Presentation on theme: "Thank you for your interest in our web distributed notes from our weekly bible studies. Some content had to be removed from these slides for copyright."— Presentation transcript:
Thank you for your interest in our web distributed notes from our weekly bible studies. Some content had to be removed from these slides for copyright purposes, and thus the slides by themselves can be difficult to follow without the original animation sequences, and accompanying notes from the actual study, but we pray that you will still find them useful. You may send any questions to myself at firstname.lastname@example.org and I will try and get answers back to you in a timely manner. email@example.com You may re-use these slides in your own bible studies, both personal and public, and arrangements can be made for accompanying notes and original slide presentations once copyright issues have been resolved. May God bless your effort, and may you grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. Pastor Jerry Eyers Quinn River Baptist Fellowship www.qrbf.org
The Book of Hebrews The first question: Who wrote it?? The book of Hebrews is the only book in the bible that goes unsigned. In the first two chapters of Hebrews, we got hit with quite a lot. The author showed: - Christ Jesus was the Son of God - He created everything, and thus is authoritative above everything that was created; which is everything - He gave himself for our salvation, fulfilling a plan laid down before the universe began - He was given honor and glory by God, and now sits at the right hand of God The author then begins to show that as a result, Christ Jesus supersedes the law and the prophets by being the fulfilling of the Law and prophesies, and that his Word is far more important being the first-hand word of the Son of God vs. the third hand word of prophets and angels. The Jewish people held those who came before, their “fathers”, and the word handed down from them in very high regard. So the author is going to take some time in these first few chapters and show how Christ Jesus and His Word supersedes what came before (using Old Testament passages that his readers were familiar with) by showing that He is greater than: - The Creation (chapter 1)- God’s witness (Psalm 19, 50, 97) - The Angels (chapter 2)- The Law (Deut 33:2; Psalm 68:17; Acts 7:53; Gal 3:19) - Moses (chapter 3)- The Prophets - Aaron (chapter 4)- The Priesthood of Man
Heb 3:1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; Heb 3:2 Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. The first thing we notice is that he is talking to those who are saved (‘holy brethren’). Also, Jesus is given the title “the Apostle”, and the title “High Priest” by the author, superseding the title given to Moses. Apostle: ‘apostolos’ = ‘An ambassador; or formal representative’ It was used by our Lord as a title in a very specific way. It was used to specifically denote someone who had been with the Lord, one-on-one, and was given a commission by Him directly. As such, until the mid 1800’s, it was a title reserved specifically for the twelve, and Paul. Since that time, it fell out of use in Greek, and became not only a reference to an “ambassador”, but specifically an “ambassador of God” or an “ambassador of the gospel”. There are some people that run around our Christian landscape today claiming to be “apostles” of Christ Jesus. My opinion… (Acts 17:11 – !!warning!! Jerry’s opinion about to be spewed!!) I don’t believe that there are “apostles” around today in the sense that our Lord used the term. Since our Lord used the term in a very precise and specific way, I tend to follow that usage and thus don’t subscribe to the idea that someone can be an apostle today. I may be wrong, and if so, I will apologize to those folks when we get to heaven and Jesus informs me I was wrong on that point. We don’t tend to think of Christ Jesus as an ‘ambassador’ of God, but he was the ultimate ambassador of God! We couldn’t get a better representation of God. I have some unfortunate news (for some)… We are called to be ambassadors (faithful representatives) for God (Luke 14:32, Eph 6:20, 2 Cor 5:20)
Heb 3:1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; Heb 3:2 Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. The author now is going call Moses an ambassador for God (and indeed he was), and is going to contrast Christ Jesus with Moses. MosesChrist Man of GodGod Himself Descendant of Abraham (sin)Sinless Prophet of God’s TruthEmbodiment of God’s Truth Priest (Ex 24:6; 32:11)High Priest King in Jeshunun (Deut 33:5)King of Kings Delivered Israel from EgyptFrom Eternity Built Earthly TabernaclePlace on High Led thru WildernessLeads to Glory Moses was faithful in giving God’s Word to the people, Pharaoh, etc. But there were times when he messed up. But notice those times are not mentioned here… why? (Jer 31:34, etc.) “I will remember your sins no more.” He makes that same promise you, and we will see that here in Hebrews at least twice! There are those who claim that Moses didn’t write the first five books, that it wasn’t written until after the time of Solomon, in 1600 B.C., and that it was verbal stories handed down and thus you can’t trust them. People who take that view are calling Jesus Christ Himself a liar, because Jesus in at least 39 times attributes the writing of the first five books to Moses.
