Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Technological Innovations in Crime Prevention Global Perspectives on CCTV: What Does the Research Reveal? Professor James Byrne Director, Global Centre.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Technological Innovations in Crime Prevention Global Perspectives on CCTV: What Does the Research Reveal? Professor James Byrne Director, Global Centre."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technological Innovations in Crime Prevention Global Perspectives on CCTV: What Does the Research Reveal? Professor James Byrne Director, Global Centre for Evidence-based Corrections and Sentencing School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University Jessica Ritchie, Research Fellow, GCECS SafeCity Conference, Ipswich, Queensland, 11 June, 2014

2 WEBPAGE: WWW.GCECS.EDU.AU
(1) High Quality Corrections and Sentencing Research Agenda- the Centre will develop research projects focusing on evaluating the impact of current corrections and sentencing strategies (adult/juvenile) in Queensland, throughout Australia, and internationally. (2) Knowledge Exchange Seminars and Systematic, Evidence -based Policy Reviews -To translate research into practice, the Centre will develop a series of executive session seminars and workshops highlighting corrections and sentencing issues in each global region. (3) Global Evidence-based Corrections and Sentencing Network Development: The Centre—through the Centre’s state of the art website-- will become a global clearinghouse for high quality, evidence-based corrections research, and a primary source of information on global corrections performance, and innovative corrections and sentencing policies and practices. WEBPAGE:

3 Presentation Overview
New Technology of Crime Prevention: CCTV in Global Context Impact of New Technology: Global Research Review The Future of CCTV: Three Issues To Consider

4 CCTV Applications around the Globe
CCTV in the United States CCTV In UK and Europe CCTV in China CCTV in Australia

5 The New Technology of Crime Prevention: CCTV Applications
Hard Technology CCTV & police CCTV & private sector CCTV & public sector CCTV & street lighting Soft Technology Gunshot location & CCTV Facial recognition & CCTV Flash mobs & CCTV

6 Does CCTV Technology reduce crime?
Four Research Issues to consider: Research on the reliability of the technology? Training on the use of technology? Research on the impact of the technology on key outcome measures? Cost effectiveness of technology acquisition?

7 Evidence of Impact of CCTV Technology on Crime
National Research Council review of police performance (2004) in the United States revealed that there was no evidence of improved performance linked to recent police innovations, including CCTV (and other recent innovations). Campbell Collaborative Evidence-Based Review of CCTV by Welsh and Farrington (2008) revealed selected crime prevention effects, which varied within and across global regions. Our review of the recent research underscores the need for quality research that is high quality and Australia-based.

8 Welsh, B. C. & Farrington, D. P. (2008)
Welsh, B.C. & Farrington, D.P. (2008). Effects of closed circuit television surveillance on crime. Campbell Systematic Review. Location UK US Sweden Norway Canada Total City and Town Centres 17 3 1 - 22 Public Housing 7 2 9 Public Transport 4 Car Parks 6 Other Settings 44 Forty-four evaluations met the inclusion criteria. The results suggest that CCTV caused a modest (16%) but significant decrease in crime in experimental areas compared with control areas. This overall result was largely driven by the effectiveness of CCTV schemes in car parks, which caused a 51% decrease in crime. Schemes in most other public settings had small and nonsignificant effects on crime: a 7% decrease in city and town centers and in public housing communities. Public transport schemes had greater effects (a 23% decrease overall), but these were still nonsignificant. Schemes evaluated in the UK were more effective than schemes evaluated in the USA and other countries, but this was largely driven by the studies in the car parks.

