Presentation on theme: "RECORD FLOODING IN AUSTRALIA: DECEMBER 10 – JANUARY ?, 2011 Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA."— Presentation transcript:
RECORD FLOODING IN AUSTRALIA: DECEMBER 10 – JANUARY ?, 2011 Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, University of North Carolina, USA
GREAT QUEENSLAND FLOOD INUNDATES 22 TOWNS, DISPLACES 200,000, KILLS 20 +, AND CAUSES LOSSES OF OVER $5 BILLION IN AUSTRALIA
75 PERCENT OF QUEENSLAND STATE DECLARED A DISASTER ZONE
RECORD FLOODING IN AUSTRALIA: NEW SOUTH WALES ROCKHAMPTON TOOWOOMBA BRISBANE DECEMBER 10 – JANUARY ?, 2011
QUEENSLAND: WIDESPREAD IMPACTS Socioeconomic impacts for 200 thousand people included: industrial slow-down, evacuations, a plague of snakes and crocodiles, health care problems, missing persons, deaths, and losses of 5+ Billion.
WORST FLOODING IN A DECADE REACHES CITY AFTER CITY Floodwaters drained slowly towards the country's northeast coast, filling bulging rivers and inundating at least 22 towns and cities in the cattle and fruit and vegetable farming region.
THE FIRST PHASE OF RECORD FLOODING BEGAN IN DECEMBER DECEMBER 10, 2010
DECEMBER STORMS BROUGHT HEAVY RAINFALL: DEC. 17, 2010
NEW SOUTH WALES: 45 FLOOD DISASTER ZONES
INUNDATED ROADWAYS SHUT DOWN TRUCKS
TOWN OF THEODORE: FLOODED
THEODORE’S HOUSES INUNDATED
TOWN OF BUNDABERG INUNDATED
TOWN OF BUNDABERG: INTERIOR DAMAGE
EVACUEES IMPACTED The time evacuees spent in evacuation centers was extended because the nature and extent of flooding grew worse—not better—over time.
THE SECOND PHASE OF FLOODING HAPPENED IN JANUARY AN AREA OF FLOODING THE SIZE OF FRANCE AND GERMANY (OR, TEXAS AND NEW MEXICO) COMBINED WAS CREATED IN QUEENSLAND
ROCKHAMPTON HIT HARD Rockhampton, a town of 77,000 people 370 miles north of Brisbane, lies close to the coast, on the Fitzroy, one of Australia's largest river systems.
ROCKHAMPTON BECAME AN ISLAND:JANUARY 3, 2011
ROCKHAMPTON HIT HARD All main routes to the south, north and west of the city were cut off by the rising water, rail lines and the airport runways were submerged, and floodwaters stretched for several miles in each direction.
INUNDATED AIRPORT RUNWAYS: JANUARY 3, 2011
FLEEING WITH POSSESSIONS: JANUARY 3, 2011
FITZROY RIVER STILL RISING: JANUARY 3, 2011
TRADITIONAL SANDBAGGING HAD LIMITED VALUE
FITZROY RIVER PEAKED AT 9.2 M: JANUARY 6, 2011
W ILDLIFE AFFECTED The local wildlife was caught off- guard by the flooding; bewildered and hungry kangaroos moved to high ground, and cattle were left lost and confused by the excessive water that inundated everything.
COAL MINING INFRASTRUCTURE AFFECTED Australia's coal industry may face months of disruption because key rail and road links were washed away during the flooding, and repairs of some infrastructure may take more than a year to complete.
FLOOD WATERS CRIPPLE COAL INDUSTRY: JAN 7, 2011
THE THIRD PHASE OF FLOODING WAS TRIGGERED BY A FLASH FLOOD JANUARY 11, 2011
FLASH FLOOD IN TOOWOOMBA The flash flood, which brought a one kilometer wide wall of water into Toowoomba, was triggered by a freak storm — with up to 150 millimeters (6 inches) of rain in half an hour.
FLASH FLOOD BRINGS WALL OF WATER: TOOMOOMBA: JAN 11, 2011
IMPACTS Cars were transformed into “boats” and became scrap metal as they collided with infrastructure; giant metal industrial bins were tossed about as if made of paper; and houses were torn off foundations.
FLASH FLOOD:TOOWOOMBA, JAN 7, 2011
THE FOURTH PHASE OF FLOODING BEGINS IN BRISBANE JANUARY 11 AND FOLLOWING
BRISBANE RIVER: JAN 8, 2011
BRISBANE PREPARING FOR FLOODING: JAN 8, 2011
BRISBANE The city is protected by a large dam built upstream after floods devastated the downtown in 1974, but the reservoir was full, so officials had no choice but to release water, which caused flooding before the “FLOOD”.
BRISBANE MORE than 50 suburbs were flooded as the Brisbane River rose to 4.5 m or more above flood stage, with some areas being completely inundated.
BRISBANE: BEFORE FLOODING
BRISBANE: AFTER FLOODING
BRISBANE FLOODING: JAN 11, 2011
BRISBANE FLOODING: ADMIRALTY TOWERS; JAN 11, 2011
BRISBANE FLOODING: JAN 11, 2011
BRISBANE RIVER CRESTED AT 4.46 M: JAN 12, 2011
EMERGENCY SERVICES. A difficult situation was made even more so by thunderstorms, high winds, raging rivers, and driving rain that made it very hard for helicopters and boats to reach and rescue flood victims.
URGENT NEEDS EMERGING. The Lockyer Valley Council, west of Brisbane, says its town water supply has failed and only hours of reserves remain for some towns..
YOUR COMMUNITY DATA BASES AND INFORMATION HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS HAZARD MAPS INVENTORY VULNERABILITY CAPACITY RISK ASSESSMENT RISK ACCEPTABLE RISK UNACCEPTABLE RISK DISASTER RISK REDUCTION PREPAREDNESS MITIGATION MONITORING EM RESPONSE RECOVERY & RECONST. GOAL: NO DISASTERS
COLLABORATION DURING ALL PHASES OF DISASTER REDUCTION PLANNING IS THE BEST WAY FORWARD FOR EVERY COMMUNITY TO REDUCE ITS DISASTER RISK COLLABORATION DURING ALL PHASES OF DISASTER REDUCTION PLANNING IS THE BEST WAY FORWARD FOR EVERY COMMUNITY TO REDUCE ITS DISASTER RISK
DISASTER & HAZARD INFORMATION SYSTEMS TECHNIQUES AND TECHNOLOGIES PRIVATE SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR ACADEMIA FUNCTIONAL NETWORKING CHANNELS INFORMATION NETWORKING CHANNELS ORGANIZATION NETWORKING CHANNELS COLLABORATION COMMUNITYSTAKEHOLDERS Stratec Consulting
IT CAN BE DONE! TOWARDS DISASTER RISK REDUCTION