Presentation on theme: "LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE"— Presentation transcript:
1 LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY, JAMAICA1st RegionalJAMAICA CONSTABULARY FORCELAW ENFORCEMENTANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCEJCF ANTI-CORRUPTION BRANCHCARICOM COMMUNITY“Police Corruption- Successful Approaches and Systems”UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENTMajor V. “Dave” Anderson
2 “Towards Regional Cooperation for Anti-Corruption” CONFERENCE THEME“Towards Regional Cooperation for Anti-Corruption”
3 CONFERENCE OBJECTIVES To share experiences on the status of law enforcement anti-corruption initiatives in the region.To seek support for a declaration of intent for regional law enforcement anti-corruption collaboration .To begin the process of establishing a network for regional law enforcement cooperation on anti-corruption.
4 POLICE CORRUPTIONThe abuse of police authority for personal or organisational gain.Actions range from bribes to international organised crimeOver the decades several differing approaches have been taken towards anti-corruptionInternalExternalStrategicShotgun/ Scatter shotCombination
5 INTERNAL APPROACHES Internal Affairs – most LEAs Queensland, Australia New South Wales, AustraliaAnti-Corruption Branch (ACB), Jamaica
6 EXTERNAL APPROACHES Police Ombudsman- Northern Ireland Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) – Hong KongNational Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (NACOLE)CACOLE (Canada)Knapp Commission (1972), NY, USAMollen Commission (1994), NY, USA
7 MODELS Hong Kong, ICAC Queensland, Australia New South Wales, AustraliaJamaica
8 Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption Established in 1974 in one of the most corrupt citizens in the worldAll major crimes were protectedMany were skeptical of the success of the ICACIn three years, the ICAC smashed all corruption syndicates in the GovernmentProsecuted 247 government officials, 143 officers
9 Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption Results“The competitive advantage of Hong Kong is the ICAC”Organised corruption prevention studies, mass media campaign, public education (expensive)Intensive training and selection (public support)In 30 years the ICACEradicated all overt corruption in GovernmentAmongst the first to effectively enforce private sector corruptionChange public’s attitudePromoted international cooperation
10 Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption Three Pronged StrategyDeterrencePreventionEducationDedicated and independent anti-corruption agencyHong Kong StrategyConstruct Strategic Plan by conducting an External and Internal Environmental Analysis e.g. PESTEL, SWOTIdentify Major ProblemsFormulate Strategy
11 Civilian Oversight of Police- Australia Single police oversight and anti-corruption agency demonstrates that corruption will NOT be toleratedAustralia did so by coordinating a multi-agency task force of 19 agenciesThese agencies included:State and Territory LEAsThe Aus. Federal PoliceAus. CustomsDept. of Immigration
12 Queensland Police Service- Australia The creation of a separate oversight body was recommended when:Internal controls failPolice lack the will, resources and capacity to exercise controls effectivelyIn 1989, the QPS was debilitated by misconduct, inefficiency, incompetence and deficient leadership.
13 New South Wales- Australia The failure of internal investigations in the NSW was due to the:Ineffective investigative techniquesFailure to utilize an intelligence led approachFailure to conduct investigations through a multi-disciplinary proactive investigative unitAn independent inquiry saw external oversight and investigation as advantageous
14 Civilian Oversight of Police- Australia These are the two most developed Australian models of police oversightThey operate to different degrees in conjunction with internal disciplinary mechanisms and management.If civilian oversight and internal disciplinary systems continue to be scrutinized, it will ensure public confidence is maintained.
15 Global anti-corruption approaches UN Convention Against CorruptionOrganization for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentG8 SummitUN Global CompactINTERPOLWorld Bank / IMFTransparency InternationalUSAIDCARICOMCBSIRLEACC
16 What makes and shapes effective anti-corruption systems? Institutional matrix of comprehensive legal and institutional safeguards to prevent corruption and protect public interest, multi-disciplinary approachStrong leadership, political will and public support (International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 2011)Cooperation with fellow LEAsHaving the necessary data to inform policy and strategy using a corruption environmental analysis/ internal strategic review of the police forceResource Funding- USAID, OAS, DFID, UNDP, CARICOM
17 Further strategies against corruption Procurement monitoringJudicial reformLegislation & enforcementInternal regulationsPublic enquiries / tribunalsInstitutional changePublic education & participationExternal oversight mechanisms
18 Choices in tackling corruption StrategicAll-purpose anti-corruption agencyExternal oversight mechanismsPublic sector reformFreedom of informationUniversal transparencyThinking the unthinkable
19 The Jamaican Experience Since the establishment of the ACB as a unit dedicated to anti-corruption in the police force, over 150 officers have been removed.The ACB’s success is strongly supported by the public and has largely assisted in improving Jamaica’s rating in the Corruption Perception Index 2010.
20 The Jamaican Experience A three year Strategic ReviewSystematic ApproachAnnual audit of systemsVetted and qualified staffOpen public communication (two ways)International donors
21 JCF / ACB website Website established on International Corruption Day Over 70,000 hits to dateParadigm shift towards corruption
22 CONCLUSION MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY, JAMAICA JAMAICA CONSTABULARY FORCEJCF ANTI-CORRUPTION BRANCHCARICOM COMMUNITYUNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
23 CONCLUSIONIt is best to have a single independent dedicated anti-corruption unit to seriously tackle corruption in the police force.Public support is keyA strong national multi-disciplinary strategic approachThe best way to plan for an oversight body is to have a proper situation analysis using international standards and sharing national and regional best practicesMulti-faceted regional networking
24 CONCLUSION (Cont’d) Multi-faceted regional networking Academic Support Best Practice sharingFinancing