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Themes of Geography Australi a. Pacific OceanPacific Ocean Coral SeaCoral Sea Along Australia’s East CoastAlong Australia’s East Coast.

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Presentation on theme: "Themes of Geography Australi a. Pacific OceanPacific Ocean Coral SeaCoral Sea Along Australia’s East CoastAlong Australia’s East Coast."— Presentation transcript:

1 Themes of Geography Australi a

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3 Pacific OceanPacific Ocean Coral SeaCoral Sea Along Australia’s East CoastAlong Australia’s East Coast

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5 Location Where is it?

6 2 Types of Location AbsoluteAbsolute RelativeRelative

7 Absolute Location Refers to an exact location using an addressRefers to an exact location using an address Refers to an exact location using latitude and longitudeRefers to an exact location using latitude and longitude

8 Example of Absolute Location - Address Macquarie St Sydney New South Wales 2000, Australia (02)

9 Example of Absolute Location - Latitude and Longitude Latitude - 33°51'25S Longitude - 151°12'55E

10 Where is it?

11 Sydney Opera House

12 Relative Location Refers to the position of a place in relation to other places

13 Examples of Relative Location Located in SydneyLocated in Sydney Located across the bay from the Sydney Opera HouseLocated across the bay from the Sydney Opera House

14 Where is it? Mrs. Macquaire's ChairMrs. Macquaire's Chair The historic chair was carved out of a rock ledge for Governor Lachlan Macquarie's wife, Elizabeth, to veiw harborThe historic chair was carved out of a rock ledge for Governor Lachlan Macquarie's wife, Elizabeth, to veiw harbor

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16 What type of Location? Absolute or Relative?

17 Located in the Northern Territory of Australia Ayers Rock (Uluru)

18 12° 41' South : 132° 55' East Kakadu National Park

19 Pacific OceanPacific Ocean Coral SeaCoral Sea Along Australia’s East CoastAlong Australia’s East Coast

20 Place What is the place like?

21 Characteristics of Place Natural (Physical)Natural (Physical) HumanHuman

22 How would you describe Australia?

23 Physical Characteristics MountainsMountains ClimateClimate AnimalsAnimals PlantsPlants

24 Blue Mountains – New South Wales

25 Tasmanian Devil

26 The Outback – Northern Territory

27 The Rainforest - Queensland

28 Desert– Northern Territory (Alice Springs)

29 Landform - Ayers Rock

30 Human Characteristics PeoplePeople LanguageLanguage BuildingsBuildings JobsJobs ClothingClothing

31 Australia - Religion Catholic 26.4%, Anglican 20.5%, other Christian 20.5%, Buddhist 1.9%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 12.7%, none 15.3% (2001 Census)Catholic 26.4%, Anglican 20.5%, other Christian 20.5%, Buddhist 1.9%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 12.7%, none 15.3% (2001 Census) Nation MasterNation Master

32 Australia - Language No official languageNo official language Most speak EnglishMost speak English

33 Road Signs; Highways

34 Cities - Sydney

35 Culture

36 Clothes

37 Physical or Human Characteristics?

38 Street Signs; Highways

39 Mountains – Blue Mountains

40 Religion Flinders Road Baptist Church – Adelaide, South Australia

41 Great Victorian Desert

42 Lake Eyre

43 Koala

44 Darling River

45 The Bush – Northern Territory

46 Rainforest - Queensland

47 Large Skyscrapers Sydney

48 Baron Falls - Queensland

49 Movement How people and places are linked together

50 Types of Movement TransportationTransportation CommunicationCommunication

51 Transportatio n The movement of people and goods

52 Communicati on The movement of ideas and information

53 Examples of the Movement of People

54 Examples Movement of Goods

55 Movement of people, ideas, goods?

56 Bedouins migrate deeper into the desert in winter when there is some precipitation; in the summer many live in the city

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58 Tarahumara Indians of the Sierra Madre Mountains move down the mountains in the winter months

59 Tarahumara Indians

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63 Examples of the Movement of Ideas

64 Islam began in Saudi Arabia and has spread to all parts of the world

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68 Interaction How people use, adapt to, or change their environment

69 When we Interact with our environment, we … Adapt to the environmentAdapt to the environment Change the environmentChange the environment

70 Examples of Adapting to the Environment Seasons are opposite of America’s seasonSeasons are opposite of America’s season December – SummerDecember – Summer June - WinterJune - Winter

71 Early Aborigines would burn the dry grass so new grass to attract animals for hunting

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73 Gathering Turtle Eggs

74 Eating Water Lilies

75 Examples of Changing the Environment

76 Irrigation Early people had to irrigate from rivers to farm dry land

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79 People of the Netherlands built dikes to create farmland

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84 Farmers use the slash and burn method of farming

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86 Interaction with the environment sometimes harms our environment PollutionPollution WastesWastes Oil spillsOil spills Many moreMany more

87 Adapting or Changing?

88 During the warm seasons the Iraqi people wear light colored, thin clothing; during the winter season – heavier clothing

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90 People of the Great Plains in U.S. built sod houses (not enough wood)

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92 Bedouin homes are tents because they are nomadic

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94 People of Iraq must irrigate the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers to farm dry land

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96 Regio ns

97 To make the study of the world easier, geographers divide it into regions.

98 Regions may be based on: Physical features Human features Economic features Political features Physical features Human features Economic features Political features

99 Physical features: Desert Region The Sahara Desert

100 Human Features Iraq is in a Muslim Region

101 Economic Features Corn Belt Region

102 Political Features

103 Location Place Interaction Movement Regions


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