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Wines of the Southern Hemisphere. History 1661 1661 Constantia Constantia KWV KWV South Africa.

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Presentation on theme: "Wines of the Southern Hemisphere. History 1661 1661 Constantia Constantia KWV KWV South Africa."— Presentation transcript:

1 Wines of the Southern Hemisphere

2 History Constantia Constantia KWV KWV South Africa

3 Legislation Wine of Origin Wine of Origin 75% variety 75% variety 75% vintage 75% vintage 75% origin 75% origin “Estate” “Estate” South Africa

4 Grapes 85% White 85% White 30% Steen 30% Steen Red Red Cabernet Sauvignon Cabernet Sauvignon Cinsault Cinsault Tinta Barrocca Tinta Barrocca Pinotage - Pinot Noir X Cinsault Pinotage - Pinot Noir X Cinsault South Africa

5 Regions Cape Town Olifant’s River Overberg Paarl Stellenbosch Piketberg Swartland Tulbagh Worcester Klein Karoo Robertson Swellendam South Africa

6 Tulbagh Paarl Durbanville Constantia Olifantsrivier Worcester Robertson Klein Karoo Overberg Elgin Bay Walker Bay Swartland

7 History 1556 Father Juan Cidron 1556 Father Juan Cidron 18th Century - trade with Buenos Aires 18th Century - trade with Buenos Aires First French Varieties First French Varieties Railway Railway 1920’s - Phylloxera discovered 1920’s - Phylloxera discovered 1950’s & 60’s - Huge domestic consumption 1950’s & 60’s - Huge domestic consumption 1980’s - Difficult financial time 1980’s - Difficult financial time 1990’s - Foreign investment & exports 1990’s - Foreign investment & exports Jujuy Salta Catamarca La Rioja San Juan Mendoza La Pampa Rio Negro Buenos AiresArgentina

8 Grapes Malbec Malbec Cabernet Sauvignon Cabernet Sauvignon Bonarda Bonarda Barbera Barbera Criolla Criolla Chenin Blanc Chenin Blanc Ugni Blanc Ugni Blanc Torrontes Torrontes Chardonnay Chardonnay Jujuy Salta Catamarca La Rioja San Juan Mendoza La Pampa Rio Negro Buenos AiresArgentina

9 Regions Jujuy Jujuy Salta Salta Catamarca Catamarca La Rioja La Rioja San Juan San Juan Mendoza Mendoza La Pampa La Pampa Rio Negro Rio Negro Jujuy Salta Catamarca La Rioja San Juan Mendoza La Pampa Rio Negro Buenos AiresArgentina

10 Maipo Rapel Curico Casablanca Aconcagua History Missionaries 1500’s Missionaries 1500’s No phylloxera, no downy mildew No phylloxera, no downy mildew 1850’s - Wealthy landowners established 1850’s - Wealthy landowners established wineries wineries Foreign investment in late 1980’s & 90’s Foreign investment in late 1980’s & 90’s SantiagoChile

11 Maipo Rapel Curico Casablanca Aconcagua Grapes Cabernet Sauvignon Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Merlot Sauvignon Blanc Sauvignon Blanc Chardonnay Chardonnay Pais - 50% of plantings Pais - 50% of plantings SantiagoChile

12 Maipo Rapel Curico Casablanca Aconcagua Legislation Region = 75% Region = 75% Grape Variety = 75% Grape Variety = 75% Vintage = 75% Vintage = 75% SantiagoChile

13 Maipo Rapel Curico Casablanca Aconcagua RegionsChile

14 History Farm Cove Farm Cove Fortified Wines Fortified Wines Western Australia Northern Territory Queensland South Australia New South Wales VictoriaAustralia

15 Grapes Shiraz Shiraz Cabernet Sauvignon Cabernet Sauvignon Grenache Grenache Chardonnay Chardonnay Riesling Riesling Semillon Semillon Western Australia Northern Territory Queensland South Australia New South Wales VictoriaAustralia

16 South Australia Barossa Valley Barossa Valley McLaren Vale McLaren Vale Clare Valley Clare Valley Coonawarra Coonawarra Padthaway Padthaway Riverland Riverland New South Wales Hunter Valley Hunter Valley Cowra Cowra Orange Orange Mudgee Mudgee Canberra Canberra Adelaide Sydney Melbourne Southeastern Australia Victoria Rutherglen Rutherglen Great Western Great Western Goulburn Valley Goulburn Valley Yarra Valley Yarra Valley Geelong Geelong Mornington Peninsula Mornington Peninsula

17 Southern Flinders Ranges Clare Valley Adelaide Hills Riverland Adelaide Plains Barossa Valley Eden Valley Langhorne Creek Currency Creek Southern Fleurieu Kangaroo Island McLaren Vale Mount Benson Padthaway Coonawarra Wrattonbully Adelaide South Australia

18 Alpine Valleys Murray Darling Swan Hill Yarra Valley Rutherglen Mornington Peninsula Henty Grampians Pyrenees Bendigo Heathcote Goulburn Valley Geelong Macedon Ranges Sunbury King Valley Beechworth Upper Goulburn Glenrowan Strathbogie Ranges Victoria Nagambie Lakes Melbourne

19 New South Wales Victoria Murray Darling Swan Hill Riverina Hunter Hastings River Mudgee Orange Cowra Hilltops Gundagai Tumbarumba Canberra Southern Highlands Shoalhaven Sydney Broke Fordwich

20 Western Australia Margaret River Geographe Peel Perth Hills Swan Valley Swan District Pemberton Manjimup Blackwood Valley Great Southern Frankland River Mount Barker Porongurup Albany Denmark Western Australia

21 White Sauvignon Blanc: 5,641 = 31% Chardonnay: 3,787 = 21% Riesling: 692 = 3.8% Pinot Gris: 397 = 2.2% Muller Thurgau: Pinot Blanc: 103 =.6% Gewurztraminer: 219 = 1.2% Red Pinot Noir: 3,120 = 17.2% Merlot: 1,396 = 7.7% Cabernet Sauvignon: 724 = 4% Malbec: 176 = 1% Syrah: 178 = 1% Auckland Wellington Christchurch New Zealand

22 Auckland Wellington Christchurch Label Laws 75% for Varietal Labeling 75% for named appellation Multi grape wines listed in order of % New Zealand

23 Regions (HA of grapes) Auckland (591) Auckland (591) Waikato/Bay of Plenty (151) Waikato/Bay of Plenty (151) Gisbourne (1,810) Gisbourne (1,810) Hawkes Bay (3,873) Hawkes Bay (3,873) Wairapa/Martinborough (737) Wairapa/Martinborough (737) Nelson (548) Nelson (548) Marlborough (8,539) Marlborough (8,539) Canterbury (716) Canterbury (716) Lower Otago (844) Lower Otago (844) Auckland Wellington Christchurch New Zealand


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