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KINGDOM ANIMALIA Unit 2 - Biodiversity. 2 Hierarchy-Taxonomic Groups  Domain  Kingdom  Phylum (Division – used for plants)  Class  Order  Family.

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Presentation on theme: "KINGDOM ANIMALIA Unit 2 - Biodiversity. 2 Hierarchy-Taxonomic Groups  Domain  Kingdom  Phylum (Division – used for plants)  Class  Order  Family."— Presentation transcript:

1 KINGDOM ANIMALIA Unit 2 - Biodiversity

2 2 Hierarchy-Taxonomic Groups  Domain  Kingdom  Phylum (Division – used for plants)  Class  Order  Family  Genus  Species BROADEST TAXON

3 How are the Kingdoms Organized? Type of cells- prokaryotic/eukaryotic # of Cells - unicellular/multicellular Feeding - autotrophic/heterotrophic Cell Structure- No cell wall

4 What is a Prokaryotic Cell What is a Eukaryotic Cell No NucleusNucleus

5 What is Unicellular? What is Multicellular? One cell More than one cell

6 What is an Autotroph? Make their own food What is a Heterotroph? Do NOT make their own food

7 K. Animalia Characteristics  Multicellular – many cells  Heterotrophic – consume other organisms for energy  Eukaryotic – Have a nucleus  Lack cell walls – have NO cell walls

8 Animal Organization  K. Animalia is divided into 9 phyla based on:  Level of organization (cellular, tissue, organ system etc.)  Body symmetry (asymmetry, radial, or bilateral)  Cephalization (concentration of sensory tissue at the head)  Body cavity formation  We will concentrate on:  Level of Organization  Cellular, tissue, organ …  Body Symmetry  Radial vs bilateral vs assymetrical  Mode of Reproduction  Sexual vs. Asexual  Energy Source  Endothermic vs Ectothermic

9 9 Phyla of the Animal Kingdom  CHORDATES  Fish  Amphibians  Reptiles  Birds  Mammals  SPONGES  CNIDARIANS  FLATWORMS  ROUNDWORMS  MOLLUSKS  ANNELIDS  ARTHROPODS  ECHINODERMS VERTABRATESINVERTABRATES

10 2 main groups  No spinal column  Spinal column InvertebratesVertebrates

11 Animals with a spinal cord and an endoskeleton. Vertebrates

12 Fish  Aquatic, have fins, scales and gills.  Herbivores, carnivores, parasites and filter feeders.  Sexual – eggs fertilized internally or externally  Bilateral body symmetry  Ectothermic or cold blooded  Found in water

13 Amphibians  Their skin is usually smooth and lacks scales, hair, and feathers. Their skin must remain moist to aid in breathing. They lack claws on their toes.  Herbivores as youth and carnivorous as adults.  Sexual reproduction – eggs fertilized internally or externally  Bilateral body symmetry  Ectothermic or cold blooded  In water as larva and on land as adults.

14 Reptiles  Their skin has scales and is dry. They have claws on their toes, teeth and lay eggs on land.  Herbivores and carnivores  Sexual Reproduction – eggs fertilized internally.  Bilateral  Ectothermic or cold blooded  Found in Temperate Climates

15 Birds  Their skin is covered with feathers. They have four- chambered hearts. Their bones are lightweight and usually hollow. Their forelimbs are modified as wings. They lay eggs.  Herbivores and carnivores  Sexual reproduction – eggs fertilized internally.  Bilateral Symmetry  Endothermic or warm blooded  Found everywhere.

16 Mammals  They have hair, which varies greatly among species. Most have sweat glands. They have mammary (milk-secreting) glands to feed their young.  Herbivores and carnivores  Sexual Reproduction – fertilized internally.  Bilateral body symmetry  Endothermic or warm blooded  Found almost everywhere

17 No spinal column Some with exoskeletons Invertebrates

18 Porifera (poh-RIF-ur-uh)  Sedentary. Body is made of cells and tissues surround by a water filled space but there is no true body cavity.  filter feeders  Sexual & asexual (budding)  Asymmetrical body symmetry  Ectothermic or cold blooded  Live in aquatic environments, mostly marine.

19 Cnidaria (ny-Dayr-ee-uh)  Are all radial in symmetry, have stinging tentacles to catch prey.  carnivorous and filter feeders  Sexual & asexual (budding) reproduction  Radial Symmetry  Ectothermic or cold blooded  Marine and fresh water

20 Platyhelminthes (plat-ih-hel-min-theez)  Most are free living and parasitic.  carnivores and parasitic  Sexual (hermaphrodites) & asexual (fission) reproduction  Bilateral body symmetry  Ectothermic or cold blooded  Marine and fresh water

21 Nematoda ( nee-muh-ToHD-uh)  Most are free living and parasitic.  herbivores, carnivores and parasitic  Sexual and hermaphroditic reproduction  Bilateral body symmetry  Ectothermic or cold blooded  Live just about everywhere.

22 Mollusca (mol-us-ka)  Soft body and sometimes a hard shell Bodies are divided into 3 parts: Head, Foot, and Visceral Hump.  filter feeders, herbivores and carnivores  Bilateral symmetry  Ectothermic or cold blooded  Marine, fresh water and land

23 Arthropoda (arth-rop-a-da)  A hard outer body covering called an exoskeleton.  Specialized mouth parts. Jointed legs. Compound Eyes. Segmented body  herbivores, carnivores, ominovores  Sexual (internally and externally) reproduction  Bilateral body symmetry  Ectothermic or Cold blooded  Found in aquatic and terrestrial environments

24 Annelida (uh-Nel-ih-duh)  Soft body worms with sections, possesses a through gut, mouth and anus.  Some parasitic  Sexual and hermaphroditic reproduction  Bilateral body symmetry  Ectothermic or coldblooded  Found in soil and fresh water

25 Echinodermata (ee-Ky-noh-durmz)  Have bodies with rough skin and sharp spines, possess 5- rayed symmetry. Calcareous skeleton  Sexual (separate sexes) and asexual (regeneration) reproduction  Radial body symmetry  Ectothermic or Cold blooded  Found in marine environments


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