Presentation on theme: "Train-the-trainer workshop"— Presentation transcript:
1Key messages from the QKLG, Continua and online PD materials Train-the-trainer workshop: Session 1
2Train-the-trainer workshop The Train-the-trainer workshop acknowledges the:diverse roles trainers and facilitators playdynamic and complex nature of early years service deliveryvariety of new and interconnected initiatives.The workshop focuses on quality early years programs.
3Train-the-trainer workshop Session 1Key messages and introduction to the:Queensland kindergarten learning guideline (QKLG)Continua of learning and development: Queensland kindergarten learning guideline companion (Continua)online professional development modules.Session 2Facilitating intentional conversations to support the implementation of the QKLG.Session 3Where to from here?
4Overview of Session 1 National and state context Key messages: the QKLGthe Continualinks to online PD materials.4
5National and state context Melbourne Declaration on Educational Goals for Young AustraliansGoal 1: Australian schooling promotes equity and excellence.Goal 2: All young Australians become:successful learnersconfident and creative individualsactive and informed citizens.5
6National and state context Current curriculum materials aligned to the Melbourne Declaration goals:Early Years Learning Framework for Australia (EYLF) (for children birth to 5 years)QKLGAustralian Curriculum.6
7National and state context 2009EYLF was released.Office for Early Childhood Education and Care (OECEC) was formed to manage the national and state agenda for early childhood education and care.OECEC asked the QSA to develop and trial the QKLG.2010 QKLG trialQKLG (draft) was trialled in 27 kindergarten services.QKLG (draft) was also available to services participating in the kindergarten funding pilot program.Wide-ranging consultations were conducted.Feedback informed the final version of the QKLG.The next two slides provide background information about the development of the guideline.During 2009The national framework Belonging, being and becoming: The Early Years Learning Framework for Australia was released. This framework guides educators working with children from birth to five years.The Queensland Office for Early Childhood Education and Care (OECEC) was formed. It manages all national and state initiatives related to early childhood education and care.The OECEC asked the QSA to develop and trial the guideline.During 2010The QSA published a draft of the guideline for trial.The guideline was trialled by 27 kindergarten services representing a range of service types and locations across Queensland.The guideline was also available to all services involved in the kindergarten funding pilot program organised by the OECEC. The trial sites were all part of the pilot program.The QSA consulted widely and sought feedback through:forums held around the state with early years educatorsmeetings with a technical reference group, which included sector representatives, early years academics and an early years Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander education experttrial teachers, via surveys, site visits and teleconferencesthe project steering committee (senior managers from OECEC, Education Queensland and QSA)responses from a wide range of QSA committees and reference groupsconsultation between the writing team and groups of educators with particular expertise, including teachers of special needs children, preparatory teachers, kindergarten teachers, Aboriginal educators and Torres Strait Islander educators.The feedback collected during the consultation processes informed the final version of the guideline.
8Queensland context2011The QKLG and supporting document, the Continua are available.QKLG professional development materials are available on the QSA website: <www.qsa.qld.edu.au>.Additional professional development materials will be added to the website as they are developed.In 2011The guideline and a companion document, the Continua of learning and development, are available.Online professional development materials to support implementation of the guideline are available on the QSA website: <www.qsa.qld.edu.au>.Additional professional development materials will be added to the website as they are developed.
9QKLG in context The QKLG: aligns with the EYLF guides curriculum decision making (see National Quality Standard 1.1) (NQS)meets Queensland legislative requirements for an approved kindergarten guidelineprovides more specific advice for the Queensland Kindergarten Year (the year prior to Prep)supports teachers to develop quality kindergarten programssupports early years educators to work collaboratively to deliver the kindergarten program.Importantly, the guideline:aligns with the EYLFguides curriculum decision making to meet the National Quality Standard, e.g. NQS 1.1: “The Early Years Learning Framework (or other approved learning framework) informs the development of a program for each child that enhances their learning and development.”meets Queensland legislative requirements for an approved kindergarten guidelineprovides more specific advice for the Queensland Kindergarten Year (year prior to Prep)supports teachers to develop quality kindergarten programssupports early years educators to work collaboratively to deliver the kindergarten program.
