, because only man can “deceive” themselves willingly, only man can regain hope after repeated failures, believing in new and better possibilities.
42Detailed Analysis Part III: Words & Expressions Text Analysis Words Phrasesbe capable of ; revive hope; self-delusion; for honesty’s sake;Sentence PatternLeave it to sb. to do sth.Grammar
43Detailed Analysis Part III: Exercise Text Analysis 管理层决定把这个合同交给约翰去谈，因为他们知道他绝不会打没有准备的战。The management decided to leave it to John to negotiate for the contract, as they knew he would never leave it to chance.
44The Rite of Spring Reinforcement Discussion Retelling Unit 3 此页是一级标题页（4）。正文区内是二级标题及其链接。右下角是与主目录页及其他一级标题页的链接按钮。W=Warm up B=Background T=Text analysis R=Reinforcement放大的圆圈表示目前正在操作的部分。Retelling
45Discussion Reinforcement Summarize what Miller says about gardening . Compare what he says with the metaphors of gardening in “Mandela’s Garden”. What are the differences and similarities?Have you ever had any experience in gardening? What do you think of gardening?Do you think what Miller says still holds in the contemporary world?Now what do you think of Miller’s attitude towards gardening? What do you think of the way he expresses himself?
46Discussion Irony Reinforcement Definition: the surface meaning and the underlying meaning of what is said are not the sameIrony consists in stating the contrary of what is meantTypes of ironyVerbal irony is a disparity of expression and intentionDramatic irony is a disparity of awareness between actor and observerSituational irony is the disparity of intention and result
47Discussion Irony Reinforcement Can you find where the irony is in “The Rite of Spring”?TitleTime of writingVerbal irony
48ReinforcementFurther Reading“Of Gardens”, by Francis Bacon