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1 st Regional LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY, JAMAICA JAMAICA CONSTABULARY FORCE JCF ANTI-CORRUPTION BRANCH CARICOM.

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Presentation on theme: "1 st Regional LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY, JAMAICA JAMAICA CONSTABULARY FORCE JCF ANTI-CORRUPTION BRANCH CARICOM."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 st Regional LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI-CORRUPTION CONFERENCE MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY, JAMAICA JAMAICA CONSTABULARY FORCE JCF ANTI-CORRUPTION BRANCH CARICOM COMMUNITY UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT “Police Corruption- Successful Approaches and Systems” Major V. “Dave” Anderson

2 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE CONFERENCE THEME “Towards Regional Cooperation for Anti-Corruption”

3 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE CONFERENCE OBJECTIVES 1. To share experiences on the status of law enforcement anti-corruption initiatives in the region. 2. To seek support for a declaration of intent for regional law enforcement anti-corruption collaboration. 3. To begin the process of establishing a network for regional law enforcement cooperation on anti-corruption.

4 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE POLICE CORRUPTION  The abuse of police authority for personal or organisational gain.  Actions range from bribes to international organised crime  Over the decades several differing approaches have been taken towards anti-corruption  Internal  External  Strategic  Shotgun/ Scatter shot  Combination

5 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE INTERNAL APPROACHES  Internal Affairs – most LEAs  Queensland, Australia  New South Wales, Australia  Anti-Corruption Branch (ACB), Jamaica

6 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE EXTERNAL APPROACHES  Police Ombudsman- Northern Ireland  Independent Commission Against Corruption (ICAC) – Hong Kong  National Association for Civilian Oversight of Law Enforcement (NACOLE)  CACOLE (Canada)  Knapp Commission (1972), NY, USA  Mollen Commission (1994), NY, USA

7 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE MODELS  Hong Kong, ICAC  Queensland, Australia  New South Wales, Australia  Jamaica

8 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption  Established in 1974 in one of the most corrupt citizens in the world  All major crimes were protected  Many were skeptical of the success of the ICAC  In three years, the ICAC smashed all corruption syndicates in the Government  Prosecuted 247 government officials, 143 officers

9 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption  In 30 years the ICAC  Eradicated all overt corruption in Government  Amongst the first to effectively enforce private sector corruption  Change public’s attitude  Promoted international cooperation  Results  “The competitive advantage of Hong Kong is the ICAC”  Organised corruption prevention studies, mass media campaign, public education (expensive)  Intensive training and selection (public support)

10 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption  Hong Kong Strategy 1. Construct Strategic Plan by conducting an External and Internal Environmental Analysis e.g. PESTEL, SWOT 2. Identify Major Problems 3. Formulate Strategy  Three Pronged Strategy 1. Deterrence 2. Prevention 3. Education  Dedicated and independent anti- corruption agency

11 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE Civilian Oversight of Police- Australia  Single police oversight and anti-corruption agency demonstrates that corruption will NOT be tolerated  Australia did so by coordinating a multi- agency task force of 19 agencies  These agencies included:  State and Territory LEAs  The Aus. Federal Police  Aus. Customs  Dept. of Immigration

12 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE Queensland Police Service- Australia  The creation of a separate oversight body was recommended when:  Internal controls fail  Police lack the will, resources and capacity to exercise controls effectively  In 1989, the QPS was debilitated by misconduct, inefficiency, incompetence and deficient leadership.

13 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE New South Wales- Australia  The failure of internal investigations in the NSW was due to the:  Ineffective investigative techniques  Failure to utilize an intelligence led approach  Failure to conduct investigations through a multi-disciplinary proactive investigative unit  An independent inquiry saw external oversight and investigation as advantageous

14 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE Civilian Oversight of Police- Australia  These are the two most developed Australian models of police oversight  They operate to different degrees in conjunction with internal disciplinary mechanisms and management.  If civilian oversight and internal disciplinary systems continue to be scrutinized, it will ensure public confidence is maintained.

15 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE Global anti-corruption approaches  UN Convention Against Corruption  Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development  G8 Summit  UN Global Compact  INTERPOL  World Bank / IMF  Transparency International  USAID  CARICOM  CBSI  RLEACC

16 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE What makes and shapes effective anti-corruption systems?  Institutional matrix of comprehensive legal and institutional safeguards to prevent corruption and protect public interest, multi-disciplinary approach  Strong leadership, political will and public support (International Narcotics Control Strategy Report 2011)  Cooperation with fellow LEAs  Having the necessary data to inform policy and strategy using a corruption environmental analysis/ internal strategic review of the police force  Resource Funding- USAID, OAS, DFID, UNDP, CARICOM

17 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE Further strategies against corruption  Procurement monitoring  Judicial reform  Legislation & enforcement  Internal regulations  Public enquiries / tribunals  Institutional change  Public education & participation  External oversight mechanisms

18 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE Choices in tackling corruption  Strategic  All-purpose anti-corruption agency  External oversight mechanisms  Public sector reform  Freedom of information  Universal transparency  Thinking the unthinkable

19 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE The Jamaican Experience  Since the establishment of the ACB as a unit dedicated to anti- corruption in the police force, over 150 officers have been removed.  The ACB’s success is strongly supported by the public and has largely assisted in improving Jamaica’s rating in the Corruption Perception Index 2010.

20 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE The Jamaican Experience  A three year Strategic Review  Systematic Approach  Annual audit of systems  Vetted and qualified staff  Open public communication (two ways)  International donors

21 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE JCF / ACB website  Website established on International Corruption Day  Over 70,000 hits to date  Paradigm shift towards corruption

22 CONCLUSION MINISTRY OF NATIONAL SECURITY, JAMAICA JAMAICA CONSTABULARY FORCE JCF ANTI-CORRUPTION BRANCH CARICOM COMMUNITY UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

23 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE CONCLUSION  It is best to have a single independent dedicated anti-corruption unit to seriously tackle corruption in the police force.  Public support is key  A strong national multi-disciplinary strategic approach  The best way to plan for an oversight body is to have a proper situation analysis using international standards and sharing national and regional best practices  Multi-faceted regional networking

24 1 ST REGIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT ANTI- CORRUPTION CONFERENCE CONCLUSION (Cont’d)  Multi-faceted regional networking  Academic Support  Best Practice sharing  Financing


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