10Implementing the QKLG Implementing the QKLG in Queensland contexts: requires a team approach within a servicesupports the focus on quality programs as services:implement the NQSimplement the EYLF through the QKLGpromotes a focus on:continuity in learningpedagogy — adult’s role in play, effective teaching and learning in the early yearsrequires supportive leadership.Implementing the guideline:requires a team approach within a service, e.g. teams working together, including:the kindergarten team, e.g. teacher, group leader and/or assistantthe kindergarten teacher working with educators in the pre-kindy roomall educators in the service working together to align practices and meet the NQS.supports the focus on quality programs as services implement the NQS and EYLF (across programs for children from birth to five years), and the guideline (in programs for children in the year prior to Prep). Note: Implementing the guideline in a kindergarten program is equivalent to implementing the EYLF, and supports the service to meet the NQS.promotes a focus on:continuity in learning — across programs for children from birth to five years, and into PrepThe guideline supports services to consider ways to promote continuity, e.g. by focusing on:the parents’ role in promoting continuity as children move between services, rooms/groups, and into Prepways to communicate and share information as children move from pre-kindy, to kindy and into Prepways to share information with the Prep services that children will move to in the following year.pedagogy — adult’s role in play, effective teaching and learning in the early yearsThe guideline supports services to consider ways to improve the quality of teaching practices that promote children’s success as learners, e.g. by focusing on:the active role teachers play in children’s learningthe types of intentional teaching interactions and practices that best support learningways to promote meaningful learning through indoor and outdoor play, real-life engagements and routines and transitionsways to balance and include learning based on children’s emerging ideas and interests and teacher-initiated planning across all learning and development areasways to promote significant learnings, assess children’s learning progress and use evidence of learning to inform future decisions.requires supportive leadershipImplementing the guideline requires supportive leadership, in order to plan and implement strategies to continually improve the quality of programs and support teachers in their professional role, e.g. by:promoting shared understandings about the value of a kindergarten program — valuing and tapping into the professional skills of the teacher, valuing all educators and the range of expertise they bringsupporting families and parents to understand the kindergarten program and how it helps to link children’s prior, current and future learningidentifying ways to support a teacher to fulfil their professional role, e.g. organising time and supporting teachers to:communicate and reflect with the kindy team, parents and support personneldocument learning, analyse, interpret evidence, and make informed judgmentscomplete transition statements (end of the year) collaboratively with parentsengage in and share learning from professional development opportunities.
11QKLG online professional development This is a screen shot of the online site. The handout provides an overview of using the professional development materials including how they meet NQS and QCT standards.
12QKLG online professional development Module 1: Getting startedIntroduction to the Queensland kindergarten learning guidelineLinks to the EYLF and the NQS.Module 2: Knowing children, families and communitiesResponsiveness to the diversity of children, families and communitiesPromoting cultural competence.Module 3: Planning for learning and developmentWays to plan for and with children to promote learning through emergent and planned experiences.
13QKLG online professional development Module 4: Observations to guide decision makingHow observation and documentation of learning inform planning.Module 5: Continuity and reflective practiceProfessional practices that promote continuity in learning and reflection.ResourcesA variety of resources to assist teachers in their professional practice:templates and completed samplesprofessional topics.
14QKLG online professional development Module structure
15Queensland kindergarten learning guideline IntroductionThis section of the presentation walks viewers through the guideline and the advice it provides about various aspects of professional practice.
16Overview Background information about the QKLG Introduction to the QKLG:PurposePerspectives and principlesDecision-making practice — processes and elementsLearning and development areasThe ContinuaProfessional practiceLeadership.This presentation introduces the QKLG, developed by the QSA. The document provides specific advice for teachers developing kindergarten programs for children in the year prior to Prep.This presentation includes:background information about the guidelinean introduction to the guidelinePurposePerspectives and principlesDecision-making practice — interwoven processes and elementsLearning and development areasthe Continua (companion document)professional practiceleadership.
