2Objectives GOAL 1 GOAL 2 GOAL 3 Students will gain an understanding of the types of hazards common in the veterinary hospital and the organization that regulates safety standards in the workplace. They will be able to read an MSDS and locate important safety information within it.GOAL 2Students will learn how to protect themselves from potential hazards in the workplace. They will be able to describe the correct methods of protection given scenarios describing hazardous situations.GOAL 3Students will investigate the differences between sanitation, disinfection, and sterilization, and be able to relate which cleaning method should be used in any given situation.
6What organization helps ensure safe and healthful working conditions?
7OSHAIn order to “assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women”Occupational Health and Safety Act1970Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationMonitor employee safetyProtect employees from injuryHCS (Hazard Communication Standard)Must label chemicalsFlammableCorrosivePoisonousProvide MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet)
8MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet Includes 8 sections:Manufacturer InformationHazard Ingredients/ Identity InformationPhysical/ Chemical CharacteristicsFire and Explosion Hazard DataReactivity DataHealth Hazard DataPrecautions for Safe Handling and UseControl Measures
9Types of Safety Hazards Physical HazardsChemicals HazardsBiological HazardsZoonotic Hazards
10Physical Hazards Animal injuries – bites, kicking, scratches Back injuries – improperly lifting heavy objects or animalsFalls on wet floorsExposure to x-rays
11Chemical Hazards Drugs Cleaning agents Insecticides Anesthetic gases Many hazardous chemicals are routinely used in veterinary hospitals.
12Biological hazards Living tissue and organisms Blood Urine Live vaccinesMedical waste that has had contact with living tissue (urine soaked blankets, bandage material, etc.)Needles and scalpels “Sharps”
19Drug Use and SafetyComprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control ActPassed in 1970Regulates manufacture and distribution of drugsPlaces drugs into one of five schedulesKept lockedOnly approved people have access
20Drug Fedules Schedule I: no medical use – high abuse Heroin, Methaqualone, LSD, Peyote, Psilocybin, Marijuana, Hashish, Hash Oil, amphetamine variants.Schedule II: accepted medical use – high abuseDilaudid, Demerol, Methadone, Cocaine, PCP, Morphine, and cannabis, amphetamine and barbiturate types.Schedule III: accepted medical use – medium abuseOpium, Vicodan, Tylenol w/codine, and narcotic, amphetamine and barbiturate types.Schedule IV: accepted medical use – low abuseDarvocet, Xanax, Valium, Halcyon, Ambien, Ativan, barbiturate types.Schedule V: accepted medical use – very low abuseLomotil, Phenergan, liquid suspensions.Safety & Sanitation TM
22SanitationProcess of keeping something free of any elements that would endanger healthSeveral methods usedCleaningDisinfectingSterilizingAntiseptics
23Types of SanitationCleaning –physically removing all visible signs of dirt and organic matter such as feces, blood, hair, etc.Disinfecting –destroying most microorganisms on nonliving things by physical or chemical meansSterilizing – destroying ALL microorganisms and viruses on an object using chemicals and/or heat under pressureAntiseptics – solutions that destroy microorganisms or inhibit their growth on living tissueSafety & Sanitation TM
25Methods of SanitationPhysical cleaning – using a chemical with a mop or spongeCold sterilization – soaking items in a disinfectant chemical until they are usedDry heat – incinerating an object or exposing it to flameRadiation – using ultraviolet or gamma raysFiltration – removing particles from the air using a physical barrierUltrasound – passing high frequency sound waves through a solution to create a vibration that scrubs an object to remove debrisAutoclave – a sealed chamber in which objects are exposed to heat and steam under pressureSafety & Sanitation TM