Heb 3:3 For this man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. Heb 3:4 For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God. Heb 3:5 And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after; Heb 3:6 But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end. Moses helped build ‘the house of Israel’ by being a faithful ambassador of God to Israel, but Jesus was placed in authority over the ‘house of God’ (which is superior in scope, size, magnitude, and importance because it includes everyone and everything) which members we are if we continue to follow Him. Many people have heartburn over this passage: Eternal Security?? God never removes the sovereignty of man to make a choice, but God also will be there for repentance. One Example: The Prodigal Son story (Luke 15:11). The son ran as far away as he could and lived how he wanted. But, the whole time, he was still a son, and when he came to his senses and returned, he was welcomed back with a party!! Another Example: The lost sheep (Luke 15:4). The Shepherd of the sheep will actively seek the one that has wandered off until he has found him. When he is returned, he comes home and throws a party. Your salvation depends upon HIS faithfulness, not yours. Being saved however, does not relieve us of our responsibility to keep ourselves in the Word of God and free from the works of the flesh, and the lusts of this world! The author here is saying that by keeping ourselves in Christ we are showing the completed work He has done in us, not that keeping ourselves in Him = keeping our salvation. The author here is making the point that Jesus is superior in his Ministry than Moses was just in the fact of the scope of His ministry.
Heb 3:7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, Heb 3:8 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: Heb 3:9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. Heb 3:10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways. Heb 3:11 So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.) Their salvation wasn’t lost because of their unbelief, but rather their blessing was forfeited. Num 14:1 And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night. Num 14:2 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! Num 14:3 And wherefore hath the LORD brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt? Num 14:4 And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt. … Num 14:9 Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the LORD is with us: fear them not. Num 14:10 But all the congregation bade stone them with stones. And the glory of the LORD appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of Israel. … Num 14:28 Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: Num 14:29 Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, Num 14:30 Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. Num 14:31 But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. Num 14:32 But as for you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness. The author is beginning to point out that the “rest” that Jesus gives is far superior to the “rest” that was given under Moses, and he starts by pointing out that the “rest” under Moses was conditional. The whole point of the author’s argument is that the “rest” under Jesus is not conditional.
Heb 3:7 Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice, Heb 3:8 Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness: Heb 3:9 When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years. Heb 3:10 Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways. Heb 3:11 So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.) This whole passage is a quote from Psalm 95:7-11 (which the writer of Hebrews accredits to the Holy Spirit) but the writer to Hebrews doesn’t stop there. Heb 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. Heb 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. “in departing from the living God”: Apostasy = To fall away from or abandon Israel departed from the living God by refusing God’s will for their lives and stubbornly wanting to go their own way, back to the world (Egypt). God did NOT permit them to return to Egypt. Rather, He disciplined them in the wilderness. God did not allow His people to return to bondage – once saved, always saved. The model we have of Israel leaving Egypt is the model of salvation, and entering into God’s rest in our walk through this life. We are saved out of Egypt (the world), and we grow in faith while witnessing His truth and work, then we enter into a dependence on Him through faith, which is that spiritual rest. Entering into Canaan is equated to placing your total dependence upon God and living for him. It does not represent entering into heaven. There are wars Israel has to fight once they entered into the land. Once you depend upon God alone, Satan will send his minions to attack you, and we will have trials and tribulations. But the more Satan attacks, the stronger we grow. (Romans 5, James 1) 1Co 10:10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer. 1Co 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.
Heb 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. Heb 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. If the spirit is leading you to confess a sin in your life, or convicting you of some sin, confess it and get rid of it! Don’t put it off! Why? What is going to happen if you put it off? You conscious will become seared and stop convicting you of it, and you will become deceived by sin. Some people have sinned so much that they don’t even recognize sin as sin anymore! 1Ti 4:1 Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; 1Ti 4:2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron; 1Ti 4:3 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. 1Ti 4:4 For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: 1Ti 4:5 For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer. There is NO intellectual reason for someone to reject God’s Word. None. It is 100% provable and scientifically sound. It is not a head problem, it is a heart problem. They reject God’s Word because it convicts them of their sin. Period. In fact, your intellect, once trained in God’s Word, will allow you to see those areas where your conscience has been seared, and take to God to be fixed! We need to examine our lives constantly, and exhort one another ever single day! We should be able to look at our lives now, and our lives one year ago, and we should see evidence of spiritual growth. If you are in the same place you were a year ago, there is a problem that you need to address. Only you can.
Heb 3:14 For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end; Heb 3:15 While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation. Again, the author is re-quoting Psalm 95, emphasizing to NOT put off the leading of the spirit, but to take action today. If you are in some sin, and allowing some sin in your life that you know is sin, STOP IT, AND STOP IT NOW! You might say that it is so hard to stop… of course it is!!! If you have allowed it into your life, it will take effort to get it out (Satan and the flesh won’t let go easily), but God promises you that He will be there to help you when you face that trial, and when you are through that trial, the result will be far better than where you are today. “For what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I do not want to do - this I keep on doing. Now if I do what I do not want to do, it is no longer I who do it, but it is sin living in me that does it. So I find this law at work: When I want to do good, evil is right there with me. For in my inner being I delight in God's law; but I see another law at work in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin at work within my members. What a wretched man I am! Who will rescue me from this body of death? Thanks be to God – it is through Jesus Christ our Lord!” Romans 7:19-23 (NIV) 2Co 6:1 As God's fellow workers we urge you not to receive God's grace in vain. 2Co 6:2 For he says, "In the time of my favor I heard you, and in the day of salvation I helped you." I tell you, now is the time of God's favor, now is the day of salvation. Heb 3:16 For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses. Not all that came ‘out of Egypt’ were willing to give all to God. Some were treating being saved simply as ‘fire insurance’ from Hell, and they went on to live as the world lived, doing their own thing. What was the result? How many of those lived to enter into God’s rest, and home many instead had a hard life in the wilderness??