17Related online professional development Module 1: Getting startedExplore — A vision for the early yearsExamine — Introduction to the guidelineEngage — Embracing the vision in our serviceExtend — Leadership: Embracing quality
18Purpose The EYLF 1 Vision: 2 learning that is engaging 3 building success for lifebelonging, being, becoming.OutcomesChildren:have a strong sense of identityare connected with and contribute to their worldhave a strong sense of wellbeingare confident, involved learnersare effective communicators.For ages12345The EYLF is a national document that identifies a shared vision for the early years that “all children experience learning that is engaging and builds success for life” (EYLF, 2009).The EYLF describes a vision of children’s learning:belonging — involves recognising that knowing where and with whom you belong is integral to human existence, providing a basis for children’s interdependence and relationships with othersbeing — involves recognising and valuing the here and now in children’s lives, and viewing childhood as more than simply preparation for adulthood or for the futurebecoming — involves recognising the rapid and significant learning and development that occurs in the early years, and the capability and potential of all children.The EYLF also identifies five broad learning outcomes. Children:have a strong sense of identityare connected with and contribute to their worldhave a strong sense of wellbeingare confident and involved learnersare effective communicators.Importantly, the EYLF is a framework that supports educators working in programs for children from birth to five years in prior-to-school settings.
19Purpose The QKLG: shares EYLF vision: learning that is engaging building success for lifebelonging, being and becomingdescribes five learning and development areas based on the EYLF outcomes:IdentityConnectednessWellbeingActive learningCommunicating.The guideline:is based on the EYLF and embraces the inclusive vision that “all children experience learning that is engaging and builds success for life” (QKLG, 2010)describes a set of five learning and development areas that relate to the five broad learning outcomes identified in the EYLF.
20Purpose The QKLG: 1 is more specific than the EYLF 2 targets programs for kindergarten children (the year prior to Prep)identifies specific knowledge, skills and dispositions (learning areas)is for qualified teachers (working with an early years team)guides professional practicepromotes continuity from early learning into kindergarten and into P–3 programs.Ages12345PreptoYear 3The guideline:is more specific than the EYLFtargets programs for kindergarten children (the year prior to Prep)identifies specific knowledge, skills and dispositions (learning areas)is for qualified teachers (working with an early years team)guides professional practicepromotes continuity from early learning into kindergarten and into P–3 programs.The guideline supports teachers to develop programs for children aged approximately three-and-a-half years to five years of age — part of the cohort that the EYLF targets. It supports children to transition smoothly from kindergarten into Preparatory settings in Queensland.
21Purpose The QKLG recognises: and values all early years educators, parents, families and other partnersthe teacher’s role as a pedagogical leader who works with a team.Research linkWhen qualified teachers work with early years educators, the quality of interactions and children’s outcomes are enhanced.(Siraj-Blatchford, I et al, 2002, Researching Effective Pedagogy in the Early Years: Research Report No. 356, Department for Education and Skills, UK, p. 147)The guideline:recognises and values all early years educators, parents, families and other partnersrecognises the teacher’s role as a pedagogical leader who works with a team to deliver a quality kindergarten program.Research shows that qualified kindergarten teachers enhance children’s outcomes, as trained teachers use the more sophisticated pedagogy, including sustained shared thinking. Other educators who work with qualified teachers also use significantly more sustained shared thinking interactions (Siraj- Blatchford, I et al, 2002, Researching Effective Pedagogy in the Early Years: Research Report No. 356, Department for Education and Skills, UK, p. 147). These more sophisticated interactions are essential for promoting children’s learning success.
22Purpose The QKLG shares the national commitment to: improving outcomes for Aboriginal children and Torres Strait Islander childrenbuilding cultural competencestrengthening all children’s appreciation and understanding of Australia’s first peoples.The guideline shares the national commitment to:improving outcomes for Aboriginal children and Torres Strait Islander children by recognising Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people, their traditions, histories and experiences before colonisation through to the present timebuilding cultural competence by:providing opportunities for teachers to celebrate the richness and diversity of cultures and heritages that children and their families bring to the learning communityexploring and building their own and their partners’ cultural competence, including making connections between aspects of Aboriginal culture, Torres Strait Islander culture and children’s personal cultural heritages, and exploring relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples in Australiastrengthening all children’s appreciation and understanding of Australia’s first peoples and promoting learning about:Indigenous ways of knowing, being and learningcontexts in which Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islander people liveAboriginal people’s and Torres Strait Islander people’s contributions to Australian society and culture.
