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Word Wall Vocabulary Cards (with definitions) Feel free to print these off to place onto your word wall. When you print the slides, edit your preferences.

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Presentation on theme: "Word Wall Vocabulary Cards (with definitions) Feel free to print these off to place onto your word wall. When you print the slides, edit your preferences."— Presentation transcript:

1 Word Wall Vocabulary Cards (with definitions) Feel free to print these off to place onto your word wall. When you print the slides, edit your preferences to the amount of slides you would like to print on a page. This will give you the option on what size the cards will be.

2 Properties of MatterForce, Motion and Energy Sun, Earth and Moon Foss LandformsSharing the Planet Terrestrial Environments Biomes and Ecosystems Solubility Density Displacement Particles Conductor Insulator Melting/Freezing Point Boiling Point Dissolve Mixture Solution Mass Volume Physical Properties Matter Coil Current Electrical Energy Electromagnet Light Energy Sound Energy Thermal Energy Switch Inertia Speed Reflection Refraction Circuit Mechanical Energy Force Friction Gravity Motion/ Movement Position Axis Tilt Lunar Cycle Tides Orbit Revolution Rotation Canyon Constructive Force Destructive Force Glacier Plateau Sand Dune Delta Sedimentary Rock Weathering Deposition Erosion Fossil Fuels Fossils Biofuel Alternative Energy Hydroelectric Geothermal Climate Carbon Dioxide- Oxygen Cycle Germination Photosynthesis Pollination Terrarium Ground Water Weather Transpiration Producer Run Off Decomposer Complete Metamorphosis Biome Ecosystems Incomplete Metamorphosis Instinct Niche Nymph Scavenger Consumer Habitat Inherited Trait Learned Behavior Abiotic Biotic Grade 5 Critical Vocabulary Content Words

3 Investigating Science Safely *Teacher Notes: Unit one vocabulary has a large range of words. Not all words will be introduced within unit one. The words need to be introduce throughout the year as needed.

4 Theory a general belief or idea based on a set of facts or observations

5 Claim a statement that can be proven or disproven by an experiment, test, or investigation

6 Inquiry discovery; investigating to find an explanation to a scientific question based on evidence

7 Testable Question a testable question can be easily tested and answered through evidence of measurable change in an investigation

8 Investigation Investigate the process of searching for the answer to a question through observation, data, and concluding based on evidence

9 Experiment a process used to make a discovery, test a hypothesis, or demonstrate a known scientific fact

10 Scientific Method the process scientists use to study and learn about the world around them; asking questions and finding answers

11 Procedure a particular way of doing something; a series of steps in an experiment or investigation

12 Process a series of things that happen which achieves some result

13 Sequence the order in which something happens or is done

14 Model a small representation of an object or occurrence used to study the real life object/occurrence

15 Hypothesis Hypothesize an answer to the question based on prior knowledge; will be tested through the experiment or investigation If we increase the temperature of a cup of water, then the amount of sugar that can dissolve will increase too.

16 Prediction Predict, Predictable Statement of what will happen before it actually happens; sometimes based on prior knowledge

17 Variable Vary the factor in an investigation or experiment that can change or be changed; the thing being tested WaterNo Water

18 Factor any thing or certain condition in an investigation or situation

19 Significant a factor that is important or makes a difference in the results Water is a significant factor in plant growth.

20 Observe Observation to closely look at the physical properties of something by using the 5 senses; describe how something looks, feels, smells, tastes, measure it, look for changes, compare

21 Interact Interaction to act a certain way towards something; a relationship; causing some effect or change to the other thing

22 Measure Measurement to find out the length, mass, volume, weight of an object by using tools such as a ruler, balance, graduated cylinder, or scale

23 Accurate Accurately a statement, measurement or result that is exact, correct in details, very close to being perfect

24 Inaccurate not correct or accurate, an error may have been made

25 Support giving evidence that, or reasons why something could be true or is the best choice; supporting a hypothesis

26 Reasonable if something, a statement, hypothesis, or conclusion makes sense or not

27 Evidence facts, observations, or information that prove something could be true

28 Increase to become more, greater; to grow

29 Decrease to become less, smaller

30 Change to become different in appearance, size, behavior; found by observing and comparing

31 Analyze to study data and results closely and think about what the results mean; to understand all of the parts

32 Compare to look for similarities and differences between two or more objects, organisms, situations, or the before and after in an experiment

33 Classify to arrange in groups or categories based on characteristics or properties that objects or organisms have in common

