Presentation on theme: "Federalism A system of government in which a written constitutions divides the power of government on a territorial basis between a central, or national,"— Presentation transcript:
1 FederalismA system of government in which a written constitutions divides the power of government on a territorial basis between a central, or national, government and several regional governments, usually called states or provinces
3 Expressed PowersPowers delegated to the National Government, also called “enumerated powers”Most Expressed Powers found:Article 1, Section 8 (27 powers to Congress)
4 Expressed Powers Power of Congress: To lay taxes Coin money Regulate foreign and interstate commerceRaise and maintain armed forcesDeclare warFix standards of weights and measuresGrant patents and copyrightsCreate post offices
5 Implied PowersPowers not expressly stated in the Constitution but are reasonably suggested (implied by the expressed powers)The constitutional basis for implied powers is found in one of the expressed powers:Article 1 Section 8
6 Implied Powers Article 1 Section 8 Congress has the power “to make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into the Execution the foregoing Powers and other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.”
7 Inherent Powers…belong to the National Government because it is the national government of a sovereign state in a world community. Although the Constitution does not expressly provide for them, they are powers that, over time, all national governments have possessed. These powers are few in number.
8 Inherent Powers Power to regulate immigration To deport undocumented aliensAcquire territoryGrant diplomatic recognition to other statesProtect the nation against the rebellion or other attempts to overthrow the government by force or violence
9 Reserved PowersThose powers that the Constitution does not grant to the National Government, and does not, at the same time, deny to the States.
10 Reserved Powers Forbid persons under 18 to marry Conduct elections Forbid the sale of alcoholBan the sale of pornographyOutlaw prostitutionPermit some forms of gambling, prohibit othersRequire professional licenses to workCan confiscate property used in connection with illegal activitiesEstablish public schoolsEnact land use lawsRegulate public utilitiesEstablish local governments
11 Concurrent PowersThose powers that both the National Government and the States possess and exercisePower to levy and collect taxesDefine criminals and set punishmentTake private property for public useBorrow moneyEstablish courts