23Perspectives“Our image of the child is rich in potential, strong, powerful, competent, and most of all connected to adults and other children.”(Malaguzzi, L 1993, “For an education based on relationships”, Young Children, November, p. 10)The pedagogical perspectives that teachers adopt influence how they enact the vision of children’s learning.Loris Malaguzzi (1993, “For an education based on relationships”, Young Children, November, p. 10) suggested adopting the view that a child “ … is rich in potential, strong, powerful, competent, and most of all connected to adults and other children”.Enriching the quality and connectedness of children’s learning, embracing diversity and promoting equity and success for all children, requires teachers to:recognise and value different ways of knowing, being and learningdraw on diverse cultural and Indigenous assumptions, beliefs, life experiences and practices.
24PerspectivesThe vision “belonging, being and becoming” is enacted by adopting:the view that interactions between children and adults shape learninga connected view of:engaged learning and teachingthe engaged childthe engaged parentthe engaged teacher.The guideline explores how the vision for the early years — belonging, being and becoming — is enacted by adopting:the view that interactions between children and adults shape learninga connected view of the child, parent, teacher and other educators collaboratively engaging in learning and teaching.Some key messages include:Learning and teaching is holistic and embedded in social and cultural practices.Children play an active role in constructing their knowledge and learn through active engagement, interaction with others and when they have choice.Parents play an active role in fostering and sustaining their child’s learning.Teachers play an active role in intentionally promoting learning through emergent and planned learning opportunities.Teachers promote learning through the relationships and partnerships they build.
25Principles that guide practice High expectations and equityContinuity in learningShared decision makingRespect for diversityIntentional teachingHolistic learningReflective practiceRespectful relationshipsBuilds continuity by integrating:EYLF principles and practiceQueensland P–3 principles and practice.The guideline identifies principles that guide professional practice. These principles promote continuity in children’s learning as they integrate the principles and practices identified in the EYLF and build on these to guide Queensland practice in P–3 contexts (QSA, Learning P–3). These principles focus teachers’ attention on the underlying factors that promote children’s sense of belonging, being and becoming.High expectations and equity — Children achieve when all partners hold high expectations and promote equity and success for all.Respect for diversity — Respecting and responding to diversity promotes children’s sense of connectedness. Aspects of diversity include social and cultural experiences, geographic location, abilities and needs.Holistic learning — Children’s learning is holistic. That is, children learn and develop in interconnected ways.Respectful relationships — Secure, respectful and reciprocal relationships provide strong foundations for children’s learning and development.Continuity in learning — Continuity and connectedness between children’s past, present and future are essential for smooth transitions and success in life and learning.Shared decision making — Effective decision making involves active engagement with partners, including engaging children in making choices, and parents, families and communities in sharing understandings, expectations, priorities.Intentional teaching — Intentional teaching extends children’s thinking and builds deep understanding. It occurs in emergent and planned experiences.Reflective practice — Engagement in ongoing reflective practice helps teachers to build understanding and examine assumptions and practices.
26Related online professional development Module 2: Knowing children, families and communitiesExplore — Knowing children and embracing diversityExamine — Making connectionsEngage — Action plan: Valuing children, families and communitiesExtend — Building connections
27Decision-making practice The next few slides explore the advice in the guideline related to decision-making practice.
28Decision-making practice Teachers’ decision making:is dynamic and interconnectedis informed by their perspectivesis framed by principlesinvolves short- and long-term decisionsis informed by their professional knowledgefocuses on balance between emergent and planned learningis inclusive and responsive.Decision-making practice is complex and interconnected. Every decision teachers make:is shaped by the the perspectives they adopt and the principles that guide their practiceshapes the quality of the learning environment, relationships, conversations, learning possibilitiesinvolves linking short- and long-term decisionsis informed by the professional knowledge teachers hold about children’s learning and development, pedagogy, curriculum, observations, and conversations with parents, children, families and partnersfocuses on balancing emergent and planned learning opportunities.Responsive and inclusive decision making occurs when teachers recognise and embrace:the intentions of children, as well as those of the teacherthe capability and potential of all children, irrespective of diverse circumstances and abilitiesthe hopes and expectations that families hold for their childrenthe perspectives and priorities of educators, families, children and other professionals.
