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DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SCHOOL WIDE POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR SUPPORT SWPBS Anita Davidson Manager Wellbeing Behaviour.

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Presentation on theme: "DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SCHOOL WIDE POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR SUPPORT SWPBS Anita Davidson Manager Wellbeing Behaviour."— Presentation transcript:

1 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SCHOOL WIDE POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR SUPPORT SWPBS Anita Davidson Manager Wellbeing Behaviour DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING

2 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au

3 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SYSTEMS PRACTICES DATA Supporting Staff Behaviour Supporting Student Behaviour OUTCOMES Supporting Social Competence & Academic Achievement Supporting Decision Making… Integrated Elements DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING

4 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SWPBS Is for all students (ASD, ADHD etc) Views the system, setting, or skill deficiency as the problem Identifies and teaches replacement skills building capacity and relationships Relies primarily on positive approaches 4-1.. Has a goal of sustained results achieved over time 3-5.. Is developed by a collaborative team in each school… DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING

5 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SWPBS provides A three-tiered approach to prevention An emphasis on instruction Behaviour Function Perspective Positive approach from staff Sustainability DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING

6 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au Primary Prevention 100% Whole School / Classroom- Wide Systems for All Students, Staff, & Settings Secondary Prevention 15% Specialised Group Systems for Students with At-Risk Behaviour Tertiary Prevention 3-5% Specialised Individualised Systems for Students with High-Risk Behaviour ~80% of Students ~15% ~5% CONTINUUM OF SWPBS & INTERVENTION SUPPORTS ALL SOME FEW DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING Tertiary Prevention: Top 1%

7 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au Staff List All Inappropriate Behaviours Disruption bullying Refusal stealing Fighting / violence Dangerous behaviour Late to class swearing All staff discuss behaviours and decide whether they should be managed by all staff or as Office Referrals. The number of referrals to the office immediately diminishes, as the expectation across the school is aligned. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW SYSTEMS PRACTICES DATA OUTCOMES

8 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SWPBS – School Rules (ALL) Set 3-5 overarching expectations which apply to “all people in all settings” Determine how these expectations will look in each setting Set high, yet reasonable expectations Stated positively and succinctly… DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW

9 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SWPBS – What does it look like? 3-5 School rules maximum Clear Expectations Effective behaviour support Appropriate student behaviour is taught High ratio of positive feedback - at least 4:1 ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW

10 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au Teaching Matrix SETTING All areasIn ClassPlaygrounds Canteen line Library/ Computer Lab AssemblyBus Be respectful Be responsible Be ready to learn Expectations 1. SOCIAL SKILL 2. NATURAL CONTEXT Expectations Defined & Taught ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW SYSTEMS PRACTICES DATA OUTCOMES

11 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SWPBS – What does it look like? 3-5 School rules maximum Clear Expectations Effective behaviour support Appropriate student behaviour is taught High ratio of positive feedback - at least 4:1 1. SOCIAL SKILL ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW SYSTEMS PRACTICES DATA OUTCOMES

12 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au Data Based Decision Making SYSTEMS PRACTICES DATA OUTCOMES Example from SWIS www.swis.org.au - BM of SAMSwww.swis.org.au

13 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SYSTEMS PRACTICES DATA OUTCOMES

14 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au A function based approach Practically all behaviour serves a purpose of “function” in the environment in which it occurs. Behaviour has two broad functions: to get something, person or event or to escape/avoid something, person or event DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW

15 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au Traditional Approach to Managing Challenging Behaviours Challenging behaviour Perception of noncompliance Look to “Control “or “Punish” Apply consequence, Intervention often Using a power over student approach Maintain/increase challenging behaviours Student’s needs remain unaddressed (Knoster and Lapos, 1993) DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW

16 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au Effective Behaviour Support Challenging behaviour Perception of unmet needs Look to understand needs and develop hypothesis Design/deliver prevention/ intervention strategies based on hypothesis Reductions in challenging behaviours by learning alternative skills Meet needs in a more socially acceptable manner Personal growth improves self control Improved Quality of Life (Effective Behaviour Support Knoster & Lapos, 1993. A Different Path. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW

17 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au Traditional Discipline Rules written for top 20% Focused on the student’s problem behaviour Positive Behaviour Support Rules for ALL Students Systems, settings, skills problem –Alters environments –Replaces undesired behaviour with a new behaviour or skill –Supports teachers to teach appropriate skills Rewards appropriate behaviour DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW Goal is to stop undesirable behaviour through the use of consequences or punishment

18 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au Whole School Approach School Wide discipline is NOT achieved one student at a time Successful individual student behaviour support is linked to host environments or schools that are effective, efficient, relevant, and durable Horner, Sugai and Horner 2002 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW

19 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SWPBS – Expected Outcomes DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING ~80% of Students ~15% ~5% ALL SOME FEW ~91% of Students ~6% ~3% ALL \

20 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SWPBS – Schools in Queensland and Tasmania Reported; Improvement in student behaviour and general tone / climate of the school Reductions of behaviour referrals or at least the reduction in the intensity of referrals DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING

21 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au Example of Cost benefit over 2 years using SWPBS Officer referral over 24months (Av 3 a day) = 1200 If one office referral = 15 minutes of administrator time then DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING 1200 x 15mins = 18000 minutes = 300 hours = 50 days to reinvest

22 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au In conclusion - SWPBS is a team based approach Is a process that grows with the school No two SWPBS plans look the same Is Data Driven and evidence based Uses preventative strategies, explicit teaching, and reinforcement-based strategies School Team involved in leadership and coaching is the key to the process.... DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING

23 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au SWPBS is NOT... NOT a specific package or curriculum – it is a few core features that may look different in each individual school NOT a warm and fuzzy....it is systematic and evidence- based NOT limited to any particular group of students...it’s for all students.. Not new... It’s based on a long history of practice and research DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING

24 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au www.pbis.org

25 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au www.swis.org School Wide Information Systems PBS Tasmania http://www.education.tas.gov.au/school/health/wellbeing/positivebehaviourhttp://www.education.tas.gov.au/school/health/wellbeing/positivebehaviour Queensland http://www.learningplace.com.au/deliver/content.asp?pid=24668http://www.learningplace.com.au/deliver/content.asp?pid=24668 NT to come!! www.pbis.org

26 DEPARTMENT OF EMPLOYMENT, EDUCATION AND TRAINING www.deet.nt.gov.au QUESTIONS Our school already has a positive behaviour program eg (You Can Do It, FSF etc) Do we need to drop this in order to have SWPBS? How is training organised and who needs to attend? How do we get SWPBS?


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