34 Determine to figure something out; to make a decision by looking at observations, evidence, results

35 Estimate to come up with an approximate result or measurement; close to the exact, real result or measurement

36 Identify to recognize and know who or what someone or something is

37 Affect to cause a difference or change in something

38 Effect a change or difference that is a result of an action or interaction between factors

39 Results the outcome or information from an investigation or experiment, used to support a hypothesis or make a conclusion

40 Data facts or observations gathered from an investigation to be analyzed and used to draw a conclusion

41 Trial the number of times an experiment or investigation is repeated

42 Justify to show or prove to be right or reasonable; a conclusion to an investigation can be justified by observations or results

43 Conclusion Conclude an answer to the question; a statement made that can be justified or proven by data and results

44 Inference Infer a conclusion made using reasoning and evidence

45 Explain Explanation making something understandable by giving details and reasons behind a conclusion or decision

46 Triple beam balance used to measure the mass of solid objects by moving gram weights across three bars

47 Double-pan balance used to compare the mass of two different objects

48 Digital scale tool used to measure the mass or weight of an object or substance in grams

49 Graduated cylinder tool used to measure the volume of liquids in milliliters (mL)

50 Hot plate a tool used to heat materials in beakers and other containers

51 Thermometer used to measure the temperature of various substances in degrees Fahrenheit and degrees Celsius

52 Hand lens Magnifying glass a tool used to magnify a small object or material in order to closely observe the physical properties

53 Spring scale a tool used to measure the weight of an object in Newtons (N) using the force of gravity

54 Unit of measure the name given to the measurement based on what is being measured volume= mL mass= g length= cm

55 Centimeter (cm) millimeter, meter, kilometer unit used to measure distance or length, height, width of an object

56 Gram (g) milligram unit used to measure the mass or weight of something

57 Milliliter (ml) liter unit used to measure the volume of a liquid

58 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Properties of Matter

59 Matter something that has mass and takes up space

60 Conductor to have the quality of transmitting something (as light, heat, sound, or electricity)

61 Mixture a combination of two or more substances where each keep their own properties and can be easily separated

62 Density objects that are more dense sink in water; less dense objects float in water

63 Insulator material that slows down or stops electric current or heat from flowing

64 Melting point Oº C the temperature at which a substance changes states from a solid to a liquid.

65 Freezing Point Oº C the temperature at which a substance changes states from a liquid to a solid

66 Boiling Point 100 o C the temperature at which a substance changes states from a liquid to a gas

67 Mass the amount of matter in an object

68 Dissolve to break down and spread evenly in a liquid

69 Solution a mixture of one substance dissolved evenly in another

70 Volume the amount of space that an object or substance occupies

71 Physical Properties appearances of an object including: mass, magnetism, physical state, relative density, solubility, and the ability to insulate or conduct heat or electricity

72 Particles one of the extremely small pieces of matter that make up a solid, liquid, and gas

73 Solubility measurement of the ability of a solid to dissolve in a liquid

74 Displacement the difference between the initial position of something and any later position

75 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Force, Motion and Energy

76 Coil a wound spiral of two or more turns of insulated wire

77 Current the flow or passing of something such as electricity

78 Electrical Energy energy produced by the movement of electrons

79 Electromagnet type of magnet in which the magnetic field is produced by the flow of electric current

80 Light Energy waves of radiant energy

81 Sound Energy energy produced by vibration transmitted through a solid, liquid, or gas

82 Thermal Energy energy that causes a transfer of heat between materials

83 Switch a device for turning on or off electric current

84 Refraction energy waves that bend as they pass from one type of material to another (such as from air to liquid)

85 Reflection energy waves bouncing off the surface of an object

86 Circuit the pathway in which electrical current flows

87 Mechanical Energy energy produced by motion

88 Speed full, maximum, or optimum rate of motion

89 Inertia the tendency of an object to maintain its state of rest or motion unless acted upon by an external force

90 Motion/Movement a change of position

91 Friction the force that slows or stops motion when objects rub together

92 Gravity the force that pulls objects to the center of the Earth

93 Position NEAR FAR BEHIND BESIDE CLOSER Where an object is located in space

94 Force PUSH PULL a push or pull that causes an object to stop, move or change direction

95 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Sun, Earth and Moon

96 Axis the imaginary line about which a rotating body, such as the Earth, turns

97 Tilt the angle at which a planet is positioned as it is on its axis usually a slight slope

98 Lunar Cycle the appearance of the illuminated portion of the Moon as seen by an observer, usually on Earth

99 Ocean Tides High Tide Low Tide the periodic rise and fall of the waters of the ocean produced by the gravity of the moon, and occurring about every 12 hours