29Decision-making practice Elements:responsiveness to childrenbuilding inclusive partnershipscreating inclusive learning environmentsdeveloping learning contexts — play, real-life engagements, and routines and transitionspromoting children’s learning and development.Processes:planning and organising for learninginteracting and co-constructing learningmonitoring and documenting children’s learningassessing children’s learningreflecting on learning and practice.In the guideline, the analogy of the teacher as weaver is used to highlight the integrated nature of decision-making practice.The weaving diagram shows how decision making is embedded within the frame of principles that guide teachers’ practice.Each process is applied as teachers attend to each element.
30Related online professional development Module 3: Planning for learning and developmentExplore — Planning a kindergarten programExamine — Planning using an emergent curriculum approachEngage — Planning from a child’s interestsExtend — Making learning visibleModule 4: Observations to guide decision makingExplore — Exploring observationExamine — Examining observation practicesEngage — Observation in practiceExtend — Engaging partners in observation
31Decision-making processes Specific advice is provided about the decision-making processes:planning and organising for learninginteracting and co-constructing learningmonitoring and documenting children’s learningassessing children’s learningreflecting on learning and practice.The guideline provides specific advice about each decision-making process.Note: The continua supports this guideline and provides advice to help teachers make consistent judgments about children’s learning progress.Additional information and practical resources are provided in the online professional development materials.Module 3 — planningModule 4 — observing and assessing — monitoring, selectively documenting significant learning, analysing and interpreting documented evidence of learningModule 5 — assessing — using the continuum of learning to make judgments about a child’s learningModule 5 — reflective practiceSome key messages about each process:Planning involves the integration of long-term, medium- to short-term and daily decisions (both planned and emergent), and focuses on individuals, small groups and the whole group. Children contribute actively to planning and organising for learning when they negotiate ways to follow emerging interests and ideas, and choose ways to respond to ideas, objects and questions purposefully introduced by the teacher.InteractingThe quality of teacher interactions has a major influence on children’s levels of involvement in learning experiences and, therefore, their learning outcomes.It is not sufficient to simply set up the learning environment, provide time for play and assume that learning will occur.Through interactions, teachers and children jointly construct learning as they collaboratively investigate, explore and build on ideas and thinking, and build connections between prior, past and future learning across the day and the Kindergarten Year.Monitoring and documentingTeachers monitor children’s learning through observation supported by conversations with the child or children.Monitoring and documenting requires selective documentation of observations, focusing on significant aspects of learning identified in the kindergarten learning and development areas. This evidence of learning informs their ongoing work with that child.Assessing involves:teachers reviewing the documented evidence of learning to inform short- and long-term planning to promote children’s ongoing learninginterpreting documented evidence and making judgments about a child’s learning.Assessment is:an integral part of the overall process of decision makingenhanced by engaging children, parents, families, colleagues and other partners in the process, e.g. children can be supported to engage in assessing their own and others’ learning through focused learning conversationssharing information.Reflecting:is an integral part of teachinginforms ongoing decisions and is essential for sustaining and enhancing professional learning and practiceinvolves reflection “in action”, e.g. as they are interacting with children and other partnersinvolves reflection “on action”, e.g. at the end of a day, term, yearinvolves considering different dimensions — technical, practical and critical.Teachers reflect:on children's learningwith partnersfor professional growth.
32Decision-making processes Informed decision makingThis diagram shows the dynamic interactions, multiple entry points and pathways teachers take as they make decisions on the spot and when reflecting at the end of a day, month or term. The diagram also highlights where teachers draw on particular information in the guideline and the continua.