9 CCTV evaluations of City and Town Centres
Brown (1995) Newcastle-Upon-Tyne UK Undesirable effect. Some displacement and diffusion occurred. Birmingham Desirable effect. Displacement occurred. Sarno (1996) London Borough of Sutton Displacement/diffusion not measured. Skinns (1998) Doncaster No displacement occurred. Squires (1998) Ilford Armitage (1999) Burnley Diffusion occurred. Ditton (1999) Airdrie Sarno (1999) London Borough of Southwark (Elephant and Castle) Null effect. Possible evidence of diffusion. London Borough of Southwark (Camberwell) London Borough of Southwark (East Street) Uncertain effect. No diffusion; possible functional displacement occurred. 7% decrease in city and town centers and in public housing communities

10 CCTV evaluations of City and Town Centres
Mazerolle (2002) Cincinnati (Northside) US Null effect. Little or no displacement occurred. Cincinnati (Hopkins Park) Displacement/diffusion not measured. Cincinnati (Findlay Market) Some displacement occurred. Blixt (2003) Malmö (Möllevångstorget or Möllevång Sqaure) Sweden Desirable effect. No displacement occurred. Sivarajasingam (2003) Multiple city and town centres UK Undesirable effect. Winge (2003) Oslo Norway Gill (2005) Borough Town Market Town Shire Town South City Farrington (2007a) Cambridge Griffiths (no date) Gillingham

11 CCTV evaluations of public housing
Musheno (1978) Bronxdale Houses New York City US Uncertain effect. Displacement/diffusion not measured. Williamson (2000) Brooklyn New York US Null effect. Displacement and diffusion did not occur. Hood (2003) Greater Easterhouse Housing Estate Glasgow UK Desirable effect. Gill (2005) Deploy Estate UK Undesirable effect. No displacement occurred. Dual Estate Southcap Estate Eastcap Estate Northern Estate Westcap Estate 7% decrease in city and town centers and in public housing communities

12 CCTV evaluations of public transport
Burrows (1979) “Underground” subway London UK Desirable effect. Some displacement occurred. Webb (1992) Diffusion occurred. Oxford Circus station “Underground” subway Undesirable effect. Displacement/diffusion not measured. Grandmaison (1997) “Metro” subway Montreal Canada Null effect. Public transport schemes had greater effects (a 23% decrease overall), but these were still nonsignificant

13 CCTV evaluations of car parks
Poyner (1991) University of Surrey Guildford UK Undesirable effect. Diffusion occurred. Tilley (1993) Hartlepool UK Desirable effect. Displacement occurred. Bradford Displacement/diffusion not measured. Coventry Sarno (1996) London Borough of Sutton Gill (2005) Hawkeye UK This overall result was largely driven by the effectiveness of CCTV schemes in car parks, which caused a 51% decrease in crime

14 CCTV evaluations in other settings
Gill (2005) City Outskirts (residential area) UK Desirable effect. No displacement occurred. Borough (residential area) Undesirable effect. City Hospital

15 CCTV evaluations of public space (POST Welsh & Farrington)
Ratcliffe & Taniguchi (2008) Ratcliffe, Taniguchi, & Taylor (2009) Philadelphia PA, US Reduction in crime but there were sites that showed decrease and others with no impact. Caplan, Kennedy, & Petrossian (2011) Newark, NJ US Statistically significant reduction in auto thefts, no significant displacement, small diffusion of benefits. Park, Oh, & Paek (2012) South Korea Reduction in number of robberies and thefts in areas with CCTV installed, no displacement effect found. McLean, Worden, & Kim (2013) Schenectady New York US Suggested that cameras have had effects on crime, and visibility of cameras is associated with its impact on crime and disorder. Cerezo (2013) Spain No significant reduction in crime and there was a small increase in crime to suggest displacement for property crimes (not crimes against the person). Lim, Kim, Eck, & Kim (2013) No statistically significant reduction in crime or disorder, but depends on the location. Results showed diffusion of benefits were higher in serious crimes than in disorder crimes.

16 Assessing the Impact of CCTV Technology on Crime and Justice: Three Critical Issues to Consider in Australia Is CCTV a technology in search of a program? Why have high quality evaluation of CCTV systems in Australia not been completed to date? Does Australia need to conduct its own RCT of the impact of CCTV on crime?

17 Contact information Professor James Byrne Jessica Ritchie


Download ppt "Technological Innovations in Crime Prevention Global Perspectives on CCTV: What Does the Research Reveal? Professor James Byrne Director, Global Centre."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google