100 Rotate to turn or spin on an axis; for Earth, one complete rotation is 24 hours

101 Revolve the orbiting around another object; for Earth, it takes 1 year to revolve around the Sun

102 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary FOSS Landforms

103 Sediments Small particles of rock, soil, sand, or shell deposited by water, wind, or ice

104 Canyon a deep valley with steep sides, often with a stream or river flowing through it

105 Delta Sediment deposited at the mouth of a river. Usually in a triangular shape.

106 Sand Dune a ridge of sand created by the wind; found in deserts or near lakes and oceans

107 Plateau a large, flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding land

108 Sedimentary Rock formed from the deposition of sediments; sedimentary rocks consist of sediments that have been compacted and cemented together

109 Destructive Force wear or break apart rock in landforms; earthquakes, water erosion, wind erosion

110 Glacier an extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly

111 Constructive Force force that builds something; when forces create new things like lava hardening creating new land

112 Weathering the breakdown of rock into smaller pieces from water, wind and ice

113 Erosion the movement of weathered material from Earth’s surface by water, wind and ice

114 Deposition the build up of land by depositing sediments into a new location

115 Rapid Change changes to the Earth’s surface that happen suddenly and may take seconds, days, or weeks to see

116 Slow Change changes to the Earth’s surface that take thousands or millions of years to notice

117 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Sharing the Planet

118 Fossils the remains or imprint of an organism from a previous geologic time

119 Fossil Fuel fuel created from something that was previously living; most common forms are coal, oil and natural gas

120 Alternative Energy energy generated by natural processes; renewable sources of energy

121 Hydroelectric electricity produced by falling or moving water

122 Geothermal energy created from the internal heat of the Earth

123 Biofuel fuel made from decomposing plants and animal waste

124 Wind Energy moving air is converted by a turbine to mechanical and then to electrical energy

125 Solar Energy thermal and light energy from the sun that is used for heat and to produce electricity

126 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Terrestrial Environments

127 Germination the process a seed goes through to become a seedling

128 Pollination the transfer of pollen from one flower to another; results in fertilization of a flower

129 Photosynthesis the process in which plants use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to release oxygen into the atmosphere and to produce sugar (food energy)

130 Carbon Dioxide-Oxygen Cycle Plants “breathe” in carbon dioxide and “breathe” out oxygen. Animals “breathe” in oxygen and “breathe” out carbon dioxide.

131 Transpiration the process by which moisture is carried through plants from roots to the leaves, where it changes to vapor and is released into the atmosphere from the leaves

132 Producer an organism that uses sunlight to make its own food for energy

133 Runoff the movement of land water to the oceans by rivers, lakes, and streams

134 Climate weather conditions of a region throughout the year or averaged over many years

135 Terrarium a glass container, usually enclosed, for growing and displaying plants

136 Weather the state of the atmosphere on a given day such as, temperature, precipitation, and humidity

137 Groundwater the water beneath the surface of the ground, consisting largely of surface water that has seeped down; the source of water in springs and wells

138 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Biomes and Ecosystems

139 Incomplete Metamorphosis insect development that happens in 3 stages: egg, nymph, adult

140 Complete Metamorphosis insect development that happens in 4 stages: egg, larva, pupa, adult

141 Decomposer an organism that gets its energy by eating dead organisms, non-living material, or wastes

142 Scavenger an organism that feeds on dead organic matter

143 Instinct a behavior that an organism is born knowing how to do

144 Nymph the stage of incomplete metamorphosis during which an insect eats and grows and resembles a smaller version of the adult insect

145 Ecosystem a community of living and nonliving things within an environment

146 Biome an area with a specific climate that is home to a major community of plants and animals with similar requirements of environmental conditions

147 Niche the role an organism plays in its environment

148 Consumer an organism that feeds on plants or other animals

149 Habitat the natural environment of an organism; where the organism lives

150 Inherited Traits a characteristic passed from the male and female parents to the offspring or child

151 Biotic Factors in the environment that are living.

152 Abiotic Factors in the environment that are not living

153 Learned Behavior behavior that is acquired as a result of the experience of the individual organism (e.g., learning to play baseball well)


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