33Decision-making elements Specific advice is provided about the decision-making elements:responsiveness to childrenbuilding inclusive partnershipscreating inclusive learning environmentsdeveloping learning contexts — play, real-life engagements, and routines and transitionspromoting children’s learning and development.The guideline provides specific advice about each decision-making element. Each subsection explores:why each element is important and how it contributes to decision makingwhat teachers focus on when making decisionsrelated intentional teaching practices.Module 2 — responsiveness to children, cultural competence and inclusive partnershipsModule 3 — planning for learning and development and intentional teaching within learning contextsModule 4 — responsiveness to children (through observation), observing learning and development to inform future decisionsModule 5 — promoting continuity in learning and development (using the continua and sharing information)Some key messages about each element include:Being responsive involves:adopting a view of children as active, competent, capable and creative learnersholding high expectations and promoting all children’s successembracing the diverse social and cultural knowledges, languages and ways of knowing and being.Building inclusive partnerships involves:having respect and trustrecognising and valuing the vital role parents, carers and family members play in children’s lives and their ongoing learningengaging partners in contributing to children’s learning in a variety of waysacknowledging and valuing diversity and building relationships with families and members of diverse cultural groups who are part of the local community.Learning environments are welcoming, safe and nurturing, promote children’s holistic learning and development, and are inclusive of children’s diverse social and cultural backgrounds and abilities. Teachers create inclusive and challenging social, physical and temporal environments.Developing learning contexts:Laevers, in 2005, noted that, “The more choices children have about their learning experiences, the greater the degree of involvement in their learning”. (Laevers, F 2005, Deep-level learning and the Experiential Approach in Early Childhood and Primary Education, Research Centre for Early Childhood and Primary Education, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven)The guideline explores the three learning contexts:play — the dominant context in the kindergarten program. Children are encouraged to engage in a variety of types of play in both indoor and outdoor learning environmentsreal-life engagements, e.g. cooking, gardening, visits, investigations, community experiences and using language, literacy and numeracy for real purposesroutines and transitions — routines include daily organisational practices, such as meal and rest times. Transitions help children to manage changes across the day and move smoothly move between experiences and play spaces.Promoting children’s learning and developmentThe kindergarten learning and development areas:relate to the broad outcomes for children from birth to five years identified in the EYLFdescribe the breadth of knowledge, skills and dispositions that children explore during the Kindergarten Year, within a holistic learning programidentify significant learning related to each key focus.Teachers work with parents, the community and other partners to negotiate learning and development priorities.
34Learning and development areas EYLF outcomesQKLG areasStrong sense of identityIdentityConnected with and contribute to their worldConnectednessStrong sense of wellbeingWellbeingConfident and involved learnerActive learningEffective communicatorCommunicatingThe guideline identifies the relationship between the EYLF outcomes and the learning and development areas (QKLG).The guideline describes a key focus and significant learnings in each learning and development area (see Table 3 on pages 32 and 33 of the guideline: “The relationship between EYLF learning outcomes and Queensland kindergarten learning and development areas”). The learning and development areas are explored in more detail in the green section of the document.While the areas describe learning and development separately, children’s experience of learning is holistic. For example, as they engage in block play, they will expand their language skills (Communicating), build skills for relating to others (Connectedness) and develop positive dispositions and approaches to learning (Active learning).To identify learning opportunities within emergent as well as planned experiences, teachers draw on their knowledge of children (based on observations) and their knowledge of the learning and development areas.IdentityConnectednessWellbeingActive learningCommunicating
35Promoting continuity of learning and development Teachers promote continuity by:using the continua to make judgments about learning progresssharing information about children’s learning throughout the yearpromoting the understandings, skills and dispositions that help children to make smooth transitionscollaboratively developing a transition statement to summarise and share information about learning to support transition into the Prep Year.Teachers promote continuity of learning and development by:using the continua to assist them to make judgments about and reflect on children’s learning progress. Each continuum is described using three phases — emerging, exploring and extending. The phases are differentiated by the level of familiarity of the learning situation and level of support the child required to demonstrate learningsharing information about children’s learning to promote smooth transitions through informal and formal conversations and summarising children’s learning in the form of a transition statement.Information is shared between children, parents, carers, teachers and, when relevant, support personnel or other partners on entry into the setting, and informally and formally throughout the year. A formal discussion towards the end of the Kindergarten Year is a useful way to share information with parents and carers and support each child’s transition to school. This discussion provides an opportunity for parents and other partners to collaboratively create a summary of a child’s learning in the form of a transition statement. A printed copy of the transition statement should be made available to parents for their own records.Parents may choose to pass a copy of the transition statement on to the school during discussions on entry into the Preparatory Year.
