Presentation on theme: "29 April 2011 Brian Cordery Bristows London"— Presentation transcript:
1 29 April 2011 Brian Cordery Bristows London Fordham IP Conference Supplementary Protection Certificates Recap and Current Status29 April 2011Brian CorderyBristowsLondon
2 Agenda Reminder of some basic concepts and definitions Current References to the Court of Justice
3 SPCs – Basic Concepts and Definitions SPC regime introduced in Europe in 1992 to provide partial compensation to patent holders in the pharmaceutical field for the patent life lost in obtaining regulatory approvalThe SPC regime was deemed necessary to encourage pharmaceutical research and development in Europe; and to keep up with the USA and Japan which introduced similar regimes in the 1980sOriginal Regulation 1768/92 was codified and consolidated into Regulation 469/2009A “uniform solution” is contemplated...
4 SPCs – Basic Concepts and Definitions Three key definitions: Basic patent: a patent protecting: (i) a product as such; (ii) a process or (iii) an application for a product Product: the active ingredient or combination of active ingredients of a medicinal product Medicinal Product: the substance presented for treating or preventing desease in humans “Protected” is not defined: “a matter of national law” (CJEU Farmitalia )
5 SPCs Conditions for Obtaining a Certificate (Article 3) the product is protected by a basic patent in force;a valid authorisation to place the product on the market as a medicinal product has been granted in accordance with Directive 2001/83/EC or Directive 2001/82/EC, as appropriate;(c) the product has not already been the subject of a certificate;the authorisation referred to in point (b) is the first authorisation to place the product on the market as a medicinal product.” (Emphasis added)
6 What does “Protected by a Basic Patent” mean? “Subject matter”; “Identifiable”; “Disclosure”; “Clear Pointer”; “Inventive Concept” testsTo be protected, the product must be disclosed/claimed in a specific/class/generic/not limited wayInfringement testA product is protected if it would infringe the designated basic patente.g. a patent for X would be infringed by X+Y and therefore X+Y is protected by a basic patent for X
7 A uniform landscape? Apply the infringement test Uncertain / changing Very strict ( must be specifically claimed)Strict (combination must be disclosed)Less strict (any reference to a combination will suffice)
8 References to the Court of Justice Patent claimsMASPC soughtOutcomeMedeva (1)Queensland (1)AA+BDenied – Art 3(a)ReferredMedeva (2)GeorgetownQueensland (2)Denied – Art 3(b)DaiichiYedaMedeva / Georgetown hearing is set for 12 May 2011
9 Other IssuesReference to the CJ on Article 3(d) in Neurim [8 March 2011] – does a patent and MA for the use of melatonin to advance the breeding season of sheep count as the first authorisation to place the product on the market, thus depriving a later invention for use of melatonin in the treatment of sleep disorders in humans from the opportunity to obtain an SPC?Synthon v Merck; Generics v Synaptech – Questions to the CJ on the meaning of “first authorisation to place the product on the market”: opinion of AG Mengozzi delivered on 31 March 2011.Further reference on negative SPCs in the Sitagliptin case
10 Thank you for your attention Bristows100 Victoria EmbankmentLondon EC4Y 0DHT +44(0)F +44(0)
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