Heb 3:16 For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses. Heb 3:17 But with whom was he grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness? Heb 3:18 And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? Heb 3:19 So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief. Do you wish you had that rest? That you can give everything to God and experience His joy all the time in your life? Why can’t you? What is standing in the way? One of the things is lack of fellowship. 1Jn 1:3 That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with us: and truly our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son Jesus Christ. 1Jn 1:4 And these things write we unto you, that your joy may be full. Joh 16:24 Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name: ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full. Joh 10:7 Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep. Joh 10:8 All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them. Joh 10:9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture. Joh 10:10 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly. “Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.” Romans 1:29-32
Is Jesus greater than Moses? Yes. In who he was, in the scope of his calling, in the permanency of his calling, in the permanency of the rest offered – unconditional. But, the author ends this chapter warning that just like the Israelites in the wilderness, we have to confront sin DAILY, and don’t put off confronting sin in our lives, or we will fall into disbelief just as they did, and miss the blessing God has for us in this life. Don’t put off confessing and rejecting sin in your life. Heb 4:1 Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it. Heb 4:2 For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it. Heb 4:3 For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world. Heb 4:4 For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works. Heb 4:5 And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest. Heb 4:6 Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief: Heb 4:7 Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts. Heb 4:8 For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day. Heb 4:9 There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God. Heb 4:10 For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his. Heb 4:11 Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief. Is the life of denying the lusts of the flesh, the desire to snap back, the desire to shout, the desire to retaliate, the desire for that new pickup, or big screen tv, or the lust of the eyes, or the pull of being popular, or whatever it may be – is not easy, it is labor!
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Heb 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. The word of God – Some people see this used here as a title of Jesus, and it can be, however it is not emphasized properly in Greek to be a title at this usage. I think it is referring to the bible. Quick: The term translated ‘quick’ in Greek is “Dzaho” which means to live – It is alive!! Powerful: The term translated ‘powerful’ here is “energace” (where we get our word ‘energize’ from) which means Active, and Operative. 1Co 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God. 1Th 2:13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe. The Word of God is a two-edged sword. Not only does it cut the listener, it also applies to the teacher! I get convicted of things in my life while I am reading, preparing for a bible study. I have gotten convicted while teaching a bible study! I have listened to the recordings of a sermon in preparation for putting it on the website and got convicted of something! The Word of God will keep you from sin -or- Sin will keep you from the Word of God
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. Heb 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do. The bible deals with the intent of the heart. Only God knows that. What actions you do are a result of an intent of your heart. Jer 17:9 The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? Mat 12:34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. Mat 15:18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man. Mat 15:19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies: God’s Word is the ONLY thing that can go into the soul/spirit part of our lives and separate the good from the bad, then he gives us a new heart. Psa 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me. You can not conceal anything from God. He knows your thoughts, your motives, your intent, He knows everything about you. He knows more about you than you know about yourself. And that applies to EVERYONE – God knows it all. The best thing to do is confess sin to Him and get rid of it.
What if you did sin in the Old Testament times? What was the remedy? To go make an offering at the temple where Aaron’s descendants would officiate before God your offering. The offering didn’t forgive you your sin, but rather symbolically covered it, looking forward to the one who would make the offering to permanently cover your sin. The author now is going to show how Christ Jesus is superior in form and function to Aaron’s role. Heb 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession. Heb 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Heb 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. Heb 5:1 For every high priest taken from among men is ordained for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins: Heb 5:2 Who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way; for that he himself also is compassed with infirmity. Heb 5:3 And by reason hereof he ought, as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins. Heb 5:4 And no man taketh this honour unto himself, but he that is called of God, as was Aaron. Heb 5:5 So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest; but he that said unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee. Heb 5:6 As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Now this argument might get a little confusing for us Gentiles. What does the order of Malchisedec vs. the order of Aaron have to do with anything?? This guy Malchisedec shows up in Genesis 14 where Abraham frees Lot from the five king alliance. On the way back home, he stops at a place called ‘Salem’ and give tithes to the king, Malchisedec. Malchisedec was a king and a priest of ‘the most High God’. He offers Abraham bread and wine. In the bible, Malchisedec has no genealogy listed, no descendants, etc. He shows up as a king and priest to whom Abraham considers himself subordinate to. Aaron hadn’t been born yet. If Abraham is honored above his descendants, but Abraham considered himself subordinate to Malchisedec, then that makes Aaron subordinate to Malchisedec. Therefore the logic flows that any priestly order established by Aaron would be less than any order that followed after Malchisedec. Yet, in several places, God promised Jesus that His was a priesthood after the order of Malchisedec. That makes (in the Jewish mind) the order of Aaron, the Temple, the sacrifices, and everything else that came with that, less in significance than the priesthood of Jesus. Heb 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared; Heb 5:8 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; Heb 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him; Heb 5:10 Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.