36Related online professional development Module 5: Continuity and reflective practiceExplore — Continuity of learning and developmentExamine — Promoting continuity and reflectionEngage — Continuity and reflection in practiceExtend — Leadership: Continuity and reflective practice
38Learning and development areas Key focusesIdentitysense of security and trustindependence and perseveranceconfident self-identityConnectednesspositive relationships with othersrespect for diversityrespect for environmentsWellbeingautonomy and wellbeingcare, concern and positive interactionshealth and safetyphysical wellbeingActive learningpositive dispositions and approaches toward learningconfidence and involvement in learningbeing imaginative and creativeexploring tools, technologies and ICTsCommunicatingexploring and expanding ways to use language*exploring literacy in personally meaningful waysexploring numeracy in personally meaningful waysThe learning and development areas describe the breadth of knowledge, skills and dispositions that children explore during the Kindergarten Year within a holistic learning program. In addition, teachers work with family, community and other partners to negotiate learning and development priorities.Teachers use the learning and development areas to plan opportunities to engage children in integrated learning through play, real-life engagements, routines and transitions. The section provides examples of intentional teaching for each key focus and significant aspect of learning (this slide shows the key focuses). The document, the Continua of learning and development, is available to help teachers interpret evidence of learning and make consistent judgments about children’s learning. * In the Communicating learning area, children communicate using first language, signed (alternative) or alternative augmentative communication (AAC) and Standard Australian English (SAE) as or when appropriate. Nonverbal children may substitute alternative or AAC for words.* In the Communicating learning area, children communicate using first language, signed (alternative) or alternative augmentative communication (AAC) and Standard Australian English (SAE) as or when appropriate. Nonverbal children may substitute alternative or AAC for words.
39Exploring the learning and development areas Key focusesRelated EYLF learning outcomeThis slide explores the layout of the learning and development areas. Being familiar with the key focuses and significant learnings helps teachers to plan for, observe and selectively document significant learning.The slide shows one sample of a learning area and indicates the:key focusesrelated EYLF learning outcomelearning and development area.
40Exploring the learning and development areas Significant learnings (related to one key focus)Key focusesIntentional teaching ideasKnowledge, skills and dispositionsThe slide indicates the:key focusessignificant learnings (related to one of the key focus within this learning area).
41Continua of learning and development The continua is a companion document to the guideline.
42Continua of learning and development The continua helps teachers as they assess and reflect on evidence of learning to inform their ongoing decisions. There is one continuum for each learning and development area, except for Communicating. In the Communicating area there is a continuum for each key focus — language, early literacy and early numeracy.
43Continua of learning and development Supports teachers to make informed judgments about a child’s learning and development based on a collection of evidence of learning.The continua is used throughout the year, whenever teachers review a collection of evidence to make an informed judgment about a child’s learning and development. The continua is explored in more detail in Module 5 of the professional development materials.
44Sample continuum of learning and development Each continuum is described using three phases — emerging, exploring and extending (see Figure 5 on page 35 of the guideline). The phases are differentiated by the level of familiarity of the learning situation and level of support the child required to demonstrate learning.Teachers:review the evidence they have already documented and analysedplace this collection of evidence alongside the continuum of learning and development for the relevant learning area or areasconsider whether the child’s learning occurred in familiar and/or new situationsidentify the level of support the child required to demonstrate learningjudge whether the child’s learning is more like the learning in one phase or another.
45Continuum of learning and development Teacher-provided “collections of descriptions”:support teachers to make judgments about learning that are consistent with those of other teachersare examples, and teachers add their own examples.In addition to the continua, “collections of descriptions” are provided to support teachers to make judgments about learning that are consistent with those of other teachers. These descriptions are examples only. Teachers add their own examples as they become familiar with the learning areas and phases.Teachers:record their judgments to help track learning progress over time and inform future judgments. This could simply be in the form of a dated note in the child’s folio or on a summary sheet within the folioreflect on what the judgment means in terms of future decisions that will promote this child’s learning.
