Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Federalism Chapter 4. Why Federalism? Needed a government strong enough to meet the nation’s needs, but still preserve the existing states strength Maintain.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Federalism Chapter 4. Why Federalism? Needed a government strong enough to meet the nation’s needs, but still preserve the existing states strength Maintain."— Presentation transcript:

1 Federalism Chapter 4

2 Why Federalism? Needed a government strong enough to meet the nation’s needs, but still preserve the existing states strength Maintain limited government – Protect individuals

3 Defining Federalism A system of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government on a territorial basis between a central or national, government and several regional governments, usually called states or provinces.

4 Defining Federalism American Federalism is written out in the Constitution. – Specific powers are granted to the National Government and the States.

5 What Are Some Strengths of Federalism?

6 Powers of the National Government The National Government has delegated powers, or only powers given to it in the Constitution. 3 types 1.Expressed 2.Implied 3.Inherent

7 Expressed Powers These are powers written out, expressly, in the Constitution. – AKA “enumerated powers” Located in Article I Section 8 Lay and Collect Taxes Coin Money Regulate foreign and interstate commerce Raise / maintain armed forces Declare war….. And many more

8 Implied Powers Powers not expressly stated in the Constitution, but are reasonably suggested, or implied, by the expressed powers. “Necessary and Proper” Clause – Article 1 Section 8 Clause 18 McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

9 Implied Powers Examples Labor management relations Interstate highway construction Crimes across state lines Prohibited discrimination Establishing national bank

10 Inherent Powers Powers that belong to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community. Few in number – Regulate immigrations, deport undocumented aliens, acquire territory, protect against rebellion, grant diplomatic recognition

11 What Powers Are Denied to the National Government? Some expressly, some because of silence of the Constitution

12 The States Reserved Powers are ones not granted to National Government in Constitution States also denied powers expressly and inherently because of federalism

13 Exclusive and Concurrent Powers Some powers belong exclusively to only one division of government Some powers are concurrent, or shared by both divisions of government Chart on pg. 93

14 Federal System and Local Governments Officially two levels, technically three levels; national, state, local 87,000 units of local government in the U.S. today…..all smaller parts of state governments

15 What is the Supreme Law of the Land? The Constitution Why? – The Supremacy Clause Article VI Section 2

16 The Supreme Court and Federalism McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) – National Government wants to establish national bank – State of Maryland does not want it established and imposes a tax on the bank – Court rules in favor of National Government Taxing has the power to destroy

17 Quiz 1.What are expressed powers? 2.What are concurrent powers? 3.What is the supreme law of the land? 4.What was the major Supreme Court case dealing with federalism? 5.How tall is Mr. Skinner?

18 Section 2 The National Government and the 50 States

19 Nation’s Obligations to the States Guarantee of Republican form of government – Not defined, usually interpreted as representative government Protect from invasion, not as important now, as well as internal disorder MLK Assassination 1968

20 Nation’s Obligations to the States Must also recognize the physical boundaries of states

21 Admitting New States Congress has the power Cannot be created by taking territory of another preexisting state w/o their permission – Texas was independent republic – California ceded to the U.S. by Mexico – Usually 15 years as an organized territory before admitted

22 Admission Procedure State ask Congress Congress request a Constitution Must be approved by state vote, then congress Congress passes and enabling act If president signs it territory becomes a state

23 Cooperative Federalism Federal Government States

24 Federal Grants-in-aid Grants of money or other resources to the States and/or their cities, counties, and other local units. Long History Morrill Act of 1862

25 Federal Grants-in-aid Cash grants not a big role until the Great Depression Currently more than 500 grants-in-aid in operation – $250 Billion, 25% of all state and local government spending

26 Revenue Sharing 1972-1987 Essentially federal tax revenue shared with states Total $87 billion over the 15 years Only regulation was no spending funds on programs of discrimination

27 Types of Federal Grants Categorical Grants: for a specifically defined purpose – Example: School lunches Block Grants: broadly defined purposes – Example: Education

28 Types of Federal Grants Project Grants: grants that must be applied for, frequently used for job training and employment programs

29 Other Forms of Federal Aid FBI National Guard Census Bureau

30 State Aid to the National Government Help with conducting national elections Financed by states, and run by their laws Naturalization of illegal immigrants handled by states Assisting with criminals

Download ppt "Federalism Chapter 4. Why Federalism? Needed a government strong enough to meet the nation’s needs, but still preserve the existing states strength Maintain."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google