46Professional practice The guideline supports teachers to build and use professional practices.
47Professional practice The QKLG provides additional advice related to:intentional teaching (Appendix 1)making decisions to support children with additional needs (Appendix 2)teachers’ thinking processes that support children’s learning (Appendix 3)transition statements (Appendix 4).It also provides:a glossaryreferences and readings.The guideline provides additional advice related to the professional practices:intentional teaching — Appendix 1 explains a range of intentional teaching strategies used by educators to promote deep learning, including co-construction, scaffolding, modelling, explaining, questioningmaking decisions to support children with additional needs — Appendix 2 provides a thinking tool that provides practical advice, suggestions and examples to support the strengths, needs and interests of children requiring additional supportteachers’ thinking processes that support children’s learning — Appendix 3 provides a mind map showing a teacher’s thinking as they make plans based on observational evidence of a child’s learning strengths and possible needstransition statements — Appendix 4 provides templates to summarise the child’s learning. Transition statements are collaboratively written by the teacher, parents/carers and the child.The guideline also provides:a glossary with definitions and explanations of termsreferences and readings to support professional reading and development.
48Professional practice The QKLG promotes ongoing reflective practice, including reflecting:on what we know about childrenon the effectiveness of the program (evaluation)on practices to improve outcomes for childrenwith colleagues.Reflection is an integral part of teaching. It is essential for sustaining and enhancing professional learning and practice. Teachers reflect on a range of different aspects and reflect with colleagues to improve their practice and outcomes for children.Reflection helps educators connect theory to practice, maintain accountability and integrity in their practice and address professional development needs. Reflection that is collaborative and supportive is particularly powerful for promoting professional learning and change. It requires partners to respect diverse viewpoints and consider the relevance and value of new insights for their teaching contexts. Reflection takes time, commitment and courage. Educators need support from directors and service leaders so time can be allocated for quality reflection.
49Leadership — promoting professionalism Leaders can facilitate the implementation of the guideline by:maintaining effective and ongoing communication with all staffvaluing the diverse expertise and skills of all staffproviding time and support for colleagues to work together to identify and negotiate roles and responsibilitiesbeing open and flexible, so staff can explore new ways to plan, interact, monitor and assess learningidentifying and building on strengthsmaintaining and encouraging a positive approach to change and challenge/ssupporting collaborative planning for quality improvementcelebrating and sharing successes.Leaders play a significant role in managing and supporting change. All staff can be engaged and contribute to positive change. In various ways at various times, a range of people may need to be involved in the process, including licensees, parents/carers, directors, teachers, group leaders, assistants, administrative personnel, support personnel, family and community members and other early years educators in prior-to-school and school settings.Change can be motivating and energising but is also sometimes tiring and challenging. Participants need support, time and space to step back and reflect on where they have come from, where they are now and where they want to go. It is important to consider ways to support all partners engaged in delivering quality educational programs to build their own sense of belonging, being and becoming:belonging — feeling that we belong, and building our interdependence and relationships with each otherbeing — recognising and valuing the here and now in all partners’ lives, and celebrating and sharing who we are and what we are experiencingbecoming — recognising professional learning and development, and the capability and potential of all partners.(Adapted from EYLF)
50Leadership — promoting professionalism The online professional development materials expand on the following aspects of professional practices:Online professional development materialsModuleGetting started1Knowing children, families and communities2Planning for learning and development3Observations to guide decision making4Continuity and reflective practice5In addition, a resources section provides:a wide variety of materials to support professional practicestemplates and samples of transition statements, planning and observation.The online professional development modules that form part of the professional development materials explore a range of topics. It is valuable for all educators and service leaders to be involved in at least some aspects of each module. It is also valuable for teachers to engage in professional conversations with other teachers to extend their understandings about each topic. Teachers and leaders will begin to develop evidence of how they are implementing the guideline and meeting the NQS. The modules also help teachers to meet the Professional Standards for Queensland Teachers (QCT) linked to teacher registration.50